SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 25
Download to read offline
Infection control nursing
BY;MR.JGSAMBAD
MSCNURSING
IKDRC COLLEGEOF NURSING
Definition
• Infection is injurious contamination of body or
parts of the body by bacteria, viruses, fungi,
protozoa and rickettsia or by the toxin that they
may produce.
Chain of infection
Modes of transmission
• Contact (direct or indirect)
• Droplet
• Airborne
• Vectors
Hospital infection control:-
• Medical and surgical asepsis
• Standard precautions
• Isolation precautions
• Sharp precautions
• Handling of contaminated material
• Environmental control
• Staff health promotion and education
• Evaluation
A) Medical and surgical asepsis
• Hand washing
• Donning and removing sterile
gloves
• Preparing a sterile field by opening
a tray wrapped in a sterile drape
• Preparing a sterile field
• Performing a surgical hand scrub
• Donning a sterile gown and closed
gloving
B) Standard precautions
Standard precautions are applied to blood, all
body fluids, secretions, excretions (except
sweat) non- intact skin & mucous membrane.
• Hand Hygiene
• Personal Protective Equipment (Barrier
Precaution)
Hand Hygiene
When??
Personal Protective Equipment (Barrier Precaution)
Disposable gloves
Plastic aprons
Face masks & respirators
Safety glasses, goggles, visors
Head protection
Foot protection
Fluid repellent
gowns
Gown
Mask
or
Respirator
Goggles
or
Face
shield
Gloves
Sequence for removal PPE
Gloves
Face-
shield
Or
Goggles
Gown
Mask
Or
Respirator
C) Isolation Precautions
• Transmission-Based Precautions:
• 1) Airborne Precautions
• 2) Droplet Precautions and
• 3) Contact Precautions.
1) Airborne Precautions
2) Droplet Precautions
3) Contact Precautions
D) Sharp precautions
–NEVER TO RECAP NEEDLES
–Dispose of used needles and small
sharps immediately in puncture resistant
boxes. Needle incinerator can be used
for disposal.
E) Handling of contaminated material
1. Cleaning of blood or body fluid spills:
• Wear gloves.
• Wipe- up the spill with paper or towel
• Apply disinfectant
2. Cleaning & decontamination of equipment:
• Protective barriers must be worn.
3. Handling & processing lab specimens:
• Must be in strong plastic bags with biohazard
label.
4. Handling & processing linen:
• Soiled linen must be handled with barrier precautions,
sent to laundry in coded bags.
• Handling & processing infectious waste:
• Must be placed in color coded, leakage proof bags,
collected with barrier precautions
• Contaminated waste incinerated or better autoclaved
prior to disposal in a landfill
F) Environmental control
• Physical facility plan must meet quality and
infection control measures.
• Cleaning of hospital environment
• Proper air ventilation
• Water pipes examination
• Proper waste collection & disposal
• Cleaning and disinfection of equipment
• Proper linen collection, cleaning, distribution
G) Staff health promotion and
education
• Employee health history must be
reviewed, immunizations
recommendations to be considered
• Release from work if sick
• Continuous education to improve
practice, better performance of new
techniques.
• Follow standard precautions
guidelines on every patient based
on concept that body fluids from
any patient can be infectious
H) Evaluation
• Measure success of infection control
techniques
• Compare patient’s response to actual outcome
25

More Related Content

What's hot (20)

Care of Patient with Elimination needs.pptx
Care of Patient with Elimination needs.pptxCare of Patient with Elimination needs.pptx
Care of Patient with Elimination needs.pptx
 
History of nursing
History of nursingHistory of nursing
History of nursing
 
admission procedure in nursing
admission procedure in nursingadmission procedure in nursing
admission procedure in nursing
 
Dead body care
Dead body careDead body care
Dead body care
 
Comfort Devices
Comfort DevicesComfort Devices
Comfort Devices
 
Care of dying patient
Care of dying patientCare of dying patient
Care of dying patient
 
BMW ppt
BMW pptBMW ppt
BMW ppt
 
POSITIONS
POSITIONSPOSITIONS
POSITIONS
 
COMMUNICATION IN NURSING
COMMUNICATION IN NURSINGCOMMUNICATION IN NURSING
COMMUNICATION IN NURSING
 
Health care agencies
Health care agencies Health care agencies
Health care agencies
 
Notes on Infection Control
Notes on Infection ControlNotes on Infection Control
Notes on Infection Control
 
Comfort devices
Comfort devicesComfort devices
Comfort devices
 
Nursing process
Nursing processNursing process
Nursing process
 
Machinery , equipments and linen -gihs
Machinery , equipments and linen  -gihsMachinery , equipments and linen  -gihs
Machinery , equipments and linen -gihs
 
Mouth care
Mouth careMouth care
Mouth care
 
Patient safety Devices - Restraints
Patient safety Devices - RestraintsPatient safety Devices - Restraints
Patient safety Devices - Restraints
 
Oxygen administration
Oxygen administrationOxygen administration
Oxygen administration
 
Back care procedure
Back care procedureBack care procedure
Back care procedure
 
Discharge of a patient
Discharge of a patientDischarge of a patient
Discharge of a patient
 
Procedure on oral hygiene
Procedure on oral hygieneProcedure on oral hygiene
Procedure on oral hygiene
 

Similar to Infection control nursing

Infection control,BMW management,standard precaution
Infection control,BMW management,standard precautionInfection control,BMW management,standard precaution
Infection control,BMW management,standard precautionSreevidya V S
 
infection & SSM.ppt
infection & SSM.pptinfection & SSM.ppt
infection & SSM.pptJayesh
 
Infection control protocol
Infection control protocolInfection control protocol
Infection control protocolAbhay Rajpoot
 
Cleaning and disinfection waste management disposal
Cleaning and disinfection waste management disposalCleaning and disinfection waste management disposal
Cleaning and disinfection waste management disposalGerinorth
 
Infection control protocol in icu
Infection control protocol in icuInfection control protocol in icu
Infection control protocol in icuANJANI WALIA
 
infection control protocols in hospital vap causi clapsi
infection control protocols in hospital vap causi clapsiinfection control protocols in hospital vap causi clapsi
infection control protocols in hospital vap causi clapsisohanrajchoudhary
 
Laboratory work, symptoms and specimen collecting
Laboratory work, symptoms and specimen collecting Laboratory work, symptoms and specimen collecting
Laboratory work, symptoms and specimen collecting Iram Qaiser
 
Health care associated infection mitesh
Health care associated infection  miteshHealth care associated infection  mitesh
Health care associated infection miteshmitesh panchal
 
HOSPITAL INFECTION CONTROL MEASURES AND BIO MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT
HOSPITAL INFECTION CONTROL MEASURES AND BIO MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENTHOSPITAL INFECTION CONTROL MEASURES AND BIO MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT
HOSPITAL INFECTION CONTROL MEASURES AND BIO MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENTP V GREESHMA
 
FON infection prevention in the clinical settings- 30.12.20.pptx
FON infection prevention in the clinical settings- 30.12.20.pptxFON infection prevention in the clinical settings- 30.12.20.pptx
FON infection prevention in the clinical settings- 30.12.20.pptxvijayalakshmi677818
 
Infection control in dental clinic
Infection control in dental clinicInfection control in dental clinic
Infection control in dental clinicHala Fekry
 
05_Environmental Cleaning Disinfection Biomedical Waste Management.pptx
05_Environmental Cleaning Disinfection Biomedical Waste Management.pptx05_Environmental Cleaning Disinfection Biomedical Waste Management.pptx
05_Environmental Cleaning Disinfection Biomedical Waste Management.pptxvijinandu1
 
Infection Control Practice and Standard Safety Measures.pptx
Infection Control Practice and Standard Safety Measures.pptxInfection Control Practice and Standard Safety Measures.pptx
Infection Control Practice and Standard Safety Measures.pptxDeepti Kukreti
 
Infection control practice and standard safety measures
Infection control practice and standard safety measuresInfection control practice and standard safety measures
Infection control practice and standard safety measuresVANITASharma19
 
BIO MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT 1.pptx
BIO MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT 1.pptxBIO MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT 1.pptx
BIO MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT 1.pptxShilpabp2
 

Similar to Infection control nursing (20)

Infection control,BMW management,standard precaution
Infection control,BMW management,standard precautionInfection control,BMW management,standard precaution
Infection control,BMW management,standard precaution
 
infection & SSM.ppt
infection & SSM.pptinfection & SSM.ppt
infection & SSM.ppt
 
Monkey Pox IPC.pptx
Monkey Pox IPC.pptxMonkey Pox IPC.pptx
Monkey Pox IPC.pptx
 
Infection control measures for sanitation staff
Infection control measures for sanitation staffInfection control measures for sanitation staff
Infection control measures for sanitation staff
 
Infection control protocol
Infection control protocolInfection control protocol
Infection control protocol
 
Cleaning and disinfection waste management disposal
Cleaning and disinfection waste management disposalCleaning and disinfection waste management disposal
Cleaning and disinfection waste management disposal
 
PPE.pptx
PPE.pptxPPE.pptx
PPE.pptx
 
Infection control protocol in icu
Infection control protocol in icuInfection control protocol in icu
Infection control protocol in icu
 
infection control protocols in hospital vap causi clapsi
infection control protocols in hospital vap causi clapsiinfection control protocols in hospital vap causi clapsi
infection control protocols in hospital vap causi clapsi
 
infection control sush.pptx
infection control sush.pptxinfection control sush.pptx
infection control sush.pptx
 
Laboratory work, symptoms and specimen collecting
Laboratory work, symptoms and specimen collecting Laboratory work, symptoms and specimen collecting
Laboratory work, symptoms and specimen collecting
 
Health care associated infection mitesh
Health care associated infection  miteshHealth care associated infection  mitesh
Health care associated infection mitesh
 
HOSPITAL INFECTION CONTROL MEASURES AND BIO MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT
HOSPITAL INFECTION CONTROL MEASURES AND BIO MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENTHOSPITAL INFECTION CONTROL MEASURES AND BIO MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT
HOSPITAL INFECTION CONTROL MEASURES AND BIO MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT
 
Infection control
Infection controlInfection control
Infection control
 
FON infection prevention in the clinical settings- 30.12.20.pptx
FON infection prevention in the clinical settings- 30.12.20.pptxFON infection prevention in the clinical settings- 30.12.20.pptx
FON infection prevention in the clinical settings- 30.12.20.pptx
 
Infection control in dental clinic
Infection control in dental clinicInfection control in dental clinic
Infection control in dental clinic
 
05_Environmental Cleaning Disinfection Biomedical Waste Management.pptx
05_Environmental Cleaning Disinfection Biomedical Waste Management.pptx05_Environmental Cleaning Disinfection Biomedical Waste Management.pptx
05_Environmental Cleaning Disinfection Biomedical Waste Management.pptx
 
Infection Control Practice and Standard Safety Measures.pptx
Infection Control Practice and Standard Safety Measures.pptxInfection Control Practice and Standard Safety Measures.pptx
Infection Control Practice and Standard Safety Measures.pptx
 
Infection control practice and standard safety measures
Infection control practice and standard safety measuresInfection control practice and standard safety measures
Infection control practice and standard safety measures
 
BIO MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT 1.pptx
BIO MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT 1.pptxBIO MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT 1.pptx
BIO MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT 1.pptx
 

More from MR. JAGDISH SAMBAD (20)

Burn injury
Burn injuryBurn injury
Burn injury
 
Phagocytic dysfunction
Phagocytic dysfunctionPhagocytic dysfunction
Phagocytic dysfunction
 
T cell defficiencies
T cell defficienciesT cell defficiencies
T cell defficiencies
 
B cell defficincies
B cell defficinciesB cell defficincies
B cell defficincies
 
Polycythemia
PolycythemiaPolycythemia
Polycythemia
 
Thalassemia
Thalassemia Thalassemia
Thalassemia
 
IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA (ITP)
IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA  (ITP)IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA  (ITP)
IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA (ITP)
 
Hemorrhage and shock
Hemorrhage and shock Hemorrhage and shock
Hemorrhage and shock
 
Hemophilia
Hemophilia Hemophilia
Hemophilia
 
Ulcerative Colitis
Ulcerative Colitis Ulcerative Colitis
Ulcerative Colitis
 
Intestinal Obstruction
Intestinal ObstructionIntestinal Obstruction
Intestinal Obstruction
 
Hernia
HerniaHernia
Hernia
 
Diarrheal disease
Diarrheal diseaseDiarrheal disease
Diarrheal disease
 
Acute Pancreatitis
Acute Pancreatitis Acute Pancreatitis
Acute Pancreatitis
 
Gastritis
Gastritis Gastritis
Gastritis
 
Cirrhosis of liver
Cirrhosis of liverCirrhosis of liver
Cirrhosis of liver
 
Cholelithiasis (Gall stone)
Cholelithiasis (Gall stone)Cholelithiasis (Gall stone)
Cholelithiasis (Gall stone)
 
Body system change in elderly
Body system change in elderlyBody system change in elderly
Body system change in elderly
 
Renal stone
Renal stone Renal stone
Renal stone
 
Diabetis insipidus
Diabetis insipidusDiabetis insipidus
Diabetis insipidus
 

Recently uploaded

Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...Wessex Health Partners
 
HERBS AS HEALTH FOOD - Brief introduction and therapeutic applications of: N...
HERBS AS HEALTH FOOD - Brief introduction and therapeutic applications of:  N...HERBS AS HEALTH FOOD - Brief introduction and therapeutic applications of:  N...
HERBS AS HEALTH FOOD - Brief introduction and therapeutic applications of: N...Divya Kanojiya
 
PNEUMOTHORAX AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PNEUMOTHORAX   AND  ITS  MANAGEMENTS.pdfPNEUMOTHORAX   AND  ITS  MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PNEUMOTHORAX AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdfDolisha Warbi
 
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptx
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptxRadiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptx
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptxDr. Dheeraj Kumar
 
Culture and Health Disorders Social change.pptx
Culture and Health Disorders Social change.pptxCulture and Health Disorders Social change.pptx
Culture and Health Disorders Social change.pptxDr. Dheeraj Kumar
 
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledge
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-KnowledgeGiftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledge
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledgeassessoriafabianodea
 
The next social challenge to public health: the information environment.pptx
The next social challenge to public health:  the information environment.pptxThe next social challenge to public health:  the information environment.pptx
The next social challenge to public health: the information environment.pptxTina Purnat
 
PULMONARY EDEMA AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pdf
PULMONARY EDEMA AND  ITS  MANAGEMENT.pdfPULMONARY EDEMA AND  ITS  MANAGEMENT.pdf
PULMONARY EDEMA AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pdfDolisha Warbi
 
Plant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdf
Plant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdfPlant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdf
Plant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdfDivya Kanojiya
 
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..AneriPatwari
 
Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein antibody associated disease (MOGAD)
Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein antibody associated disease (MOGAD)Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein antibody associated disease (MOGAD)
Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein antibody associated disease (MOGAD)MohamadAlhes
 
ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom Kidanemariam
ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom KidanemariamANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom Kidanemariam
ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom KidanemariamAkebom Gebremichael
 
Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...
Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...
Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...MehranMouzam
 
epilepsy and status epilepticus for undergraduate.pptx
epilepsy and status epilepticus  for undergraduate.pptxepilepsy and status epilepticus  for undergraduate.pptx
epilepsy and status epilepticus for undergraduate.pptxMohamed Rizk Khodair
 
Music Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara Rajendran
Music Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara RajendranMusic Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara Rajendran
Music Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara RajendranTara Rajendran
 
Measurement of Radiation and Dosimetric Procedure.pptx
Measurement of Radiation and Dosimetric Procedure.pptxMeasurement of Radiation and Dosimetric Procedure.pptx
Measurement of Radiation and Dosimetric Procedure.pptxDr. Dheeraj Kumar
 
Screening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptx
Screening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptxScreening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptx
Screening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptxtadehabte
 
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptx
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptxSHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptx
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptxAbhishek943418
 
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!ibtesaam huma
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...
 
HERBS AS HEALTH FOOD - Brief introduction and therapeutic applications of: N...
HERBS AS HEALTH FOOD - Brief introduction and therapeutic applications of:  N...HERBS AS HEALTH FOOD - Brief introduction and therapeutic applications of:  N...
HERBS AS HEALTH FOOD - Brief introduction and therapeutic applications of: N...
 
PNEUMOTHORAX AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PNEUMOTHORAX   AND  ITS  MANAGEMENTS.pdfPNEUMOTHORAX   AND  ITS  MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PNEUMOTHORAX AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdf
 
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptx
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptxRadiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptx
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptx
 
Culture and Health Disorders Social change.pptx
Culture and Health Disorders Social change.pptxCulture and Health Disorders Social change.pptx
Culture and Health Disorders Social change.pptx
 
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledge
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-KnowledgeGiftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledge
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledge
 
The next social challenge to public health: the information environment.pptx
The next social challenge to public health:  the information environment.pptxThe next social challenge to public health:  the information environment.pptx
The next social challenge to public health: the information environment.pptx
 
PULMONARY EDEMA AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pdf
PULMONARY EDEMA AND  ITS  MANAGEMENT.pdfPULMONARY EDEMA AND  ITS  MANAGEMENT.pdf
PULMONARY EDEMA AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pdf
 
Plant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdf
Plant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdfPlant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdf
Plant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdf
 
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
 
Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein antibody associated disease (MOGAD)
Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein antibody associated disease (MOGAD)Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein antibody associated disease (MOGAD)
Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein antibody associated disease (MOGAD)
 
ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom Kidanemariam
ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom KidanemariamANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom Kidanemariam
ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY by Dr. Akebom Kidanemariam
 
Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...
Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...
Study on the Impact of FOCUS-PDCA Management Model on the Disinfection Qualit...
 
epilepsy and status epilepticus for undergraduate.pptx
epilepsy and status epilepticus  for undergraduate.pptxepilepsy and status epilepticus  for undergraduate.pptx
epilepsy and status epilepticus for undergraduate.pptx
 
Music Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara Rajendran
Music Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara RajendranMusic Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara Rajendran
Music Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara Rajendran
 
Measurement of Radiation and Dosimetric Procedure.pptx
Measurement of Radiation and Dosimetric Procedure.pptxMeasurement of Radiation and Dosimetric Procedure.pptx
Measurement of Radiation and Dosimetric Procedure.pptx
 
Screening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptx
Screening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptxScreening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptx
Screening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptx
 
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptx
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptxSHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptx
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptx
 
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
 
JANGAMA VISHA .pptx-
JANGAMA VISHA .pptx-JANGAMA VISHA .pptx-
JANGAMA VISHA .pptx-
 

Infection control nursing

  • 2. Definition • Infection is injurious contamination of body or parts of the body by bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa and rickettsia or by the toxin that they may produce.
  • 4. Modes of transmission • Contact (direct or indirect) • Droplet • Airborne • Vectors
  • 5. Hospital infection control:- • Medical and surgical asepsis • Standard precautions • Isolation precautions • Sharp precautions • Handling of contaminated material • Environmental control • Staff health promotion and education • Evaluation
  • 6. A) Medical and surgical asepsis • Hand washing • Donning and removing sterile gloves • Preparing a sterile field by opening a tray wrapped in a sterile drape • Preparing a sterile field • Performing a surgical hand scrub • Donning a sterile gown and closed gloving
  • 7. B) Standard precautions Standard precautions are applied to blood, all body fluids, secretions, excretions (except sweat) non- intact skin & mucous membrane. • Hand Hygiene • Personal Protective Equipment (Barrier Precaution)
  • 10. Personal Protective Equipment (Barrier Precaution) Disposable gloves Plastic aprons Face masks & respirators Safety glasses, goggles, visors
  • 13. Sequence for removal PPE Gloves Face- shield Or Goggles Gown Mask Or Respirator
  • 14. C) Isolation Precautions • Transmission-Based Precautions: • 1) Airborne Precautions • 2) Droplet Precautions and • 3) Contact Precautions.
  • 18. D) Sharp precautions –NEVER TO RECAP NEEDLES –Dispose of used needles and small sharps immediately in puncture resistant boxes. Needle incinerator can be used for disposal.
  • 19. E) Handling of contaminated material 1. Cleaning of blood or body fluid spills: • Wear gloves. • Wipe- up the spill with paper or towel • Apply disinfectant 2. Cleaning & decontamination of equipment: • Protective barriers must be worn. 3. Handling & processing lab specimens: • Must be in strong plastic bags with biohazard label.
  • 20. 4. Handling & processing linen: • Soiled linen must be handled with barrier precautions, sent to laundry in coded bags. • Handling & processing infectious waste: • Must be placed in color coded, leakage proof bags, collected with barrier precautions • Contaminated waste incinerated or better autoclaved prior to disposal in a landfill
  • 21. F) Environmental control • Physical facility plan must meet quality and infection control measures. • Cleaning of hospital environment • Proper air ventilation • Water pipes examination
  • 22. • Proper waste collection & disposal • Cleaning and disinfection of equipment • Proper linen collection, cleaning, distribution
  • 23. G) Staff health promotion and education • Employee health history must be reviewed, immunizations recommendations to be considered • Release from work if sick • Continuous education to improve practice, better performance of new techniques. • Follow standard precautions guidelines on every patient based on concept that body fluids from any patient can be infectious
  • 24. H) Evaluation • Measure success of infection control techniques • Compare patient’s response to actual outcome
  • 25. 25