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  1. 1. Ephemeral Communication SnapChat and the New Transiency of Information By Geraint Element
  2. 2. Photo by Jenny Downing - Creative Commons License (Flickr) Ephemeral is a word that means temporary or transitory. Ephemeral communication means information sent between people that exists only in the minds of the sender and recipient once the exchange is over. !2
  3. 3. Photo by Sam Howitz - Creative Commons Licence (Flickr) While historically, once something was on the internet it was considered permanent.
  4. 4. Photo by Darien Library - Creative Commons License (Flickr) With the potential to be copied and used by anyone, for any purpose.
  5. 5. Photo By Gonzalo Baeza H - Creative Commons License (Flickr) Apps like Snapchat have opened the door to a world of non-permanent digital communication and media.
  6. 6. Photo by The Official CTBTO Photostream - Creative Commons License (Flickr) Where photos are destroyed after viewing!
  7. 7. Photo by Stephan Geyer - Creative Commons License (Flickr) 9% of cell phone owners used Snapchat in 2013 and this number is increasing.1
  8. 8. Photo by Barney Livingston - Creative Commons License (Flickr) And Snapchat is not the only one! Many other transient information services are starting to emerge.2
  9. 9. Photo by Michelangelo Carrieri - Creative Commons License (Flickr) Like Wikr, a service with military grade encryption for sending information files that automatically self-destruct after viewing.2
  10. 10. Photo by AxsDeny - Creative Commons License (Flickr) What are the problems with this?
  11. 11. Photo by Pro Juventute - Creative Commons License (Flickr) Creates a superior medium for sexting via the sharing of embarrassing photos. This has caused a significant increase in sexting by phone users since Snapchat’s release.3
  12. 12. Photo by Jamie McCaffrey - Creative Commons License (Flickr) But if the images aren’t permanent then this practice should be completely safe…
  13. 13. Photo by Emery Way - Creative Commons license (Flickr) That’s the gimmick anyway, and what many people who use the software are encouraged to believe.
  14. 14. Photo by Gabriele Barni - Creative Commons License (Flickr) Problem: not exactly impermanent! There are many different ways a photo could be copied off of ones phone before it is deleted; like taking a screen shot, taking a picture of the phone, or directly accessing the phone’s local memory.3
  15. 15. Photo by Rafiq Phillips - Creative Commons License (Flickr) Then it can be shared on Facebook, and copied…
  16. 16. Photo by Sturatpilbro - Creative Commons License (Flickr) And copied…
  17. 17. Photo by Len Matthews - Creative Commons License (Flickr) And copied…until it is quite permanent indeed.
  18. 18. Photo by Sarah Reid _ Creative Commons License (Flickr) Two Simple Tips: 1. Educate yourself about the apps you use and what permanent really means!
  19. 19. Photo by Ben Grey - Creative Commons License (Flickr) 2. Don’t share anything that could potentially damage your reputation! Permanent or not!
  20. 20. Photo by Karolik - Creative Commons License (Flickr) So why should we encourage ephemeral communication?
  21. 21. Photo by Peter Kaminski - Creative Commons License (Flickr) A lot of the stuff that is shared on digital media is just garbage!
  22. 22. Photo byTorkild Retvedt - Creative Commons License (Flickr) This data takes energy to store, Googles data centers consume over 260 million Watts, enough to power a city of 100 000 to 200 000 people!4.
  23. 23. Photo by Jason Bachman - Creative Commons License (Flickr) Making more of the non-crucial information out there impermanent could reduce the strain on these systems and increase the efficiency of digital media; saving money, energy, and making digital information a much more environmentally friendly medium.
  24. 24. References 1.Duggan, M. (2013). Photo and video sharing grow online. Pew Internet. 2.Wadhwa, Tarun. (2013). Why we should celebrate Snapchat and encourage ephemeral communication. Forbes. Web: http:// www.forbes.com/sites/tarunwadhwa/2013/05/22/why-we-should- celebrate-snapchat-and-encourage-ephemeral-communication/ 3.Poltash, N. A. (2013). Snapchat and Sexting: A Snapshot of Baring Your Bare Essentials. Richmond Journal of Law & Technology, 19(4), 1. 4.Daily Mail Reporter. (2011). Google uses more power than salt lake city as fast data farms suck up electricity. Mail Online. Web: http:// www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2035382/Google-discloses-energy- consumption--power-Salt-Lake-City.html