Soial impacts of cultural regeneration


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Soial impacts of cultural regeneration

  1. 1. The social impacts of cultural regeneration James Kennell 28th October 2010
  2. 2. Who am I? Senior Lecturer in Tourism and Regeneration Project Manager – Economic Development Resource Centre Programme Leader, BA (hons) Tourism Management
  3. 3. Cultural regeneration in the UK A phenomenon of the last twenty years Became widespread after 1997 Tied to the restructuring of western economies Post-industrial economic development strategy High risk strategy based on neoliberal growth economics Social impacts poorly managed or understood – evidence suggests exclusion is a significant issue
  4. 4. The decline of seaside towns The first post-service- industrial urban areas Globalisation from 1970s Competition from new destinations Growth of urban tourism
  5. 5. (Source: Beatty & Fothergill 2003)
  6. 6. Contemporary seaside regeneration Kennell, J. (2010) ‘Rediscovering cultural tourism: cultural regeneration in seaside towns’ in Journal of Town and City Management, Vol.1, No.2 Decaying infrastructure Low skills Low levels of community cohesion Low levels of central government involvement No national strategy until March 2010 Diversity of approaches with limited success Economic underperformance
  7. 7. Cultural regeneration in seaside towns Region / Nation Dominant approach RDA / responsible body South West Mainly economic, some physical and social SWRDA East Midlands Social and Economic EMDA Yorkshire Physical emphasis, some economic and social Yorkshire Forward East of England Diverse set of programmes in place with no core focus to seaside regeneration EEDA North East No overarching strategic framework for seaside regeneration. One North East North West Mainly economic NWRDA South East Cultural SEEDA Wales Economic and Physical Welsh Assembly Scotland No overarching strategic framework for seaside regeneration. Scottish Assembly N. Ireland No overarching strategic framework for seaside regeneration. Northern Ireland Assembly
  8. 8. Social impacts Social benefits conceived in mainly economic terms •For the country •For the region •For residents BUT •Concerns expressed by community sector •Local hostility •Low levels of engagement •Artists vs. locals •Colonisation of space My research methods Policy analysis 126 documents Margate Folkestone WhitstableInterviews 32 / 60 Ethnography 14 days of fieldwork
  9. 9. Analysis: Cultural capital (Bourdieu) Policy and cultural regeneration agents demonstrate cultural expertise and familiarity - high levels of cultural capital Widespread belief in the ‘power’ of culture Education Inspiration Aspiration Lack of interest in mechanisms Focus on consumption over participation Creation of cultural industries with high barriers to entry to replace tourism industries with low barriers to entry Problems with education, employment and cohesion associated with lack of cultural capital Explains lack of resident engagement and predicts creation of tension
  10. 10. Culture, Class, Distinction Bennett, T. et al (2010) Culture, Class, Distinction, London: Routledge Representative, quantitative study of cultural capital in the UK Cultural omnivorousness has democratised certain forms of cultural consumption – but mainly in the higher social groups Most important cultural markers of division are now based on participation Music lessons Access to technologyMarginalisation of creative curricula in state education
  11. 11. How can cultural regeneration improve social outcomes? Strategies that focus on participation Audience development Education projects Experiential art Site specific work Events, not installations Lowering barriers to participation can drive engagement and allow culture to assist with skills development, education, health and employment