The Constitution: The PreambleThe Preamble is the introduction that liststhe six main goals:1. “to form a more perfect union”2. “establish justice”3. “insure domestic tranquility”4. “provide for the common defense”5. “promote the general welfare”6. “secure the blessing of liberty to ourselves and our prosperity”
A few things explained…• “to form a more perfect union” means to unite our nation as a country.• “insure domestic tranquility” means to maintain law and order within our country.• “provide for the common defense” means to provide an army to defend our country
The Constitution: The 7 ArticlesThere are seven articles in the constitution:I: legislative branchII: executive branchIII: judicial branchIV: explains relationship between state and federalgovernmentV: explains process of amending our constitutionVI: recognizes constitution and federal laws with theSupremacy ClauseVII: ratification of the constitution
A few things explained…• The legislative branch refers to the Congress (House of Representatives and Senate)• The executive branch refers to the White House, or the President of the United States• The judicial branch refers to the Supreme Court• To “amend the constitution” means to change it• The Supremacy Clause states that the constitution is the supreme law of the land and overrides other law
Principles of the ConstitutionPopular Sovereignty:• The government must serve the will of the people.• The people are the source of government power.Limited government:• The government can only do things the people give it power to do.• Government must be conducted according to the constitutional principles.• Officers of the government are not above the law.
Principles of the ConstitutionSeperation of powers:• Legislative power-makes laws (Congress)• Executive power-enforces laws (President, his cabinet, and executive agencies)• Judicial power- interprets laws (Supreme Court and federal courts) It was set up like this so one group would not have all the powerChecks and Balances:• Each branch has “checks” (restraints) on other branches• Each branch has links to others, forcing them to work together
Principles of the ConstitutionJudicial review:• It is the power of a court to determine constitutionality of government action• It was established in the supreme court case “Marbury vs. Madison” in 1803Federalism:• Federal government has enumerated and implied powers• States have reserved powers• Federal government and states both have concurrent powers