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Effective Indexes

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Effective Indexes for beginners

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Effective Indexes

  1. 1. Effective Indexes For Beginners<br />
  2. 2. Performance is slow<br />Let’s add another index!<br />
  3. 3. Ineffective Indexes<br />Insert, Update and Delete operations will be slower if you have too many indexes on your table<br />Indexes are stored on the disk, the more indexes you have, the more disk space you use<br />
  4. 4. sys.dm_db_index_usage_stats<br />Counts of different types of index operations<br />Time each type of operation last performed.<br />Requires VIEW SERVER STATE permission<br />Counters reset to empty when SQL Server Service is restarted<br />If the database is detached or shutdown, all rows associated with that DB are removed<br />Information gathered is real-time<br />
  5. 5. sys.dm_db_index_usage_stats<br />
  6. 6. On to the code…<br />Pick a table and view its indexes<br />Take a look at the current usage <br />Run code that targets each index and see when the index was last used<br />Recheck the usage<br />View index usage for entire database<br />How to disable an index<br />How to enable an index<br />How to drop an index<br />
  7. 7. Demo...<br />
  8. 8. Conclusion<br />Use sys.dm_db_index_usage_stats DMV to easily identify real-time index usage stats<br />Identify indexes that are rarely or never used<br />Disable for a time before dropping<br />If disabled indexes aren’t missed – drop them to save disk space<br />
  9. 9. Resources<br />Click on the Word icon to the right to access the SQL code used in the practical element of this session. <br />Download AdventureWorks2008 DBs for free here: http://tinyurl.com/c6y6a3<br />BOL sys.dm_db_index_usage_stats information page: http://tinyurl.com/qpfa4d<br />Useful blog article on managing indexes at a more detailed level: http://tinyurl.com/38fb5v<br />Blog: http://nzgirlgeek.blogspot.com<br />Web: www.aucklandsql.com<br />www.girlgeekdinners.co.nz<br />Email: amanda@aucklandsql.com<br />
  10. 10. Website:<br />www.aucklandsql.com<br />Mailing list:<br />announce@aucklandsql.com<br />

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