The islamic caliphate

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The islamic caliphate

  1. 1. UmayyadSpain The Islamic Caliphate
  2. 2. How did your empire or group derive their power?• The Muslim Ummah (community) unified them together and allowed them to conquer many territories.They would make conquered non-Muslims paytaxes and tributes.• Jizya tribute-tax on male non-muslims in exchange for protection against outside aggressors.
  3. 3. What belief system or religion played arole in their culture and possible need for conquest?• Islam played a very important role that created the caliphate position itself.• The Caliphate was the first system of government established in Islam and represented the political unity of the Muslim Ummah(community)
  4. 4. How did their empire impact trade?• The early Islamic Empire had the highest literacy rates among pre-modern societies alongside Athens.• Arab merchants dominated trade in the Indian Ocean.• There was a dense network of trade routes in the Mediterranean, along which Muslim countries traded with each other and with European powers such as Venice.
  5. 5. What technologies were used or created by this empire/group?• Minaret: The minaret is a distinctive architectural feature of Islamic architecture, especially mosques, dating back to the early centuries of Islam.• Coffee-The earliest credible evidence of either coffee drinking or knowledge of the coffee tree appears in the middle of the 15th century, in the Sufi monasteries of the Yemen in southern Arabia. It was in Yemen that coffee beans were first roasted and brewed.• Ziriyab started a beauty institute in Spain between the 8th and 9th century.
  6. 6. What was the cultural impact of this empire/group?• Córdoba was the intellectual Centre of al-Andalus, with translations of ancient Greek texts to Arabic, Latin and Hebrew. Appreciable advances in science, history, geography, philosophy and grammar occurred during the Caliphate.• The Caliphate of Cordoba Abd-ar-Rahman III in Spain had a good diplomatic relation with the Berbers in North Africa, the Christians kings in France, and Constantinople.• In Umayyad Spain, a distinctive Islamic culture combining roman, Germanic and Jewish traditions with those of the Arabs was created. The interior of the Mezquita (Mosque), one of the finest examples of Ummayad Islamic architecture in Spain.
  7. 7. How did they rule their conquered people; tribute system; how much autonomy; etc.• The Muslims treated conquered converts as equals. But the conquered people that were non-Muslims were treated as second-class citizens.• Nevertheless the Muslims treated all conquered people with tolerance, kindness, and respect.
  8. 8. The Three most important contributions.• The Islamic Caliphate was united by the Ummah(community)• Islam was the primary religion practiced by the caliphs(successors of Muhammad).• There was a dense network of trade routes in the Mediterranean, along which Muslim countries traded with each other and with European powers such as Venice.• By Vegito.

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