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13 Colonies PowerPoint


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13 Colonies PowerPoint

  1. 1. Introduction <ul><li>England’s Thirteen Colonies were located on the Atlantic Coast in-between French Canada and Spanish Florida. </li></ul><ul><li>The Thirteen Colonies can be divided into three regions. Each region was unique and gave the English a wide variety of opportunities and “personalities’. </li></ul><ul><li>Click HERE to see a copy of the rubric. </li></ul><ul><li>Click HERE for unit plan . </li></ul>
  2. 2. The South The Middle Colonies New England
  3. 3. New England The Middle Colonies The South 13 Colonies Map
  4. 4. Economic Development of New England <ul><li>Heavy reliance on the Atlantic Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Shipbuilding </li></ul><ul><li>Trade and Smuggling </li></ul><ul><li>Triangular Trade </li></ul><ul><li>Navigation Acts of 1651 </li></ul><ul><li>Law passed by the English in an attempt to get a cut out of New England’s wealthy trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult for the English to enforce. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Climate and Soil of New England <ul><li>Long winters </li></ul><ul><li>Rocky soil </li></ul><ul><li>As a result, many farmers used subsistence farming. </li></ul><ul><li>Is farming where you only grow enough food to live off of. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The People of New England <ul><li>English settlers were the largest ethnic group. </li></ul><ul><li>Land was sold to large groups – often Puritan congregations. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result towns grew in a way that was conducive to trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Towns usually centered around a “green”. </li></ul>
  7. 7. People continued … <ul><li>African Americans – slavery wasn’t economical in New England because they weren’t needed for farming. </li></ul><ul><li>Many slaves worked in houses or were hired out for various jobs. </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves could eventually save enough money to purchase their freedom. </li></ul><ul><li>Puritans – their religion declined of competition with other groups and because their ideals didn’t go well with business. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Middle Colonies The South 13 Colonies Map New England
  9. 9. Economy Continued <ul><li>Middle Colonies also had excellent ports and river systems. </li></ul><ul><li>New York, NY on the Hudson </li></ul><ul><li>Philadelphia, PA on the Delaware </li></ul><ul><li>Exported grain, furs, and whale oil and imported manufactured goods </li></ul><ul><li>Ship building </li></ul><ul><li>New York and Philly developed and expanded quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Rivaled the nicest cities of England. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Climate and Soil <ul><li>Rich soil </li></ul><ul><li>Mild winters </li></ul><ul><li>Growing season that lasted between 6-8 months </li></ul>
  11. 11. People of the Middle Colonies <ul><li>Was known for its diversity. </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy German influence in the region </li></ul><ul><li>German craftsman and artisans created many important goods such as: </li></ul><ul><li>Long rifles, iron works, glass, furniture, and dinner ware. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Climate of Tolerance <ul><li>The wide variety of groups made it difficult for one group to dominate any other </li></ul><ul><li>As a result – there was a great deal of tolerance in the Middle Colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>Some were slaves and some were free. Either way they worked as laborers, servants, drivers, sailors, and assistants </li></ul><ul><li>Racial tensions did exist, especially in NYC. </li></ul><ul><li>Violence was used by both sides – but African Americans were force into submission. </li></ul>African Americans
  13. 13. Colonial Philadelphia
  14. 14. The South The Middle Colonies New England 13 Colonies Map
  15. 15. Economic Development of the South <ul><li>Ideal for plantation crops like indigo, rice, and tobacco. </li></ul><ul><li>Plantations were largely self-sufficient, so very few large cities developed in the South. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Need For Slavery <ul><li>Plantations had difficulties finding the necessary labor to run a plantation. </li></ul><ul><li>Many indentured servants were leaving plantations. </li></ul><ul><li>Turned to slave labor. Africans already established as reliable slaves – so planters started to use them. </li></ul><ul><li>Kept under control with strict slave codes. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Climate and Soil <ul><li>Very rich soil </li></ul><ul><li>Warm weather </li></ul><ul><li>Mild winters </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly year round growing season </li></ul>
  18. 18. The People <ul><li>Planter Class </li></ul><ul><li>Became wealthy off of the cash crops they grew </li></ul><ul><li>Dominated all aspects of Southern life </li></ul><ul><li>Viewed themselves as nobility. </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Frontier <ul><li>Pioneers were colonists who needed to move westward to find themselves land that they could settle and claim as their own. </li></ul><ul><li>Click on the picture to the right to watch a clip on these people. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Conclusion <ul><li>The diversity of the 13 colonies offered a great deal of economic possibilities to the British Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>It would also give the 13 colonies the wealth needed to start becoming a country in the next chapter. </li></ul><ul><li>Extension: Look at a colonial town – Colonial Williamsburg . </li></ul>
  21. 21. Works Cited <ul><li>Images </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> /.../21/the-slave-card/ </li></ul><ul><li>Remove frame   </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Remove frame   </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>http:// =F660D435-7AAA-4C50-94DB-3DB2ACB5EA22&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US </li></ul><ul><li>Textbook: Creating America: Beginnings through Reconstruction McDougal Littell, 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>Video: Review: The Diversity of Colonial Communities. Rainbow Educational Media (1999). Retrieved December 13, 2008, from Discovery Education: </li></ul>Unit Plan Rubric