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Elements of a story
Mr. JaimeSalvá
Elements of a Story:
Setting – The time and place a story takes place.
Characters – the people, animals or creatures in a story.
Plot – the series of events that make up a story.
Conflict – a problem or struggle between two people, things or ideas.
Setting
Setting
Details can describe:
Time of day
Time of year
Time in History
Scenery
Weather
Location
The setting describes where and
when the story takes place.
It helps build background and create
images in the mind.
It helps set the tone or mood of the
story.
Using the Five Senses
A good setting helps the
reader visualize the places in
the story.
A good author includes
descriptions of the setting
using the five senses…
SIGHT
SMELL
TASTE
FEEL
SOUND
Take a Look…Which is better?
The castle was beside the water.
The waves crashed gently against the
shoreline. The fog lifted lightly and
the medieval castle came into view. It
was a beautiful site. The mist brushed
my face and I could smell the scent of
honey from stunning distance and
taste the sea salt on my lips.
OR…
Your Turn…
On the next slide, there is a picture of a setting.
In your own words, write a detailed description of the setting
in your picture. Include many adjectives and don’t forget to
include descriptions for each of the five senses: see, hear,
feel, smell, taste.
This work is worth 25 points.
Make sure to have a detailed paragraph of a 1 page minimum
entry.
Characters
People Animals Creatures
Every story should have:
The protagonist is the
“good guy”
Protagonist
A protagonist (from Ancient Greek πρωταγωνιστής
(protagonistes), meaning "one who plays the first part.
 Is the main character (the central or primary personal
figure) of a literary, theatrical, cinematic or musical
narrative, who enters conflict because of the antagonist.
The antagonist is the “bad
guy” or force
Antagonist
An antagonist (from Greek  νταγωνιστής - ἀ antagonistēs , 
"opponent, competitor, enemy, rival”.
The antagonists may also represent a major threat or 
obstacle to the main character by their very existence, 
without necessarily deliberately targeting him or her.
Characterization is the way
in which an author shows the
personality of a character
Characterization is a technique
writers use to make characters
“come to life.”
Characterization
Think about your favorite book or movie character…
How can you describe his/her appearance?
What kind of personality does he/she have?
What kinds of things does he/she like?
Make a list of character traits for this character.
Characters are people or animals in a story.
A writer can tell you directly about a character:
Freddy was very competitive
Or
A writer can tell you indirectly about a character. For example:Two
days before the game, Freddy gathered his teammates and laid out
his plan. Then he looked at them and said,“We are going to win
this one. No excuses.”
Characterization
Direct Characterization
Direct Characterization tells
the reader the personality of
the character.
Direct Characterization is
obvious to the reader and
“spells” it right out.
“The patient boy and the quiet
girl were both well behaved and
did not disobey their mother.
Indirect Characterization
Indirect Characterization shows things that reveal the
personality of the character.
Speech
Thought
Effect on Others
Actions
Looks
Characterization…
☻What does the character say? How does the character speak?
☻ What is revealed through the character’s private thoughts and
feelings?
☻ What is the character’s effect on others? How do other characters feel
or behave in reaction to the character?
☻ What does the character do? How does he/she behave?
☻ What does the character look like? Dress like?
Forshadowing
Foreshadowing or guessing ahead is a literary device
by which an author hints what is to come.It is used to
avoid disappointment, and sometimes used to arouse
readers.
Character Traits
Character Traits are descriptive adjectives that tell us specific qualities of
a character
•Honest
•Light-hearted
•Leader
•Expert
•Brave
•Conceited
•Mischievous
•Demanding
•Thoughtful
•Keen
•Happy
•Disagreeable
•Simple
•Fancy
•Plain
•Excited
•Studious
•Inventive
•Creative
•Thrilling
•Independent
•Intelligent
•Compassionate
•Gentle
•Proud
•Wild
•Messy
•Neat
•Joyful
•Strong
•Bright
•Courageous
•Serious
•Funny
•Humorous
•Sad
•Poor
•Rich
•Tall
•Dark
•Light
•Handsome
•Pretty
•Ugly
•Selfish
•Unselfish
•Self-confident
•Respectful
•Considerate
•Imaginative
•Busy
•Patriotic
•Fun-loving
•Popular
•Successful
•Responsible
•Lazy
•Dreamer
•Helpful
•Simple-
minded
•Humble
•Friendly
•Short
•Adventurous
•Hard-working
•Timid
•Shy
•Bold
•Daring
•Dainty
•Pitiful
•Cooperative
•Lovable
•Prim
•Proper
•Ambitious
•Able
•Quiet
•Curious
•Reserved
•Pleasing
•Bossy
•Witty
•Fighter
•Tireless
•Energetic
•Cheerful
•Smart
•Impulsive
•Loyal
Theme
The theme is the central idea or belief in a short story.
The most common contemporary understanding of theme is an idea or
point that is central to a story, which can often be summed in a single
word (e.g. love, death, betrayal).
The most common contemporary understanding of theme is an idea or
point that is central to a story, which can often be summed in a single
word (e.g. love, death, betrayal).
Factors in Analyzing CharactersFactors in Analyzing Characters
 Physical appearance/what they look like
 Personality & Character Traits
 Background/personal history
 Motivation/why do they act?
 Relationships
 Conflict or struggles
 Does the character change?
 What do they think and feel?
 How do others feel about them?
Character Motivation
Character Motivation is the driving force behind why the
character does what he/she does. (Reasons for character’s
actions)
What does the main character want more than anything else
(main goal)?
What do secondary characters want more than anything else
(main goal)?
What potential conflicts or struggles might exist between
the characters?
Walsh Publishing Co. 2009
Plot
Plot
Plot - the events that take place in a story. Every story
needs a plot! The plot has different “parts…”
Exposition: the start of the story,
before the action starts
Rising Action: the series of
events and conflicts in the story
that lead to the climax
Climax: the turning point, the most
intense moment—either mentally
or in action
Falling Action: all of the
action which follows the
climax
Resolution: the conclusion, the
tying together of all of the threads
Plot Components
The climax (from the Greek word “κλ μαξ”ῖ
(klimax) meaning “staircase” and “ladder”) or
turning point of a narrative work is its point of
highest tension or drama
Special Techniques of Plot…Special Techniques of Plot…
Suspense- excitement or tension
Flashback- interrupts the normal sequence of events to
tell about something that happened in the past
Surprise Ending- conclusion that reader does not expect
And…Foreshadowing…
Conflict creates tension and interest in a story by adding doubt
as to the outcome. A narrative is not limited to a single conflict.
While conflicts may not always resolve in narrative, the
resolution of a conflict creates closure, which may or may not
occur at a story's end.
Conflict
Conflict is the “battle” between two forces.
It isn’t always bad, sometimes it helps to create change.
Without conflict, there is no plot.
Types Of Conflict
1.Character vs. Character
(problem with another character)
2. Character vs. Nature
(problem with force of nature)
3. Character vs. Society - problem with the laws or beliefs of a
group,character vs. community, society or culture.
4. Character vs. Self - problem with deciding what to do or think;
“inner conflict”)
Good luck with the test !

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Elements of a story powerpoint by Jaime Salvá

  • 1. Elements of a story Mr. JaimeSalvá
  • 2. Elements of a Story: Setting – The time and place a story takes place. Characters – the people, animals or creatures in a story. Plot – the series of events that make up a story. Conflict – a problem or struggle between two people, things or ideas.
  • 4. Setting Details can describe: Time of day Time of year Time in History Scenery Weather Location The setting describes where and when the story takes place. It helps build background and create images in the mind. It helps set the tone or mood of the story.
  • 5. Using the Five Senses A good setting helps the reader visualize the places in the story. A good author includes descriptions of the setting using the five senses… SIGHT SMELL TASTE FEEL SOUND
  • 6. Take a Look…Which is better? The castle was beside the water. The waves crashed gently against the shoreline. The fog lifted lightly and the medieval castle came into view. It was a beautiful site. The mist brushed my face and I could smell the scent of honey from stunning distance and taste the sea salt on my lips. OR…
  • 7. Your Turn… On the next slide, there is a picture of a setting. In your own words, write a detailed description of the setting in your picture. Include many adjectives and don’t forget to include descriptions for each of the five senses: see, hear, feel, smell, taste. This work is worth 25 points. Make sure to have a detailed paragraph of a 1 page minimum entry.
  • 8.
  • 10. People Animals Creatures Every story should have:
  • 11. The protagonist is the “good guy”
  • 12. Protagonist A protagonist (from Ancient Greek πρωταγωνιστής (protagonistes), meaning "one who plays the first part.  Is the main character (the central or primary personal figure) of a literary, theatrical, cinematic or musical narrative, who enters conflict because of the antagonist.
  • 13. The antagonist is the “bad guy” or force
  • 15. Characterization is the way in which an author shows the personality of a character Characterization is a technique writers use to make characters “come to life.” Characterization
  • 16. Think about your favorite book or movie character… How can you describe his/her appearance? What kind of personality does he/she have? What kinds of things does he/she like? Make a list of character traits for this character.
  • 17. Characters are people or animals in a story. A writer can tell you directly about a character: Freddy was very competitive Or A writer can tell you indirectly about a character. For example:Two days before the game, Freddy gathered his teammates and laid out his plan. Then he looked at them and said,“We are going to win this one. No excuses.” Characterization
  • 18. Direct Characterization Direct Characterization tells the reader the personality of the character. Direct Characterization is obvious to the reader and “spells” it right out. “The patient boy and the quiet girl were both well behaved and did not disobey their mother.
  • 19. Indirect Characterization Indirect Characterization shows things that reveal the personality of the character. Speech Thought Effect on Others Actions Looks
  • 20. Characterization… ☻What does the character say? How does the character speak? ☻ What is revealed through the character’s private thoughts and feelings? ☻ What is the character’s effect on others? How do other characters feel or behave in reaction to the character? ☻ What does the character do? How does he/she behave? ☻ What does the character look like? Dress like?
  • 21. Forshadowing Foreshadowing or guessing ahead is a literary device by which an author hints what is to come.It is used to avoid disappointment, and sometimes used to arouse readers.
  • 22. Character Traits Character Traits are descriptive adjectives that tell us specific qualities of a character •Honest •Light-hearted •Leader •Expert •Brave •Conceited •Mischievous •Demanding •Thoughtful •Keen •Happy •Disagreeable •Simple •Fancy •Plain •Excited •Studious •Inventive •Creative •Thrilling •Independent •Intelligent •Compassionate •Gentle •Proud •Wild •Messy •Neat •Joyful •Strong •Bright •Courageous •Serious •Funny •Humorous •Sad •Poor •Rich •Tall •Dark •Light •Handsome •Pretty •Ugly •Selfish •Unselfish •Self-confident •Respectful •Considerate •Imaginative •Busy •Patriotic •Fun-loving •Popular •Successful •Responsible •Lazy •Dreamer •Helpful •Simple- minded •Humble •Friendly •Short •Adventurous •Hard-working •Timid •Shy •Bold •Daring •Dainty •Pitiful •Cooperative •Lovable •Prim •Proper •Ambitious •Able •Quiet •Curious •Reserved •Pleasing •Bossy •Witty •Fighter •Tireless •Energetic •Cheerful •Smart •Impulsive •Loyal
  • 23. Theme The theme is the central idea or belief in a short story. The most common contemporary understanding of theme is an idea or point that is central to a story, which can often be summed in a single word (e.g. love, death, betrayal). The most common contemporary understanding of theme is an idea or point that is central to a story, which can often be summed in a single word (e.g. love, death, betrayal).
  • 24. Factors in Analyzing CharactersFactors in Analyzing Characters  Physical appearance/what they look like  Personality & Character Traits  Background/personal history  Motivation/why do they act?  Relationships  Conflict or struggles  Does the character change?  What do they think and feel?  How do others feel about them?
  • 25. Character Motivation Character Motivation is the driving force behind why the character does what he/she does. (Reasons for character’s actions) What does the main character want more than anything else (main goal)? What do secondary characters want more than anything else (main goal)? What potential conflicts or struggles might exist between the characters? Walsh Publishing Co. 2009
  • 26. Plot
  • 27. Plot Plot - the events that take place in a story. Every story needs a plot! The plot has different “parts…”
  • 28. Exposition: the start of the story, before the action starts Rising Action: the series of events and conflicts in the story that lead to the climax Climax: the turning point, the most intense moment—either mentally or in action Falling Action: all of the action which follows the climax Resolution: the conclusion, the tying together of all of the threads Plot Components
  • 29. The climax (from the Greek word “κλ μαξ”ῖ (klimax) meaning “staircase” and “ladder”) or turning point of a narrative work is its point of highest tension or drama
  • 30. Special Techniques of Plot…Special Techniques of Plot… Suspense- excitement or tension Flashback- interrupts the normal sequence of events to tell about something that happened in the past Surprise Ending- conclusion that reader does not expect And…Foreshadowing…
  • 31. Conflict creates tension and interest in a story by adding doubt as to the outcome. A narrative is not limited to a single conflict. While conflicts may not always resolve in narrative, the resolution of a conflict creates closure, which may or may not occur at a story's end.
  • 32. Conflict Conflict is the “battle” between two forces. It isn’t always bad, sometimes it helps to create change. Without conflict, there is no plot.
  • 33. Types Of Conflict 1.Character vs. Character (problem with another character) 2. Character vs. Nature (problem with force of nature)
  • 34. 3. Character vs. Society - problem with the laws or beliefs of a group,character vs. community, society or culture. 4. Character vs. Self - problem with deciding what to do or think; “inner conflict”)
  • 35. Good luck with the test !

Editor's Notes

  1. Exposition: The mood and conditions existing at the beginning of the story. The setting is identified. The main characters with their positions, circumstances and relationships to one another are established. The exciting force or initial conflict is introduced. Sometimes called the “Narrative HOOK” this begins the conflict that continues throughout the story. Rising Action: The series of events, conflicts, and crises in the story that lead up to the climax, providing the progressive intensity, and complicate the conflict. Climax: The turning point of the story. A crucial event takes place and from this point forward, the protagonist moves toward his inevitable end. The event may be either an action or a mental decision that the protagonist makes. Falling Action: The events occurring from the time of the climax to the end of the story. The main character may encounter more conflicts in this part of the story, but the end is inevitable. Resolution/Denouement: The tying up of loose ends and all of the threads in the story. The conclusion. The hero character either emerges triumphant or is defeated at this point.