A new age of imperialism


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A new age of imperialism

  1. 1. A New Age of Imperialism The Sun Never Set on the British Empire….or the Spanish, French, German Empires….
  2. 2. What Came Before? • Earlier in the year, we talked of colonialization, where European countries took over parts of Africa, Asia, and the Americas. • We then talked of an Age of Revolutions, in which many of the colonies gained independence. • When last we met, we discussed industrialization, where European countries, America, and Japan began building machines to do jobs. • These countries made immense money off of the things these machines made. Then, they began looking out at other countries that had supplies they could use to make more things, and thus more money!
  3. 3. The Dawning of the Age of…. • Industrialization was the cause of a new age of Imperialism. • Imperialism is basically a new version of colonialization, where one wealthy country takes over a poor one. • Imperialism led to a wealth gap between industrialized countries and non-industrialized ones.
  4. 4. Who “imperialized?” • The three areas the industrialized were the Imperial (empire creating) countries. –Europe (UK was #1!) –America –Japan
  5. 5. The Race for Empires • Each of the places wanted to create the biggest empires. • Nationalism (hope you remember that!) continued to grow in the countries creating empires. • Each country wanted to own the most places and best places on the map.
  6. 6. Social Darwinism • Another major cause of imperialism was the spread of Social Darwinism. • Social Darwinism is the belief that the “fittest” deserve to rule. So if your country was conquered, it deserved it! • Rudyard Kipling wrote a poem called “The White Man’s Burden.” It stated that Western cultures should take their culture to other countries, whether the other countries wanted to change or not.
  7. 7. A Major Prize • India was a major “jewel” for the British. • It began as a trading company (British East India Company) like we talked about in the first nine weeks. • In the Sepoy Rebellion, some Indians fought against the English business but were quickly beaten. At that point, England took the whole country over and made it a part of the growing English Empire.
  8. 8. Conclusion • Britain began taking the Indian natural resources (remember all those spices?) and began making things to sell to the people of India. • British goods (like cloth) were sold cheaper than Indian cloth (How could they make and sell things cheaper?) Many Indian businesses closed.