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Uba development of indigenous cattle thru integrated strategy

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Indigenous breeds of cattle are on the verge of extinction in various states of the country. I chaired a Committee of Animal Welfare Board of India in 2008 and gave a new perspective to make Gaushala (hospice for cattle) as an Agency of Natural Resource Management agency. As well, requiring many ministries to contribute, it is the rural househould or grazing lands have to innovate in commercially viable strategy of conservation of the breeds.

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Uba development of indigenous cattle thru integrated strategy

  1. 1. In India, autonomous institutions working in rural areas without governmental support are temples, Chaupal (The Panchayat House) and in some villages Gaushala Gaushalas are community initiative and around one third of them in India are yet unregistered out of a total of about 4500 The number of such Gaushala is though small in such a vast country but it is the nature of their role which has to be understood in global scenario of how various community institutions and agencies do manage their vulnerable natural resources. Gaushalas drive their heritage support from Indian civilisation’s reverence to cow and its progeny, which has found place in the Constitution of India under Directive Principle of State Policy. With such a clear cultural and Constitutional position, could
  2. 2. Power, politics, culture and policy- are the instrument which are linked intimately for effective governance systems It is about providing ‘power’ through legitimate means of a given society, culture or a country!
  3. 3. STRATEGY FORMULATION STAGE
  4. 4. Started with the End in Mind Harvard Business Review by David I. Collis, Michael G. Rukstad titled ( Can You Say What Your Strategy Is? ). The article highlights that “most executives cannot articulate the objective, scope, and advantage to their business in a simple statement. If they can’t, neither can anyone else.” END in Mind was to get ‘Gaushalas declared as Natural Resource Management Agency’, may be on pilot basis, with all relevant powers through legislative
  5. 5. The effective policy instruments for empowering Gaushala in the key areas, were presented to the Chairman, AWBI through Col M S Dahiya, Member, AWBI on 18 February, 2008 by Dr Jagveer Rawat.. Subsequently, Hon’ble Chairman, AWBI, was invited on 7 May, 2008 at BHATGAM GAUSHALA where HABITAT ENERGY PARK was being established. The Energy Park is harbinger of creation of number of Consortium on building ‘energy systems’ at the Gaushala with the involvement of University and other institutions of the region. The effective policy instruments for empowering Gaushala in the key areas, were presented to the Chairman, AWBI through Col M S Dahiya, Member, AWBI on 18 February, 2008 by Dr Jagveer Rawat.. Subsequently, Hon’ble Chairman, AWBI, was invited on 7 May, 2008 at BHATGAM GAUSHALA where HABITAT ENERGY PARK was being established. The Energy Park is harbinger of creation of number of Consortium on building ‘energy systems’ at the Gaushala with the involvement of University and other institutions of the region.
  6. 6.  Providing Gaushalas with key functional mandates such as:  For meeting energy and water needs in the catchment  People-based health interventions  Regional Economic & Ecological Development Agency  Breed Conservation, Improvement and Enhancement Centre  Organic Agriculture and crop husbandry support system  Indigenous technologies extension through creation of suitable systems such as Energy or Food Technology Parks
  7. 7. Examples of type of Interventions?Examples of type of Interventions? Ministry of AYUSH : APEDA : Ministry of Agriculture (?)
  8. 8. Conceptual Advantages • If it gets approved as an agency for a particular function then it can attract • Experts and institutions in formal fashion • Required investment • It can develop in later stages into a formal institution apt in imparting training, education and may be doing research and advisory services to various agencies or along with various agencies, including with government and international donors • It can also develop itself as a ‘goods and services delivery’ interface for that key function or for more functions of the government • Reason for all those futuristic powers is rooted into its growing penetration and influence amongst masses • Help the government in cutting its expenditures and improving its efficiency
  9. 9. Hi-tech innovations in Gaushalas are possible :Hi-tech innovations in Gaushalas are possible :
  10. 10. Bio-Economy Structure & Its dynamics in a Region!
  11. 11. Can we work an action plan for Gaushalas on the following:  Reduced cost of rural inputs-medicines, safe food, energy (gas), seeds, biofertiliser, water, electricity, pesticides, credit, insurance, marketing- with the help of Gaushala of the region?  Low cost high-quality agri-business institutional innovations through providing impetus to development of infrastructure facilities in select areas through cluster development approach utilising model of Village Cluster Development of Unnat Bharat Abhiyan?
  12. 12. “In the future, our agricultural system will be expected to become more sustainable, in order to supply food and feed for a globally growing demand and to ensure an increasing range of non-food products from medicines and biomaterials to alternative sources of biomass as well as bio-energy under sustainable conditions regarding the long future of the planet, i.e eco-balances.” These major goals are to be achieved necessarily under a knowledge- based agricultural system.
  13. 13. It is evident that the bio-economy –– is primarily based on the use of renewable biological resources. This includes bio-energy, industrial bio-products and bioprocesses that are derived from those renewable biological resources. The basic knowledge will become a central building block of this bio-industrialization and demands significant investments in research and development as well as in suitable measures accompanying the respective programs. Bio-based industrial products will influence many sectors, including, but not limited to, energy, manufacturing, medicine, food production, and chemical as well as textile industries.
  14. 14. Bio-based processes or bioprocesses will be the platform of the future industry and will include living organisms (e.g. plants or micro-organisms) or parts of living organisms (e.g. enzymes) as feedstock or production systems to be deployed in Gaushala for efficient production of products of various kind! Delhi Uni South Campus, IITD, CCSHAU, Dabur
  15. 15. ENERGY
  16. 16. "...to deliver a sustained growth rate of 8% through 2031-32 and to meet the lifeline energy needs of all citizens, India needs, at the very least, to increase its primary energy supply by 3 to 4 times and its electricity generation capacity by 5 to 6 times of its 2003-04 levels. India’s commercial energy supply would need to grow from 5.2% to 6.1% per annum while its total primary energy supply would need to grow at 4.3% to 5.1% annually". "...to deliver a sustained growth rate of 8% through 2031-32 and to meet the lifeline energy needs of all citizens, India needs, at the very least, to increase its primary energy supply by 3 to 4 times and its electricity generation capacity by 5 to 6 times of its 2003-04 levels. India’s commercial energy supply would need to grow from 5.2% to 6.1% per annum while its total primary energy supply would need to grow at 4.3% to 5.1% annually".
  17. 17. "Fortunately, or unfortunately, the energy crisis in the country has helped us to get necessary policy ‘focus’ on animal power and other alternative sources of energy“- Dr Jagveer Rawat at Bhatgam on 7 May, 2008
  18. 18. (The ESCO Business ESCO has great potential to help the Government with its mission "Power for all villages by 2007" A typical energy service company (ESCO) identifies and evaluates energy-saving opportunities in industrial units, commercial complexes, hospitals, municipalities and utilities, among others, by using energy audit tools and by recommending a package of improvements that can pay for itself through the resultant savings.
  19. 19. The ESCO will guarantee that savings would meet or exceed annual payments to cover all project costs, usually over a period of seven to 10 years. If savings do not materialize, ESCO will pay the difference and not have to be borne by the client or the company implementing the project. ESCO services are comprehensive and savings are guaranteed through implementation, monitoring, measurement and verification. System is in place with us for a village or city!
  20. 20. Inter-Species Production Systems
  21. 21. Effective Microorganism is used for sustainable environment management. It uses beneficial and effective microorganisms. The technology was developed in the University of Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan in 1982 by Dr. Teruo Higa. Today more than 29 countries are using EM successfully.
  22. 22. Scarcity of drinking water has become a major problem in most places. The saying by Ismail Serageldin, former World Bank vice president, "The next world war will be over water", may soon become a reality. Waste water treatment by utilising effective micororganism as demonstrated by organisations such as Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham can be a solution to some of the water shortage problems Scarcity of drinking water has become a major problem in most places. The saying by Ismail Serageldin, former World Bank vice president, "The next world war will be over water", may soon become a reality. Waste water treatment by utilising effective micororganism as demonstrated by organisations such as Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham can be a solution to some of the water shortage problems
  23. 23. Use of EM at the Campus The Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham Campus uses EM technology for effluent treatment in recycling of sewage effluent, food waste treatment in transforming waste into organic compost and cleaning of bathrooms. EM1 is activated by the following procedure into extended EM and for the actual
  24. 24. ZERO BUDGET FARMING BY SUBHASH PALEKAR- AN INNOVATIVE SCIENTIFIC HARNESSING OF FORCES OF NATURAL IN EACH OF OUR VILLAGES PARADIGM SHIFT IN USE OF PRINCIPLES OF WATER MANAGEMENT FOR GROWING PLANTS; PROPER RELATIONSHIP OF SOIL-MICROBE- MICRONUTRIENTS-VARIETY OF PLANT AND ALSO HOW THE LIVESTOCK OF THE VILLAGE IS CHOSEN
  25. 25. BREEDING
  26. 26. Scientific and Technological Cooperation in Animal Genome Research as basis of the ‘Knowledge Based Bio- Economy’ with a Gaushala in a state as a focal point of research in a State PHASE-I: “Functional and comparative genomics approaches for the investigation and use of natural diversity”. Create purely academic consortia. The multi-state Gaushala breed improvement initiative with sustainable groundwork after the adoption of a common strategic document on “Genomic approaches for the investigation of genetic diversity in some breeds of Cattle in India and its use for innovation”, which should define the future development of the cooperation with regard to the application of research results to industrial practice, the strengthening of the competitiveness of the businesses involved and the reinforcement of the cooperation between public research and industry.
  27. 27. PHASE-IIPHASE-II “Multilateral partnership and beyond: the future for Indian Gaushala public/private partnerships in cattle genomics”. As a result, some cooperative research projects (Centrally Sponsored Scheme) should be selected for funding, in the shape of public-private partnerships. Countries can be involved on distinct understanding of IPR matters.
  28. 28. Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying provides INCENTIVES TO PREMIUM HARIANA AND SAHIWAL COWS: STRATEGY To identify cows with 6 and 10 liter milk yield per day To reward with 10 and 20 Thousand Rupee prizes to the owners Source: http://pashudhanharyana.gov.in/html/pdf%20&%20downloads/Schemes%202015- 16/Scheme%20for%20the%20Conservation%20and%20Development%20of%20Indigenous%20Cattle %20(Gausamvardhan)%202015-16%20-%20Detailed%20Roll%20Out%20Plan.PDF
  29. 29. Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying provides INCENTIVES TO PREMIUM BREEDS OF INDIGENOUS COWS: STRATEGY Scheme for Establishment of Cow Sanctuaries Year2014-15 objective is Conservation of Gir Breed of Cattle. It is planned to rear pure bred cow heifers and males up to 36 months age and supply to needy farmers and gram panchayats. The location for site of the project is decided in the village: Dharampur, District: Porbandar.
  30. 30. Molecular Breeding in Animals Objectives To identify SNPs and develop their database in indigenous cattle for genetic resistance against selected diseases in important infectious diseases. To develop genetic markers associated with these traits from SNP information
  31. 31. ii. Activities 1. Collection of phenotypic data and developing DNA repository from selected indigenous breeds. 2. Generation of SNPs for candidate genes in these species using comparative genomics. 3. Association studies of SNPs with phenotypic variations for development of genetic markers.
  32. 32. iv. Expected outcome / deliverables The project is expected to provide answers to the molecular basis of host genetic resistance. The findings could eventually help in redefining the breeding programs by incorporating pathogen resistance with production traits. Also new researchable areas like development of diagnostic tools for genetic resistance, development of area-specific breed selection, etc. could be explored in future.
  33. 33. Regional Eco-Eco Council’s Implementation Agency
  34. 34. Gaushala as a Centre for Regional/Local Economic Growth & Development: Haryana’s example
  35. 35. OPPORTUNITIES  HINTERLAND LYING BETWEEN Delhi, Rohtak and Panipat Triangle- purely rural areas- BPS University for Woman, Khanpur could be special focus area along with some other corridors in the area  Gaushala could be given a status akin to Panchayats for managing natural resources through constitutional amendment or suitable measures by Admin Reform Commission’s recommendations in Haryana (a copy has been submitted to the Chairman)
  36. 36. HRDA- Haryana Rural Development Authority  Focus- Hinterland Development on HABITAT-PURA Model around ‘in situ new townships like IMTs and SEZs’  Target- Hinterland IMT Sampla- 8 Km Radius Ring Rurbanisation Authority  Partnerships of govt, NGO, corporate for Urban Amenities in Rural Ambience  Led by a Consortium created by HRDA-HUDA-HSIDC-HIPA- Gaushala of the region-DRDA-CCS HAU-HIPA-HABITAT CONSULTING GROUP-FARMERS CORPORATE BODY- CORPORATE PLAYERS
  37. 37. HABITAT’s FASAL PLAZA A professional superstore located in a town like Kharkhauda/Sampla/Kundali with ‘Cash and Carry’ plus ‘Value Chain Management Systems’ plus ‘Single Window Public Service Delivery Platforms’ controlled by ‘PURA IMPLEMENTATION AUTHORITY’ managed at District through Regional Economic Development Council and in each villages through ‘9-Gram, 9-Ratna Yojana’ with the help of nearby Gaushala and other agencies.
  38. 38. Unnat Bharat Abhiyan (UBA): National Campaign by Union Ministry of HRD Selecting and helping application of technologies of rural significance Innovative Model of Rural Development-Village Cluster based model (hardware) as envisaged by Implementation of the Village Cluster Model through ‘9-GRAM, 9-RATNA YOJANA’, named The pro-GRAM Model Village Cluster’ There would be an agency or System Integrator for each district which creates UBA-Village Cluster with complete VALUE CHAIN UBA’s KNOWLEDGE (software)
  39. 39. Innovation – The Ring Road Ring a loop of villages No overcrowded bazaars No congestion No artificial inflation Of real estate prices ViIlagesWith rail link to city Telecom School Office Industry Hospital Power Food processing Hotel Shops Bus Bus Run frequent bus services The Villages become a virtual city Will now support a range of services
  40. 40. The cost of connectivity is minimised When the Habitat is in the shape of a ring To appreciate why, consider a city 6 km x 5 km in size, with a rectangular grid of main roads spaced 1 km apart As the figure shows, The city has an area of 30 sq. km. Total Main Road Length Will then be 60 km And all points lie within half a km from main roads Advantage of the Ring
  41. 41. Not only is road length is halved, So will the length of all infrastructure. Further ecology is superior because Every point lies within Half a km of open spaces too. Inner Unbuilt Area As the figure shows. Length of Ring Road is 30 km only HALF that of the Rectangular grid Alternately, consider a ring shaped townAlternately, consider a ring shaped town With same 30 sq.km. built-up area ; also, as before, All points within half a km distance from main road
  42. 42. UBA-PURA MODEL implemented throug NAV GRAM, NAV RATNA YOJANA:  WHAT IS NAV GRAM= 9 villages  WHAT ARE NAV-RATNA= 9 Planets  Means each village has a ‘Planetary change agent’  At the centre of the 9-Village Planetary leaders is the ‘Sun or Central Leader’, the PRIME INNOVATOR
  43. 43. 9-Gram, 9-Ratna Yojana 9 Villages- 9 Quality Leaders (Nau Gram – Nau Ratna Yojana) All villages are connected with PURA Road Each village with a specific strength -Agri-, Horti-, Handicrafts, Dairy etc Control Through a Market Connected Village- With Haat/Mandi – Road Network- Railway Station This village will have the Chief Executive of the Nau Ratna This Village will house UBAS FASAL (Food, Agriculture, Services and Life- style) PLAZA) in an area 3 Acres (ca) 3000 Sq Ft Built-in Area (Central Portion of 1 Acre for this) - 3 Floors- First Agri Inputs and Outputs- Second: General Store, Third: Services- Bank, Insurance,Consultancies
  44. 44. The Cluster Development Programme  Techno-business inputs from various agencies, importantly from National Productivity Council  Multi Institutional Alliance (MIA) to be created at the outset to conduct SIMULATION STUDIES and ADVISORY FUNCTIONS in later stages  Cottage, Rural, Small Scale, Medium Scale and Large Scale INDUSTRIES are to be integrated on SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONE created on 500 meter area on both sides of RING ROAD of PURA
  45. 45. National Productivity Council’s Entrepreneurship Model 5 to 100 clusters Block,ICTs District State GOI SECA as Cluster Motivator Or Change Agent MPTCC From where Income/Benefits for Organising Recognised Entrepreneurs will come Security Law & Order Banks Training NRIs Corporates Insurance Marketing Technology Transfers Consul- tancy Infrastructure GVALA Documentation
  46. 46. UBA-PURA (RURBAN) could be feasible!  HUDCO could provide fund for creation of ring road around the villages  Two villages of the village could be developed with urban amenities through RURBAN Scheme of Union Rural Development Ministry scheme  Sensitization of the State’s Planning Board and the nodal ministry, that is, Rural Development followed by a Seminar  A comprehensive ‘PURA STRATEGY FOR THE REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE STATE’ report is then prepared, which could be funded by HUDCO and the Union Min of Rural Development. Regional Economic Development Plans would be drawn  After this study, a second study for development of individual PURA model  In each of the regions, two representative 9-Gram, 9 Ratna Yojana or UBA PURA models may be selected
  47. 47. EACH MODEL NEEDS CONVERGANCE EFFECTED  Ingenuity, creativity and tolerance for uncertainity with excellence TEAM WORK is the need  Physical, Social and Economic CONNECTIVITIES are must when the project begins  Schemes of number of departments/Boards/private sector need to be effected from the outset  At least 500 different type of entrepreneurs are to be listed in the CLUSTER working at various levels in the cluster  Leadership has to win their confidence  They should be thoroughly trained with very well laid out programme of TRAINING IN ENTERPRISE
  48. 48. What Needs to be done at the state level  A 9-Gram, 9-Ratna Yojana Implementation Board needs to formed under the chairmanship of the Hon’ble Chief Minister  Sri Sri Ravi Shankar’s Art of Living and Baba Ramdev’s Patanjali Yog Vidya Peeth and number of institutes could be knowledge contributors of the project  Vice-chairman of the Board should be an effective personality, who could take every one together  All departmental secretaries and managing directors of the Boards/corporations dealing with rural/agriculture/dairy/fisheries/forest/irrigation sectors, need to be members of the Implementation Group  The Board must have members drawn from HUDCO, National Productivity Council, CFTRI, Agri University, IIT Delhi, Haryana School of Business and foreign universities with their students, would be involved in plan execution and advisory work
  49. 49. UBA’s FASAL Plaza- support enterprises in the area  At the Plaza HUB, all kind of training facilities, shall be provided by involvement of Gaushalas  Input-Output marketing facilities shall be available at the Plaza and demonstrations at Gaushala  Plaza-cum-Gaushala Food Parks needs to be projected as an SEZ  This HFP SEZs should be professionally planned  9-Gram, 9-Ratna Yojana Implementation Board should manage it  Board must have individual PURA management outsourced to the best management consultancies  The management could also be professionally handed over to entrepreneurs
  50. 50. SOME EXAMPLES of KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT in rural areas  Farm and Non-farm enterprises to be developed with best SYNERGIES OF THE RESOURCES
  51. 51. Food Supply Chain-Safe Food Production  Research lacks in safer agri-food production chains in India  Food companies and exporters are indifference to the concerns of consumers  Farmers could be more concerned with consumers and work for certified safe food supply through ‘Farmers- Consumers Association’ if the remuneration are ensured  Such a concept has been launched
  52. 52. UBA ORGANIC CONSUMERS’ ASSOCIATION or HOCA  Target 100, 0000 members in METRO CITIES  Nine villages with prominence in agri-food or rural industry (along with selected satellite villages), would supply all agri commodities of top quality and safety levels ensured  HOCA would make alliances with Habitat Organic Farmers’ Association  All products would be market under SAATVIK brand
  53. 53. Manufactured by: M/S HABITAT 9-GRAM KAIMUR, BIHAR Registered. R&D and Marketing arrangements: Centre for HABITAT CENTRE, PANIPAT •a registered Trade Mark of ‘Manav Kalyan Sewa Samiti’ ( a registered Society) used by ‘HABITAT FASAL PLAZA’ which is a chain promoted by the Soceity in India SAATVIK* CHEMICAL FREE (5 Grades) CEREALS Saatvik SAFE products are guarantee for Seasonally and Ayurvedically Right Ingredients with Quality, Purity and Simplicity A HABITAT’ FASAL PLAZA Graded Product INGREDIENTS
  54. 54. SAATVIK Brand to be launched: a la AMUL  All Models would start work by combining physical, social and economical connectivites SIMULTANEOUSLY  SAATVIK Brand should be launched  SFURTI Schemes to be granted
  55. 55. QUALITY INPUT PROVISION IN A ECO- ECO MANNER: example- Seed  Define strategic conservation and use of the local biodiversity of crops, micro-organisms and animals for ecosystem development  National Bureau of Plant Genomic Resources and universities and NGO like NAVDANYA should be guiding forces  Standard MoU have been developed by HABITAT
  56. 56. Education- & Training  Special Institutes in Gaushala- according to their dominantly chosen functions  To impart training, education and may be research and consultancies in later stages
  57. 57. UBA Consulting Group or UcG with GRAMEEN BANK for provision of SERVICES like INSURANCE and Micro-finance SKS, ICICI, UTI or similar banks to be sourced State Boards and Corporations serving farmers, shall be involved in design of cheap premium for farmers and their families
  58. 58. ACTION PLAN NOW!
  59. 59. PREMISES  UBA-PURA (RURBAN) is software and works as unifier through UBA’s Fasal Plaza or some other value chain integrator (COMMUNITY OF THE CLUSTER AS corporate INTEGRATOR)- It will also be managed by GAUSHALA management through some Parks Management  Assured financial support to both- infrastructure and value chain management system- HARDWARE + SOFTWARE
  60. 60. A Cluster Development Plan: Is it FEASIBILE?  Yes  UBA shall align HUDCO/NIRD shall raise 4 times what Central Govt provides  Final Investors (SI) Consortium invests 4 times what HUDCO/UBA/IITD +Central Govt invests-16 times to the Central investment can be procured  Top class global facilities are created
  61. 61. National Productivity Council’s Entrepreneurship Model 5 to 100 clusters Block,ICTs District State GOI SECA as Cluster Motivator Or Change Agent MPTCC From where Income/Benefits for Organising Recognised Entrepreneurs will come Security Law & Order Banks Training NRIs Corporates Insurance Marketing Technology Transfers Consul- tancy Infrastructure GVALA Documentation
  62. 62. IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS OF AN ENERGY PARK AT A GAUSHALA  4 Stages  State plus Gaushala create Land Pool owned by one or both or some joint holdings or farmers’ independent entity. Above entity hand over implementation to corporate group  Investors- group like HUDCO, UNIDO, ADB, NDB  Structures are created-ENERGY Parks etc  Institutional and strategic management perfected
  63. 63. CONTEXT OF GAUSHALA TO BE SUCCESSFUL IN IT  No natural resource management agency in civilian areas  It is such a big livestock resource which could function Pashu Vigyan Kendra and Livestock Conservation Centres (LIVESTOCK INNOVATION, KNOWLEDGE AND ENTERPRISE (LIKE) CENTRES, with the involvement of respective departments/ministries/public sector agencies of the state and central government  Panchgavya-based health intervention could solve problems like AIDS with standardised laboratory and GMP based production systems  Financial management tools are getting smarter and market access improved  No autonomous institution exists in villages of such a character and commitment
  64. 64. CONTEXT-2  Electricity Board- 4 Zonal Management Corporations  10% energy needs from 2009 onwards to be renewbale- Energy Parks are need of the time!  Cross-breeding program is challenged and established breeds are losing their superior genotypes and governmental plans have failed  Zero Budget Farming program developed by Gaushalas with 1 Q/Acre biomaterial is going to be successful in phase-1
  65. 65. CONTEXT-3  Health interventions of unique capabilities to be internationally vetted and systems for their fundings are to be created through consortia  Social divide to be strategically avoided through these srengths  UBA-AWBI have to create some outreach program (Rural BPO could support) on all these functions and some professional consultancy support to Gaushala for Decision Support Systems and also for managemental decision making will be provided by it
  66. 66. UBA- VILLAGE CLUSTER MODEL AT HISAR IN HARYANA IS READY  The HISAR CLUSTER MODEL of The proGRAM MISSION is presented to help revive and rejuvenate our rural areas through application of tools of innovation in harnessing not only knowledge related to technology but of sustainable development through economic-environment-development based upon special utilization of one or more of endemic (local) natural resources (this is what Swadeshi, is and the concept is relevant to the whole world).  There may be 20 odd Cluster Models in the entire country and they have been presented as an opportunity to introduce advanced degree of reforms in rural areas of the country so that the unorganized sector in our rural areas could be presented with a viable model under The proGRAM MISSION.
  67. 67. Conclusion  Gaushala competitiveness is must through technology and management inputs of top grade and that resource centre to be created with the help of AWBI, UBA and Union Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperation  Marketing access support needed and UBA-PURA’s 9- Gram, 9-Ratna Yojana  Quality training relating to the dominant function of Gaushala may be imparted to trainees of other Gaushala  UBA Energy Parks and Food Parks to be professionally developed and may be handed over to entrepreneurs
  68. 68. Conclusion-II  A Seminar needs to be organised in Delhi on strategic road- map for Gaushalas to create UBA-Village Clusters  An Agri or Vet Univ should be identified one at least in each state to support the business plans for 5 Gaushalas for each of the 5 functions listed above, in the country  Suitable knowledge support system – UB Gramin Gyan Kendra should be established at each of such Gaushalas  Energy Park management consortium should be strengthened step by step and similarly other functions as well  A suitable legislative measure should be adopted to provide status of Natural Resource Management Agency to Gaushala

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