Learning biointensive agriculture in small farms


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A documentation for micro project supported by MicroAid Projects

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Learning biointensive agriculture in small farms

  1. 1. Learning bio-intensive agriculture in small farmsOverviewBio-intensive Agriculture is the focus of organic farming to maximize the results of a minimum areawhich simultaneously improve soil conditions.This report gives an account of agricultural activities bio-intensive through simple training and learning.This report is expected as the documentation and provision of knowledge for the families, supported byMicroAid Projects.The project was implemented by the CMAP with five family farmers in Saba, Witaluk, Kenya.Beneficiaries of this training are: Nancy Opelle, Charles Otunga, Benard Chela, Martin Masika andEverlyne Masilkan. Implementation of this project also attracted another group of 15 families who alsoparticipated.Initial thoughts in a farming community marked by the deterioration in the amount of genetic diversity,the basis of farmable land runs out, food supplies are sufficient to increase the human population, andcommunity forestry base is reduced even worse.CMAP in recent years have experimented agriculture and develop sustainable agriculture approaches.This method is inexpensive and non-pollution, maximize agricultural output, build soil fertility, andminimizing the input of water, energy, and fertilizer.GoalHelping families of small farmers in Saba, Kenya improve their agricultural productivity and increasefamily incomes through training and development of sustainable agriculture bio-intensive.The analysis we did showed a lack of available agricultural land so that was not enough for many farmingcommunities are densely populated when using conventional techniques for their farms.Bio-intensive agricultural training is done in five days with the familiar basic education and agriculturalprinciples bio-intensive. 1 www.microaid.org | admin@microaid.org
  2. 2. Albert Wamalwa, coach of the CMAP, the training sessions with farmersExcavation DoublesIn this method, the plants will be planted on bare land excavations conducted twice. The first excavationas deep as 12 inches down and then after the ground became soft, followed by another dig as deep as24 inches. Loose soil allows plant roots to penetrate easily and allows more air into the soil. Soilmoisture is reversed and maintained without the "water logging", weeding is simplified because theconcession of land and erosion is minimized.Training sessions of double digging processOrganic FertilizerChemical fertilizers have been shown to deplete the soil from time to time, and deteriorating soilquality, increase the amount of chemical fertilizers needed to maintain yield, soil structure and life microbiotic harmed. Organic fertilizer is needed to maintain health and strength of soils that are farmed usingbio-intensive plants. When applied correctly this fertilizer improves soil quality. Such as soil healthimproves, optimum plant health is maintained, and the garden is maximized.There is a basket of organic fertilizer choice that can be categorized as based fertilizers, nuts or biomass-based. 2 www.microaid.org | admin@microaid.org
  3. 3. Manure-based fertilizers include age, tea, fertilizer, worm casting, cow dung, etc.Legume-based fertilizers include intercropping with legumes (nitrogen-fixing plants such as peas, beans,Leucaena, turi, etc.).Biomass-based fertilizers include compost (compost pit, compost piles, compost baskets andcontainers), stinging nettle manure, etc. Additives like wood ash, bone meal, egg shells, etc. contributegreatly to organic fertilization, by producing potassium, phosphorus, calcium and iron, if we let the soilmicro-organisms to work on them.Add "in accordance with the amount of organic fertilizer" plus 8 cubic yards of compost without soilorganic matter per 100 square meters.Composting training sessions; Everlyne Msilkani, Benrad Chela and Charles Otunga 3 www.microaid.org | admin@microaid.org
  4. 4. Intensive PlantingBecause land is often limited in many farmers fields, the focus here is the increasing production ofvarious products at farm level. To achieve this increase in productivity, seed or seed / planting materialsare planted as deep as 3 to 5 inches, as wide as your foot using a hexagonal spacing pattern. Each plantwas placed the same distance from all the plants around it, so that when the plants mature, their leavestouch. It gives a "mini-climate" under the leaves that retain moisture, protect valuable microbiotic lifefrom the ground, inhibiting weed growth, and facilitate higher yields. This method avoids problemsencountered when planting in narrow rowFarmers practicing intensive crop cultivation.Chela Benard practice bio-intensive plantCompanion PlantingResearch has shown that many plants grow better when planted crops with a certain distance. Greenbeans and strawberries, for instance, develop better when they grow together. Some plants are usefulin repelling pests, while others are beneficial insect life. Corn provides shade to cucumbers. Borage, forexample, helps control tomato worms while blue flowers attract bees. In addition, many wild plants 4 www.microaid.org | admin@microaid.org
  5. 5. have a healthy effect on the ground in their roots loosen the soil and bring previously unavailable traceminerals and nutrients. Use companion planting to help farmers in producing fine quality of food cropsand help create and maintain healthy soil.Nancy Opelle practices with mentoring the plants in her gardenCarbon FarmingSoil fertility is facilitated by planting about 60% of the land area. These plants produce large amounts ofkey ingredients of carbon per unit area, which is used to build compost to improve and maintain theecosystem of microbes that live in soil. These plants also produce large amounts of calories. Corn,wheat, amaranth, millet and wheat are some plants that make this possible. Compost materials grownon the farm will be important in the future, because a large amount of organic matter and nutrients arecurrently being "mined" from the ground in one area and transported to the ranch improvements inother areas. Conversely, we can produce more organic material and store more nutrients in a closedsystem. 5 www.microaid.org | admin@microaid.org
  6. 6. Benard Chela and Otunga Charles shows how carbon farming intended to replenish soil fertilityCalorie farmingA production efficient enough calorie in a small area to plant roots is facilitated by special in 30% of thedeveloping world. These crops include potatoes, sweet potatoes, salsify, burdock, garlic and radish andgenerate a large number of calories per unit area. 6 www.microaid.org | admin@microaid.org
  7. 7. Nancy Opelle shows the principle of integrated farming in her gardenThe use of open pollinated seedsWith bio-intensive planting techniques, from the green revolution can be obtained with normal andopen pollinated seeds that have been selected for decades and centuries because they are profitable.Specific hybrid is not required for excellent results. In this way the various tanamana to grow while theworlds genetic diversity is maintained.Benard shows corn and soybean-pollinatedA comprehensive gardening methodIt is important to realize that bio-intensive cultivation method is the overall system, and all componentsof this method should be used together for optimal effect. If you are not using all the componentstogether, it will not provide maximum results. A healthy plant will give a healthy life for humans. 7 www.microaid.org | admin@microaid.org
  8. 8. A well-developed gardenPest ControlUsing organic pesticides such as pepper, tobacco, pyrethrum, stinging nettle, etc. to fight againstharmful insects have also been introduced to farmers.Additional WorkTo help families and their communities in promoting the sustainability of agriculture with sufficientincome, allowing them to realize their food needs in the future and reverse environmental degradationthat result from conventional farming methods, CMAP intends to strengthen training and education byfacilitating the formation of segment groups of plants bio-intensive mini for the family farmers whoparticipated in the region. This mini-group will provide training in sustainable agricultural productionthat increase yield using less water and no fertilizer purchased. They will also use 40 to sleep andimprove their agricultural land. 8 www.microaid.org | admin@microaid.org
  9. 9. Expected results  Providing a complete nutritious food and adequate income levels;  Generate a large diversity of plants for biodiversity and food security;  Utilization of a small area, utilizing the efficiency with small-scale production;  Using pollination seed, use seed owned by farmers and citizens, and encourage the use of seed for local needs;  Using low-tech tools to minimize the need for economic capital and the use of natural capital (resources of the earth);  Can be used for small farmers irrespective of their economic status, and are culturally acceptable, and can be passed on to future generations. This file presented by Community Mobilization Against Poverty (CMAP) – Kenya, for documentation of micro project that supported by MicroAid Projects. April 2011. 9 www.microaid.org | admin@microaid.org