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What is intercultural education?


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Presentation delivered to staff at Bangkok Patana School on 2nd May 2011, based on the findings of a group of staff who met several times in the academic year 2010-11 to explore the importance of intercultural issues in education. Visit for more of our findings.

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What is intercultural education?

  1. 1. What is intercultural education?<br />10 Pointers to help us understand and agree what intercultural education can involve<br />Image Source: Flickr Some rights reserved by<br />
  2. 2. Image Source: Flickr Some rights reserved by HoriaVarlan<br />1) “Interculturalism” is ‘bigger’ in scope than “internationalism”<br />
  3. 3. Internationalism<br />Interculturalism<br />
  4. 4. 2) Cultural learning applies to explicit, visible stuff as well as less obvious but important stuff ‘below the surface’<br />Image Source: Flickr  Some rights reserved by Drew Avery<br />
  5. 5. Beliefs<br />Values<br />Perceptions<br />Assumptions<br />Rules<br />Expectations<br />Thought Processes<br />Norms<br />Learning Styles<br />Time-Orientation<br />Status<br />Gender Roles<br />Space-Orientation<br />No-Verbal Communication<br />
  6. 6. Image Source: Flickr  Some rights reserved by spacepleb<br />3) ‘Intercultural competence’: we can develop a set of skills and understandings<br />
  7. 7. 4) Developing our own sense of identity<br />Image Source: Flickr  Some rights reserved by eioua<br />
  8. 8. 5) Celebrating who students are as individuals can be an ideal‘way in’ to explore, celebrate and understandcultural difference<br />Image Source: Flickr   Some rights reserved by albertopveiga<br />
  9. 9. 6) We all experience multiple cultures<br />Image Source: Flickr  Some rights reserved by Sarah and Iain<br />
  10. 10. Image Source:<br />Allan, M.J. (2002: 78) See References Slide.<br />
  11. 11. Image Source: Flickr  Some rights reserved by laszlo-photo<br />7) Intercultural education<br />should also <br />explore similarity <br />of experience<br />despite differences in <br />cultural heritage<br />
  12. 12. 8) Intercultural education is continuous, and can not really be achieved through isolated, one-off events<br />Image Source: Flickr  Some rights reserved by themonnie<br />
  13. 13. 9) Genuine intercultural education takes place within all aspects of the school community, not just the formal curriculum<br />Michael Allan (2003) has identified 8 aspects of school that<br />contribute to intercultural learning:<br />Source: Allan, M.J. (2003: 105) See References Slide.<br />
  14. 14. 10) We have a definition of interculturalism:<br />Interculturalism at Bangkok PatanaSchool<br />is about interaction, understanding and mutual respect.<br />We aim to ensure that cultural diversity in our community<br /> is acknowledged, actively supported and celebrated.<br /> We believe in inclusion for all cultures by <br /> design, planning and practice. <br />Image Source: Flickr Some rights reserved by greeblie<br />
  15. 15. References<br />Allan, M.J. (2002) Cultural borderlands: a case study of cultural dissonance in an international school. Journal of Research in International Education, 1 (1):63–90. (p. 78 for the diagram, referenced for ‘pointer’ 6)<br />Allan, M.J. (2003) Frontier crossings: cultural dissonance, intercultural learning and the multicultural personality. Journal of Research in International Education, 2 (1): 83–110. (p. 105 for the intercultural learning programmes, referenced for ‘pointer’ 9)<br />The iceberg graphic (‘pointer 2’) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 UK: England & Wales License. Further information on the license, including reference to several works that inspired it, is here.<br />This presentation was originally delivered to staff at Bangkok Patana School on 2nd May 2011. Posted via slideshare initially on our Interculturalism Matters blog.<br />Our school’s definition of interculturalism is partly inspired by a definition given by the NCCRI<br />