Web 2.0 is a metaphor that implies a paradigm shift in the manner by which web technology is used. In this presentation, we will explore the relation between Web 2.0 and the Emerging Learning Technologies.
Web 2.0 refers to the "read - write Web"; that is, users can not only read what is on the Web, but can also contribute to its contents.Web 2.0 empowers users to generate ideas and comments online, rather than simply reading or browsing someone else’s comments.
The term Web 2.0 is associated with web applications that facilitate information sharing, interoperability and collaboration on the Web.Examples of Web 2.0 include social networking sites, blogs, wikis, video sharing sites, hosted services and web applications.In education, Web 2.0 technologies provide teachers with new ways to engage students.Traditional classrooms have students do assignments and when they are completed, they are just that, finished.However, Web 2.0 shows students that education is a constantly. Students participate in a class discussion, or participate in a forum discussion.The technologies available to students in a Web 2.0 classroom does increase the amount they participate.
Web 1.0, or web, refers to the first stage of the World Wide Web linking webpages with hyperlinks.The shift from Web 1.0 to Web 2.0 can be seen as a result of technological refinements and is a direct result of the change in the behavior of those who use the World Wide Web.
The most visible differences between Web 1.0 and Web 2.0 can be summarized in 6 points:The way web pages are produced, The user as a passive consumer respective a creator of information.The individual work versus the collaborative work.The feedback the user can privide to the publication.The amount of opportunities to create own information.And the way technology works.
This picture from Wikipedia shows a tag cloud presenting the Web 2.0 themes.
How Web 2.0 relates to e-learning?Web 2.0 technology activates and empowers the learner to generate ideas and comments online in an active approach rather than simply reading or browsing someone else’s comments, in other words, as a passive learner.In the same way Learning 2.0 refers to a process where learning is centered around the interest of the learner.The learning by doing produces a new form of knowledge asociated with the learners own experience.This new learning is a connected learning which connects the students with others learners through computers, creating a learning based on interaction and conversation.
With the advent of web 2.0 and and better application tools, it’s possible to talk about innovative pedagogies with web 2.0 technologies.At the same time, e-learning is evolving with the Web 2.0.The new e-learning combines the use of complementary tools and web services - such as blogs, wikis, and social software - to support the creation of learning communities.
This directory of web applications includes over 3,000 services and more are uploaded everyday.In that way, it enables people to stay up to date with all the new services that are born into the web.
E-learning comprises all forms of electronically supported learning and teaching. The information and communication systems, serve as specific media to implement the learning process.The term E-Learning 2.0 came about during the emergence of Web 2.0.From an E-Learning perspective, conventional e-learning systems were based on instructional packets, which were delivered to students using assignments, which were evaluated by the teacher. In contrast, the new e-learning places increased emphasis on social learning and use of social software such as blogs, wikis, podcasts and virtual worlds such as Second Life.
Blogging is increasingly used in education,both in school and university.A blog can be used to provide a personal space online, to post ideas and questions, to publish work in progress, and to link to and comment on other sources on the web or other sources like books. A blog can express a collective work, providing news and comments from students, teachers, or subject specialists.
A podcast is a series of digital media files (either audio or video) that are downloaded through web syndication.Podcasts enable students and teachers to share information anytime. If a student is absent, the podcast of the recorded lesson can bedownloaded. Teachers may also create podcasts to be used as a preparation tool for students,having students read a text before a lesson.Teachers can record book lectures, vocabulary or foreign language lessons.
A wiki is a website that allows the creation and editing of any number of linked web pages, using a common web browser.Wikipedia is the most known wiki. Wikipedia is written collaboratively by Internet volunteers who write without pay. Anyone with Internet access can write and make changes to Wikipedia articles. Users can contribute anonymously, under a pseudonym, or with their real identity, if they choose.Wikis enable instructors topost course information, create interactive activities for the students, build a collective knowledge base of course materials across school sessions as some examples.
Video on Demand means you get to watch what you want, when you want.Video sharing refers to web sites or software that enables a user to publish and share their video content.These web services enable you to upload videos you create.
A slide Sharing service is a hosting service is a website that allows users to upload, view, comment, and share slideshows created with presentation programs.Slide hosting services became very popular in such fields as eLearning and web-conferencing. Many electronic courses contain videos, audios, animations, which is easy to accomplish within a PowerPoint presentation.
RSS feeds benefit publishers by letting them syndicate content automatically.RSS allows users to avoid manually inspecting all of the websites they are interested in, and instead subscribe to websites such that all new content is pushed onto their browsers when it becomes available.
Photo sharing is the publishing or transfer of a user's digital photos online.This function is provided through websites and applications that facilitate the upload and display of images. The term can also be applied to the use of online photo galleries that are set up and managed by individual users.
Social bookmarking is a method for Internet users to organize, store, manage and search for bookmarks of resources online.In a social bookmarking system, users save links to web pages that they want to remember and share. These bookmarks are usually public, and can be saved privately, shared only with specified people or groups.
A social network is a social structure made up of individuals or organizations called "nodes“.These nodes are connected by one or more specific types of interdependency.The relation which connect these nodes can be friendship, common interest, relationships of beliefs, knowledge or prestige.In its simplest form, a social network is a map of specified ties, such as friendship, between individuals. The nodes to which an individual is connected are the social contacts of that individual.
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Web2 learning2 v2
Web 2.0 & Learning 2.0(new version, oct. 2011)<br />Jaime Oyarzo Espinosa<br />e-Learning Consultant, Lund University Education, Sweden<br />Associated Professor, Computation Sciences, University of Alcala, Madrid Spain<br />
What is Web 2.0?<br />A metaphor that implies a paradigm shift in the manner by which web technology is used.<br />Combination of services on the Web:<br />Blogs, Wikis, Social bookmarking, Social networking, Podcasting, Feed reader (RSS/Atom)<br />3<br />Web 2.0 and Emerging Learning Technologies<br />http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Web_2.0_and_Emerging_Learning_Technologies/Introduction<br />
From Web 1.0 2.0<br />User control of content and the flow of data<br />The ability to interconnect applications<br />The ability to form a meaningsful communities and collaborate<br />4<br />Learning 2.0 for Associations, by Jeff Thomas Cobb http://www.tagoras.com/learning20<br />
9<br />Web 2.0 ApplicationsPossibilities and Examples<br />3,000+ Applications at Go2Web20.net as of October 2010<br />
Web 2.0 Tools to enhance online learning?<br />Allow interactive content building<br />Your audience participates<br />Editing through your web browser<br />No need to download or buy expensive software<br />Dynamic content<br />Keeps your course fresh<br />10<br />
Blogs<br />Online journals that combine text, images, and links to audio and video files <br />Postings to supplement events or on demand learning<br />Group projects to co-produce content<br />Blog networks for trainers and students<br />11<br />Free platforms<br />Blogger http://www.blogger.com<br />Wordpresshttp://wordpress.comm<br />
Podcasting<br />Broadcasting important information<br />Interviewing experts<br />Sharing conference sessions<br />Encouraging learners to produce content<br />12<br />Tools for Sound Recording and Editing<br />Audacity http://audacity.sourceforge.net<br />How to Create Your Own Podcast: A Step-by-Step Tutorial<br />http://radio.about.com/od/podcastin1/a/aa030805a.htm<br />
Wikis<br />Visitors can easily add, remove, or edit the content<br />Collaborative authoring<br />Collaborative management of educational resources<br />Teamwork and group projects<br />Event support and continuation<br />13<br />Software and/or Services<br />MediaWiki: The open source platform behind Wikipedia<br />http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/MediaWiki<br />PBWorks: A very user friendly wiki platform. Free version available for educators. http://pbworks.com/<br />
Video on Demand<br />Educational interviews and storytelling<br />Educational marketing<br />Embedded in other learning environments<br />Event support<br />14<br />Video-Sharing Sites<br />Vimeohttp://www.vimeo.com<br />YouTube (Google) http://www.youtube.com<br />
Slide-Sharing<br />Event support<br />Group discussions of shared presentations<br />Embedding presentations in sites and blogs<br />15<br />Scribdhttp://www.scribd.com/<br />SlideRockethttp://www.sliderocket.com<br />SlideSharehttp://www.slideshare.net<br />
RSS<br />Really Simple Syndication<br />Push content<br />Receive content<br />Dynamic web sites<br />16<br />Subscribe to a feed:<br />iTunes, Yahoo, Firefox, IE 7 all aggregate RSS feeds <br />
Photo-Sharing<br />Maintaining stocks of training photos<br />Encouraging members to share photos<br />17<br />Flickr http://www.flickr.com<br />Photobuckethttp://photobucket.com<br />Picasa (Google) http://picasa.google.com/features.html<br />
Social Bookmarking<br />Collecting and sharing educational resources<br />Feeds to educational sites and blogs<br />Supplements to events and on-demand training<br />18<br />Delicious http://www.delicious.com<br />Bookmarking in Plain English, CommonCraft<br />http://www.commoncraft.com/bookmarking-plain-english<br />
Social Networking<br />Event support<br />Team and community support<br />Aggregation of social media applications<br />Public education<br />Continuous learning interactions, formal and informal<br />19<br />Facebook http://www.facebook.com<br />LinkedIn http://www.linkedin.com<br />MySpace http://www.myspace.com<br />Twitter http://twitter.com<br />
References<br />Learning 2.0 for Associations, by Jeff Thomas Cobb, http://www.tagoras.com/learning20/ Published by Tagoras, Inc., is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-Share Alike 3.0 License.<br />Open Learning – Unescohttp://www.unesco.org/education/educprog/lwf/doc/portfolio/definitions.htm<br />Wikipediawww.wikipedia.com<br />20<br />