Why Do I Pay Duesjake


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  • Roles of reps, community organizing, who are members, history, leadership roles, internal and external organizing, committees, why does it matter to me? What do the three unions do for me, where do dues go,
  • Why Do I Pay Duesjake

    1. 1. Why Do I Pay Dues?! A brief history of unionism and what your union does for you. Adapted from a presentation by- Jake Anderson Fall Leadership Conference November 19, 2005
    2. 2. Objectives of training <ul><li>Brief history of unions </li></ul><ul><li>History of CTA/NEA </li></ul><ul><li>Dues </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits of union </li></ul><ul><li>Your protections </li></ul>
    3. 3. History of unions <ul><li>First unions were merchant guilds in 11 th century Europe. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protection of trade from feudal governments was the goal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Craft guilds followed in 12 th century made up of the artisans. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared or usurped the power of the merchant guilds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First to organize probably weavers, followed by goldsmiths, saddlers, bakers, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focused on wages and working conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Considered the forerunners of labor unions </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. US Unions- 1600-1900 <ul><li>First known union in America was “The Shoemakers of Boston”. Authorized by Massachusetts Bay Colony – 1648 </li></ul><ul><li>First recorded prosecution of strikers in New York- 1677 </li></ul><ul><li>Carpenters strike for a 10-hour day in Philadelphia- 1791 </li></ul><ul><li>New Hampshire enacts first 10-hour day law- 1847 </li></ul><ul><li>Carpenters strike and win eight-hour day- 1890 </li></ul><ul><li>Pullman car boycott leads to general strike on railroads- 1894 </li></ul>
    5. 5. US Unions- 1900 – WW II <ul><li>IWW formed – 1905 </li></ul><ul><li>Triangle Shirtwaist fire- 1911 </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Labor created- 1912 </li></ul><ul><li>One in five workers strikes in 1919 </li></ul><ul><li>Auto workers win in sit-down strike and Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters wins contract- 1937 </li></ul>
    6. 6. US Unions- Fair Labor <ul><li>Fair Labor Standards Act passed 1938 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates 40-hour work week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishes minimum wage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ends child labor </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. US Unions Post-WW II <ul><li>Largest wave of strikes in US history- 1946 </li></ul><ul><li>Taft-Hartley Act passed- 1947 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates National Labor Relations Board </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Union and employer must notify government mediation service and other party before terminating a collective bargaining agreement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government can obtain an 80-day injunction if strike will harm national health or safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>States that workers on wildcat strikes not protected, outlawed closed shops, and permitted union shop only on majority vote of employees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Act was passed over a veto by Truman </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. US Unions- Post WWII <ul><li>AFL/CIO Merge- 1955 </li></ul><ul><li>JFK order gives federal workers the right to bargain- 1962 </li></ul><ul><li>Cesar Chavez forms AFL/CIO United Farm Workers Organizing Committee- 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA created- 1970 </li></ul><ul><li>Air traffic controller strike broken by Reagan- 1981 </li></ul><ul><li>75,000 service workers organize in Los Angeles- 1999 </li></ul>
    9. 9. Teacher Unions <ul><li>First Union formed in </li></ul><ul><li>New York City </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Society of Associated Teachers 1794 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New York and Rhode Island create statewide unions, 1845 </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>1. Will fill lamps, trim wicks and clean chimneys. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Each morning teacher will bring bucket of water and a scuttle of coal for the days session. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Make your pens carefully. You may whittle nibs to the individual taste of the pupils. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Men teachers may take one evening each week for courting purposes or two evenings a week if they attend church regularly. </li></ul><ul><li>5. After 10 hours in school the teachers may spend the remaining time reading the Bible or any other good book. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Women teachers who marry or engage in unseemly conduct will be dismissed. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Every teacher should lay aside for each pay day a goodly sum of his earnings for his benefit during his declining years so that he will not become a burden on society. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Any teacher who smokes, uses liquor in any form, frequents pool or public halls, or gets shaved in a barber shop will give good reason to suspect his worth, intention, integrity and honesty. </li></ul><ul><li>9. The teacher who performs his labor faithfully and without fault for five years will be given an increase of $.25 per week in his pay providing the Board of Education approves. </li></ul>Teacher Rules 1872
    11. 11. <ul><li>Teacher Rules 1912 </li></ul><ul><li>1. You will not marry during the term of your contract. </li></ul><ul><li>2. You are not to keep company with men. </li></ul><ul><li>3. You must be home between the hours of 8 PM and 6 AM unless at a school function. </li></ul><ul><li>4. You may not loiter downtown in any of the ice cream stores. </li></ul><ul><li>5. You may not travel beyond the city limits unless you have permission of the chairman of the chairman of the school board. </li></ul><ul><li>6. You may not ride in carriages or automobiles with any man except your father or brother. </li></ul><ul><li>7. You may not smoke cigarettes. </li></ul><ul><li>8. You may not dress in bright colors. </li></ul><ul><li>9. You may under no circumstances dye your hair. </li></ul><ul><li>10. You must wear at least 2 petticoats. </li></ul><ul><li>11. Your dresses may not be any shorter than 2 inches above the ankles. </li></ul><ul><li>12. To keep the classroom neat and clean you must sweep the floor once a day, scrub the floor with hot soapy water once a week, clean the blackboards once a day and start the fire at 7 AM to have the school warm by 8 AM when the scholars arrive. </li></ul>
    12. 12. NEA History <ul><li>National Teachers Association formed in 1857 (became NEA) </li></ul><ul><li>Women admitted into NEA as full members in 1866 </li></ul><ul><li>8 teachers in PA strike for higher wages- 1880 </li></ul><ul><li>In 1942 NEA supports teacher who fired for association activities- she is reinstated in 1945. </li></ul><ul><li>NEA wins US Supreme Court case to strike down mandatory maternity leave for pregnant teachers- 1974 </li></ul><ul><li>Fights for and wins passage of federal retirement equity law that ends sex discrimination against women in retirement funds. </li></ul>
    13. 13. CTA History- pre 1900 <ul><li>California Educational Society founded by John Swett- 1863 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made of administrators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Later named CTA in 1875 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In 1885 CTA wins hearing rights for dismissal </li></ul><ul><li>Three regional groups formed- later became CTA Southern (1889), Central (1892), and Northern Sections (1897) </li></ul><ul><li>CTA writes legislation requiring all public school teachers to be college grads (1899) </li></ul>
    14. 14. CTA History- 1900 – 1950 <ul><li>CTA achieves retirement system for teachers- third in the US- 1900 </li></ul><ul><li>CTA wins continuing contract law (pre-curser to tenure)- 1911 </li></ul><ul><li>CTA sponsors initiative to provide free textbooks- 1911 </li></ul><ul><li>CTA gets first tenure law passed in US- 1921 </li></ul><ul><li>CTA wins court case in State Supreme Court to get reemployment of a married woman- 1928 </li></ul><ul><li>CTA wins 10 sick days for teachers- 1947 </li></ul>
    15. 15. CTA History 1950- 1980 <ul><li>Land for CTA headquarters purchased- 1954 </li></ul><ul><li>Winton Act passed- 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>CTA changes stance on collective bargaining- 1968 </li></ul><ul><li>CTA begins reorganization (to how it looks now)- 1971 </li></ul><ul><li>CTA’s legislative effort to create collective bargaining law vetoed by Gov Reagan- 1972 </li></ul><ul><li>CTA has first state-wide training for staff on how to bargain- 1972 </li></ul><ul><li>Rodda Act passed- establishes collective bargaining- 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>CTA issues model contract language- 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>Prop 13 passes- 1978 </li></ul>
    16. 16. CTA History- 1980- present <ul><li>Massive teacher layoffs occur as a result of Prop 13- 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>CTA passes Prop 98- 1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Prop 174- California’s first voucher initiative defeated- 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>CTA passes Class Size Reduction- 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Prop 226 “Paycheck Protection” defeated- 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Prop 38 California’s second voucher initiative defeated- 2000 </li></ul>
    17. 17. NEA, CTA, UACT <ul><li>NEA Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Dennis Van Roekel </li></ul><ul><li>Lily Eskelsen </li></ul><ul><li>Becky Pringle </li></ul><ul><li>John Wilson, Executive Director </li></ul><ul><li>NEA Executive Committee </li></ul><ul><li>NEA Board & Committees </li></ul><ul><li>Representative Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>12,000 members meet once a year to debate and vote on the NEA program and priorities </li></ul><ul><li>CTA Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>David Sanchez, Dean Vogel, & Dan Vaughn </li></ul><ul><li>Carolyn Doggett, Executive Director </li></ul><ul><li>CTA Executive Board </li></ul><ul><li>CTA Board & Committees </li></ul><ul><li>State Council– Reps from each chapter meet three weekends </li></ul><ul><li>UACT Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Colleen Briner-Schmidt </li></ul><ul><li>Jerry Morris </li></ul><ul><li>Jake Anderson- CTA Staff </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Board & Committees </li></ul><ul><li>Rep Council- Meets monthly </li></ul>
    18. 18. What does my local association do for me? <ul><li>Bargains contract </li></ul><ul><li>Defends contract through grievance process </li></ul><ul><li>Provides assistance with interpersonal issues and personnel issues </li></ul><ul><li>Speaks for teachers at district level </li></ul><ul><li>Provides information from CTA/NEA, other associations, and local level. </li></ul><ul><li>Participates in local elections </li></ul>
    19. 19. What does my contract cover? <ul><li>Salary </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Grievance procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Association Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Leave language </li></ul><ul><li>Work day and work year </li></ul><ul><li>Many other local provisions- PAR/BTSA, transfers, safety, staff development, etc. </li></ul>
    20. 20. How am I protected? <ul><li>Local Contract </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bargained by local association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enforced through grievance procedure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contains most of the protections you enjoy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually changes annually – some big, most small </li></ul></ul><ul><li>School Board Policies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passed by school board </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sets the policy for the school district </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Education Code (Ed Code) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State laws that apply to education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made by CA legislators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continually changing through the passage of laws and initiatives </li></ul></ul>These three will overlap occasionally all stating the same thing.
    21. 21. Benefits of being a member of CTA <ul><li>$1 million liability insurance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attorney will take your case if you’re accused of something by your district or student- Work related </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30 minute FREE consultation with attorney for non-work related issue </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CTA Death and dismemberment plan </li></ul><ul><li>NEA Dues Tab </li></ul><ul><li>Numerous discounted insurances and benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Voice at state and national level </li></ul><ul><li>Staff assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Departmental assistance </li></ul>
    22. 22. What is Agency Fee? <ul><li>In lieu of membership, agency fee payers pay monthly unified dues equal to UACT/CTA/NEA annual dues. Agency Fee payers receive the right to receive a rebate of the fee equal to the portion that represents political or ideological spending on the part of the local, CTA and NEA that is not related to collective bargaining or employment matters. </li></ul><ul><li>Agency fee payers are not a member of the local, cannot hold office or vote in local elections. They forfeit access to union representation in all non-contract-related issues. They do not receive the membership benefits of legal representation, Disability Insurance, low rates and substantial discounts on home loans, personal, life and car insurance, merchandise, travel, and credit union services . </li></ul><ul><li>Members who would like to become an Agency Fee Payer must complete an Agency Fee Payer form. </li></ul>
    23. 23. BENEFITS OF BELONGING TO LOCAL/CTA/NEA MEMBERSHIP SERVICES CTA members and non-members (fee-payers) alike often question the difference in CTA/NEA services to members and non-members. The following may help clarify this issue. <ul><li>SERVICES </li></ul><ul><li>Bargaining </li></ul><ul><li>Grievances </li></ul><ul><li>Dismissals/Layoffs </li></ul><ul><li>Representation </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Unfair Labor Practices </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Services </li></ul><ul><li>Liability Insurance Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Retirement </li></ul><ul><li>Attorney, Job Related Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Attorney, Non-Job Related Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Workers Compensation </li></ul><ul><li>CTA/NEA Sponsored Insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Dues Tab Life Insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment Representation </li></ul><ul><li>Organization Policy Setting </li></ul>MEMBER 1. Input solicited. All provisions of contract apply. Vote on ratification. 2. Association representation provided in all areas within scope of representation, as defined in bargaining law. 3. Full representation. Attorney provided, as needed. 4. Representation as a friend, advisor, mediator, with appropriate administrative personnel. 5. Counseling and advice regarding referral to appropriate agency. 6. Representation if your individual rights are violated under EERA. 7. Travel and purchasing discount services. 8. $1,000,000 personal liability provided. 9. Counseling and representation. 10. 1 hour free consultation. 11. ½ hour free consultation. 12. Referral to attorney and counseling. 13. Life Insurance, Income Protection, Home, Auto, etc. 14. Free life insurance in the amount of the past 5 years. NEA dues paid. 15 Advice and representation. 16. Right to vote and hold office. NON-MEMBER-Agency Fee Payor 1 Input solicited. All provisions of contract apply. 2. Association representation provided in all areas within scope of representation, as defined in bargaining law. 3. Representation only if action impacts on negotiated contract or part of a larger group that includes members. 4. None. 5. None. 6. None. 7. None. 8. None. 9. None beyond contracted. 10. None. 11. None. 12. None. 13. None. 14. None. 15. None. 16. None.
    24. 24. BENEFITS OF BELONGING TO LOCAL/CTA/NEA MEMBERSHIP SERVICES <ul><li>LOCAL LEVEL- </li></ul><ul><li>CHAPTER ASSOC. </li></ul><ul><li>Individual and group representation by leaders and professional staff </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of economic and professional benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusive Bargaining Agent in Employer-Employee Relations </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiated salary increases and fringe benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Professional programs: teacher education, standards, curriculum and instruction, professional rights and responsibilities, human relations, legislation, public relations, salaries, insurance and retirement </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of employee rights and privileges under District policy and State law, including legal consultation </li></ul><ul><li>Association publication </li></ul>Your RRC/ Your SCC – Enhanced professional staff assistance Assistance with contract preparation Local training- workshops provided in:  Bargaining  Membership  Grievance Processing  Contract Preparation  Retirement  Organizing  Professional Growth  Fringe Benefits and more <ul><li>STATE LEVEL- CTA </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Services (both personal and job-related matters) </li></ul><ul><li>CTA Scholarship Programs </li></ul><ul><li>State consultants and individual representation </li></ul><ul><li>Weight of the State Association (290,000 represented members) on local or individual problems </li></ul><ul><li>CTA Endorsed Special Services Programs: Group Term Life Insurance, Group Disability Insurance, Credit Unions, and Auto and Homeowner’s Insurance </li></ul><ul><li>CTA special services benefits for members are: discounts on travel and entertainment, new automobile purchasing, automobile extended warranty insurance, automobile quotation service, national automobile club, and hotel discount programs </li></ul><ul><li>State Association publications: CTA Action, Politics and Legislation (PAL) </li></ul><ul><li>NATIONAL LEVEL-NEA </li></ul><ul><li>Free on-the-job Liability Policy ($1,000,000) for each member for each occurrence </li></ul><ul><li>Free Dues-Tab Life Insurance </li></ul><ul><li>National recognition for research in education </li></ul><ul><li>Representation in the U.S. Congress for federal aid to education and legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Protection and promotion of federal income tax benefits and allowances for employees </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of federal financing of teacher scholarship programs </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusive national voice of the teaching profession in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>NEA special services benefits for members are: life insurance plans, NEA book program, car rental program, credit card program, unified magazine service, tax-deferred annuity plan </li></ul><ul><li>DuShane Fund for the advancement and protection of employees’ rights nationally </li></ul><ul><li>National publications: NEA NOW, NEA Today, NEA Travel Guide </li></ul>
    25. 26. Where do my local dues go? <ul><li>Training for reps, exec board, bargaining team, PAC committee, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Subs for when people are released for association business </li></ul><ul><li>Food/room rental for meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Materials and supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Staffing </li></ul><ul><li>Office rent </li></ul><ul><li>Stipends </li></ul>
    26. 27. How can I get involved? <ul><li>Get on your rep council or attend rep council meetings as an observer. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask to be on a committee. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask your rep to let you know when trainings are coming up that you can attend. </li></ul><ul><li>Run for an exec board position. </li></ul><ul><li>Attend school board meetings. </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteer for campaigns- new one coming up in June. </li></ul>
    27. 28. If you liked the training my name is Jake Anderson; if you didn’t I’m Hal Vick.