Santa Clara Cerro Navia Santiago De Chile


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In 1978, Marlies Adriaens, 23 years, left for Chile inspired with one idea: to help people in need. This is the first of a series of stories about her experiences in the shanty town of Clara Zetkin and in the village of Santa Clara, Cerro Navia, Santiago de Chile.

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Santa Clara Cerro Navia Santiago De Chile

  1. 1. SANTA CLARA HISTORY STORIES FROM SANTA CLARA, CERRO NAVIA, SANTIAGO DE CHILE WORD FROM THE AUTHOR It’s not my intention to even try and I have had the pleasure and honor to meet write the complete history of the and get to know some of the fine and village of Santa Clara, Cerro Navia, courageous women who invested their Santiago de Chile. time and energy, their life, into changing Santa Clara from a dump for displaced However, for more than 35 years slum-dwellers into a village where hope, now I have been hearing and support and real chances are offered to reading stories about Santa Clara all those who believe in creating a better from members of my family who world for themselves and their children. lived in Santa Clara for many years, and from people of Santa Clara. Should you not agree with any of the stories that I am planning to write, please I have spent a couple of weeks in feel free to react and correct or complete Santa Clara myself, but above all: my words where necessary. I am Edgard (Eddy) Adriaens from Nederhasselt-Ninove, in There is no such thing as One Truth. Especially not when it comes to Flanders, Belgium. interpreting and writing about the history of people. But this should never refrain us from telling Our Truth. A SHANTY TOWN NAMED CLARA ZETKIN This is a story of a girl in her early twenties, inspired by one idea: to help the neediest people she could find. She eventually found her way to a shanty town in Santiago, Chile, as part of a Mill Hill Mission. Soon after her arrival in Santiago, she took the dramatic decision to give up the “standard approach” to “helping slum dwellers”. Instead of staying in a comfortable place herself and supporting the people of Clara Zetkin from there, she built her own wooden cottage inside the slum and went to live with the people, share the dirt and poverty with them and fight together with them for better living conditions. For more than 12 years, she lived with the people from Clara Zetkin. The first half of this period, she shared their lives in conditions unworthy of man. The last part, she accompanied them in the new social barrio to which they were displaced, named Santa Clara. This is the year 1978, and the girl I am writing about is my sister, Marlies Adriaens. Ea pro natum invidunt repudiandae, his et facilisis vituperatoribus. Mei eu ubique altera senserit, consul eripuit accusata has Marlies was the third of seven An other sister, preparing to A period of specialized courses and ne. Ea pro natum invidunt repudiandae, his et facilisis vituperatoribus. Sed ut nunc adipiscing leo porttitor pharetra. Nam children and grew up in a deeply continue the sister’s job at Hogar de preparations followed. Then came a dictum. Mauris eu eros. Aenean vulputate dolor quis felis. Etiam accumsan adipiscing massa. Nunc pharetra tortor a odio. Catholic home in Terjoden, a small Cristo, finally could not go. With surprise telephone call from one Nullam molestie justo. Maecenas eget nunc. Nunc pellentesque aliquam magna. Suspendisse ultrices sodales orci. Vestibulum village near Aalst in Flanders, her mind meanwhile turned to the Antonia Beentjens in Holland: Would dolor dui, viverra sit amet, venenatis eu, volutpat vitae, massa. Belgium. After graduating as a sufferings and needs of the poor she be interested in a joint trip to nurse, she took short courses in all people in Chile, Marlies promised Chile? Six months later, the two girls sorts of practical things. Whilst the sisters that she would go to Chile found themselves lodged with two working as a nurse in a hospital in herself to help the people who most separate families in the suburbs of Aalst, she became friendly with a needed her help and assistance. Santiago, to learn Spanish. nun who had just returned home from Chile.
  2. 2. A SHANTY TOWN NAMED CLARA ZETKIN Marlies and Anthonia were lodged in They immediately learned that the Maipú, in a respectable suburb of people from the campamento, Santiago. Yet, on the other side of though treating them with the the road was a campamento: a greatest respect, were suspicious collection of about 400 shacks about their real intentions and housing about 3.000 people. afraid to talk about their problems. According to local gossip, the After all, this was 1978 and the campamento was a hotbed of vice, country was being ruled with iron drugs, violence, robbery and hand by Pinochet. prostitution. People – especially poor people - The reality, such as Marlies and were not allowed to organize, and Anthonia observed it, was that these the oppression and intimidation were families who had fled the from army and police had left the poverty from other regions and people very conscious of their were hoping to find work and build a vulnerability and afraid of decent living in Santiago. retaliations should they dare to break the law. Soon, they started frequenting the Marlies Adriaens, aged 23, soon after her arrival in Santiago de Chile. people from the campamento. There was something else hinder- To live with the people and be part of The first initiatives concentrated on ing the relations between the their life, was a first step. the children. First, a “children people from the campamento and restaurant” was organized with the two European girls. “How can The second step was, to become leftovers from adjacent markets you help us? You don’t even aware of the problems. There was no and food begged in shops. But understand our reality” they were shortage of these: poverty, unemploy- soon, lack of space forced them to told over and over again. “At night, ment, malnutrition, in some cases switch to a system of “village you go to sleep in a warm bed; even bordering on starvation, kitchen” in which teams of women during the week-ends, you eat at especially in the children. In addition: prepared the meals, which were restaurants and watch movies in widespread neurosis in the women then taken home and eaten in the cinema … you don’t know how and alcoholism in the men, both the family circle. it is to spend your days in mud and fruit of frustration and despair. There dirt, not being able to send your were the health problems related to Knit-teams made the uniforms that children to school, or to pay a living in conditions not worthy of man: allowed the children to go to school doctor when they need one. skin diseases, respiratory problems, and the smartest youngsters allergies, parasites, … helped the slow learners amongst With some trepidation, the two younger children. girls decided to built their own little Step three was the most difficult: cottage and settle down amongst convince the people to organize. Once started, the people were the people of the slum. “One day, “They will imprison us, they will raid eager to learn and create opportu- no more than one day, that is how our houses, shoot at us, …” nities: lessons in dressmaking, hair long it will take before you are care and electricity were organized The tragic truth was that, unless they and the municipal authorities were raped and robbed”, the good organized, they would lose all they contacted about items such as people of Maipú warned them. ever hoped to find in Santiago. distribution of water and electricity, “I have been robbed”, Marlies Families would fall apart, people collection of household refuse and smiles: “But never in Chile. Some would die. There was no alternative medical assistance. years ago however, in Brussels, the to organizing. And so, they organized! radio was stolen from my car”.
  3. 3. WHO WAS CLARA ZETKIN ? WHO WAS CLARA ZETKIN ? From Wikipedia, twentieth century she, along with the free encyclopedia Life and work Luxemburg, attacked the reformist theses of Eduard Bernstein. Jump to: navigation, search Zetkin was born Clara Eissner in Wiederau, a peasant village in Saxony.[1] Her father, Gottfried Eissner, was a schoolmaster and church organist who was a devout Protestant, while her mother, Josephine Vitale Eissner, came from a bourgeoisie family from Leipzig and was highly educated.[1][2][3] Having studied to become a teacher, Zetkin developed connections with the women's movement and the labour movement in Germany from 1874. In 1878 she joined the Socialist Workers' Party (Sozialistische Arbeiterpartei, SAP). This party had Stamp of the GDR been founded in 1875 by merging two previous parties: the ADAV formed by Ferdinand Lassalle and the SDAP of August Bebel and Wilhelm Liebknecht. In 1890 its name was changed to its modern version Social Democratic Party of Zetkin and Rosa Luxemburg, 1910 Banknote of the GDR Germany (SPD). Zetkin was very interested in Clara Zetkin (née Eißner; 5 July 1857 Because of the ban placed on women's politics, including the fight - 20 June 1933) was an influential socialist activity in Germany by for equal opportunities and women's socialist German politician and a Bismarck in 1878, Zetkin left for suffrage. She developed the social- fighter for women's rights. Until Zurich in 1882 then went into exile democratic women's movement in 1917, she was active in the Social in Paris. During her time in Paris she Germany; from 1891 to 1917 she Democratic Party of Germany, then played an important role in the edited the SPD women's newspaper she joined the Independent Social foundation of the Socialist Die Gleichheit (Equality). In 1907 she Democratic Party of Germany International socialist group. She became the leader of the newly (USPD) and its far-left wing, the also adopted the name of her lover, founded "Women's Office" at the Spartacist League; this later became the Russian revolutionary Ossip SPD. She started up the first the Communist Party of Germany Zetkin, with whom she had two "International Women's Day" on 8 (KPD), which she represented in the sons, Kostja and Maxim. Ossip Zetkin March 1911, launching the idea of it Reichstag during the Weimar died in 1889. Later, Zetkin was in Copenhagen, in what later Republic from 1920 to 1933. married to the artist Georg Friedrich became the Ungdomshuset. Zundel, eighteen years her junior, Contents from 1899 to 1928. During the First World War Zetkin, along with Karl Liebknecht, Rosa  1 Life and work In the SPD, Zetkin, along with Rosa Luxemburg and other influential SPD  2 Posthumous honors Luxemburg, her close friend and politicians, rejected the party's confidante, was one of the main policy of Burgfrieden (a truce with  3 See also figures of the far-left revolutionary the government, promising to  4 Further reading wing of the party. In the debate on refrain from any strikes during the Revisionism at the turn of the war). Among other anti-war activities, Zetkin organised an
  4. 4. international socialist women's anti- Until 1924 Zetkin was a member of Posthumous honors war conference in Berlin in 1915. the KPD's central office; from 1927 Because of her anti-war opinions, to 1929 she was a member of the  Zetkin was memorialized on she was arrested several times party's central committee. She was the ten mark banknote of during the war. also a member of the executive the now-defunct German committee of the Communist Democratic Republic (GDR) In 1916 Zetkin was one of the co- International (Comintern) from 1921 (East Germany). founders of the Spartacist League to 1933. In 1925 she was elected  In 1954, the GDR and the Independent Social president of the German left-wing established the Clara Zetkin Democratic Party of Germany solidarity organisation Rote Hilfe Medal (Clara-Zetkin- (USPD) which had split off in 1917 (Red Aid). In August 1932, as the Medaille) to honor women from its mother party, the SPD, in chairwoman of the Reichstag by particularly active for protest at its pro-war stance. seniority, she called for people to women's rights. fight National Socialism. In January 1919, after the German Revolution in November of the When Adolf Hitler and his National previous year, the KPD (Communist Socialist German Workers Party took Party of Germany) was founded; over power, the Communist Party of Zetkin also joined this and Germany was banned from the represented the party from 1920 to Reichstag, following the Reichstag 1933 in the Reichstag. fire in 1933. Zetkin went into exile for the last time, this time to the She interviewed Lenin on "The Soviet Union. She died there, at Women's Question" in 1920.[4] Archangelskloye, near Moscow, in 1933, aged nearly 76. She was buried by the wall of the Kremlin in Moscow. Bust of Clara Zetkin in Dresden BE SURE TO CHECK OUT : http://santaclara-