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JFPR Series:        Lessons from IndonesiaPicking up the Pieces After the Tsunami Sustainable Livelihoods for Affected    ...
Destruction and Reconnection of Eco-LivelihoodsDecades of conflict        in Acehweakens and breakslivelihoods supply chai...
Livelihoods Principles /             Understanding Livelihoods simplyLivelihoods are              “People making products1...
Regional and Sustainable Development Department (RSDD)                     Aceh Video20/03/2012                  MicroAid ...
JFPR LIVELIHOODS CONNECTIONS                                     MARKET SUPPLY                                     CHAINS ...
A People Values Created   Best Management Practices   (BMPs) & Livelihoods Training   Community Empowerment   Participatio...
B Product Values Created     Clusters     Eco-Livelihoods (Green     JFPR activities promoted)     Added Value Processing;
C Market Values Created   Livelihoods Assessment for 40   shortlisted products   Working with community champions   and fo...
D Network Values Created     Livelihoods Services Centres     (LSC)     Micro Finance services     Cloud ICT Networking, P...
Livelihoods Supply Chain Connections• Livelihoods supply chains connect people, product clusters and market• Each link is ...
People’s Connections Tools  Livelihoods learning DVDsCreate simple tools forlearning the right steps fora successful famil...
PeoplePEOPLECONNECTIONSVillage Learning points• Dissemination of BMPs by community  champions means that training is on ha...
Product Connections                                                                     Soft Shell                        ...
JFPR Product Connection Examples                                Chocolate Supply ChainTestimonial“As cocoa farmers, we jus...
JFPR Product Connection Examples                           Soft Shell Crab Supply Chain Testimonial Together with 33 young...
JFPR Product Connection Examples                                    ORGANIC SRI RICEUsing new eco SRI technology we have i...
JFPR Product Connection Examples                              ORGANIC FERTILISEROrganic fertilizer produced from local was...
JFPR Product Connection ExamplesOrganic Vegetables                                             ORGANIC VEGETABLES     Resu...
JFPR Product Connection ExamplesPatchouli Oil                                                                      Sales o...
JFPR Market Connection ToolsLivelihoods Members Database (LMD) &TraceabilityOver 4,000 membersregistered withGPS, a founda...
Private Sector                  MarketThe following private sector organisationshave connected with JFPR clusters in Aceh ...
Tuna Value Bottom of the Pyramid                      (BOP)JFPR Pilot cold supplychain export toKumamoto marketJapan fresh...
Avera                                                                                                           Income    ...
JFPR Management                                                                              JFPR ManagementTestimonialI h...
Lessons Learnt                                                  JFPR 9072 and 9073           • Create shared value supply ...
JFPR 9072 and 9073 Developing Sustainable Eco-Livelihoods  Successful JFPR supply chain models in seven coastal districts ...
Next Steps             1 Development of JFPR Aceh Supply chains through             integrated micro-finance             2...
Conclusion                                       JFPR 9072 and 9073        Other development projects targeting Poverty Re...
Sustainability and real poverty reduction is an on     going process of collaboration, connections and   concern for creat...
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Sustainable Livelihoods for Affected Communities in Aceh

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JFPR Series: Lessons from Indonesia Picking up the Pieces After the Tsunami Sustainable Livelihoods for Affected Communities in Aceh

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Sustainable Livelihoods for Affected Communities in Aceh

  1. 1. JFPR Series: Lessons from IndonesiaPicking up the Pieces After the Tsunami Sustainable Livelihoods for Affected Communities in Aceh
  2. 2. Destruction and Reconnection of Eco-LivelihoodsDecades of conflict in Acehweakens and breakslivelihoods supply chains 2006 -2010 2004/5 Reconnecting livelihoods Tsunami - Many supply chains livelihoods connections completely destroyed 20/03/2012 MicroAid 2
  3. 3. Livelihoods Principles / Understanding Livelihoods simplyLivelihoods are “People making products1 for the market”There are three primary Marketcomponents insustainable livelihoodsdevelopment that need tobe connected. Products People Key : . Connections Note 1 : Products include livelihoods services and trading.20/03/2012 MicroAid 3
  4. 4. Regional and Sustainable Development Department (RSDD) Aceh Video20/03/2012 MicroAid 4
  5. 5. JFPR LIVELIHOODS CONNECTIONS MARKET SUPPLY CHAINS SUSTAINABLE VALUE PRODUCT CLUSTERS ADDING VALUE PEOPLE CREATING LIVELIHOODS VALUE20/03/2012 MicroAid
  6. 6. A People Values Created Best Management Practices (BMPs) & Livelihoods Training Community Empowerment Participation of Women & Disadvantaged groups
  7. 7. B Product Values Created Clusters Eco-Livelihoods (Green JFPR activities promoted) Added Value Processing;
  8. 8. C Market Values Created Livelihoods Assessment for 40 shortlisted products Working with community champions and following on from successful livelihoods projects Private Sector partnerships /ALSCs
  9. 9. D Network Values Created Livelihoods Services Centres (LSC) Micro Finance services Cloud ICT Networking, Publicity and Information
  10. 10. Livelihoods Supply Chain Connections• Livelihoods supply chains connect people, product clusters and market• Each link is made up from many connections,• Improving value in one link gives rise to opportunities in others. Market Products People People People 10
  11. 11. People’s Connections Tools Livelihoods learning DVDsCreate simple tools forlearning the right steps fora successful familylivelihoodJFPR PIM DVDs 20/03/2012 ADB Publication - RB 11
  12. 12. PeoplePEOPLECONNECTIONSVillage Learning points• Dissemination of BMPs by community champions means that training is on hand locally and in a timely manner unlike many extension services.• Easier for women to learn locally close to their families and homes.20/03/2012 ADB Publication - RB 12
  13. 13. Product Connections Soft Shell CrabJFPR Product Clusters Formed Chocolat(Number) [Members] e Panglima Laot Fisheries Shrimp Arabic Chicken Shrimp (37); [2,635] Tuna Patchoul i Capture fisheries (11), [2,300] Soft shell crabs (2), [75] Kluster 1 Chocolate (1), [77] Kluster 2 Patchouli oil (4). [410] Kluster 3 20/03/2012 MicroAid 13
  14. 14. JFPR Product Connection Examples Chocolate Supply ChainTestimonial“As cocoa farmers, we just sold our cocoa beans to traders and neverate our own chocolate in the past. Now, we can produce and marketour own chocolate.”(Mrs Irwan Ibrahim, Rimbun Cooperative, Pidie Jaya, Aceh). 20/03/2012 ADB Publication - RB 14
  15. 15. JFPR Product Connection Examples Soft Shell Crab Supply Chain Testimonial Together with 33 young men in my village, we can produce approximately one (1) ton soft shell crab per month. (Mr Herlen, ALSC Lamjabat)20/03/2012 ADB Publication - RB 15
  16. 16. JFPR Product Connection Examples ORGANIC SRI RICEUsing new eco SRI technology we have increased our rice yields by over50% with lower fertilizer costs with organic compost. Now each familycontributes to community savings and lending cooperative. IbuNurhayati, Lambuegak village, Aceh Besar
  17. 17. JFPR Product Connection Examples ORGANIC FERTILISEROrganic fertilizer produced from local waste materialsprovides farmers with a lower cost solution to chemicalfertilizers, improves soil fertility for future generations andputs money in your pocket. Bpk Husin, Jruek Bak Kre, Aceh
  18. 18. JFPR Product Connection ExamplesOrganic Vegetables ORGANIC VEGETABLES Results Cycle/Year 1 2 3 4 Families 10 500m2 per household for Production Unit 5 ha lettuce, kale, spinach, squash, beans Yield/ Quantity eggplant Rp Jt Income 36 Expenditure 24 Net Profit 10 Net Profit/ Family 1 Organic Vegetables StepsThere are 13 steps in cultivation of organic vegetables.Testimonial 1. Selecting a suitable location/land 2. Land cultivationWe used 3. Liming to a 100 sqm plot of community land to grow vegetables. This was the first time we had increase ph 4. Applying basic compost/fertilizer 5. Obtaining quality seed 6. Planting in accordance with local market demandgrown vegetables with our friends and it was surprising how quickly we had some extra cash inourSpraying Liquid Fertilizer fertiliser we had made ourselves!Pesticide Spraying 7. hands. We used 8. Bio 9. Maintenance Weeding 10. WateringIbu Packaging Womens Group from Jruek Bak Kre 12. Harvesting 11. Siti, JFPR village learning point.13 Marketing 14. Reinvestment and crop rotation
  19. 19. JFPR Product Connection ExamplesPatchouli Oil Sales of ethically produced traceable Perfumes Retailer Payan Bertrand Importer General Aromatic Buying Agent Eco Cluster Distiller Farmers
  20. 20. JFPR Market Connection ToolsLivelihoods Members Database (LMD) &TraceabilityOver 4,000 membersregistered withGPS, a foundationfor future clusterdevelopment andproduct traceability 20/03/2012 ADB Publication - RB 20
  21. 21. Private Sector MarketThe following private sector organisationshave connected with JFPR clusters in Aceh :• Payand Bertrand, France• PT Tior Tonga, USA• Pante Pirak, Aceh Supermarket• Local Buying Agents• Rabo Bank• PT Iskandar Muda• 築地市場, Tsukiji Shijō• PT. Charoen Pokphand (Thailand) Indonesia• Others20/03/2012 ADB Publication - RB 21
  22. 22. Tuna Value Bottom of the Pyramid (BOP)JFPR Pilot cold supplychain export toKumamoto marketJapan fresh whole bodytuna through acontrolled temperature Market connections validated waitingchilling process on for finance and collaboration partnersboard and at the port with cold storage transport facilitiesfor direct shipment totuna sashimi marketJapan; No excessive tuna capture. No damage to sea habitat or eco system. Fisheries Dept endorse tuna catch and export. Current prices per kg to fishermen is $2 per kg. In Japan /kg prices range from $15/kg to $200 20/03/2012 MicroAid 22
  23. 23. Avera Income Income per ge Livelihoods per Hlds Household(hld) Increa System hld/incre /increase se perImpact on Sustainable Livelihoods ase % Sector& Increase in Income Fisheries 4707 29% Capture Fisheries 2030 1,117,300 35%JFPR 9072 and 9073 Soft Shell Crab 123 2,333,333 40% Shrimp 2500 787,500 33%Greatest increases in income were Catfish 32 62,065 6%achieved in Agriculture, Processing Anchovy 22 315,990 32%and Home enterprise livelihoods. Agriculture 551 47% Padi SRI 119 1,964,286 55% Vegetables 84 330,000 30%Cakes production showed the Compost 242 2,128,233 62%greatest increase in family incomes at 106 Duck farming 421,000 42%120%; followed by compost (62%) Processing 612 49%and patchouli oil (53%). Cocoa 77 533,315 44% Patchouli 430 800,000 53%Fisheries showed the lowest increase Emping Crisps 105 560,000 50%but still significant increase in incomes Home Enterprise Womens Groups 157 53%of almost 30%. Herbal Medicine 40 110,000 11% Home Gardens 40 395,020 40% LEISA 30 395,020 40% Cakes 47 200,000 120% Source : JFPR 9072 & 9073 Project management orange files and mid term Impact survey Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, Dec 2010. Total JFPR Families Assessed 6,027 20/03/2012 MicroAid 23
  24. 24. JFPR Management JFPR ManagementTestimonialI have learnt a lot working in JFPR. A truly career changing experience. Aditya Utama, OISCA Publicity Manager Shared vision Community Orange files Team of Livelihoods Technical sub-project management Connections Marketing & management and Leadership Management and Consultancy communication through cloud networking
  25. 25. Lessons Learnt JFPR 9072 and 9073 • Create shared value supply chains that connect to markets: • Information - Ensure specific, practical business information is available to Market all: • Adoption of small business approach with targeted communities: • Contract community champions to implement livelihoods development sub- projects and follow on from successful examples already implemented. People • Ensure specific, practical step by step guides to profitable livelihoods are available to all: • Encourage the formation of eco clusters as producer associations, local cooperatives or small ,privately owned commercial companies. Product • Create incentives for natural resource management • Technology and Information • Develop social entrepreneur networks to create and maintain profitable connections and share information resourcesNetwork • Micro Finance • Support for Community MFIs linked to commercial banks for saving, loans packaged to fit BMP steps and livelihoods and health insurance.
  26. 26. JFPR 9072 and 9073 Developing Sustainable Eco-Livelihoods Successful JFPR supply chain models in seven coastal districts provide real examples of sustainable livelihoods development for Aceh Supply Chains Market where cluster added value is connected & shared.Sustainable Livelihoodswhere value is shared equitably = Eco-Livelihoods Clusters Product where families are connected to the local Income economy, society and eco systems. Market Product Expenditure Connected Self Funding, Livelihoods Systems where income exceeds expenditure
  27. 27. Next Steps 1 Development of JFPR Aceh Supply chains through integrated micro-finance 2. Greening of Eco-livelihoods BMPs for cluster products 3. Private Sector and social entrepreneur proposals for supply chain scaling up and out 4 Livelihoods connections strategy review and publication 5 Field research into value creation and DVDs updating for JFPR self funding, eco audited livelihoods systems in Aceh 6. JFPR Livelihoods Experience Exchange (pilot)20/03/2012 MicroAid 27
  28. 28. Conclusion JFPR 9072 and 9073 Other development projects targeting Poverty Reduction & post Tsunami recovery at the bottom of the pyramid should contact the JFPR desk in OCO for further information, materials and advice on Sharing Livelihoods Values. Sharing Livelihoods Values
  29. 29. Sustainability and real poverty reduction is an on going process of collaboration, connections and concern for creating economic, social, environmental and networking livelihoods values at the bottom of the pyramid . JFPR 9072 and 9073 Thank you Nasimul Islam, JFPR Project Officer Pantja Putih Wardani, Senior Project Officer Ir Razali, Head of Fisheries Services, Aceh Fumio Kitsuki, OISCA Project Director Syafruddin Chan, JIKA Dewi Wahyuni, PIM Richard Beresford, JFPR PMS20/03/2012 MicroAid.org 29

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