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P. P. P. On Autism Spectrum Disorder 11 6 2008


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Autism Spectrum Disorder

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P. P. P. On Autism Spectrum Disorder 11 6 2008

  1. 1. Spectrum Disorder Helene S. A. Cruz/Joniree Calvo ED 443 G: Assistive and Adaptive Technology November 6, 2008 Dr. Jacqui Cyrus
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>You will know the: </li></ul><ul><li>Definition of Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of Students with Autism </li></ul><ul><li>Tips to helping Students with Autism </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) ? <ul><li>IDEA Definition of Autism </li></ul><ul><li>A developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age 3, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. </li></ul><ul><li>Definition of ASD </li></ul><ul><li>Certain set of behaviors ranging from very mild to severe. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Prevalence/Incidence of Autism Spectrum Disorder <ul><li>Guam Public School System SY 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Students: 31,066 as of 9/30/2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Students in Special Education: 2,166 ; 2,147 </li></ul><ul><li>Students with Autism: 90 students; 105 students </li></ul><ul><li>Nationally </li></ul><ul><li>1 in 166 births estimates to have Autism </li></ul><ul><li>4 million births = 24,000 diagnosed with Autism </li></ul><ul><li>4 times more prevalent in boys than girls </li></ul><ul><li>67 children diagnosed a day </li></ul>
  5. 5. Characteristics <ul><li>Children with Autism might have: </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Social Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Sensory Deficits </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual Play </li></ul><ul><li>Insistence on Sameness </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cause and Prevention <ul><li>Cause </li></ul><ul><li>Physical abnormal biology and chemistry in the brain </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>At this time, there are no known preventions of ASD, professionals are still evaluating the cause. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Assessment <ul><li>Psycho-educational Profile Revised (PEP-R) Adolescent and Adult Psycho-Educational Profile </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of Basic Language and Learning Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Autism Checklist </li></ul><ul><li>Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) </li></ul><ul><li>Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Early Intervention <ul><li>Locally </li></ul><ul><li>Guam Early Intervention System (GEIS) </li></ul><ul><li>GPSS: Tamuning Preschool Placement and Home Component Services </li></ul><ul><li>Nationally </li></ul><ul><li>Young Autism Program </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment & Education of Autistic & related Communication-handicapped Children </li></ul>
  9. 9. Teaching Tips <ul><li>Attention </li></ul><ul><li>Imitation </li></ul><ul><li>Making requests </li></ul><ul><li>Compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Structured Teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Predictable Events </li></ul>
  10. 10. Transition <ul><li>Pre-School to Kindergarten </li></ul><ul><li>School System Transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Class to Class </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary to Middle School Transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Grade to Grade </li></ul><ul><li>School to Work/College </li></ul>
  11. 11. Collaboration <ul><li>Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) </li></ul><ul><li>Accommodations and Modifications </li></ul><ul><li>Teamwork </li></ul><ul><li>Peer Supports </li></ul>
  12. 12. Partnerships with Families and Communities <ul><li>Locally </li></ul><ul><li>Autistic Community Together (ACT) </li></ul><ul><li>Guam Center for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities Education, Research and Service (CEDDERS) </li></ul><ul><li>Nationally </li></ul><ul><li>Autism Speaks </li></ul><ul><li>National Autistic Society </li></ul><ul><li>National Autism Association </li></ul>
  13. 13. Video Clips Autism: The Misunderstood Child Autism Cure?
  14. 14. References Smith, Deborah (2007). Introduction to Special Education: Making a Difference 6 th Edition. Pearson Education, Inc.. Fighting Autism. Retrieved September 15, 2008, from Fighting Autism Web site: Autism. Retrieved September 15, 2008, from Autism Web site: Wallin, Jason M. (2001-2004). Teaching Children with Autism. Retrieved September 15, 2008, from Teaching Children with Autism Web site: (2007-2008). Autism Research Institute. Retrieved September 15, 2008, from Defeat Autism Now Web site:
  15. 15. Thought Provoking Questions 1. Do you know what it is like to have a teacher say “I don’t want this student in my class?” How would you feel if that was your child? 2. Do you know what it is like to have kids point to a child with Autism and laugh at the child as he/she rocks and parrots over and over? How would you feel if that was your child? 3. Do you know what it is like to wonder what the child with Autism will do when the parent dies? What are we, as an island community, doing for the people with special needs?