Today on Gulf Coast <ul><li>One-Third of New Orleans not yet receiving mail – not back; </li></ul><ul><li>60% of children not back in public school in New Orleans; </li></ul><ul><li>50,000 families received federal rebuilding funds – out of 184,000 applicants; </li></ul>
First! Thank you to all who did so very very much Without you…?
How can you respond to a disaster in a country that does not believe in universal health care?
September 8, 2005 President Suspends Davis-Bacon Prevailing Wage Law
September 8, 2005 President Suspends Affirmative Action Requirement of contractors
September 16, 2005 – “From Tragedy to Triumph: Principled Solutions for Rebuilding Lives and Communities” Have Private Sector Respond – Not Government Vouchers & Choice in Public Education Eliminate Capital Tax on Investments Repeal Clean Air Act to speed re-building oil & gas Reduce EPA rules for refineries Open Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Rebuild schools, bridges, water & sanitation with private sector Repeal Estate Tax
September 10, 2005 in Shelters <ul><li>64% Renters </li></ul><ul><li>55% Did Not Have a Car </li></ul><ul><li>93% African-American </li></ul><ul><li>67% Employed </li></ul><ul><li>76% Had Children under 18 In Shelter Too </li></ul><ul><li>57% incomes of Less than $20,000/year </li></ul>
Early Warnings Not Everyone Welcome Back NOT WANTED
“ We finally cleaned up public housing in New Orleans. We couldn’t do it, but God did.” Richard Baker, U.S. Congressman (R-La) Days after Katrina
“ The new city must be something very different… with better services and fewer poor people. "Those who want to see this city rebuilt want to see it done in a completely different way: demographically , geographically and politically ," WSJ September 8, 2005
“ New Orleans is not going to be as black as it was for a long time, if ever again," Alphonso Jackson, Sec. of HUD.
St. Bernard Parish: September 2005 Rent Only to Blood Relatives Ordinance
204,000 People Lost Their Jobs September 2005
Major Water Problems New Orleans Losing More Water Than Using
Lawyers Volunteer 24/7 to Identify Unknown Prisoners <ul><li>Phyllis Mann – interviewed over 2400 prisoners herself by September 13, 2005. </li></ul>
USDC Civil Rights Action for Release of Misdemeanor Women <ul><li>Sep 20, 2005 federal civil rights action filed for misdemeanor women sent to Angola state prison – Paula Cobb, Nick Trenticosta, Carol Sobel </li></ul>
110 Public Schools Destroyed or Severely Damaged
September 15, 2005 School Board Converts First Schools to Charters – Meeting in Baton Rouge
September 30, 2005 <ul><li>U.S. Department of </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Gives $20.9m to Louisiana </li></ul><ul><li>Charter Schools Only </li></ul>
Governor Issues Executive Order Waiving Charter School Start-up Rules – October 2005 School Board then converts all 13 schools on dry side of river into charter schools
NOT WANTED "As a practical matter, these poor folks don't have the resources to go back to our city just like they didn't have the resources to get out of our city. So we won't get all those folks back. That's just a fact." Canizaro – October 2005
October 25, 2005 Governor Lifts Stay of Evictions
UN High Commission on Human Rights <ul><li>Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement </li></ul><ul><li>Every human being shall have the right to be protected against being arbitrarily displaced from his or her home or place of habitual residence </li></ul>
Jefferson Parish Council Passes Resolution Opposing Tax Credits for Housing. Member Chris Roberts: "With the number of jobs out there, nobody should be on public housing unless you're ignorant or lazy." October 2005
October 30, 2005 Lower 9 th Ward – Still Not Drained – No residents allowed in
McWaters v FEMA to halt FEMA evictions <ul><li>*4500 hours of pro bono legal work by 20 lawyers private firm </li></ul><ul><li>Lawyers Committee Civil Rights & Public Interest Law Project </li></ul>
Who is coming back? November 2005 Urban Land Institute announces division of New Orleans into three zones – including one – return to nature
Voter turnout low - more than 10% below usual mayoral turnout and more than 40% below turnout November 2004 presidential election
Black neighborhoods lost 6-7 points of share in electorate, down from 63% in 2002 and 2004 to 57% in 2006.
In white undamaged areas like French quarter and garden district turnout was up
Results of Election “ reshape the political map of the city by suppressing the vote in the poorest and blackest neighborhoods.” John R. Logan, Brown University
Feb 2006- Louisiana law enforcement personnel were so concerned about evacuees that they convened interagency meetings with State Police and Local Police to plan evictions of 12,000 families from hotels .
Nearly half of the parents surveyed reported that at least one of their children had emotional or behavioral difficulties that the child didn't have before the hurricane
More than half the women caregivers showed evidence of clinically-diagnosed psychiatric problems, such as depression or anxiety disorders
Households have moved average of 3.5 times since the hurricane, some as many as nine times, often across state lines
More than one-fifth of the school-age children who were either not in school , or had missed 10 days of school in the past month
Unloading Ambulances <ul><li>Nationally, average of 20 minutes to take a patient from an ambulance waiting in front of a hospital to emergency room. </li></ul><ul><li>In the New Orleans area load times are usually 2 hours, but sometimes more. </li></ul><ul><li>Longest report is 6 hours, 40 minutes, of a patient waiting in ER driveway to receive care. </li></ul>
No criminal or civil jury trials yet – April 2006 6000 awaiting criminal trials
25,000 students in 53 schools 6 traditional 17 state 34 charter
<ul><li>Pre-K - 56,000 students in over 100 public schools Katrina hits </li></ul><ul><li>public schools put in receivership </li></ul><ul><li>Best schools converted into charters </li></ul><ul><li>2006-2007 </li></ul><ul><li>- 25,000 students - 69% in Charter Schools </li></ul>
6000 criminal case backlog – May 2006 <ul><li>Judges only in courtrooms part-time </li></ul><ul><li>Insufficient #s Public Defenders </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with Jail Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Absent retired or quit NOPD officers </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence problems </li></ul><ul><li>District Attorney problems </li></ul><ul><li>Displaced victims, witnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Backlog cut to 3000 by October 06; </li></ul><ul><li>Backlog cut to 2000 by December 06; </li></ul>
Migrant Workers Abuse June 7, 2006 – UCAL Berkeley & Tulane Report on Migrant Workers. Half the reconstruction workers in NOLA is Latino; 54% of group is undocumented – 87% already living in us at time of Katrina Routinely mistreated.
UN Human Rights Committee <ul><li>142 human rights organizations present 22 shadow reports to UN on Katrina violations </li></ul><ul><li>UC Berkeley International Human Rights Clinic submits human rights report </li></ul><ul><li>New Orleans organizations and people present to UN Human Rights Committee in Geneva </li></ul>
Migrant Workers Abuse (cont) INJUSTICE FOR ALL Report by Advancement Project
Migrant Workers <ul><li>Tens of thousands of migrant workers to Gulf Coast to work in the recovery. </li></ul><ul><li>Many were recruited, promised good wages and working conditions and plenty of work. </li></ul><ul><li>Some paid money up front for chance to come to work. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of these promises were broken. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Latino workers live in houses without electricity, other live out of cars. </li></ul><ul><li>Whole families are living in tents. </li></ul>
We do not want “thugs” and “trash” from New Orleans public housing projects. Everyone with dreadlocks or che-wee hairstyles will be stopped by law enforcement.” Sheriff Jack Strain St. Tammany Parish
Noose Around New Orleans for African-American and Moderate Income Renters
UN Human Rights Committee Issues Report “ Poor People and African Americans Disadvantaged under USA Rescue, Evacuation & Reconstruction” July 2006
Lower 9 th Ward No Drinkable Water For One Full Year
Half Homes in NO Still Not Hooked Up to Electricity
Dramatic Reduction in Public Transportation – 83%
Population of New Orleans – 1 Year Later <ul><li>Pre-Katrina population was 454,000. </li></ul><ul><li>One year later 187,000. </li></ul><ul><li>African-American dropped by 61 percent or 213,000 people. Pre-Katrina 302,000 down to 89,000. LRA </li></ul>
Women Louisiana lost 180,000 workers after Katrina, 103,000 were women. In New Orleans after Katrina, men’s median annual income rose to $43,055 while women’s fell to $28,932; Two-thirds of single mothers have not returned to New Orleans; In Mississippi only one of the state’s women crisis centers remained open – covering four counties in the disaster area.
On Gulf Coast 298,000 people living in FEMA trailers August 2006
Blue Cross: “3/4 of physicians in New Orleans gone.” One Year After Katrina
Half the Hospitals in New Orleans Remain Closed – 1 Year After
People Have Lost Jobs, Health Insurance, Hospital, Doctor, Dentist, Pharmacy, Records
Where did $ go? – 1 year report <ul><li>$100 billion total </li></ul><ul><li>$50 billion temporary and long-term housing. </li></ul><ul><li>$30 billion emergency response & Dept of Defense. </li></ul><ul><li>$18 billion was for State and local response and the rebuilding of infrastructure. </li></ul><ul><li>$3.6 billion was for health, social services and job training and $3.2 for non-housing cash assistance. </li></ul><ul><li>$1.9 billion was allocated for education and </li></ul><ul><li>$1.2 billion for agriculture. </li></ul>
Example #1 : Blue Tarps – 2% <ul><li>SHAW GROUP 1 st got $175 a square to put on the tarps. </li></ul><ul><li>Shaw subcontracted the work out to A1 CONSTRUCTION for $75 a square. </li></ul><ul><li>A1 subcontracted the work out to a WESCON corporation for $30 a square. </li></ul><ul><li>Who in turn subcontracted it out again to guys who did the work for $2 a square. </li></ul>
Shaw Group got contract for $175 a square (100 sq ft) -subcontracts for $75/square earns $100 each square- average roof is 1500 square feet – 15 squares X 15 Per roof!
A1 Construction gets $75/square subcontracts out for $30/square X 15 Per roof!
Example #2: Ashbritt Inc of Florida <ul><li>Received no-bid contract for $579 million to pick up trash in Mississippi </li></ul><ul><li>Miami Herald reports company does not own a single dump truck! </li></ul><ul><li>MH also reported the company gave $40,000 in previous 12 months to GOP lobbying firm </li></ul>
Example # 3: Circle B Enterprises - Georgia <ul><li>Awarded $287 million no-bid contract to build FEMA trailers </li></ul><ul><li>Company filed for bankruptcy year before </li></ul><ul><li>Company does not have a website </li></ul><ul><li>Company had no license to manufacture trailers in GA. </li></ul>
If government works for corporations before the disaster, why different after? After disaster is a hyper corporate friendly environment.
Example #4: Biloxi Moved Casinos Ashore Evicting Low-Income People From Homes
Congress allocated $10 billion in Community Development Block Grants, Louisiana has not yet distributed dollar number one.
Dan Farber & Jim Chen publish DISASTERS and the LAW
Superdome is Opened - $180 Million Public Hospitals? Public Schools? Public Housing?
Privatization of New Orleans <ul><li>Public Schools to Charter Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Public Housing to Private Developers </li></ul><ul><li>Public Healthcare to Private Providers </li></ul><ul><li>Public Oversight to </li></ul><ul><li>Private Oversight </li></ul>
School Starts <ul><li>Disaster in RSD public schools </li></ul><ul><li>Charters looking good </li></ul>
Water system problems <ul><li>New Orleans loses more water through faulty pipes and joints in the delivery system than it is using. More than 135 million gallons are being pumped out daily but only 50 million gallons are being used, leaving 85 million gallons </li></ul><ul><li>The daily cost of the water leaking away in thousands of leaks is about $200,000 a day. </li></ul>
November 1, 2006, 18 received CDBG money to fix homes, 77,000 homeowners applied
Example # 5 – Disaster Capitalism <ul><li>$200 million in CDBG $ to bail out a private utility corporation, Entergy New Orleans. </li></ul><ul><li>Parent Entergy Inc. reported a net cash flow of $777 million dollars for the third quarter of 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Louisiana is saying this $200 million in CDBG funds counts as low and moderate income people of New Orleans – most not even back. </li></ul>
Non-Charter Public Schools Failing <ul><li>John McDonogh, a public high school November 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>775 students - teachers, textbooks and supplies remained in short order months after school opened. </li></ul><ul><li>Students described the school as having a “prison atmosphere.” </li></ul><ul><li>No hot lunches and </li></ul><ul><li>Few working water fountains. </li></ul><ul><li>Girls’ bathrooms did not have doors on them. </li></ul><ul><li>Library had no books at all, not even shelves for books. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Our school has 39 security guards and three cops on staff and only 27 teachers,” one McDonogh teacher reported in fall 2006. </li></ul>
Tiny % CDBG Going to Renters <ul><li>84,000 rental units were destroyed or suffered major damage (41% of the total housing) only 15% of the $10 billion program is to be spent on rental units. That is going to landlords. </li></ul>
New Hurricane Problem “ DEADLINE SET FOR REMOVING FEMA TRAILERS” December 14, 2006
Homicides Soar <ul><li>New Orleans had 63.5 slayings per 100,000 residents in 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>57 homicides per 100,000 residents in 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>National homicide average is 1.85 per 100,000 </li></ul>
Federal suits filed to open public schools & stop wait list
RSD = Rest of the School District <ul><li>“ We wanted charter schools to open and take the majority of the students. That didn't happen, and now we have the responsibility of educating the 'leftover' children." </li></ul>
Problems in Public Schools <ul><li>February 2007 – 300+ no room in schools </li></ul><ul><li>Long delays in textbooks </li></ul><ul><li>Unreliable transportation system </li></ul><ul><li>Vacant teaching jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Little IDEA education </li></ul>
24,910 approved for Federal Housing Rehab $ out of 142,000 applicants – June 07
In-state voting rejected <ul><li>In June 2007, the Louisiana Senate rejected a filed bill by an African American Senator to allow in-state displaced voters to vote in the governor’s race in fall 2007 as they did for the mayoral election in 2006. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NOT! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
20,000 purged from voter rolls <ul><li>The Louisiana Secretary of State announced in August 2007 that he had deleted 20,000 former Louisiana residents from voter rolls after a computer search matched people who were registered to vote in Louisiana with names of people registered in other states. Some of those registered in other states never knew they had registered to vote there – they had apparently registered when they signed up to get drivers licenses, according to Orleans Registrar of Voters Sandra Wilson. </li></ul>
LA looks to lose 1 of 7 congressional seats <ul><li>Louisiana is likely to lose one of its seven congressional seats due to loss of population according to 2006 Census population estimates. </li></ul>