How To Write a Scientific paper


Published on

All the basic skills you need for writing interesting and captivating scientific papers

Published in: Education, Business
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

How To Write a Scientific paper

  1. 1. How to write a scientific paper Fausto Giunchiglia Literature: Jeffrey A. Lee, The scientific endeavor, 2000 Bruno Buchberger, Thinking Speaking Writing By Fausto Giunchiglia and Alessandro Tomasi
  2. 2. <ul><li>Role of Papers </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of audience </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of kind of paper </li></ul><ul><li>Defining Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Structuring Papers </li></ul><ul><li>The Process </li></ul><ul><li>Style </li></ul>Index:
  3. 3. <ul><li>1. Role of Papers </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>“ I have got the idea but I cannot express it” </li></ul>1. Role of Papers This is nonsense
  5. 5. 1. Role of Papers <ul><li>Role of parts of Papers: </li></ul><ul><li>support the process of expressing an idea </li></ul><ul><li>show your result </li></ul><ul><li>relate to existing scientific work </li></ul><ul><li>enable readers to learn / continue their work </li></ul>
  6. 6. 2. Analysis of audience
  7. 7. 2. Analysis of audience “ First I’ll write the paper and then I’ll publish it” This is nonsense
  8. 8. <ul><li>Depends on the audience: </li></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarship </li></ul><ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Community </li></ul>2. Analysis of audience
  9. 9. 3. Analysis of kind of papers
  10. 10. <ul><li>TechRep </li></ul><ul><li>Workshop Paper </li></ul><ul><li>Top Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Journal </li></ul><ul><li>Invited Talks </li></ul>3. Analysis of kind of papers
  11. 11. <ul><li>Kind of publications </li></ul><ul><li>archival publications </li></ul><ul><li>not archival publications </li></ul><ul><li>ISBN/ISSN publications </li></ul>3. Analysis of kind of papers
  12. 12. <ul><li>It’s the writer’s business to make </li></ul><ul><li>the reader’s life as easy as possible </li></ul>2. Analysis of kind of papers
  13. 13. 2. Analysis of kind of papers <ul><li>A Paper must be: </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Explanatory </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Contained </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>To plan long in advance is the </li></ul><ul><li>difference from accepting and rejecting </li></ul>2. Analysis of kind of papers Deadline of a Conference Decide which conference to submit the paper Write it 3…6 months [for a PHD Student] 3 months [for a PHD student] Write it
  15. 15. 4. Defining Goals
  16. 16. 4. Defining Goals The process from Analysis to Synthesis Until you have written a paper, the research is not finished
  17. 17. 4. Defining Goals <ul><li>One paper one message </li></ul><ul><li>Ask yourself: </li></ul><ul><li>What is your goal? (a new technique, a new experimentation) </li></ul><ul><li>What did you try to do? </li></ul><ul><li>What have you done? </li></ul><ul><li>How did you do this? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the core idea? </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Message = Core Idea = Goal </li></ul><ul><li>A goal may be a sub-goal of another goal </li></ul><ul><li>A goal may be a prerequisite for another goal </li></ul>4. Defining Goals
  19. 19. 5. Structuring Papers
  20. 20. 5. Structuring Papers After defining your goal, you can start working on the structure of the paper 5.1 Coarse Grained 5.2 Fine Grained
  21. 21. <ul><li>Do the Writing according to the following Sequence </li></ul><ul><li>Tentative Title A </li></ul><ul><li>Write your Main Idea D </li></ul><ul><li>Write Introduction C </li></ul><ul><li>Write Conclusions E </li></ul><ul><li>Finalize the Title A </li></ul><ul><li>Write the Abstract B </li></ul>5. Structuring Papers
  22. 22. A B C D E F <ul><li>Title </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Work out of main idea </li></ul><ul><li>Details of main idea </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>Appendixes </li></ul>5. Structuring Papers
  23. 23. In Title, Abstract, Introduction, Conclusions - same thing at different levels of detail - different purposes 5. Structuring Papers
  24. 24. <ul><li>Title: </li></ul>A A short sentence with the description of your work Goal: convince reader to read abstract 3-5 words 5. Structuring Papers
  25. 25. <ul><li>Title Structure: </li></ul>A <ul><li>Name of the problem solved </li></ul><ul><li>Data Domain </li></ul><ul><li>Solution </li></ul>5. Structuring Papers
  26. 26. <ul><li>Title Structure: Example </li></ul>A <ul><li>Data Domain </li></ul><ul><li>Data Coordination in Peer-to-Peer DataBase </li></ul><ul><li>Name of the problem to be solved: </li></ul><ul><li>Peer-to-Peer DataBase </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: </li></ul><ul><li>Semantic Matching in Heterogeneous DB’s </li></ul>5. Structuring Papers
  27. 27. <ul><li>Title Structure: how to find a title </li></ul>A 5. Structuring Papers A table with problems, solutions and domains: Title is a combinations of this words… … … Bioinformatics Semantic Matching … P2P Database Matching Heterogenity DB Domain Solutions Problems
  28. 28. <ul><li>Abstract </li></ul>B A paragraph with the description of your work Goal: convince reader to read the paper 10 lines 5. Structuring Papers
  29. 29. <ul><li>Abstract Components </li></ul>B <ul><li>Name of the Problem Solved </li></ul><ul><li>Data Domain </li></ul><ul><li>Solution </li></ul><ul><li>What is new </li></ul><ul><li>NO CITATIONS </li></ul>5. Structuring Papers
  30. 30. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul>C Some paragraph with the set of goals of your work Goal: establish main message of paper 1 page 5. Structuring Papers
  31. 31. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul>C <ul><li>[Context + to get the idea]  1 paragraph (NO citations) </li></ul><ul><li>Problem + Citations  ≤ 20 lines </li></ul><ul><li>Approach + Solutions  ≤ 20 lines </li></ul><ul><li>[Why you are novel] </li></ul><ul><li>Structure of the Paper, by sections  ≤ 20 lines </li></ul><ul><li>[Auxiliary Material (Notations, </li></ul><ul><li>Observations, How to read it,…)] </li></ul>5. Structuring Papers