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Infection control nursing

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This PPT is for the all the nursing staff and student working at clinical sided to control infection, maintain aseptic technique while doing procedure and compulsory use the PPE.

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Infection control nursing

  1. 1. Infection control nursing BY;MR.JGSAMBAD MSCNURSING IKDRC COLLEGEOF NURSING
  2. 2. Definition • Infection is injurious contamination of body or parts of the body by bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa and rickettsia or by the toxin that they may produce.
  3. 3. Chain of infection
  4. 4. Modes of transmission • Contact (direct or indirect) • Droplet • Airborne • Vectors
  5. 5. Hospital infection control:- • Medical and surgical asepsis • Standard precautions • Isolation precautions • Sharp precautions • Handling of contaminated material • Environmental control • Staff health promotion and education • Evaluation
  6. 6. A) Medical and surgical asepsis • Hand washing • Donning and removing sterile gloves • Preparing a sterile field by opening a tray wrapped in a sterile drape • Preparing a sterile field • Performing a surgical hand scrub • Donning a sterile gown and closed gloving
  7. 7. B) Standard precautions Standard precautions are applied to blood, all body fluids, secretions, excretions (except sweat) non- intact skin & mucous membrane. • Hand Hygiene • Personal Protective Equipment (Barrier Precaution)
  8. 8. Hand Hygiene
  9. 9. When??
  10. 10. Personal Protective Equipment (Barrier Precaution) Disposable gloves Plastic aprons Face masks & respirators Safety glasses, goggles, visors
  11. 11. Head protection Foot protection Fluid repellent gowns
  12. 12. Gown Mask or Respirator Goggles or Face shield Gloves
  13. 13. Sequence for removal PPE Gloves Face- shield Or Goggles Gown Mask Or Respirator
  14. 14. C) Isolation Precautions • Transmission-Based Precautions: • 1) Airborne Precautions • 2) Droplet Precautions and • 3) Contact Precautions.
  15. 15. 1) Airborne Precautions
  16. 16. 2) Droplet Precautions
  17. 17. 3) Contact Precautions
  18. 18. D) Sharp precautions –NEVER TO RECAP NEEDLES –Dispose of used needles and small sharps immediately in puncture resistant boxes. Needle incinerator can be used for disposal.
  19. 19. E) Handling of contaminated material 1. Cleaning of blood or body fluid spills: • Wear gloves. • Wipe- up the spill with paper or towel • Apply disinfectant 2. Cleaning & decontamination of equipment: • Protective barriers must be worn. 3. Handling & processing lab specimens: • Must be in strong plastic bags with biohazard label.
  20. 20. 4. Handling & processing linen: • Soiled linen must be handled with barrier precautions, sent to laundry in coded bags. • Handling & processing infectious waste: • Must be placed in color coded, leakage proof bags, collected with barrier precautions • Contaminated waste incinerated or better autoclaved prior to disposal in a landfill
  21. 21. F) Environmental control • Physical facility plan must meet quality and infection control measures. • Cleaning of hospital environment • Proper air ventilation • Water pipes examination
  22. 22. • Proper waste collection & disposal • Cleaning and disinfection of equipment • Proper linen collection, cleaning, distribution
  23. 23. G) Staff health promotion and education • Employee health history must be reviewed, immunizations recommendations to be considered • Release from work if sick • Continuous education to improve practice, better performance of new techniques. • Follow standard precautions guidelines on every patient based on concept that body fluids from any patient can be infectious
  24. 24. H) Evaluation • Measure success of infection control techniques • Compare patient’s response to actual outcome
  25. 25. 25

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