“TO STUDY THE PERFORMANCE OF
REACTIVE POWDER CONCRETE USING
LOCALLY AVAILABLE WASTE MATERIAL”
Subject : Project-1
Subject code : 170001
Prepared by :
Piyush Mungara (120570106009)
Harpal Jadav (120570106039)
Rumit Chhelana (120570106070)
Guided by :
Civil engineering department
• Need of study
• Literature review
• Objective of study
• Scope of study
• Work plan
Reactive powder concrete (RPC) is the generic name for a class of
cementious composite materials developed by the technical division of
Bouygues, in the early 1990s. It is characterized by extremely good
physical properties, particularly strength and ductility
A composite material & ultra high strength with mechanical properties.
Mixture of cement, silica fume, quartz powder, steel fiber(Optional) &
super plasticized with a very low water cement ratio.
This compactness gives RPC ultra-high strength and durability.
Reactive Powder Concretes have compressive strengths ranging from
200 MPa to 800 MPa.
•Chard and Cheyrezy indicate the following principles for developing RPC:
• Elimination of coarse aggregates for enhancement of homogeneity
•Utilization of the pozzolanic properties of silica fume
•The optimal usage of super plasticizer to reduce w/c and improve workability
•Post-set heat-treatment for the enhancement of the microstructure
•Addition of small-sized steel fibers to improve ductility
Composition of RPC
• Components :- Function parameters
1) sand :- To increase bulk volume
2) cement :- Binding material
3) Quartz powder :- Maximum reactivity during heat-treating
4) Silica fume :- Filling the voids
5) Steel fiber :- Improve ductility
6) Superplasticizer :- Reduce water binding
Application of RPC
Light Rail Transit
Station in Iowa (2004)
First UHPC Bridge in
Sherbrooke pedestrian bridge, in Canada
Need of study
• To study the civil engineering applications of industrial byproduct like
foundry sand, which is technically sound and is environmentally safe.
• To study the use of Foundry sand as a partial replacement of Fine
Aggregate to achieve different property of concrete.
• To study the use of Fly ash as a replacement of Quartz powder and
partial replacement of Cement.
TITLE JOURNAL AND AUTHOR CONCLUSION
Effect of silica fume on steel fiber
bond characteristics in reactive
Cement and concrete research
Yin-Wen Chan, Shu-Hsien Chu
The incorporation of silica fume in
RPC matrix remarkably enhances
the steel fiber–matrix bond
characteristics due to the
interfacial-toughening effect upon
COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF
CONTAINING USED FOUNDRY
National Conference on Recent
Advances in Civil and Structural
Smit M. Kacha1, Ankur C.
Bhogayata2, Abhay V. Nakum
replacement of natural sand by UFS
provided an excellent improvement
in basic strength property of
concrete up to the replacement of
40%, the compressive strength was
increased by 15%
An Investigation on Reactive
Powder Concrete containing Steel
Fibers and Fly- Ash
International Journal of Emerging
Technology and Advanced
Engineering ( Volume 2, Issue 9,
M K Maroliya
The flexural strength of the RPC
obtained by using circular steel
fibers has increased by 50%
compared to plain RPC when hot
water curing is adopted and 18%
higher than plain RPC when normal
curing is adopted.
TITLE JOURNAL AND AUTHER CONCLUSION
FACTORS AFFECTING THE
STRENGTH OF REACTIVE
International Journal of Civil
Engineering and Technology
(IJCIET),Volume 3, Issue 2, July-
Khadiranaikar R.B. and Muranal S.
1. The maximum compressive
strength of RPC obtained in the
present study is 146 MPa at
w/b ratio of 0.2 with accelerated
2. In the production of RPC the
optimum percentage addition of
silica fume is found to be
15% (by weight of cement) with
3. The addition of quartz powder
increases the compressive strength
of RPC up to 20%
4. The high temperature curing is
essential for RPC to achieve higher
strength. It increases
the compressive strength up to 10%
when compared with normal curing.
TITLE JOURNAL AND AUTHER CONCLUSION
Microstructural behaviour of
reactive powder concrete under
different heating condition.
Magazine of Concrete Research
Volume 64 Issue 3(2012)
Vivian Wing-yan Tam
•the duration of the heat treatment
influences the form of the structure
and quality of crystal formation.
temperature leads to the
development of longer C–S–H
• when the heat-treatment
increases, the compressive strength
increases owing to
C–S–H crystal formation, thereby
TITLE JOURNAL AND AUTHER CONCLUSION
Studies on Relationship Between
Water/Binder Ratio And
Compressive Strength Of High
Volume Fly Ash Concrete
American Journal of Engineering
Research (AJER) Issue-2(2013)
Dr Sravana1 Sarika.P ,Dr.Srinivasa
Rao ,Dr.Seshadri Sekhar T ,
The fly ash used in these
investigations exhibits good
Pozzolanic properties and can be
used in the production of high
strength high volume fly ash
concrete. High volumes of fly ash
up to 50% can be used as additional
material without sacrificing strength
at lower w/b ratios.
Objective of Study
• The main objectives of this experimental work is to study the effect of
industrial byproduct like foundry sand and fly ash in the Reactive
Powder Concrete on its various properties.
• To understand the waste utilization scenario of the foundry type
industrial byproduct in India.
• To ascertain the behavior of RPC mixed with foundry sand and fly ash,
thereby, examining the changes of properties like strength and ductility.
Scope of Study
• Foundry sand is used for the preparation of RPC.
• Steel fiber is introduced to improve ductility.
• Super plasticizers of different qualities are used to study their effects on the
workability and compressive strength of Reactive Powder Concrete.
• Silica fumes of different qualities are used to study their effects on the
compressive strength of Reactive Powder Concrete.
• Steel fibers of two different dimensions are used to compare the change in
• P. Richard, M. Cheyrezy, Composition of reactive powder concrete,Cem.
Concr. Res. 25 (1995) 1501– 1511.
• Yin-Wen Chan, Shu-Hsien Chu,Effect of silica fume on steel fiber bond
characteristics in reactive powder concrete, Cement and Concrete Research
34 (2004) 1167–1172
• Smit M. Kacha, Ankur C. Bhogayata, Abhay V. Nakum,Compressive
strength of cementitious concrete containing used foundry sand, National
Conference on Recent Advances in Civil and Structural Engineering,April-
• Khadiranaikar R.B. and Muranal S. M., FACTORS AFFECTING THE
STRENGTH OF REACTIVE POWDER CONCRETE (RPC), International
Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET),Volume 3, Issue 2,
July- December (2012)
• M K Maroliya, An Investigation on Reactive Powder Concrete containing
Steel Fibers and Fly- Ash, International Journal of Emerging Technology
and Advanced Engineering(Volume 2, Issue 9, September 2012)
• Dr Sravana Sarika.P, Dr.Srinivasa Rao, Dr.Seshadri Sekhar T,
Apparao.G,Studies on Relationship Between Water/Binder Ratio And
Compressive Strength Of High Volume Fly Ash Concrete,American Journal
of Engineering Research, Volume-02, Issue-08,2013
• Chi-ming Tam, Vivian Wing-yan Tam, Microstructural behaviour of reactive
powder concrete under different heating regimes, Magazine of Concrete
Research Volume 64 Issue 3,2012.
• N.P. Lee and D.H. Chisholm,Study report-146(2005),Reactive Powder
• Concrete technology by M.S.Shetty