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THE CHURCH’S AUTHORITY GROWS

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THE CHURCH’S AUTHORITY GROWS

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THE CHURCH’S AUTHORITY GROWS

  1. 1. THE CHURCH’S AUTHORITY GROWS Jamaica C. Olazo
  2. 2. GROWING RELIGIOUS VITALITY • Call for greater spiritual devotion among the clergy;
  3. 3. GROWING RELIGIOUS VITALITY • Popes sought to prevent lords and kings from interfering with church affairs; • Tried to ensure that Christians lived in accordance with church teachings.
  4. 4. THE CHURCH’S POLITICAL INVOLVEMENTS BRING CALLS FOR REFORM PAPACY = POLITICAL PRICE
  5. 5. Benedictine Monks  Founded in 910  Demanded that clergymen live strict and holy lives. of the French abbey of Cluny SERIOUS-MINDED CLERGY
  6. 6. Benedictine Monks of the French abbey of Cluny
  7. 7. Cluniac Monks SERIOUS-MINDED CLERGY  Demanded that the clergy not be allowed to buy their positions in the Church.  They tried to free their monasteries from the control of lords.
  8. 8. GROUP OF LEADING CLERGYMEN
  9. 9. Cardinals GROUP OF LEADING CLERGYMEN  Responsible for choosing the Pope.
  10. 10. THE POPE AND THE HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR CLASH
  11. 11. Pope Gregory VII The most zealous supporter of reform who became the pope in 1073. HILDEBRAND, Benedictine Monk
  12. 12. Pope’s Mission:  Establish a Christian society on earth  Demanded that the Holy Roman Emperor submit to papal authority HILDEBRAND, Benedictine Monk
  13. 13. Church Theory:  Both Emperor and Pope were chosen by God  Emperors, therefore, were expected to rule in accordance with Christian principles and to follow the Pope’s advice. HILDEBRAND, Benedictine Monk
  14. 14. The Pope “Spiritual leader of the Christian World” or in layman’s term The Head of the Church HILDEBRAND, Benedictine Monk
  15. 15. - a summary of the principles of Christian religion in the form of questions and answers, used for the instruction of Christians. CATECHISM
  16. 16. Pope: Head of the Church The Catechism claims that: "The Pope enjoys, by divine institution, supreme, full, immediate, and universal power in the care of souls.“ Pg. 246, #937 "For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church..." Ephesians 5:23
  17. 17. HENRY IV VS GREGORY VII “Only the church had the power to appoint bishops.” “I don’t agree with your idea! I neglect such claim!”
  18. 18. HENRY IV VS GREGORY VII “As Pope, I could have remove you from the throne!.” “You cannot control me!”
  19. 19. “I declare Henry deprived of his kingdom in Germany & Italy because he has rebelled against the church.”
  20. 20. Henry journeyed to Italy in January, 1077 in hope to persuade Gregory to lift the ban of excommunication.
  21. 21. Matilda, Countess of Tuscany, was a strong ally of the Pope. This picture shows her mediating between Henry IV and Gregory VII at their famous meeting at Canossa.
  22. 22. CHURCH AND STATE REACH A COMPROMISE
  23. 23. HENRY V The church and a new Roman Emperor reached a compromise at the City of Wormz in Germany.
  24. 24. CONCORDAT OF WORMS Recognized that Bishops were both spiritual leaders and feudal landlords. Bishops are also the monarch’s vassal.
  25. 25. FREDERICK BARBAROSSA (ROMAN EMPEROR FREDERICK I) Made six (6) military expedition to Italy trying to assert his authority over the Italian city- states. Aided by the Pope, the cities managed to resist Frederick’s army. RED BEARD
  26. 26. THE PAPACY REACHES THE HEIGHT OF ITS POWER
  27. 27. PAPAL POWER UNDER INNOCENT III The Pope is “lower than God but higher than man… Judges all and is judged by no one.” 1198-1216
  28. 28. The Pope: Vicar of Christ? "For the Roman Pontiff, by reason of his office as Vicar of Christ, and as pastor of the entire Church has full, supreme, and universal power over the whole Church, a power which he can always exercise unhindered." Pg. 234, #882 "The Roman Pontiff... as supreme pastor and teacher of all the faithful..." Pg. 235, #891
  29. 29. The Pope: Vicar of Christ? "But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.“ John 14:26 "Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth..." John 16:13
  30. 30. The Pope: Vicar of Christ? "For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God." 1 Corinthians 2:11 The Apostle Paul reiterates that the Holy Spirit of God, not a man, is the infallible teacher of all true Christians:
  31. 31. The Pope: Vicar of Christ? "Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but THE SPIRIT WHICH IS OF GOD; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God. Which things also we speak, not in the words which man' s wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth..." 1 Corinthians 2:12-13
  32. 32. SIMILARITIES? While on earth, Jesus never controlled great wealth. The pope controls one of the wealthiest corporations in the world. Jesus dressed like a common man. The pope, on the other hand, is never seen in anything but regal apparel.
  33. 33. SIMILARITIES? Jesus lived in simple surroundings, but the pope views opulence at every turn. Jesus tirelessly served the multitudes, while the pope travels the world on his private jet, meeting with world leaders from every nation.
  34. 34. Should popes accept the worship of multitudes? Look how Peter reacted when Cornelius tried to worship him "And as Peter was coming in, Cornelius met him, and fell down at his feet, and worshipped him. But Peter took him up, saying, Stand up; I myself also am a man." Acts 10:25-26
  35. 35. "...call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven." Matthew 23:9 "I am the LORD: that is my name: and my glory will I not give to another..." Isaiah 42:8 It is not wise to assume a name reserved for God
  36. 36. KING JOHN OF ENGLAND Ignored the Pope’s wishes, Innocent excommunicate John and issued an order that in effect closed the churches of England.
  37. 37. CRIMES AGAINST THE CHURCH ARE PUNISHED
  38. 38. HERESY (HEHR-UH-SEE) The holding of beliefs that the church considered wrong. -considered the greatest crime in the Middle Ages. HERETICS -are those people declared guilty of heresy - Committed treason against God according to the church.
  39. 39. EXCOMMUNICATED PERSON • Expelled from the church • Denied the sacraments • Lived without the fellowship of friends • Died without the fellowship of friends • Died without the comfort of a priest • Denied WITHOUT HOPE OF SALVATION
  40. 40. SALVATION THROUGH THE CHURCH? "The Second Vatican Council's Decree on Ecumenism explains: 'For it is through Christ's Catholic Church alone, which is the universal help toward salvation, that the fullness of the means of salvation can be obtained.'“ Pg. 215, #816 Popes have taught this doctrine, as have previous catechisms and church fathers. Here is but one example… On May 7, 2001, Pope John Paul II told 2,000 youth gathered at the Greek-Melkite Cathedral of Damascus that "you cannot be a Christian if you reject the Church founded on Jesus Christ."1
  41. 41. SALVATION THROUGH THE CHURCH? "For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.“ Romans 10:13 Jesus preached: "He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life…" John 5:24 "He that believeth on me hath everlasting life." John 6:47
  42. 42. SALVATION THROUGH THE CHURCH? The Apostle Paul gives step by step instructions on how to be saved: "That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation." Romans 10:9-10
  43. 43. SALVATION THROUGH THE CHURCH? No church can offer salvation. Only Jesus can: "Neither is there salvation in any other (except Jesus): for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved." Acts 4:10, 12
  44. 44. The burning of the heretics in 1210, in the presence of King Philip II Augustus.
  45. 45. PETER WALDO • WALDENSES - Followers of Peter Waldo, a rich merchant who gave away his property to the poor in 1170. - Preached the Gospel in the language of the people rather than in Latin. - They accused the clergy of leading immoral lives.
  46. 46. BIBLE BELIEVING WALDENSES
  47. 47. SAINT DOMINIC BURNING THE BOOKS OF THE ALBIGENSIANS ALBIGENSIANS They taught that anything physical or material was evil and refused to believed that Jesus could have taken a human form.
  48. 48. Pope Innocent III excommunicating the Albigensians (left), Massacre against the Albigensians by the crusaders. A merciless war to destroy the Albigensians went on for more than twenty years.
  49. 49. a period of prolonged and intensive questioning or investigation. POPE GREGORY IX THE INQUISITION PUNISHES HERESY
  50. 50. FRANCISCANS & DOMINICANS RELIGIOUS ORDERS ARE FORMED TWO ORDERS OF FRIARS
  51. 51. Friars were monks who did not live in monasteries, but wandered among the people, preaching and doing good works. FRANCISCANS -named after their founders, Saint Francis of Asisi (1182-1226)
  52. 52. Preaching Friars who included some of the leading teachers of religion in medieval universities. DOMINICANS -Founded by Saint Dominic (1170-1221), a Spanish nobleman.
  53. 53. CHRISTIAN EUROPE EXPANDS
  54. 54. Christians wage Holy wars against the Muslims in Spain and in the Holy Land PALESTINE
  55. 55. POPE CALLS FOR A CRUSADE
  56. 56. Appealed to the lords and knights of Europe to liberate the Holy Land from the Muslims. He wanted Jerusalem to be in Christian Hands. POPE URBAN II
  57. 57. THE FOUR MAJOR CRUSADES
  58. 58. The word crusade comes from the Latin word crux, meaning “cross”. The crusaders – those who “took the cross” – sewed the symbol of the cross on their outer garments.

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