Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Tunisie sondage : Une économie en manque de performance et la corruption continuent de susciter l’insatisfaction

Tunis, Tunisie— Un nouveau sondage réalisé par le centre de l’Institut Républicain International (IRI) pour les sondages révèle que les mauvaises conditions économiques et la corruption continuent de susciter une grande insatisfaction publique en Tunisie.
« Ce sondage renforce une nécessité vitale de résoudre les problèmes les plus préoccupants des tunisiens : la corruption et l’économie, » déclare Scott Mastic, Directeur Régional pour l’Afrique du Nord et le Moyen Orient. » Nos résultats renforcent le besoin de faire face à la corruption aux niveaux local et national, et espérons que le gouvernement intègre cette approche dans sa ‘guerre contre la corruption’ lancée tout récemment »

Un total de 87% des tunisiens décrivent la situation économique comme mauvaise (26%) ou très mauvaise (61%). (44%) disent que le chômage est le plus grand problème auquel fait face le pays, suivi de l’économie et la crise financière à 24%. Une majorité claire de répondants (72%) pense que la lutte contre la corruption est le meilleur moyen pour améliorer l’économie de leurs communautés, suivi de 59% qui disent que les collectivités locales vont « rendre plus facile de lancer des entreprises pour les entrepreneurs »

La corruption continue d’être une préoccupation majeure, avec 89% de tunisiens qui affirment que la corruption est plus élevée aujourd’hui qu’avant la révolution démocratique de 2011. 46% pensent que les relations personnelles (wasta) mèneraient le « plus probablement » vers la richesse en Tunisie. Particulièrement, pour la deuxième fois dans l’histoire des sondages en Tunisie, les répondants ont mis les hôpitaux en tête des institutions où ils auraient fait face à la corruption (17%).

Le sondage indique aussi in déclin de l’intérêt à la participation au processus électoral. 50% des répondants disent qu’ils sont « peu » (9%) ou « très peu » (41%) enclins à aller voter aux élections municipales-une augmentation de 7 point par rapport à avril 2017. En outre, 83% ne savent pas ou refusent de dire à quels partis ils voteraient si les élections allaient être organisées demain.
Méthodologie
Ce sondage a été mené pour le compte du Centre de l’Institut Républicain International (IRI) pour les sondages par la société tunisienne, ELKA Consulting sous la supervision de Chesapeake Beach Consulting. Les questions avaient focalisé en premier sur l’économie afin de fournir aux différentes parties prenantes des données et de permettre aussi de leur indiquer les priorités publiques.

Les données ont été collectées du 11 au 17 Août 2017 moyennant des interviews en face à face. Un échantillon national de 1226 Tunisiens âgés de 18 ans et plus. Un sur-échantillonnage a été effectué dans trois régions connaissant des difficultés économiques. La marge d’erreur étant de plus ou moins 2, 85% au milieu de gamme de niveau de confiance de 95%. Les chiffres indiqués dans les graphs et des tableaux peuvent ne pas faire la somme de 100% en raison de l’arrondissement.

  • Login to see the comments

  • Be the first to like this

Tunisie sondage : Une économie en manque de performance et la corruption continuent de susciter l’insatisfaction

  1. 1. Public Opinion Survey of Tunisians August 11 – August 17, 2017
  2. 2. Detailed Methodology 2 • The survey was conducted on behalf of the Center for Insights in Survey Research by the Tunisian-owned and operated marketing research firm ELKA Consulting under the supervision of Chesapeake Beach Consulting. • Data was collected from August 11 to August 17, 2017 through face-to-face interviews by trained professionals in Arabic. All data was collected on CAPI Solution tablets. • The national sample consisted of 1,226 Tunisians aged 18 and older. Oversamples were conducted in the Sidi Hassine Neighborhood of Tunis (n=400), Mahdia (n=405) and Kairouan (n=406). • Interviews were selected using a multi-stage stratification method proportionate to population sample distribution. • Stratification was based on three stages: proportional division of Tunisia’s 24 governorates; proportional division of urban and rural categories; and proportional division by gender and age group according to the most up-to-date data from Tunisia’s National Statistics Institute collected in 2014. The sample was then post-weighted to make it proportionate to national representation by province. • Each governorate was divided into territorial sections or districts. In every territorial section, at least one point of survey was selected with the overall number of points determined by population density. In every point of survey, interviewers conducted no more than 10 interviews. Points of survey were distributed proportionally between rural and urban areas in every governorate and in every geographical section of the governorate. • The Kish method was used to select respondents 18 years and older within randomly selected households. The left- hand method was used to select every third household in localities selected through an area probability sample. • The overall margin of error is plus or minus 2.85 percent at the midrange of the 95 percent confidence level. For the three oversamples, the margin of error is plus or minus 5.0 percent at the midrange of the 95 percent confidence level. • The information in this report has been compiled in accordance with international standards for market and social research methodologies. • Figures in charts and tables may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. • All comparisons to previous surveys cited in the slide deck are surveys fielded using the same methodology.
  3. 3. National Political and Economic Indicators 3
  4. 4. What, in your opinion, is the SINGLE biggest economic problem facing Tunisia as a whole? (Open-ended) 4 2% 6% 1% 2% 2% 3% 5% 12% 24% 44% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Don't know/Refused to answer Other Local elections International conflicts and tensions Strikes and sit-ins Violence, delinquency and vandalism Security (crime, terrorism and order) Domestic political conflicts and tensions Terrorism Corruption Economic and financial crisis Unemployment <1% <1%
  5. 5. What should be the top economic priority for the government? (Open-ended) 5 1% 2% 3% 3% 5% 5% 6% 8% 10% 10% 15% 32% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% Don't know/Refused to answer Organizing local elections and decentralization Development of southern and interior regions Winning the war on terrorism Social reforms Improving public services (health care, education, infrastructure) Improving service delivery (trash, roads, mail, etc.) Security Economic development and reform Corruption and transparency Youth employment/Opportunities for youth Living standards Employment <1% <1%
  6. 6. How would you describe the current economic situation in Tunisia: is it very good, somewhat good, somewhat bad or very bad? 6 4% 3% 2% 3% 1% 2% 2% 1% 1% 2% 1% 2% 1% 0% 1% 25% 22% 24% 23% 20% 26% 14% 18% 16% 28% 17% 18% 17% 13% 23% 13% 10% 12% 46% 45% 37% 30% 37% 41% 33% 29% 25% 28% 22% 19% 21% 26% 32% 38% 26% 26% 20% 28% 34% 41% 40% 29% 49% 52% 57% 40% 58% 60% 60% 60% 44% 47% 63% 61% 5% 3% 3% 3% 2% 2% 2% 1% 2% 2% 1% 2% 2% 1% 1% 2% 2% 1% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Mar-11 May-11 Sep-11 Jan-12 Apr-12 Aug-12 Jan-13 Jun-13 Oct-13 Feb-14 Jun-14 Sep-14 Jun-15 Nov-15 May-16 Dec-16 Apr-17 Aug-17 Very good Somewhat good Somewhat bad Very bad Don't know/Refused to answer <1% <1% <1%
  7. 7. Thinking ahead to next year, do you expect Tunisia’s national economy to get: much better, somewhat better, somewhat worse, much worse or stay the same? 7 6% 16% 22% 22% 30% 5% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% Don't know/Refused to answer Much worse Somewhat worse Stay the same Somewhat better Much better
  8. 8. If you could have only one or the other, which is more important to you: a democratic system of government or a prosperous economy? 8 2% 8% 56% 8% 26% 3% 18% 46% 8% 25% 4% 50% 19% 6% 21% 7% 40% 25% 9% 20% 4% 42% 24% 6% 24% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Don't know/Refused to answer Prosperity is definitely more important to me Prosperity is somewhat more important to me Democracy is somewhat more important to me Democracy is definitely more important to me Aug-17 Apr-17 Dec-16 May-16 Nov-15
  9. 9. In your opinion, what is the best economic system for Tunisia? 9 7% 54% 12% 27% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Don't know/Refused to answer A system where the private sector plays the major role, while the government plays a great role in controlling, monitoring and ensuring compliance of the laws A system where the private sector plays the major role A system where the state and the public sector play the major role
  10. 10. Local Economic Indicators 10
  11. 11. Thinking ahead to next year, do you expect your community’s economy to get: much better, somewhat better, somewhat worse, much worse or stay the same? 11 5% 15% 20% 27% 28% 4% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% Don't know/Refused to answer Much worse Somewhat worse Stay the same Somewhat better Much better
  12. 12. What, in your opinion, is the biggest economic problem in your community? (Open-ended) 12 12% 4% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 3% 3% 6% 9% 12% 42% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Don't know/Refused to answer Other The municipality doesn't work correctly Medical service Tax evasion Public debt Tourism Political instability Abuse of wealth Bad organization Lack of development Lack of security Mentality Agricultural sector development Pollution Smuggling and parallel trade Bad infrastructure Lack of investment Corruption and favoritism Low standard of living Unemployment <1% <1% <1% <1% <1% <1%
  13. 13. What, in your opinion, is the best way to create new jobs in the community? (Open-ended) 13 21% 3% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 2% 3% 4% 7% 52% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Don't know/Refused to answer Others Reduce taxes for young entrepreneurs Creativity, innovation, new ideas Improve teaching Equal opportunities New government Decrease the retirement age Development Improve security Encourage young people Exploitation of agricultural resources Improve infrastructure Recruitment in the public sector Improve youth mentality Eliminate corruption and favoritism Facilitate access to credit Investment <1% <1% <1% <1%
  14. 14. Thinking of your local municipality, and the desire to attract businesses and create more jobs, to what extent do you trust the following businesses? 14 11% 17% 29% 30% 35% 40% 22% 30% 40% 34% 28% 35% 15% 12% 10% 9% 8% 7% 46% 36% 17% 24% 22% 13% 5% 6% 4% 4% 7% 6% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Informal merchants Business people in general Small business owners Tunisian enterprises Large international enterprises Young entrepreneurs Trust a great deal Trust somewhat Mistrust somewhat Mistrust a great deal Don't know/Refused to answer
  15. 15. Is your community a good place to do business? 15 7% 13% 14% 26% 40% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Don't know/Refused to answer Not at all Mainly no Mainly yes Yes, absolutely
  16. 16. If YES to “Is your community a good place to do business?,” why? (Open-ended) (N=813) 16 22% 9% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 3% 3% 4% 5% 8% 8% 32% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% Don't know/Refused to answer Other Favorable conditions Contributing to the development of the country Security Good infrastructure Potential market Availability of resources Availability of skills Existence of opportunities Population density Available labor Willingness to work Promising area of business
  17. 17. If NO to “Is your community a good place to do business?,” why? (Open-ended) (N=324) 17 24% 9% 1% 2% 2% 2% 2% 4% 4% 5% 7% 7% 8% 22% 0% 10% 20% 30% Don't know/Refused to answer Other Competition Decrease in purchasing power Disorder Lack of investment Lack of security Unfavorable conditions Bad mentality Lack of support Corruption Lack of financial resources Lack of infrastructure Unfavorable area
  18. 18. What businesses or industries would you like to see in your community? (Top three choices) 18 9% 0% 0% 10% 11% 17% 18% 20% 23% 26% 29% 29% 43% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Don't know/Refused Other services Other industries Building and construction labor Mining industry and petroleum Clothing and Textiles Food industry Information technology and communication Agriculture Transport and related services Education and youth Tourism and crafts Health services and equipment Clothing and textiles Don’t know/refused to answer
  19. 19. Are there any types of businesses that you would like to keep out of your community? (Top three choices) 19 63% 0% 3% 2% 3% 3% 3% 4% 6% 6% 7% 10% 18% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Don't know/Refused to answer Other services Other industries Education and youth Health services and equipment Information technology and communication Transport and related services Food industry Agriculture Clothing and textiles Tourism and crafts Building and construction labor Mining industry and petroleum
  20. 20. What do you see as the top three obstacles that prevent the types of businesses that you want from coming to your community? (Top three responses) 20 5% 11% 29% 47% 50% 62% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Lack of population Lack of skilled workforce Lack of security Lack of investment Local corruption Poor local infrastructure
  21. 21. Do you believe that land is managed well in your community? 21 15% 37% 19% 19% 10% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Don't know/Refused to answer Not at all Mainly no Mainly yes Yes, absolutely
  22. 22. How could the use of land in your community be improved? (Open-ended; N=688) Among those who said “Mainly, no” or “Not at all” to “Do you believe that land is managed well in your community?” 22 31% 6% 1% 1% 1% 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% 7% 9% 11% 12% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% Don't know/Refused to answer Other Provide equipment Transparency Give licenses to operate the land Improve infrastructure Encourage farmers Facilitate funding Fight corruption Better management of lands which are not used or badly managed Solving irrigation problems Privatization Use of land by unemployed young people Investment in the agricultural sector Control of the distribution of government lands <1%
  23. 23. Household Economic Indicators and Employment 23
  24. 24. Please tell us which answer best describes your current economic situation: 24 3% 5% 3% 2% 4% 3% 5% 6% 5% 6% 6% 5% 4% 6% 4% 3% 9% 7% 22% 21% 19% 15% 20% 31% 25% 28% 17% 33% 24% 25% 18% 21% 24% 22% 21% 24% 43% 43% 47% 49% 48% 44% 48% 46% 48% 38% 42% 46% 56% 54% 57% 57% 42% 46% 32% 28% 27% 31% 28% 22% 19% 19% 29% 22% 28% 21% 21% 18% 15% 17% 26% 21% 1% 3% 4% 3% 0% 0% 3% 1% 1% 1% 1% 3% 1% 2% 1% 1% 3% 2%0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Mar-11 May-11 Sep-11 Jan-12 Apr-12 Aug-12 Jan-13 Jun-13 Oct-13 Feb-14 Jun-14 Sep-14 Jun-15 Nov-15 May-16 Dec-16 Apr-17 Aug-17 I am able to afford things like new clothes and eating out and also support other members of my family who are not able to do these things I am able to afford things like new clothes and eating at restaurants but not often I have enough means for survival, but I do not have enough money for extra things I have trouble feeding myself and my family and buying even the most essential things for survival Don't know/Refused to answer
  25. 25. Please tell us which answer best describes your current economic situation: 25 5% 13% 8% 7% 22% 27% 22% 24% 43% 47% 48% 46% 30% 12% 22% 21% 1% 1% 2% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Kairouan Mahdia Sidi Hassine neighborhood, Tunis National I am able to afford things like new clothes and eating out and also support other members of my family who are not able to do these things I am able to afford things like new clothes and eating at restaurants but not often I have enough means for survival, but I do not have enough money for extra things I have trouble feeding myself and my family and buying even the most essential things for survival Don't know/Refused to answer <1%
  26. 26. Thinking ahead to next year, do you expect your household’s financial situation to get: much better, somewhat better, somewhat worse, much worse or stay the same? 26 8% 2% 6% 4% 5% 6% 41% 28% 34% 39% 26% 29% 14% 10% 7% 6% 13% 26% 14% 36% 31% 29% 30% 20% 13% 17% 14% 15% 18% 14% 10% 7% 7% 6% 9% 5% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Jun-15 Nov-15 May-16 Dec-16 Apr-17 Aug-17 Get much better Get somewhat better Stay the same Get somewhat worse Get much worse Don't know/Refused to answer
  27. 27. Of the following characteristics, which one is very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely or very unlikely to lead to personal wealth in Tunisia? 27 28% 35% 37% 38% 41% 42% 45% 60% 60% 61% 64% 21% 22% 23% 22% 13% 18% 22% 17% 24% 22% 17% 20% 17% 17% 16% 15% 15% 14% 10% 8% 9% 8% 28% 24% 22% 21% 28% 20% 16% 12% 6% 6% 9% 4% 3% 2% 2% 3% 5% 4% 2% 3% 2% 2% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Being born in the Sahel or Great Tunis Piety A high education level Hard work Circumventing the law/Corruption Taking advantage of legal loopholes Risk-taking Being born into a wealthly family Entrepreneurial ability Intelligence Being well-connected (wasta) Very likely Somewhat likely Somewhat unlikely Very unlikely Don't know/Refused to answer Being well-connected (wasta)
  28. 28. What is your employment status? 28 1% 9% 9% 25% 19% 9% 28% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% Don't know/Refused to answer Retired Student Unemployed but not searching for a job Unemployed and searching for a job Employed part-time Fully-employed
  29. 29. What is your employment status? 29 1% 15% 8% 4% 17% 13% 43% 1% 3% 10% 44% 22% 6% 15% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Don't know/Refused to answer Retired Student Unemployed but not searching for a job Unemployed and searching for a job Employed part-time Fully-employed Female Male
  30. 30. What is your employment status? 30 0% 22% 11% 31% 8% 28% 0% 0% 25% 18% 12% 44% 1% 23% 0% 37% 8% 11% 21% 1% 42% 0% 49% 2% 3% 4% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Don't know/Refused to answer Retired Student Unemployed but not searching for a job Unemployed and searching for a job Employed part-time Fully-employed 65+ 50-64 35-49 18-34 <1% <1%
  31. 31. (If employed), are you employed in the formal sector or the informal sector? National (N=461) Sidi Hassine Neighborhood,Tunis (N=164) Mahdia (N=185) Kairouan (N=139) 31 49% 64% 54% 64% 50% 36% 41% 34% 1% 1% 5% 2% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Kairouan Mahdia Sidi Hassine Neighborhood, Tunis National Formal Informal Don't know/Refused to answer
  32. 32. If you had a choice, which of the following types of employment would you prefer? 32 6% 10% 12% 41% 32% 4% 10% 13% 35% 38% 4% 9% 12% 35% 41% 6% 8% 12% 39% 35% 9% 10% 13% 33% 36% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Don't know/Refused to answer Working for a Tunisian private business or company Working for a foreign company based in Tunisia Working for the Tunisian government Self-employed owner of a small business Aug-17 Apr-17 Dec-16 May-16 Nov-15
  33. 33. What is the most expensive cost in your monthly household budget? 33 2% 4% 4% 9% 9% 10% 10% 13% 39% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Don't know/Refused to answer Other Transportation Supporting family members Clothing and entertainment Education Housing Medical Food
  34. 34. Thinking about your education level and background, how would you describe your current financial situation? 34 8% 18% 30% 33% 7% 3% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% Don't know/Refused to answer Much worse than I expected it to be A little worse than I expected it to be About the same as I expected it to be A little better than I expected it to be Much better than I expected it to be
  35. 35. How confident are you that you can pay your bills each month? 35 8% 26% 14% 18% 35% 33% 24% 28% 22% 24% 36% 23% 34% 15% 25% 27% 1% 2% 3% 3% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Kairouan Mahdia Sidi Hassine neighborhood, Tunis National Very confident Somewhat confident Not very confident Not confident at all Don't know/Refused to answer
  36. 36. If you were unexpectedly hit with a bill of 250 TND* tomorrow, would you be able to pay it? 36 9% 16% 10% 12% 22% 22% 16% 16% 19% 16% 28% 17% 50% 44% 43% 53% 1% 2% 4% 2% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Kairouan Mahdia Sidi Hassine Neighborhood, Tunis National Definitely Probably Probably not Definitely not Don't know/Refused to answer * 250 TND is approximately equal to 100 USD.
  37. 37. Decentralization and Subnational Elections 37
  38. 38. Tunisia will hold municipal elections in the next year. How likely, if at all, are you to vote in those elections? 38 *From November 2015 – December 2016, this question was phrased as follows: “Tunisia will hold elections for municipal council and regional government in the next year. How likely, if at all, are you to vote in those elections?” 42% 43% 38% 30% 28% 24% 20% 20% 23% 17% 6% 4% 7% 9% 9% 25% 29% 32% 34% 41% 3% 3% 3% 6% 5% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Nov-15 May-16 Dec-16 Apr-17 Aug-17 Very likely Somewhat likely Somewhat unlikely Very unlikely Don't know/Refused to answer
  39. 39. If local elections were held tomorrow, for which party would you vote? (Open-ended) 39 *In December 2016, this question was asked as follows: “If elections were held tomorrow, which party would you vote for?” **In April 2017, this question was asked as follow: “If municipal elections were held tomorrow, for whom would you vote?” 48% 12% 1% 3% 2% 1% 5% 1% 9% 17% 60% 19% 1% 2% 2% 2% 2% 3% 5% 6% 83% 10% 1% 1% 0% 3% 3% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Don't know/Refused to answer Other Mashroua Tounes Afek Tounes UPL Tayar Democratie Jebha Chaabia Al-Irada Ennahdha Nidaa Tounes Aug-17 Apr-17 Dec-16 <1% <1% <1%
  40. 40. The new constitution says that the municipal and regional governments will be elected by citizens and will have the authority to choose how funds are spent in their region. Do you think that democratically-elected municipal and regional councils with the power to decide how money is spent in their region will lead to: 40 18% 21% 23% 33% 36% 39% 17% 16% 15% 24% 20% 17% 8% 7% 6% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Less corruption Economic improvement Better services Yes, absolutely Mainly yes Mainly no Not at all Don't know/Refused to answer
  41. 41. Which of the following areas of infrastructure should your local government prioritize? 41 3% 1% 0% 2% 2% 3% 3% 5% 8% 9% 17% 21% 27% 0% 10% 20% 30% Don't know/Refused to answer Other Cell phone service Bridges High-speed internet Natural gas Irrigation Electricity Sewerage system Public transportation Stormwater/Drainage Water Roads
  42. 42. Following the Local Elections in December, Elected Local Councils must determine the best way to improve the economy in their local communities. I am going to read you a series of options to improve your local economy. Please rate your opinion of each of the following options on a scale of one to five, with five being the best. 42 Best 4 3 2 Worse Fight local corruption and bribery 72% 11% 4% 3% 7% Make it easier for Tunisian entrepreneurs to start businesses, obtain licenses and reach new markets 59% 17% 10% 5% 6% Improve the cleanliness of the community and environment to attract new businesses and shoppers 57% 17% 10% 5% 7% Reform land policy to make it easier for Tunisians to farm unused arable land so they can sell the produce at local markets 56% 18% 11% 5% 6% Reform local tax practices to ensure all Tunisians pay their fair share in order to support the local municipality 53% 20% 10% 6% 7%
  43. 43. Following the local elections in December, elected local councils must determine the best way to improve the economy in their local communities. I am going to read you a series of options to improve your local economy. Please rate your opinion of each of the following options on a scale of one to five, with five being the best. 43 Best 4 3 2 Worst Increase investment in infrastructure like roads and bridges to attract larger businesses 53% 19% 11% 6% 8% Have local universities partner with the private sector to offer trainings better suited for young people to find work 46% 21% 13% 7% 9% Invest in more recreational infrastructure like parks and cultural centers to make the local municipality more attractive for workers 45% 18% 14% 9% 10% Find ways to bring informal businesses into the formal economy – such as creating areas for markets for street sellers 44% 19% 15% 8% 11% Create Economic Development Advisory Boards so that local politicians and business leaders can discuss new opportunities to improve the local economy and create jobs 39% 19% 15% 9% 13%
  44. 44. Corruption 44
  45. 45. Do you think the level of corruption in Tunisia is higher, about the same or lower than it was before the revolution? 45 78% 89% 10% 6% 9% 3% 3% 2% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Dec-16 Aug-17 Higher The same Lower Don't know/Refused to answer
  46. 46. Do you think the level of corruption in Tunisia is lower, about the same or higher than it was before the revolution? 46 96% 89% 84% 89% 3% 6% 13% 6% 1% 2% 3% 3% 1% 3% 1% 2% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Kairouan Mahdia Sidi Hassine neighborhood, Tunis National Higher The same Lower Don't know/Refused to answer
  47. 47. I’m going to read a list of institutions. Please tell me if you have personally experienced corruption with: 47 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% 8% 8% 8% 8% 10% 13% 17% 96% 96% 95% 95% 93% 91% 92% 92% 91% 90% 87% 83% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Religious insitutions Public news media Banks Private news media Private businesses Public schools Delegation* Courts Social Security services Municipality Traffic police Hospitals Yes No Don't know/Refused to answer <1% <1% * An administrative subdivision of a governorate.
  48. 48. I’m going to read a list of institutions. Please tell me if you have personally experienced corruption with: 48 August 2017 April 2017 Yes Yes Hospitals 17% 16% Traffic police 13% 12% Municipality 10% 7% Social Security services 8% 7% Delegation* 8% 6% Courts 8% 7% Public schools 8% 5% Private businesses 6% 9% Private news media 5% 1% Banks 4% 5% Public news media 3% 2% Religious institutions 2% 2% * An administrative subdivision of a governorate.
  49. 49. In your experience, what type of corruption is most common in Tunisia? 49 3% 2% 3% 9% 19% 36% 28% 4% 3% 5% 9% 22% 26% 32% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Don't know/Refused to answer Failure to investigate or prosecute wrongdoing Extortion Making decisions based on connections (wasta) as opposed to merit Acting in self-interest instead of in the interest of citizens Stealing or deliberately mismanaging funds Soliciting bribes or gifts Aug-17 Apr-17 (wasta)
  50. 50. In your experience in Tunisia, what type of corruption is most common? 50 National (n=1,226) Sidi Hassine neighborhood, Tunis (n=400) Mahdia (n=405) Kairouan (n=406) Soliciting bribes or gifts 32% 45% 26% 26% Stealing or deliberately mismanaging funds 26% 12% 34% 31% Acting in self-interest instead of interest of citizens 22% 20% 24% 18% Making decisions based on connections (wasta) as opposed to merit 9% 14% 10% 12% Extortion 5% 2% 2% 6% Failure to investigate or prosecute wrongdoing 3% 2% 2% 3% Don’t know/Refused to answer 4% 5% 3% 3%
  51. 51. Politics 51
  52. 52. I’m going to read you a list of national figures that represent political organizations. For each, please tell me if you have a favorable or unfavorable opinion of that individual. President Beji Caid Essebsi 52 7% 40% 9% 26% 17% 10% 52% 7% 18% 13% 16% 49% 5% 16% 15% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Don't know/Refused to answer Unfavorable Somewhat unfavorable Somewhat favorable Favorable Aug-17 Apr-17 Dec-16
  53. 53. I’m going to read you a list of national figures that represent political organizations. For each, please tell me if you have a favorable or unfavorable opinion of that individual. Prime Minister Youssef Chahed 53 22% 26% 7% 28% 16% 17% 44% 8% 21% 10% 19% 36% 4% 20% 21% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Don't know/Refused to answer Unfavorable Somewhat unfavorable Somewhat favorable Favorable Aug-17 Apr-17 Dec-16
  54. 54. Which political party do you think is the best-placed to: Fight corruption 54 Aug-17 Apr-17 Dec-16 Nidaa Tounes 10% 11% 14% Ennahdha 7% 8% 8% Jebha Chaabia 3% 5% 6% Tayar Democratie 2% 3% 2% Tounes Al-Irada 1% 3% 1% UPL 1% 2% 1% Afek Tounes 1% 2% 1% Mashroua Tounes 1% 1% 1% Tayar Al-Mahaba 1% 1% 1% Al-Badil Ettounsi 0% 1% Not a party in Dec-16 Other 1% 1% <1% No one 54% 48% 48% Don’t know/Refused to answer 20% 14% 17%
  55. 55. Which political party do you think is the best-placed to: Help the national economy of Tunisia grow 55 Aug-17 Apr-17 Dec-16 Nidaa Tounes 10% 11% 18% Ennahdha 6% 7% 8% Jebha Chaabia 2% 4% 5% UPL 1% 4% 2% Tounes Al-Irada 1% 3% 1% Afek Tounes <1% 2% 2% Tayar Democratie 1% 2% 2% Mashroua Tounes 1% 1% 1% Tayar Al-Mahaba 1% 1% 1% Al-Badil Ettounsi <1% 1% Not a party in Dec-16 Other <1% 1% <1% No one 54% 48% 42% Don’t know/Refused to answer 21% 15% 20%
  56. 56. Demographics 56
  57. 57. Demographics 57 National (n=1,226) Sidi Hassine neighborhood, Tunis (n=400) Mahdia (n=405) Kairouan (n=406) GENDER Male 50% 49% 49% 50% Female 50% 51% 51% 51% AGE 18-34 41% 41% 41% 41% 35-49 28% 28% 28% 27% 50-64 21% 22% 21% 21% 65+ 11% 10% 11% 11% EDUCATION Never went to school 11% 13% 8% 12% Primary school 27% 32% 25% 24% Secondary school 37% 38% 31% 34% Professional training 4% 5% 6% 5% University completed 17% 12% 23% 19% Graduate degree 4% 2% 6% 6%
  58. 58. Demographics 58 National (n=1,226) Sidi Hassine Neighborhood, Tunis (n=400) Mahdia (n=405) Kairouan (n=406) HOME OWNERSHIP Own home 79% 76% 77% 71% Don’t own home 21% 23% 23% 29% INCOME 501-1,000 Dinars 30% 45% 27% 27% 1,001-1,500 Dinars 9% 8% 14% 7% 1,501-2,500 Dinars 3% 1% 6% 3% > 2,501 Dinars 1% 0% 3% 2% Don’t know/Refused to answer 6% 2% 10% 2% LANGUAGE Read Arabic 95% 90% 95% 95% Read French 62% 56% 69% 61% Read English 33% 26% 40% 37% Read other 9% 7% 22% 16%
  59. 59. Demographics 59 National (n=1,226) Sidi Hassine Neighborhood, Tunis (n=400) Mahdia (n=405) Kairouan (n=406) INTERNET ACCESS Have Internet access 52% 49% 61% 52% Don’t have access 48% 51% 39% 48% Access Internet-Mobile 70% 71% 66% 74% Access Internet-Home 25% 22% 29% 16% Access Internet-Work 4% 4% 2% 8% Access Internet-Other 2% 2% 2% 1%
  60. 60. www.IRI.org | @IRI_Polls Center for Insights in Survey Research 202.408.9450 | info@iri.org

×