How industrialization changed the world

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How industrialization changed the world

  1. 1. HOW INDUSTRIALIZATION CHANGED THE WORLD
  2. 2. Workers worked up to 14 hours a day for 6 days a week. Working conditions were hazardous and people got injured regularly. Workers couldn’t get help usually if they got hurt. FACTORY CONDITIONS
  3. 3. Workers could make more money as factory workers than farmers. People began moving to cities from the countryside. Led to many social changes. SO WHY WOULD THEY DO IT?
  4. 4.  The division of labor also made clear the division between the worker and owner classes.  Because of the low pay for workers and because the living conditions in cities were unregulated, housing conditions were often very poor.  The working class lived in crowded areas often without basic utilities such as running water. DIVISION OF LABOR LED TO SOCIAL DIVISIONS
  5. 5. Cities doubled in population. Unsanitary conditions abounded as many people didn’t have flush toilets. Crime increased and police weren’t available usually. CITY LIFE
  6. 6. The middle and upper classes owned the factories and did other jobs. They began living in the suburbs, nicer communities outside of the city. THE UPPER CLASSES
  7. 7. Because things were changing, newer styles of economic theories were developed. Laissez-Faire (hands off) capitalism was the foundation of economics. Industry was owned by private citizens and the government did not get involved. LAISSEZ-FAIRE CAPITALISM
  8. 8. Supporters of capitalism opposed: Minimum wage laws Better working conditions Feared these ideas would mess the economy up. Opponents argued that: Laws of competition Supply and demand Self-interest Led to big differences between rich and poor. PROS AND CONS Result? The poor were constantly taken advantage of.

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