Czechoslovakia and yugoslavia

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Czechoslovakia and yugoslavia

  1. 1. A T A L E O F T W O C O M M U N I S T S T A T E S Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia
  2. 2. Previously  Czechoslovakia was a two state country made up of people called Czechs and Slovaks.  After World War II, it fell behind the Iron Curtain.  The two groups of people rarely got along.
  3. 3. After the Fall of Communism….  Problems immediately surfaced when the Soviet Union fell.  During the elections of 1990 and 1992, their first free elections, things became especially heated.  At the same time, Czech and Slovak nationalism increased.
  4. 4. Czechoslovakia No More!  In order to deal with the increasing tensions, the government agreed to peacefully divide the country into two: the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
  5. 5. Yugoslavia  Similar to Czechoslovakia, Yugoslav ia was composed of different groups that did not get along.  The country also split, but it did not do so peacefully.
  6. 6. Tito….not to be confused with Toto….  Yugoslavia was composed of six republics before it split apart.  In 1945, communists took over the country led by Marshall Tito.  Suppressed peoples’ rights and freedoms.  When he died in 1980, the country began to fall apart as people began to demand economic freedom and nationalism grew.
  7. 7. Yugoslavian Meltdown  Inspired by the revolutions in Poland and Hungary against communism, the six republics of Yugoslavia began demanding change.  The Yugoslav Communist Party split along ethnic (cultural) lines.  SOME republics gave people the right to vote.
  8. 8. Independence  The Communist police cracked down on people using these new freedoms.  But it was too late and the country began splitting.  Four countries soon split off:  Slovenia  Macedonia  Croatia  Bosnia-Herzegovina
  9. 9. Serbia and Montenegro  The last major state of Yugoslavia was called Serbia and Montenegro.  The two-state country was led by Slobodan Milosevic.  Like Hitler, he practiced ethnic cleansing (think: holocaust).  When he was arrested, the country split in two in 2006. The countries became Serbia AND Montenegro.

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