Digital resistance, East European demo art

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The Alternative Party presents a showcase of old computer hardware (and new software for them) from the Soviet Union and East European countries, showing a rare glimpse of the unique computing culture that is very different from the corporate-driven, western hardware offerings. A show of unique styles of digital art, influenced by demo art and local computer hobbyist cliques, with a distinct Eastern flavour.

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Digital resistance, East European demo art

  1. 1. Digital resistance: the non-compromising attitude of East European demo art<br />JariJaanto<br />Visa-ValtteriPimiä<br />ALTERNATIVE PARTY<br />
  2. 2. Alternative Party<br />
  3. 3. Alternative Party<br />
  4. 4. Alternative Party<br />
  5. 5. Alternative Party<br />
  6. 6. Alternative Party<br />
  7. 7. Alternative Party<br />
  8. 8. Alternative Party<br />
  9. 9. Alternative Party<br />“Alternative Party is a festival of digital culture and a demoparty which gathers together creative people of all kinds: visualists, musicians, designers, programmers, researchers, passionate enthusiasts and people like you and me.”<br />“One aim of Alternative Party is to bring demos and digital culture to the masses and bring masses to demos and digital culture. We also like to see tolerance and equality - and we like to see forerunners and pioneers as part of the community today.”<br />
  10. 10. AltParty imports<br />people into digital culture from the world.<br />AltParty exports change from digital culture to the world!<br />DIGITAL CULTURE<br />Change<br />Change<br />WORLD<br />
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  12. 12. советских компьютерных систем<br />
  13. 13. M-1<br />электронно-вычислительная машина<br />The first computer made in the Soviet Union <br />Developed during 1950-1951<br />In operation from 1952<br />One of the first computers thatstored programs in memory<br />Memory: 512 of 25bit words(24 bits for value, 1 bit for sign)<br />Speed: 20 instructions per second<br />Power consumption 8kW<br />
  14. 14. Сетунь<br />The only Trinary computerever produced<br />Trits: -, 0, +<br />For scientific research<br />50 produced during 1959-1965<br />Speed: 200kHz or 4500op/s<br />Second model: Сетунь-70 produced in 1970 <br />
  15. 15. Аргон-16<br />Used in: Союз, Прогресс, МИР, Салют<br />1974-2010<br />Triple computer<br />Addition: 5 ms, multiplication: 45 ms<br />RAM: 3x 2KB, ROM: 3x 16KB<br />Data rate: up to 80,000 Kbps<br />
  16. 16. Микро-80<br />Processor: K580IK80A or KR580VM80A (i8080 clone)<br />Memory: 64KB RAM, 2KB ROM<br />Keyboard: 61 keys<br />Output Device: Television with 64x32 textmode<br />External storage: cassette recorder (1500 bps)<br />Schematics published in magazine “Радио” 1983<br />200 parts, which were really hard to find<br />Parts sold in black market<br />Only couple actually made by hobbyists <br />
  17. 17. Электроника БК<br />1985<br />“Official” Home computer in mass production<br />CPU: K1801VM1 (PDP-11 based)- 3MHz (BK-0010), - 4.6MHz (BK-0011), - 4MHz (BK-0011M)<br />Memory: 32KB<br />512x256 1 color,256x256 4 colors<br />
  18. 18. Электроника БК<br />
  19. 19. Электроника БК<br />
  20. 20. Радио 86РК<br />1986 from the magazine “Радио”<br />29 components <br />CPU: K580IK80 or KR580VM80 (i8080 clone)<br />RAM: 16-32KB, ROM: 2 KB<br />Video: 64x25 textmode<br />Lot’s of variants and pheripicals built.<br />Also an graphic adapter exists<br />
  21. 21. Радио 86РК<br />
  22. 22. УКНЦ<br />1987 for educational purposes<br />CPU: 2 × KM1801VM2 @8Mhz (PDP-11 based)<br />RAM: 192KB, ROM: 32KB<br />640×288 8 colors<br />
  23. 23. УКНЦ<br />
  24. 24. Вектор-06Ц<br />1987<br />KR580VM80A @3 MHz (i8080 clone)<br />RAM: 64KB<br />256x256 / 16 colors512x256 / 4 colors256x256 & 512x256 / 1 color<br />256 color palette<br />Sound: KR580VI53, Soviet cloneof Intel 8253 timer.<br />
  25. 25. Вектор-06Ц<br />
  26. 26. Вектор-06Ц<br />
  27. 27. Клоны ZX Spectrum<br />Spectrum machines were bought from the west and contrabanded to east<br />By 1984 schematics were available but not the parts<br />First clone was built on 1985 <br />No such thing as “copyright” existed <br />New features and peripherals were made <br />Spectrum clones were the dominant platform of almost all east european countries<br />Still being produced in russia<br />
  28. 28. Клоны ZX Spectrum<br />
  29. 29. DDR: Robotron<br />
  30. 30. Jugoslavia: Galaksija<br />
  31. 31. Пентагон<br />Most widespread spectrum clone<br />CPU: КР1858ВМ1/3, Т34ВМ1, Z80A, B, H @ 3.5 MHz<br />Memory: 48KB – 1MB<br />Пентагон-48K (1989) – Without Beta 128 Disk Interface <br />Пентагон-128K (1991) - Without AY-3-8910<br />Пентагон-128K 2+ (1991) - With AY-3-8910 at obscure speed of 3.5 MHz<br />Пентагон-128K 3 + (1993)<br />Pentagon-1024SL v1.x (2005)<br />Pentagon-1024SL v2.x (2006) - 7Mhz<br />Pentagon ver.2.666 (2009) - an experimental model with a Z80-compatible core T80 (at a frequency of 28 MHz)<br />
  32. 32. Пентагон<br />
  33. 33. Demoscene<br />First demos in Poland & Czechoslovakia <br />People did not know anything about the western world’s demoscene and did their own hacks<br />Spectrum clones as the main platform <br />Amiga demos were spread by VHS tapes <br />First Russian demoparty in 1995 with 200 participants<br />
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  37. 37. Demoshow<br />A selection of Spectrum demos for Pentagon compatible computers<br />COME TO SEE THEM LIVE @ ALTERNATIVE PARTY 2011: 21.-23.10. @ CABLE FACTORY HELSINKI<br />
  38. 38. Links<br />http://www.altparty.org/pubwiki/Soviet_tech_links<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Soviet_computer_systems<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elektronika_BK<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pentagon_(computer)<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UKNC<br />ttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vector-06C<br />http://15kop.ru/ - museum of Soviet coin-op arcade games (both digital and analog)<br />http://www.computer-museum.ru/index.php - also includes information on space and military computers<br />http://www.taswegian.com/MOSCOW/soviet.html - museum of Soviet calculators<br />http://www.mustekala.info/node/921 - brief history of Russian speccydemoscene by elfh/inward<br />
  39. 39. Thanks!<br />JariJaanto<br />http://jaan.to/<br />Visa-ValtteriPimiä<br />http://www.low.fi/~visy<br />www.altparty.org<br />Greetings to viznut^PwP & Britelite^DKD<br />

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