Windows Server 2008 Hyper-V


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  • Computerworld: Rise of the Virtual Machine:
  • Computerworld: Rise of the Virtual Machine:
  • Linus quote:
  • Microsoft System Center Virtual Machine Manager is a comprehensive management solution for the virtualized data center. It enables increased physical server utilization, centralized management of virtual machine infrastructure, and rapid provisioning of new virtual machines by the administrator and certified end users.
  • Windows Server 2008 Hyper-V

    1. 1. Windows Server 2008Hyper-V<br />Jeff Woolsey<br />Senior Program Manager<br />Windows Virtualization<br />Microsoft Corporation<br />
    2. 2. Objectives And Takeaways<br />Objective(s): <br />Windows Server 2008 Hyper-V<br />Architecture<br />Security<br />Virtualization Demo<br />System Center<br />Virtual Machine Manager<br />Operations Manager<br />Configuration Manager<br />Data Protection Manager<br />Compare current Microsoft offerings with Windows Server virtualization<br />
    3. 3. Virtualization in the Industry<br />
    4. 4. Virtualization Benefits<br />Utilization<br />Server consolidation<br />Flexibility<br />Business Continuity<br />
    5. 5. Virtualization Market Today<br />Computerworld<br />“Although virtualization has been the buzz among technology providers, only 6% of enterprises have actually deployed virtualization on their networks, said Levine, citing a TWP Research report. That makes the other 94% a wide-open market.”<br />The Rise of the Virtual Machine and the Real Impact It Will Have<br />“We calculate that roughly 6% of new servers sold last year were virtualized and project that 7% of those sold this year will be virtualized and believe that less than 4% of the X86 server installed base has been virtualized to date.<br />
    6. 6. Virtualization 2010<br />Information Week Oct. 2007<br />“The [virtualization field] is nowhere near saturated. IDC estimates that only 17% of the worldwide server market will be virtualized by 2010, up from 5% in 2005.”<br />
    7. 7. Virtualization Investments<br />Management<br />Infrastructure<br />Applications <br />Interoperability<br />Licensing<br />Terminal Services<br />Create agility<br />Better utilizeserver resources<br />Partner with AMD and Intel<br />Ease consolidationonto virtual infrastructure<br />Better utilizemanagementresources<br />Free up IT spending<br />Supportheterogeneityacross thedatacenter<br />OSP (Open Specification Promise) VHD<br />Acceleratedeployment<br />Reduce the cost of supportingapplications<br />Turn applications into dynamic, real-time services<br />Deliver cost-effective, flexible and simplified licensing<br />Royalty Free VHD format<br />
    8. 8. Microsoft Virtualized InfrastructureProviding the best solutions<br />Management <br />Presentation<br />Virtualization<br />Application<br />Virtualization<br />Desktop <br />Virtualization<br />Server <br />Virtualization<br />
    9. 9. Machine Virtualization<br />Virtualization enables multiple computers in software<br />
    10. 10. Microsoft IT Going Green<br />Test/Development Use<br />Virtual Server in heavy use for 18+ months<br />500+ virtual machines<br />Consolidation Ratios<br />16 servers to 1 server<br />Production Use<br />Virtual Server in heavy use for 18+ months<br />2,000+ virtual machines<br />~100 new VMs per month<br />Consolidation Ratios<br />8 servers to 1 server <br />Test/Development Savings:<br />
    11. 11. Windows Server 2008<br />
    12. 12. Windows Server 2008<br />Server Roles<br />Active Directory Certificate Services<br />Active Directory Domain Services<br />Active Directory Federation Services<br />Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services<br />Active Directory Rights Managements Services<br />Application Server<br />DHCP Server<br />DNS Server<br />Fax Server<br />Server Roles<br />File Services<br />Hyper-V<br />Network Policy and Access Services<br />Print Services<br />Streaming Media Services<br />Terminal Services<br />UDDI Services<br />Web Server/IIS 7.0<br />Windows Deployment Services<br />Windows SharePoint Services<br />
    13. 13. Hyper-V<br />Description:<br />Hypervisor based virtualization platform<br />Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition technology<br />Standard, Enterprise and Datacenter Editions<br />Standards based<br />Hardware Requirements<br />Hardware assisted virtualization<br />AMD AMD-V or Intel VT<br />Hardware enabled Data Execution Prevention (DEP) required<br />AMD (NX no execute bit)<br />Intel (XD execute disable)<br />
    14. 14. Hot off the Press<br />eWEEK Labs Tests Windows Server 2008 Virtualization<br />“Along with the Release Candidate 0 build of Windows 2008 that Microsoft recently released came the debut public appearance of Microsoft&apos;s Windows Hypervisor, once known by the code name Viridian. Based on eWEEK Labs&apos; early tests of the RC0 code, Microsoft&apos;s VMware challenger appears to be off to a good start.”<br />Source:,1206,a=215966,00.asp<br />
    15. 15. Architecture<br />
    16. 16. VMM Arrangements<br />Hypervisor Virtualization<br />Hosted Virtualization<br />Guest 1<br />Guest 2<br />Guest 1<br />Guest 2<br />VMM<br />Host OS<br />VMM<br />Hardware<br />Hardware<br />Examples:<br /><ul><li>VMware Workstation
    17. 17. KVM
    18. 18. Virtual PC & Virtual Server</li></ul>Examples:<br /><ul><li>VMware ESX
    19. 19. Xen
    20. 20. Hyper-V</li></li></ul><li>Drivers<br />Drivers<br />Drivers<br />Drivers<br />Drivers<br />Drivers<br />Drivers<br />Drivers<br />Drivers<br />Drivers<br />Drivers<br />Drivers<br />Monolithic vs. Microkernelized<br />Monolithic hypervisor<br />Simpler than a modern kernel, but still complex<br />Contains its own drivers model<br />Microkernelized hypervisor<br />Simple partitioning functionality<br />Increase reliability and minimize TCB<br />No third-party code<br />Drivers run within guests<br />VM 1<br />(Admin)<br />VM 2<br />VM 3<br />VM 2<br />(“Child”)<br />VM 3<br />(“Child”)<br />VM 1(“Parent”)<br />Virtual-<br />ization<br />Stack<br />Hypervisor<br />Hypervisor<br />Hardware<br />Hardware<br />
    21. 21. Provided by:<br />Hyper-V Architecture<br />OS<br />ISV / IHV / OEM<br />VM Worker Processes<br />Microsoft Hyper-V<br />Microsoft / XenSource<br />Parent Partition<br />Child Partitions<br />Applications<br />Applications<br />Applications<br />Applications<br />User Mode<br />WMI Provider<br />VM Service<br />Windows Kernel<br />Windows Kernel<br />Xen-Enabled Linux Kernel<br />Windows Server 2003, 2008<br />Windows Server 2008<br />Non-Hypervisor Aware OS<br />Linux VSC<br />VSC<br />VSP<br />IHV Drivers<br />Kernel Mode<br />VMBus<br />Hypercall Adapter<br />Emulation<br />VMBus<br />VMBus<br />Windows hypervisor<br />Ring -1<br />“Designed for Windows” Server Hardware<br />
    22. 22. Applications<br />Parent Partition<br />Child Partitions<br />Provided by:<br />Windows<br />Hyper-V<br />ISV<br />User Mode<br />OEM<br />iSCSIprt<br />StorPort<br />Volume<br />Partition<br />Windows File System<br />Disk<br />Disk<br />StorPort<br />Miniport<br />Windows hypervisor<br />Kernel Mode<br />“Designed for Windows” Server Hardware with HAV<br />Hardware<br />VMBus<br />Fast Path Filter (VSC)<br />Virtual Service<br />Client (VSC)<br />Virtual Service<br />Provider (VSP)<br />VM Worker Process<br />Storage VSP/VSC Design<br />
    23. 23. Hyper-V<br />Built-In Capabilities<br />32-bit (x86) & 64-bit (x64) VMs<br />Large memory support (64 GB) per VM<br />SMP VMs (up to 4 cores)<br />Integrated cluster support for Quick Migration and HA<br />Volume Shadow Service integration for data protection<br />Pass-through disk access for VMs<br />Virtual Machine snapshots<br />New hardware sharing architecture (VSP/VSC/VMBus)<br />Disk, networking, input, video<br />Robust networking: VLANs and NLB<br />DMTF standard for WMI management interface<br />Support for Full or Server Core installations<br />
    24. 24. Windows Server Core<br />Windows Server frequently deployed for a single role<br />MustdeployandservicetheentireOS in earlier Windows Server releases<br />Server Core a new minimal installation option<br />Provides essential server functionality<br />Command Line Interface only, no GUI Shell<br />Benefits<br />Fundamentally improves availability<br />Less code results in fewer patches and reduced servicing burden<br />Low surface area server for targeted roles<br />More secure and reliable with less management<br />
    25. 25. Security<br />Isolation<br />No sharing of virtualized devices<br />Separate VMBus per vm to the parent <br />No sharing of memory<br />Each has its own address space<br />VMs cannot communicate with each other, except through traditional networking<br />Guests can’t perform DMA attacks because they’re never mapped to physical devices<br />Guests cannot write to the hypervisor<br />Parent partition cannot write to the hypervisor<br />
    26. 26. Virtualization Demo<br />
    27. 27. Windows Virtualization High Availability & Quick Migration<br />
    28. 28. Virtualization and High-Availability<br />Traditional Non-Virtualized Environment<br />Downtime is bad, but affects only one workload<br />Virtualized Environment<br />Value of the physical server goes up<br />Downtime is far worse because multiple workloads are affected<br />Virtualization and High-Availability Go Hand in Hand<br />
    29. 29. Windows Server VirtualizationHigh Availability<br />Providing solutions for both planned and unplanned downtime<br />Planned downtime<br />Quickly move virtualized workloads to service underlying hardware<br />More common than unplanned<br />Unplanned downtime<br />Automatic failover to other nodes (hardware or power failure)<br />Not as common and more difficult<br />
    30. 30. Quick MigrationFundamentals<br />Save state<br />Save entire vm state<br />Move virtual machine<br />Move storage connectivity from origin to destination host<br />Restore state and Run<br />Restore vm and run<br />Done<br />VHDs<br />SAN Storage<br />Network Connectivity<br />
    31. 31. Quick Migration Video<br />
    32. 32. Microsoft System Center<br />
    33. 33. Microsoft System Center<br />Operations Manager 2007<br />Comprehensive, overall view of the health of your IT environment<br />Track thousands of event and performance monitors across hundreds of operating systems and applications<br />Best-of-breed, end-to-end service management<br />Configuration Manager 2007<br />Secure and scalable operating system and application deployment<br />Desired configuration management, enhancing system security<br />Comprehensive asset management of servers, desktops, and mobile devices<br />Data Protection Manager 2007<br />Delivers consistent data protection<br />Supports near-continuous data protection with centralized backup of branch offices and backup enhancements within the data center<br />Virtual Machine Manager…<br />
    34. 34. VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />A centralized management application solution for the virtual data center <br />Maximize Resources<br /><ul><li>Centralized virtual machine deployment and management
    35. 35. Intelligent placement of virtual machines
    36. 36. Fast and reliable Physical to Virtual (P2V) and Virtual to Virtual (V2V) conversion
    37. 37. Comprehensive service-level enterprise monitoring with Microsoft® Operations Manager</li></ul>Increase Agility<br /><ul><li>Rapid provisioning of new and virtual machines with templates and profiles
    38. 38. Centralized library of infrastructure components
    39. 39. Take advantage and extend existing storage infrastructure
    40. 40. Allow for delegated management of virtual machines</li></ul>Take Advantage of Skills<br /><ul><li>Familiar interface, common foundation
    41. 41. Monitor physical and virtual machines from one console
    42. 42. Fully scriptable using Windows PowerShell™ </li></li></ul><li>Virtual Machine Manager<br />Host<br /> Groups<br />Context-Sensitive <br />Actions<br />Virtual Machine<br />Views<br />Centralized <br />Library<br />Live <br />Thumbnail<br />
    43. 43. Virtual Server 2005 vs. Hyper-V<br />
    44. 44. 2008<br />Windows Server Virtualization Preview<br />with Windows Server 2008 RC0<br />System Center Virtual Machine Manager RTM<br />Support for Virtual Server<br />System Center Operations Manager RTM<br />System Center Configuration Manager RTM<br />System Center Data Protection Manager RTM<br />Virtual Server R2 SP1 RTM<br />Microsoft Roadmap<br />Now<br />Windows®Server BETA Hyper-V Release<br />with Windows Server 2008 RTM Release<br />Windows®Server Virtualization Release<br />within 180 days of Windows Server 2008 Release<br />System Center Virtual Machine Manager “Next”<br />Adds support for Windows Server Virtualization<br />
    45. 45. Online Resources<br />Microsoft Virtualization Home:<br /><br />Windows Server Virtualization Blog Site:<br /><br />Windows Server Virtualization TechNet Site:<br /><br />Windows Server Virtualization CTP (with RC0) Release Notes:<br /><br />Windows Server Virtualization CTP Step-By-Step Installation Guide:<br /><br />
    46. 46. © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries.<br />The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.<br />