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HUMANITIES: Literary Art.ppt


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Humanities: Literature
Latin littera; letter  the art of written works
Literary translated:
“acquaintance with letters”
[“as in the “arts and letters”]
Literature in its widest sense:

Embraces all compositions in writing or print which preserve the
*results of observation,
*thought, or
but those upon the positive sciences are usually excluded.
literary technique


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HUMANITIES: Literary Art.ppt

  1. 1. I. DEFINITION: Literature Latin littera; letter  the art of written works Literary translated: “acquaintance with letters” [“as in the “arts and letters”]
  2. 2. Literature in its widest sense: Embraces all compositions in writing or print which preserve the *results of observation, *thought, or *fancy; but those upon the positive sciences are usually excluded.
  4. 4. II.LITERARY GENRE: a genre is a type; it is a category of literary composition  may be determined by:  literary technique Tone Content Length
  5. 5. • novel •short story •novella •novelette Fiction • essay •editorial • news story •feature story Non Fiction • verse •narrative poetry • epic poetry •free verse Poetry • classical tragedy •comedyDrama
  6. 6. Short Story • -usually written in prose, often in narrative format • Common length: 3,500-7,500 words • -usually focuses on one incident, has a single plot, a single setting, a small number and covers a short period of time • one should be able to read it in one sitting • EDGAR ALLAN POE-considered the father of the short story Novelette • -a narrative fictional prose • Common length: 7,500- 17,500 words • EXAMPLE: •  “Moon Six” by Stephen Baxter Novella • Is a narrative work of prose fiction somewhat longer than a short story but shorter than a novel. • Common length: 50-100 pages/ 17,000-40,000 words • A short form novel • EXAMPLE: •  “Finding Cinderella” Novel • A fictitious prose narrative of considerable length and complexity, portraying characters and usually presenting a sequential organization of action and scenes • Common length: 40,000+ Words • Involves multiple major characters, sub-plots, conflicts and twists • EXAMPLES: •  “The Lord of the Rings” •  “Harry Potter” •  “The Notebook” Created from the imagination, not presented as fact, though it may be based on true story or situation Latin: ficti o “the act of making, fashioning, molding” FORMS OF SHORT STORY -Functioned as a sort of parable, a brief realistic narrative that embodies a point - Short story about an interesting or funny event or occurence Anecdote - A succinct story, with deeper meaning used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson AESOP earliest known writer (Aesop’s Fables) Parable -a succinct story, in prose or verse, that features animals, mythical creatures, plants, inanimate objects, or forces of nature are anthromorphize d and illustrates a moral lesson Fable
  7. 7.  this presentation may be accurate or not; that is it can give either true or a false account of the subject in question  Is an account, narrative, or representation of a subject which an author presents as fact Travel books User manual s textbooks photograph s essays Scientific papers Biographie s blueprint s docume n-taries histories journals Technical document a-tion diagram s Some journalis m historie s
  8. 8. The term “essays” first applied to the self- reflective musings of Has the reputation to be the “Father” of this literary form
  9. 9. The MEMOIR   telling the story of an author’s life from the author’s personal point of view The EPISTLE Usually a formal, didactic, or elegant letter Genres related to essay may include:
  10. 10. Rely heavily on imagery, precise word choice, and metaphor Is composition written in verse May take the form of measures consisting of patterns of stresses (metric feet) or of patterns of different-length syllables  means “a little sound or song” 14-line poem with a variable rhyme scheme originating in Italy Sonnet has five lines with a rhyme scheme of AABBA line lengths of 3,3,2,2,3 stressed syllables. less relevant towards nature Limerick -traditional Haiku written in Japanese:  relate to nature contain onji (syllables) distributed over three lines in groups of five, seven, and five should also have kigo- indicating a season Haiku Specific Forms:
  11. 11. Masterpieces -comes from the Greek word meaning “action” (Classical Greek: drama ) which is derived from “to do” (Classical Greek: drao) -the specific mode of fiction represented in performance Early modern Tragedy Classical Athenian tragedy
  12. 12. -Greek: k o m o id i a -Any humorous discourse generally intended to amuse, esp. in television, film, and stand up comedy Comedy --Ancient Greek: trag o idia, “he-goat-song -based on human suffering Tragedy FORMS OF DRAMA  Contains variations on the elements of :  Surprise  Incongruity  Conflict  Repetitiveness  Effect of opposite expectations
  13. 13. III.ELEMENTS OF LITERATURE: ELEMENT S Character Setting Conflict Theme StructureForeshadowing Diction Point of View Plot
  14. 14. 1. Plot  Serial arrangement of incidents, ideas or events.  In LITERATURE, it compasses all incidents and provides aesthetic pleasure  ESSENTIAL PARTS OF DRAMA: a. Exposition  - the introductory material which gives the setting, creates the tone, presents the characters, and presents other facts necessary to understanding the story b. Foreshadowing  - the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in the story c. Inciting Force  - the event or character that triggers the conflict
  15. 15. d. Conflict  - the essence of fiction. It creates plot Four kinds: Man versus - - - Man, Nature, Society, or Self e. Rising Action  -a series of events that builds from the conflict.  Begins from the inciting force and ends with the climax f. Crisis  -the conflict reaches a turning point. At this point the opposing force in the story meet and conflict becomes most intense.  The crisis occurs before or at the same time as the climax g. Climax  -the result of the crisis  Is the high point of the story for the reader
  16. 16. h. Falling Action  -the events after the climax which close the story i. Resolution (Denouement)  -Rounds out and concludes the action
  17. 17. January 16, 2014 Prepared by: JM Pob HUM 12:00-1:30 pm [T-Th]