Creative regeneration presentation - John P Houghton

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Presentation given by John P Houghton on 27th October 2011 at an event hosted by the Ecconomic Development Resource Centre, University of Greenwich

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Creative regeneration presentation - John P Houghton

  1. 1. <ul><li>Creative Regeneration: Innovative Solutions in Hard Times </li></ul><ul><li>John P. Houghton </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Development Research Centre, University of Greenwich, 27 th October 2011 </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ The definition of insanity is doing the same thing over and over and expecting different results.” </li></ul><ul><li>Rita Mae Brown, Sudden Death </li></ul>Over and over
  3. 3. <ul><li>Regeneration is dead </li></ul><ul><li>Neighbourhood deprivation remains a serious and growing problem </li></ul><ul><li>There are 3 scenarios for deprived neighbourhoods – and one way forward </li></ul>Summary
  4. 4. <ul><li>Outside a few marquee locations, the regeneration model is broken </li></ul><ul><li>No easy access to credit </li></ul><ul><li>Low levels of investor interest / consumer confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing costs of raw materials </li></ul><ul><li>Deep suspicion of “regeneration” in many neighbourhoods </li></ul>Regeneration is dead
  5. 5. <ul><li>Originally designed and presented as the antidote to regeneration </li></ul><ul><li>Political momentum flagged after 2004 and agenda disappeared after 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Problems were the mirror image of regeneration: unclear role for private sector, disconnected from housing and physical interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Contradictory strategy – top-down targets, large and complex partnerships, reliance on short-term funding </li></ul>Neighbourhood renewal in crisis
  6. 6. <ul><li>Failure of regeneration and renewal means there remain thousands of deprived neighbourhoods in every part of the UK </li></ul><ul><li>No national regen programme – first time since 1968 </li></ul><ul><li>Recession / minimal growth </li></ul><ul><li>Rising unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Lower public support for tackling deprivation / harsher attitudes to poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Likelihood of growing community tensions in some areas </li></ul>Prospects
  7. 7. <ul><li>Back to the 80s – poorest neighbourhoods fall into cycle of severe decline and disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Back to the 90s – poorest neighbourhoods kept afloat but gap continues to grow </li></ul><ul><li>Way forward – progress focused on twin imperatives of resilience and reintegration </li></ul>3 scenarios
  8. 8. <ul><li>Supporting places to adapt and benefit from social and economic change </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening local networks and connections </li></ul><ul><li>Investment in local community development and organising </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting local economic development </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer of assets to local organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Reconstruction of services on co-operative lines </li></ul>Way forward – resilience
  9. 9. <ul><li>Placing neighbourhood-level work within strategic context of functional economy </li></ul><ul><li>State doing the heavy lifting at the wider spatial level </li></ul><ul><li>Tackling unsustainable growth patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Economic development plans linking poor neighbourhoods into growth </li></ul><ul><li>Stronger focus on skills and employability at the local level </li></ul>Way forward – reintegration
  10. 10. <ul><li>“ The crisis consists precisely in the fact that the old is dying and the new cannot be born; in this interregnum a great variety of morbid symptoms appear.” </li></ul><ul><li>Antonio Gramsci, Prison Notebooks </li></ul><ul><li>“ Never waste a good crisis.” </li></ul><ul><li>Rahm Emanuel </li></ul>Over and over

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