Factory life

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Factory life

  1. 1. Factory Life How Sewing Changed the World
  2. 2. I wish I was joking…. • Yesterday, we introduced the concept of a rise of machines. So how did it start? What were the first machines built for? • The first widely used machines were for weaving cloth. This had been a “by hand” industry. Suddenly, though, machines could do the job much quicker and better. • Technologies from these machines were then adapted to other needs.
  3. 3. First one and then another… The flying shuttle doubled the amount of weaving one person could do in day. Even better, the Spinning Jenny allowed one spinner to spin 8 threads at a time! (be still my beating heart)
  4. 4. Now, we’re playing with power….Water Power! • The Spinning Mule (1779) combined the spinning jenny with water power (using a device called the water frame). • In 1787, the water-powered power loom increased the speed of weaving yet again.
  5. 5. Taking a lesson from one class to another…. • The major technological innovations (new ideas) had been for weaving and sewing. • In 1793, Eli Whitney borrowed some of those concepts and created the cotton gin, which increased cotton harvests. • Sadly, it also reignited a weakening slave population in America.
  6. 6. THE BIRTH OF THE FACTORY
  7. 7. Social Changes • Large machines needed buildings to be in. Factories were created to house the machines. • Employees had to live close to the factory • Many people who sewed for a living were put out of a job because of the new machines.
  8. 8. More on the Power of Water! • As water power was needed for more and more issues in the factory, factories were built by rivers. • If a town was near the river, it was built in town. • If not, a town would develop around the factory.
  9. 9. Unlimited Power!!! • James Watts decided to create a new power source. • He created the steam engine. • Factories could finally be built anywhere. • Coal and iron became the primary resource of these new factories.
  10. 10. And finally…. • As the Industrial Revolution entered a second phase a hundred years later, electricity, steel, and chemicals became the primary resources of business.

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