!! ! Call us now 01432 818999! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Email firstname.lastname@example.org Carjacking NotesRecent reports in the Tripoli Herald have highlighted the growing trend of criminal a7acks against the expatriate community living in Tripoli. Many are falling vic>m to armed criminals targe>ng them for their vehicles and valuables at gunpoint o@en during daylight hours. One company claims to have had three members of staﬀ targeted in as many months.In a recent a7ack outside the home of one of the expat workers, two young men approached the resident who had arrived outside his house and was in the process of placing the car in the garage. The engine was running and the doors were open. One of the young men greeted the resident and then pointed a pistol at his head. The resident backed oﬀ as the two young men stole his car.An earlier incident targeted a European manager at a local park popular with walkers and runners. Having just got into his car a@er a run, 2 men approached him with a gun, mo>oning him to move into the passenger seat. He believed that their inten>on was to take both him and the car. Instead he got out of the vehicle, locked it and walked away.The most recent incident occurred at a roundabout in the centre of Tripoli. A 4x4 vehicle pulled up in front of his vehicle. 2 men with Kalashnikov assault riﬂes got out and walked towards him with the inten>on of stealing his vehicle. He reacted quickly, backing up and speeding towards his oﬃce where armed security guards were present.Why is car-‐jacking on the increase?At the moment, Libya is in the process of migra>ng towards a full democra>c process. However, un>l a new government is in place everything is being conducted within the current fragile framework. Limited resources and capability to respond to incidents has resulted in an increase in opportunist crime par>cularly carjacking.Carjacking is a crime of opportunity where a thief searches for the most vulnerable prey. Carjackers ﬁnd it easier to steal a car while the keys are in the igni>on and the engine is running than to break into a car, especially if the car has a sophis>cated built-‐in alarm system. Cars, especially luxury models provide quick cash for criminals.
!! ! Call us now 01432 818999! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Email email@example.comAreas of opportunity• Intersec>ons/junc>on is controlled by traﬃc lights or stop signs including roundabouts.• Parking areas, shopping areas and supermarkets.• Gas/petrol sta>ons and car washes• Residen>al driveways and streets as people get into and out of cars.• Highway/motorway entry and exit ramps or other areas where traﬃc is slowed or stopped.Carjacking techniquesCommandeering–the a7ackers approach the vehicle while it has stoppedThe Bump–a7ackers ‘bump’ the vic>ms vehicle from behind. When the vic>m exits the vehicle to assess the damage and exchange informa>on, the vehicle is taken.Good Samaritan–the a7acker stage what appears to be an accident. They may simulate an injury. The vic>m stops to assist in the vehicle is taken.The Ruse–ﬂashes its lights or the driver waves to get the vic>ms a7en>on.The Trap–the a7ackers use surveillance on or around the vic>ms home or their place of work.The Roadblock–technique usually used in isolated areas.The Moving Roadblock–a7ackers use their vehicles in front and behind the target vehicle.Animal aEack–in the hot weather a7ackers target vic>ms with their windows open throwing in rats or false hornets. The vic>m immediately jumps out of the car.Puncture–one of the tyres is let down in a parking area. The a7acker oﬀers to assist and steals the car once the tyre is re-‐inﬂated.AvoidanceBefore you enter your car• Be alert to any ac>vity near your car and pay a7en>on to your surroundings.• When approaching your car have your key in your hand, and check the back seat before geng in.• If someone is loitering near your unoccupied car as you approach it, keep walking un>l the person leaves.
!! ! Call us now 01432 818999! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Email firstname.lastname@example.org• Be wary of people making conversa>on. Trust your ins>ncts, if something makes you feel uneasy, get into the car quickly, lock the doors and drive away.• Always reverse the car into a parking space, it means it can be driven away without manoeuvring.• If the vehicle has a puncture and you are isolated, get into the car lock the doors and drive to a place with more people.Once in the Car• Be aware of the methods used by carjackers.• Always be a7en>ve to what is happening around you as you drive. Scan 100 to 200 m ahead of where you are going.• Try to avoid areas where carjacking has taken place recently. Know where you are and avoid no-‐go areas.• Ensure that all doors are locked, valuables hidden out of sight and windows closed no ma7er how ‘safe’ the neighbourhood.• Demonstrate heightened awareness around poten>al danger areas; junc>ons, roundabouts, traﬃc lights, exits from motorways and departure/rival points at residents and oﬃce loca>ons.• Reduce your speed as you approach any traﬃc lights to minimise your >me sing at the lights.• If a suspicious-‐looking person approaches your car, drive away carefully. In extreme situa>ons, you might even consider going through a traﬃc light, as long as you can do so without causing an accident. • Drive in the inside (center) lane to make it more diﬃcult for would-‐be carjackers to approach your car.• Avoid driving alone if possible par>cularly at night• Do not allow yourself to become distracted by talking on mobile phones/with your passengers or listening to the car radio.• Always increase awareness on the last 100 m to any loca>on.
!! ! Call us now 01432 818999! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Email email@example.com• If youre driving home and no>ce someone you dont recognise, drive around the block and come back a@er the person has le@. • Call ahead to ensure that gates are opened to minimise wai>ng >meIf you are Carjacked• If hijacked be passive do not try to be clever• Look down avoid eye contact to criminals do not think you are trying to avoid them• Tell the carjackers what you are doing when you take seat belt of and get out of vehicle• Move slowly out of vehicle and keep hands raised and visible but only at chest height to avoid carjackers thinking you are signalling.• carjackers ask you where things are in the vehicle tell them• If carjackers start to focus on the vehicle and you think you can get away run oﬀ.• No>ce and remember what the carjacker looked like-‐sex, race, age, hair and eye color, special features, clothes and anything speciﬁc or unusual like an accent. • When forced to drive with a hijacker, be observant without making direct eye contact and try to memorise as many details as possible • If about to be shot turn to the side, reducing the target you present by a third. Li@ your shoulders and pull your neck in. Do not turn your back -‐ the front of your body has more bone and rib-‐cage to protect your internal organs• Report the crime immediately to the police. Other recommended acIons• Provide a security awareness brief to members of staﬀ and their families• Oﬀer defensive driving/an>-‐carjack instruc>on to members of staﬀ and drivers• Consider the use of vehicle tracking systems and individual trackers including a suitable response package