Education in Finland 2011


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Education in Finland 2011

  1. 1. Education in Finland
  2. 2. Fundamental principles <ul><li>Equal oppurtunities for all citizens to receive an education regardless of age, domicile, financial situation, sex or mother tongue </li></ul><ul><li>Basic education is free (either in Finnish or Swedish) and compulsory till the age of 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Aim to offer post compulsory education to whole age groups (more than 90 % of the youth finishing basic education continue to upper secondary or vocational upper secondary schools or training) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Educational structure <ul><li>Pre-primary education (daycare and pre-school) </li></ul><ul><li>Basic education (from age 7 – 16) </li></ul><ul><li>An option for tenth grade </li></ul><ul><li>General upper secondary (three years) or Upper secondary vocational education and training (three years) </li></ul><ul><li>University (Bachelor´s or Master´s degree) or Polytechnical school (Polytechnic Bachelor´s or Master´s degree) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Comprehensive school <ul><li>Based on a single structure </li></ul><ul><li>Divided into grades </li></ul><ul><li>Organized as class-instruction in grades 1 – 6, taught by class-teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Subject-specific instruction in grades 7 – 9, taught by subject teachers </li></ul><ul><li>No provisions governing the size of teaching groups (the exception of special education groups) </li></ul>
  5. 5. What does the school year consist of? <ul><li>190 schooldays / year </li></ul><ul><li>Five days a week </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum number of lessons from 19 – 30 (depending on grade level and optional subjects) </li></ul><ul><li>Local autonomy of the school calendar (school beginning date and specific holiday – dates) </li></ul>
  6. 6. The national core curriculum <ul><li>Determined by the Finnish National Board of Education </li></ul><ul><li>Includes the objectives and core contents of subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Includes the principles of pupil assessment, special needs education, pupil welfare and educational guidance </li></ul><ul><li>Stresses </li></ul><ul><li>… the active role of the pupil as a learner </li></ul><ul><li>… the individuality of each pupil </li></ul><ul><li>… the meaning of social interaction in learning </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Local education authorities and the schools themselves draw up their own curricula within the framework of the national core curriculum </li></ul>
  8. 8. The national core curriculum <ul><li>States the minimum number of lessons for core subjects during basic education </li></ul><ul><li>Schools may focus on different subjects in different ways due to flexible time allocation </li></ul>
  9. 9. The core subjects are… <ul><li>… mother tongue and literature </li></ul><ul><li>… the second official language </li></ul><ul><li>… one foreign language </li></ul><ul><li>… environmental studies </li></ul><ul><li>… health education </li></ul><ul><li>… religion or ethics </li></ul><ul><li>… history </li></ul><ul><li>… social studies </li></ul><ul><li>… mathematics </li></ul><ul><li>… physics </li></ul><ul><li>… chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>… biology </li></ul><ul><li>… geography </li></ul><ul><li>… music </li></ul><ul><li>… arts and crafts </li></ul><ul><li>… physical education </li></ul><ul><li>… home economics </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>No official recommendations for the amount of homework </li></ul><ul><li>Learning materials are mostly produced by commercial publishers  the teachers are free to choose the material and textbooks used </li></ul>