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www.blindspot.org.uk	
   1	
  
The	
  Prince’s	
  Founda:on	
  
Masters	
  in	
  Sustainable	
  Urbanism	
  Group	
  
A	
 ...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   2	
  
AGer	
  40	
  years	
  of	
  global	
  problem	
  solving	
  why	
  are	
  problems	
  over...
Road	
  to	
  Rio+20	
  (ISCIENCES,	
  L.L.C.)	
  
1972 | 1982 | 1992 | 2002 | 2012
See	
  also:	
  
Sustainable	
  Develo...
Road	
  to	
  Rio+20	
  (ISCIENCES,	
  L.L.C.)	
  
The	
  United	
  Na,ons	
  Conference	
  on	
  the	
  Human	
  
Environ...
Road	
  to	
  Rio+20	
  (ISCIENCES,	
  L.L.C.)	
  
The	
  first	
  global	
  gathering	
  on	
  sustainability	
  was	
  th...
Road	
  to	
  Rio+20	
  (ISCIENCES,	
  L.L.C.)	
  
Rio+20,	
  the	
  United	
  Na,ons	
  Conference	
  on	
  Sustainable	
...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   7	
  
Steps	
  taken?	
  
Credit: Simon Tong si.smugmug.com/
Steps taken?	
  
Problems solved?	
  
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   8	
  
40	
  years	
  of	
  trends	
  
•  World	
  popula:on	
  
1972	
  3.8b,	
  1972	
  5.5b,	
 ...
Some	
  of	
  the	
  trends:	
  loss	
  of	
  forest,	
  CO2	
  concentra:on,	
  species	
  ex:nc:ons,	
  
motor	
  vehicl...
If	
  we	
  do	
  not	
  change	
  
direc:on,	
  we	
  may	
  end	
  up	
  
where	
  we	
  are	
  heading.	
  	
  
Lao	
  ...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   11	
  
Runaway	
  climate	
  change	
  
One	
  of	
  many	
  climate	
  feedbacks	
  is	
  methan...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   12	
  
“…As	
   Member	
   States	
   consider	
   the	
   processes	
   leading	
   up	
   to	
 ...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   13	
  
May	
  we	
  have	
  another	
  40	
  years	
  please?	
  
1972	
  Stockholm	
  conference...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   14	
  
Why	
  does	
  it	
  seem	
  so	
  hard?	
  
You can’t solve
today’s problems with
the sam...
“…like	
  picking	
  up	
  a	
  tangled	
  skein	
  of	
  wool;	
  all	
  the	
  threads	
  are	
  
interwoven	
  -­‐	
  e...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   16	
  
“Divide	
  each	
  difficulty	
  into	
  as	
  
many	
  parts	
  as	
  is	
  possible	
  and...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   17	
  
None	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Complexity	
  cons...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   18	
  
None	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Complexity	
  ...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   19	
  
Subsystem	
  and	
  whole	
  system	
  approaches	
  
Default:	
  systema+c	
   New:	
  sy...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   20	
  
Switch	
  from	
  hopping	
  to	
  running	
  
•  Subsystem	
  and	
  whole	
  system	
  
...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   21	
  
1969:	
  ‘What	
  would	
  be	
  the	
  true	
  progress	
  of	
  man	
  
if	
  hunger	
  ...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   22	
  
Has food production gone ‘potty’?
This	
  top	
  soil	
  was	
  so	
  impoverished	
  it	
...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   23	
  
The	
  Guardian	
  June	
  25th	
  1988	
  
o 	
  Climate	
  instability	
  is	
  a	
  sym...
• 	
  Cook	
  by	
  making	
  charcoal	
  
rather	
  than	
  burning	
  it	
  
• 	
  Grow	
  food	
  by	
  building	
  rat...
hgp://ow.ly/oJadI	
  
hgp://ow.ly/oJaSy	
  hgp://ow.ly/oJbo8	
  	
  hgp://ow.ly/oJbvv	
  
hgp://ow.ly/oJc2E	
  
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   26	
  
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   27	
  Credit: jfiddler.smugmug.com	
  
Leverage connectedness
Shift policy
-> new direction
-> ma...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   28	
  
Systems	
  have	
  pagerns	
  of	
  connectedness	
  
“Systems	
  can	
  be	
  understood	...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   29	
  
Pagerns	
  can	
  reveal	
  levers	
  
•  Mechanisms	
  for	
  planet-­‐scale	
  self-­‐
o...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   30	
  
NATO	
  don’t	
  just	
  do	
  bombing	
  
NATO	
  Science	
  for	
  Peace	
  and	
  Secur...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   31	
  
How ambitious?
Default: reduce problem
New: reverse problems
with net-positive impacts
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   32	
  
We missed the bits about improving the environment…	
  
Declara:on	
  of	
  the	
  United	...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   33	
  
hgp://www.slideshare.net/jlagarde/	
  
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   34	
  
Less bad is not good enough	
  
“The view that negative impacts are
an inevitable conseque...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   35	
  
BT	
  	
  
Our	
  2020	
  Net	
  Good	
  goal	
  is	
  to	
  help	
  customers	
  
reduce	...
How	
  do	
  we	
  learn?	
  
Default:	
  what	
  we’re	
  told	
  
New:	
  what	
  we’re	
  curious	
  about	
  
Credit:	...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   37	
  
hgp://www.slideshare.net/jlagarde/	
  
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   38	
  
How to handle resources?
Default: linear
New: circular
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   39	
  
The	
  default	
  growth	
  strategy	
  is	
  obsolete	
  
“Total	
  consump:on	
  of	
  r...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   40	
  Nike	
  Considered	
  boot	
  
Think	
  Chair	
  by	
  Steelcase	
  
gDiapers	
  
Shaw	
  c...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   41	
  
Kenneth	
  Boulding,	
  1966.	
  Cowboy	
  economy	
  vs	
  spaceship	
  economy	
  
Unite...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   42	
  
Precycling: circular economics in action
o 	
  	
  Everything	
  can	
  be	
  precycled	
 ...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   43	
  
A market-based tool can fix eco-externalities.
Expands ‘green economy’. Aligns economy wit...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   44	
  
Life insurance for resources
Insurance	
  is	
  about	
  risks:	
  
o 	
  Insurance	
  avo...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   45	
  
Credit: seeingtheforest.com
How to get security?
Default: us vs them insecurity
New: globa...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   46	
  
How to get on with the Earth?
Default: the Earth belongs to us
New: we belong to the Earth...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   47	
  
Doug and Kris Tompkins
Credit: Sam Beebe, eo.wikipedia.org 	
  
How to use wealth?
Default...
Credit: FreeDigitalPhotos.net
How to create money?
Default: banks create money
as debt
New: create money publicly,
end aus...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   49	
  
Seven	
  policy	
  switches	
  for	
  global	
  security	
  
1.  Development	
  =	
  Net-­...
www.blindspot.org.uk	
   50	
  
Thank you!	
  
Let’s connect…
James Greyson
@blindspotting
@climate_rescue
www.BlindSpot.o...
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BlindSpot Prince's Foundation net-positive circular economy

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Sept 2013 Masterclass presentation and biochar making demo
40 years of global problem solving -> problems overall worse.
Mapping the solution space -> new category of solutions?
Positive development -> net positive impacts
Switch policy and practice -> reverse intractable problems?
Biochar, precycling, circular economy

Published in: Design, Technology
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BlindSpot Prince's Foundation net-positive circular economy

  1. 1. www.blindspot.org.uk   1   The  Prince’s  Founda:on   Masters  in  Sustainable  Urbanism  Group   A  net-­‐posi+ve  world?   Sept  2013   James  Greyson   BlindSpot  Think  Tank  
  2. 2. www.blindspot.org.uk   2   AGer  40  years  of  global  problem  solving  why  are  problems  overall   worse?   Can  we  map  the  solu:on  space  and  find  a  new  category  of  solu:ons?   What  is  posi:ve  development?  How  to  get  net  posi:ve  impacts?   Is  it  possible  to  reverse  intractable  problems?   Keywords:  Biochar,  precycling,  circular  economy,  global  security,  whole   system  policy  switches   A  net-­‐posi:ve  world?  
  3. 3. Road  to  Rio+20  (ISCIENCES,  L.L.C.)   1972 | 1982 | 1992 | 2002 | 2012 See  also:   Sustainable  Development  Timelines,  Stakeholder   Forum     2012 Rio de Janeiro UN Conference on the Human Environment, Earth Summit 1992 Rio de Janeiro UN Conference on the Human Environment, Earth Summit 1972 Stockholm UN Conference on Sustainable Development
  4. 4. Road  to  Rio+20  (ISCIENCES,  L.L.C.)   The  United  Na,ons  Conference  on  the  Human   Environment  in  Stockholm  put  environmental  issues  on   the  interna,onal  agenda  for  the  first  ,me.   The  Stockholm  Conference,  June  5-­‐16,  1972  laid  the  groundwork   for  progress  in  the  environment  and  development.     One  important  outcome  from  Stockholm  was  the  crea,on  of  the   UN  Environment  Programme  (UNEP).   “Man  is  unlikely  to  succeed  in  managing  his  rela?onship  with  nature  unless  in  the   course  of  it  he  learns  to  manage  beBer  the  rela?ons  between  man  and  man.”  –   Maurice  Strong,  Secretary-­‐General  of  the  Stockholm  Conference   Declara?on  of  the  UN  Conference  on  the  Human  Environment  hBp://www.unep.org/Documents.Mul?lingual/Default.asp?documen?d=97&ar?cleid=1503   Report  of  the  UN  Conference  on  the  Human  Environment  hBp://www.unep.org/Documents.Mul?lingual/Default.asp?documen?d=97     Maurice  Strong  (leG)  with  Conference  President   Ingemund  Bengtsson  (Credit:  UN  Photo)  
  5. 5. Road  to  Rio+20  (ISCIENCES,  L.L.C.)   The  first  global  gathering  on  sustainability  was  the  1992  Earth  Summit  in  Rio   de  Janeiro,  Brazil.   The  Earth  Summit  –  the  United  Na:ons  Conference  on  Environment  and  Development  (UNCED)  June   3-­‐14  –  produced  Agenda  21,  a  blueprint  to  rethink  economic  growth,  to  advance  social  equity  and  to   ensure  environmental  protec,on.     More  than  178  Governments  adopted:  Agenda  21,  the   Rio  Declara:on  on  Environment  and  Development,  and  the   Statement  of  Principles  for  the  Sustainable  Management  of  Forests.     (Credit:  UN)   Two  important  legally  binding  agreements  were  opened  for  signatures:  the   United  Na:ons  Framework  Conven:on  on  Climate  Change  (UNFCCC),  to  reduce   greenhouse  gas  emissions;  and,  the  Conven:on  on  Biological  Diversity,  to  conserve   biodiversity.  The  Commission  on  Sustainable  Development  (CSD)  was  created  to  ensure   effec:ve  follow-­‐up  to  the  Summit.  
  6. 6. Road  to  Rio+20  (ISCIENCES,  L.L.C.)   Rio+20,  the  United  Na,ons  Conference  on  Sustainable  Development  June  20-­‐21,  2012  in  Rio  de   Janeiro,  Brazil,  was  intended  to  set  a  global  sustainability  agenda  for  the  coming  decade  .   Delegates  from  183  countries,  some  of   them  represented  by  their  presidents,   vice-­‐presidents,  and  premiers,  along  with   more  than  50,000  par,cipants  from   governments,  the  private  sector,  non-­‐ governmental  organiza:ons  (NGOs)  and   other  groups  agended.   The  Conference  was  promoted  as  “The  Future  We  Want.”  Updates  can  be  found  at   www.uncsd2012.org.  
  7. 7. www.blindspot.org.uk   7   Steps  taken?   Credit: Simon Tong si.smugmug.com/ Steps taken?   Problems solved?  
  8. 8. www.blindspot.org.uk   8   40  years  of  trends   •  World  popula:on   1972  3.8b,  1972  5.5b,  2012  7b   •  World  CO2  emissions  from  fuel  burning   1972  16.1b  t,  1992  22.3b  t,  2012  35.6b  t   •  Atmospheric  CO2  concentra:ons   1972  327ppm,  1992  356  ppm,  2012  394ppm  
  9. 9. Some  of  the  trends:  loss  of  forest,  CO2  concentra:on,  species  ex:nc:ons,   motor  vehicles,  ozone  deple:on,  water  use,  paper  use,  Northern  hemisphere   average  temperature,  popula:on,  global  real  GPD.    1750-­‐2000     New  Scien:st  magazine,  16  October  2008,  page  40-­‐41   The  planet  crunch  
  10. 10. If  we  do  not  change   direc:on,  we  may  end  up   where  we  are  heading.     Lao  Tzu  
  11. 11. www.blindspot.org.uk   11   Runaway  climate  change   One  of  many  climate  feedbacks  is  methane   from  thawing  permafrost  and  sea-­‐beds  in   the  Arc:c.   hgp://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/ 2007/10/071025174618.htm   Image:  Sergey  Zimov   “Arc:c  climate  dynamics  is  now  strongly   non-­‐linear  behaviour  consistent  with   feedback-­‐driven  amplifica:on  of  the   underlying  forcing  from  anthropogenic   increase  in  greenhouse  gas  concentra:ons.”   hgp://www.apollo-­‐gaia.org/Arc:c%20Dynamics.pdf  
  12. 12. www.blindspot.org.uk   12   “…As   Member   States   consider   the   processes   leading   up   to   2015,   they   could   be   supported  by  a  report  of  the  Secretary-­‐General  during  the  main  part  of  the  sixty-­‐ ninth  session  of  the  General  Assembly.  This  would  draw  upon  the  outcomes  of  the   Open  Working  Group  on  Sustainable  Development  Goals,  the  Intergovernmental   Commigee   of   Experts   on   Sustainable   Development   Financing   and   other   bodies.   The   intergovernmental   process   could   lead   to   an   agreement   on   the   vision,   principles,  goals  and  targets  of  the  post-­‐2015  development  agenda,  as  well  as  on   the  renewed  global  partnership  for  development…”   Follow-­‐up  to  the  outcome  of  the  Millennium  Summit     Item  118  of  the  provisional  agenda  A/68/150,  Sixty-­‐eighth  session    hgp://daccess-­‐dds-­‐ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N13/409/32/PDF/N1340932.pdf     vs   “Poli:cal  efforts  to  curb  pollu:on,  protect  forests  and  avert  climate  change  have   proven  totally  inadequate.”     Achim  Steiner,  UNEP  execu:ve  director,  Oct  2008   12   Institutional steps vs solutions
  13. 13. www.blindspot.org.uk   13   May  we  have  another  40  years  please?   1972  Stockholm  conference;  Rio+20  is  Stockholm+40   The  ‘solu:on  space’  used  for   major  global  problems  has   solved  none  of  them.   What  now?   1.  Cross  fingers  and  keep   going?   2.  Rethink?  
  14. 14. www.blindspot.org.uk   14   Why  does  it  seem  so  hard?   You can’t solve today’s problems with the same thinking that causes them John Cole http://emedia.thetimes-tribune.com
  15. 15. “…like  picking  up  a  tangled  skein  of  wool;  all  the  threads  are   interwoven  -­‐  everything  leads  to  something  else.”   First  lady  ‘Lady  Bird’  Johnson  1970  
  16. 16. www.blindspot.org.uk   16   “Divide  each  difficulty  into  as   many  parts  as  is  possible  and   necessary  to  resolve  it”   Déscartes  1637  
  17. 17. www.blindspot.org.uk   17   None                                  Complexity  considered                              All   None              Change  considered          All   Default  zone:   systema:c  steps     in  subsystems   Complexity  zone:   explore   Chaos  zone:   “Avoid”   Scep:cs  corner   Mapping  the  solu:on  space  1  of  2   ‘We  need  to  advance  in  a  managed  way.  We  take  one  block  at  a  :me.  Otherwise  we  will   produce  chaos.’     video  at  12:45  mins hgp://www.environmentalgovernance.org/video/2010/05/quest-­‐for-­‐leadership/  
  18. 18. www.blindspot.org.uk   18   None                                    Complexity  considered                      All     None              Change  considered          All   Default  zone:   systema:c  change   In  subsystems   Missing  perspec:ve:   systemic  change  in  whole  system       Default  scep:c     posi:on:  no  change   Mapping  the  solu:on  space  2  of  2   Blindspot   Comfort  zone   Extreme  comfort  zone  
  19. 19. www.blindspot.org.uk   19   Subsystem  and  whole  system  approaches   Default:  systema+c   New:  systemic   Focus  on  subsystems  defined  by  topics   (such  as  climate  or  food),  sectors  (such  as   energy  or  finance),  ins:tu:ons  or  physical   areas  (such  as  a  community  or  region).   Focus  on  whole  system  not  subsystems.   Complexity  is  manageable  as  subsystems.   Complexity  is  manageable  as  an  indivisible   whole.     Manage  via  reducing  (disregarding)   complexity.   Manage  via  the  connectedness  of   complexity.   Progress  as  gradual  incremental  change   along  a  linear  trajectory.     Progress  as  change  of  paradigms  (system   states).  
  20. 20. www.blindspot.org.uk   20   Switch  from  hopping  to  running   •  Subsystem  and  whole  system   methods  are  like  feet.  Best  to  use   both.   •  ‘In  the  broader  perspec:ve  of  the   systems  approach  no  problem  can   be  solved  simply  on  its  own  basis.   Every  problem  has  an  environment,   to  which  it  is  inextricably  united.’      C  West  Churchman   •  Hence  every  subsystem  has  a  global   whole  system  to  which  it  is   inextricably  united  
  21. 21. www.blindspot.org.uk   21   1969:  ‘What  would  be  the  true  progress  of  man   if  hunger  and  war  persists?’   The  Guardian  newspaper  July  21st  1969   o   Food  security  involves   solu:ons  both  within  and   beyond  the  food  subsystem.   o   Na:onal  security  involves   solu:ons  both  within  and   beyond  the  conflict  subsystem.    
  22. 22. www.blindspot.org.uk   22   Has food production gone ‘potty’? This  top  soil  was  so  impoverished  it  could  be  made  into  a  clay  pot.      
  23. 23. www.blindspot.org.uk   23   The  Guardian  June  25th  1988   o   Climate  instability  is  a  symptom  of  a  system.   o   It’s  a  race  between  runaway  change  and  an  effec:ve  systemic  response.     o   Responses  so  far  are  systema:c.  Eg,  ‘Let’s  focus  on  carbon  emissions.’   o   What  would  a  systemic  response  do?  
  24. 24. •   Cook  by  making  charcoal   rather  than  burning  it   •   Grow  food  by  building  rather   than  deple:ng  soils   •   Incen:ves  to  plant  trees  rather   than  cut  them   •   Large  scale  carbon  storage  by   small  scale  ini:a:ve   •   Localised  money  spent  into   economy  for  biochar/soils/food/ trees.  This  adds  to  GDP.   Biochar – climate change in reverse MIT  Climate  CoLab  proposal  hgp://bit.ly/pf4kX8  
  25. 25. hgp://ow.ly/oJadI   hgp://ow.ly/oJaSy  hgp://ow.ly/oJbo8    hgp://ow.ly/oJbvv   hgp://ow.ly/oJc2E  
  26. 26. www.blindspot.org.uk   26  
  27. 27. www.blindspot.org.uk   27  Credit: jfiddler.smugmug.com   Leverage connectedness Shift policy -> new direction -> makes new reality “a  small  shiG  in  one  thing     can  produce  big  changes  in  everything”    Donella  Meadows,  Leverage  Points,  1999  
  28. 28. www.blindspot.org.uk   28   Systems  have  pagerns  of  connectedness   “Systems  can  be  understood  by  looking  for  pagerns  within  their   complexity,  pagerns  that  describe  poten:al  evolu:ons  of  the   system.”     Dooley,  K.  (1996),  “A  Nominal  Defini:on  of  Complex  Adap:ve  Systems,”  The  Chaos  Network,  8(1):   2-­‐3.  hgp://www.public.asu.edu/~kdooley/papers/casdef.PDF  
  29. 29. www.blindspot.org.uk   29   Pagerns  can  reveal  levers   •  Mechanisms  for  planet-­‐scale  self-­‐ organising  systemic  change     •  Lever  =  policy  switch  =  worldview  +   ac:on   •  Change  across  issues,  sectors  and   scales     •  Goals  are  not  compromised  but   merged     •  Lever  ‘working  posi:ons’  are  binary    Eg  Nature  either  shrinks  or  expands.   Products  become  waste  or  new  resource.    
  30. 30. www.blindspot.org.uk   30   NATO  don’t  just  do  bombing   NATO  Science  for  Peace  and  Security  Programme    www.nato.int/science/   Advanced  Research  Workshops   Energy  Security  themes   Seven  Policy  Switches  for  Global  Security    hgp://blindspot.org.uk/seven-­‐policy-­‐switches/   ‘Together  the  switches  define  a  prac:cal  strategy  for  global  security,  for  a   serious  agempt  at  revival  of  co-­‐opera:on,  ecosystems  and  prosperity.’  
  31. 31. www.blindspot.org.uk   31   How ambitious? Default: reduce problem New: reverse problems with net-positive impacts
  32. 32. www.blindspot.org.uk   32   We missed the bits about improving the environment…   Declara:on  of  the  United  Na:ons  Conference  on  the  Human  Environment   June  1972   • PRINCIPLE  1.     …  a  solemn  responsibility  to  protect  and  improve  the  environment  for  present   and  future  genera:ons.   • PRINCIPLE  2.     The  natural  resources  of  the  earth  …must  be  safeguarded  for  the  benefit  of   present  and  future  genera:ons   • PRINCIPLE  3.     The  capacity  of  the  earth  to  produce  vital  renewable  resources  must  be   maintained  and,  wherever  prac:cable,  restored  or  improved.  
  33. 33. www.blindspot.org.uk   33   hgp://www.slideshare.net/jlagarde/  
  34. 34. www.blindspot.org.uk   34   Less bad is not good enough   “The view that negative impacts are an inevitable consequence of development has blinded us to the obvious. We could design development to increase the size, health and resilience of natural systems, while improving human health and life quality.” Janis Birkeland Positive Development. Earthscan 2008 Economic tool for ‘positive development’ on page 339
  35. 35. www.blindspot.org.uk   35   BT     Our  2020  Net  Good  goal  is  to  help  customers   reduce  carbon  emissions  by  at  least  three   :mes  the  end-­‐to-­‐end  carbon  impact  of  our   business.   BT  Net  Good  
  36. 36. How  do  we  learn?   Default:  what  we’re  told   New:  what  we’re  curious  about   Credit:  helenstoreyfounda:on.org/pro8.htm  
  37. 37. www.blindspot.org.uk   37   hgp://www.slideshare.net/jlagarde/  
  38. 38. www.blindspot.org.uk   38   How to handle resources? Default: linear New: circular
  39. 39. www.blindspot.org.uk   39   The  default  growth  strategy  is  obsolete   “Total  consump:on  of  resources  will  con:nue  to  increase  as  a  result  of  economic   growth…  The  G8  will  seek  to  reduce  waste,  reuse  and  recycle  resources  and  products   to  the  extent  economically  feasible.”                    3R  Ac:on  Plan  Adopted  at  the  G8  Sea  Island  Summit,  June  10  2004  
  40. 40. www.blindspot.org.uk   40  Nike  Considered  boot   Think  Chair  by  Steelcase   gDiapers   Shaw  carpet  :le  
  41. 41. www.blindspot.org.uk   41   Kenneth  Boulding,  1966.  Cowboy  economy  vs  spaceship  economy   United  Na:ons  ZERI,  1994.  Zero  emissions,  “All  waste  is  to  be   converted  into  value-­‐added  ingredients”.   Japan,  2000.  Fundamental  Law  for  Establishing  a  Sound  Material-­‐Cycle   Society   Bill  McDonough  and  Michael  Braungart,  2002.  Cradle  to  Cradle:   Remaking  the  Way  We  Make  Things   China  Na:onal  Plan,  2006.  “It  is  an  urgent  strategic  task  for  China  to   vigorously  develop  the  circular  economy.”   Different  language  for  the  same  goal  
  42. 42. www.blindspot.org.uk   42   Precycling: circular economics in action o     Everything  can  be  precycled   o   Everyone  precycles   o   System-­‐wide  precycling  =   sustainable  development  =  Green   economy   o   Avoids  white-­‐elephant  investments   Image:  Publicity  by  Berkeley  City,     California  in  1989      www.ororkepr.com   Precycling  is  ac:on  to  ensure  that  resources  won’t  add  to  wastes  in  ecosystems.    
  43. 43. www.blindspot.org.uk   43   A market-based tool can fix eco-externalities. Expands ‘green economy’. Aligns economy with values. Growth rises. Emissions fall. Ecosystems expand. MIT Climate CoLab proposal: ‘Fix the system’, http://bit.ly/qpItP9
  44. 44. www.blindspot.org.uk   44   Life insurance for resources Insurance  is  about  risks:   o   Insurance  avoids  being  financially  wiped-­‐out   o   Can  prevent  disasters,  like  early  fire  insurance   o   Can  share  risks,  like  car  insurance   Precycling  premiums  are  about  preven:ng  accumula:ve  risks:   o   Extension  of  exis:ng  ‘recycling  insurance’  in  EU  WEEE  Direc:ve   o   Premiums  come  from  products  at  risk  of  becoming  waste   o   Premiums  go  to  green  economy  and  society  (precycling  everything  everywhere)  
  45. 45. www.blindspot.org.uk   45   Credit: seeingtheforest.com How to get security? Default: us vs them insecurity New: global security, tweak GDP to reverse the arms race
  46. 46. www.blindspot.org.uk   46   How to get on with the Earth? Default: the Earth belongs to us New: we belong to the Earth, Ownership to include guardianship  
  47. 47. www.blindspot.org.uk   47   Doug and Kris Tompkins Credit: Sam Beebe, eo.wikipedia.org   How to use wealth? Default: mega-rich: mega-problems New: prompt sharing, fix problem stockpile  
  48. 48. Credit: FreeDigitalPhotos.net How to create money? Default: banks create money as debt New: create money publicly, end austerity  
  49. 49. www.blindspot.org.uk   49   Seven  policy  switches  for  global  security   1.  Development  =  Net-­‐posi:ve  impacts  not  less-­‐bad   2.  Learning  led  by  curiosity  not  programming   3.  Circular  economy  to  build  not  consume  the  physical   basis  for  economic  growth   4.  Tweak  GDP  to  reverse  macro-­‐incen:ves  for   militarisa:on  of  problem-­‐solving   5.  Ownership  to  include  guardianship.  We  belong  to  Earth.   6.  Stockpile  of  surplus  wealth  recruited  into  fixing  the   stockpile  of  problems   7.  Monetary  liquidity  supplied  by  public  bodies  not  private   banks  
  50. 50. www.blindspot.org.uk   50   Thank you!   Let’s connect… James Greyson @blindspotting @climate_rescue www.BlindSpot.org.uk

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