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Cold War

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Cold War

  1. 1. The Cold War 1945-1991
  2. 2. COLD WAR ORIGINS <ul><li>Ideological Differences </li></ul><ul><li>Rebuilding the World </li></ul><ul><li>Western front in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Teheran Conference, Nov. 1943 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disagreements over postwar Poland </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Yalta, February, 1945 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disagreements/Compromise over Germany </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Peace Collapses <ul><li>Truman vs. FDR </li></ul><ul><li>Potsdam Failure, April 1945 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany remains divided </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Truman Doctrine, 1947 (George Kennan) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ It must be the policy of the U.S. to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Marshall Plan (George, Sec. of State) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$12 billion American aid to Europe </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Peace collapse, cont. <ul><li>Berlin Airlift, 1948 </li></ul><ul><li>NATO (1949) vs. Warsaw Pact (1955) </li></ul><ul><li>Soviets first atomic bomb (1949) </li></ul><ul><li>China “lost”, 1949 </li></ul><ul><li>NSC-68, 1950 </li></ul>
  5. 5. American Society, post WWII <ul><li>GI Bill (Servicemen’s Readjustment Act) </li></ul><ul><li>Effect on women, blacks, Hispanics?? </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of Nuclear War </li></ul>
  6. 6. American Politics, post-WWII <ul><li>1946 Congressional Elections </li></ul><ul><li>Taft-Hartley Act, 1947 </li></ul><ul><li>Election of 1948 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Truman (Dem) - surprising victory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Truman’s “Fair Deal” revived </li></ul><ul><li>Shelley v Kraemer (1948) </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Korean War, 1950-1953 <ul><li>North invasion, U.N. response </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese intervention and threat of a WORLD WAR III. </li></ul><ul><li>Truman / Mac Arthur Controversy </li></ul>
  8. 8. Battle vs. Subversion <ul><li>Origins of American Fears </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Loss” of China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stalemate in Korea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soviet atomic capabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HUAC, 1947 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigates Hollywood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conviction of Alger Hiss (Nixon) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rosenberg Case </li></ul><ul><li>Joseph McCarthy, “McCarthyism” </li></ul>

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