Katrina:  Law and  Social Justice
Today on Gulf Coast <ul><li>One-Third of New Orleans not yet receiving mail – not back; </li></ul><ul><li>60% of children ...
First! Thank you   to all who did so very  very much Without you…?
 
 
 
 
 
Self Reliance
 
 
Build and Re-Build Community
 
 
Advancement Project
 
 
 
 
August 29, 2005
 
 
Officials already knew that:  27% of people in NOLA did not have access to a car  100,000 people 27% of NOLA lived below p...
25% of New Orleans  Do Not Own Car
 
 
 
Hyatt Hotel
August 30, 2005
More than 100 reported dead in Mississippi
 
Slabbed
 
 
Lower Ninth Ward Before Katrina
Lower Ninth After Levee Failure
Sand deposits Warrington Drive – London Canal
flood inundation source:  USGS
 
 
 
 
Who was left behind?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8300 Prisoners Left in Cells
ACLU Report Abandoned & Abused
 
 
 
 
 
 
Congress later  estimated that  at least 78,000 people  were left behind
Many Never  Made It Out 1,700 direct deaths
 
 
 
 
 
Thousands More “Aftershock” Deaths
One Million Displaced
City of New Orleans  Closed Indefinitely
 
Race & Katrina Gender & Katrina Class & Katrina (Property Ownership)   Cannot understand Katrina Without Analysis
 
 
Surviving or Looting?
 
 
 
 
3 Days After Katrina
“ As we approached the bridge,  armed Gretna sheriffs formed a line across the foot of the bridge.
“ Before we were close enough  to speak,  they began  firing their weapons over our heads.”
Jefferson Parish Council Unanimously Supported Action
 
Ronald Madison – Shot 7 times,  5 times in the Back
Lance Madison –  Filing Civil Rights Action
Immediate Federal Response
 
 
 
Federal Emergency Management Agency “Heck of a job, Brownie!”
Brown prior job?  Horse Association
How can you respond to a disaster in a country that does not believe in universal health care?
September 8, 2005 President  Suspends Davis-Bacon Prevailing Wage Law
September 8, 2005 President  Suspends Affirmative Action  Requirement of contractors
September 16, 2005  – “From Tragedy to Triumph: Principled Solutions for Rebuilding Lives and Communities” Have  Private S...
Who ended up in shelters?
 
September 10, 2005 in Shelters <ul><li>64% Renters </li></ul><ul><li>55% Did Not Have a Car </li></ul><ul><li>93% African-...
In Long Beach, MS, Shelter
US Marshalls & Mississippi  Law Enforcement
Pulled Out 60 “Latino-looking”  People
Given Hours to Leave For  Atlanta, Houston, or Mexico
Some Red Cross Shelters Flatly Denied Assistance to Foreign Born
Scope of Damage Mississippi Louisiana Alabama Florida
 
Katrina Damaged  90,000 Square Miles Area from Boston to Baltimore Inland hundreds of miles
300,000 homes uninhabitable
 
Feet of Water Black – over 10  Dark red – 8 to 10 f Red – 6 to 8  Yellow – 4 to 6  Blue - 2 to 4  Green 0-2
Black & Poor Neighborhoods Suffered Disproportionate  Flood Damages – Lower Elevation
 
Early Warnings Not Everyone  Welcome Back NOT WANTED
“ We finally  cleaned up public housing  in New Orleans.  We couldn’t do it, but God did.” Richard Baker, U.S. Congressman...
“ The new city must be something very different… with better services and  fewer poor people.   &quot;Those who want to se...
“ New Orleans is  not going to be as black  as it was for a long time, if ever again,&quot;  Alphonso Jackson, Sec. of HUD.
St. Bernard Parish:  September 2005 Rent Only to Blood Relatives Ordinance
 
 
204,000 People Lost Their Jobs  September 2005
Environmental Impact?
 
Major  Water  Problems  New Orleans Losing More Water Than Using
Lawyers Volunteer  24/7 to Identify Unknown Prisoners <ul><li>Phyllis Mann – interviewed over 2400 prisoners herself by Se...
USDC Civil Rights Action for Release of Misdemeanor Women <ul><li>Sep 20, 2005  federal civil rights action filed for misd...
110 Public Schools  Destroyed or Severely Damaged
 
September 15, 2005 School Board Converts First Schools to  Charters  – Meeting in Baton Rouge
September 30, 2005 <ul><li>U.S. Department of  </li></ul><ul><li>Education  </li></ul><ul><li>Gives $20.9m to Louisiana  <...
October 2005
One-third New Orleans Opens Up: French Quarter, CBD,  Uptown, Algiers
October 2, 2005 Water still being pumped out  of 9 th  Ward
First (highest land) back? Least black.
Governor Issues Executive Order Waiving Charter School  Start-up Rules – October 2005 School Board then converts all 13 sc...
NOT WANTED &quot;As a practical matter, these poor folks don't have the resources to go back to our city just like they di...
 
October 25, 2005 Governor Lifts Stay of Evictions
Waves of Evictions Hit  New Orleans
 
 
Civil Courthouse Closed <ul><li>Eviction hearings scheduled 60 miles away from New Orleans </li></ul>
Injunction granted  against court by court
Federal challenge to LA eviction laws – tacking 3 day notice
 
Criminal Courthouse Closed No Jury Trials No Witnesses No Victims Accused Still Lost in System
Criminal Evidence Room:  Chest-deep Water
UN Human Rights  Special Raporteur Visits
“ Shocking” “Gross violation of Human Rights.” “If USA, richest country in history of world, can rebuild Afghanistan and I...
Right to Return
International Human Rights Law
UN High Commission on Human Rights <ul><li>Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement </li></ul><ul><li>Every human being...
 
Jefferson Parish Council Passes Resolution Opposing Tax Credits for Housing.  Member  Chris Roberts:   &quot;With the numb...
 
October 30, 2005 Lower 9 th  Ward – Still Not Drained – No residents allowed in
November 2005
54 members of Congress, including  ALL  the members of the  Congressional Black Caucus  co-sponsor HR 4197,  Hurricane Kat...
Refusal to Reopen Public Hospital –that saw 350,000 a year
Los Angeles Times: low income African Americans more likely to land farther away from the city when displaced –
St. Bernard?  193 Miles Away
Lower 9 th  Ward?  349 Miles Away
NAACP LDF & Civil Rights Advocates file Voting Rights Action
LA Secretary of State: “299,000 voters in N.O. not back”
This is New (better) Normal & “Let’s move on.” versus The Right to Return
LA Legislature Strips NO School Board of 102 Schools
Largest Union in Louisiana United Teachers of New Orleans DECERTIFIED after 35 years 7500  people  lose  jobs
FEMA - November 15, 2005  Quit paying for housing for nearly 60,000 homeless Katrina families residing in government paid ...
X  60,000
 
McWaters v FEMA  to halt FEMA evictions <ul><li>*4500 hours of pro bono legal work by 20 lawyers private firm </li></ul><u...
Who is coming back? November 2005 Urban Land Institute announces division of New Orleans into three zones – including one ...
 
1878 New Orleans 200,000 people
city of history source: Campanella 2002, ULI Analysis 2000 1949 1920 1880 1722 Legend
December 2005
 
Protests & Litigation
9 th  Ward Opened to residents  for “look see” only
 
 
December 2005 Governor postpones New Orleans elections Times-Picayune calls foul Need swift elections to show normalcy “Th...
Christmas Eve – 2005 City of New Orleans announces plans to bulldoze houses  without notice
Federal constitutional case filed with Advancement Project
Report on Housing Discrimination against Katrina survivors released
January 2006
Demands for Change
Voting rights advocates  lose battle for easier absentee  & satellite voting
February 2006
New Orleans Elections Held
Voter turnout low  - more than 10% below usual mayoral turnout and more than 40% below turnout November 2004 presidential ...
Black neighborhoods lost 6-7 points of share in electorate, down from 63% in 2002 and 2004 to 57% in 2006.
In white undamaged areas like French quarter and garden district turnout was up
Results of Election “ reshape the political map of the city by  suppressing the vote in the poorest and blackest neighborh...
Feb 2006- Louisiana law enforcement personnel were so concerned about evacuees that they convened interagency meetings wit...
Pre-Katrina 22 Hospitals Feb 2006 - 7
Pre-Katrina there were 53,000 hospital beds   February 2006 there were 15,000  Waits of more than 8 hours in emergency not...
March 2006 6 months after Katrina
UC-Berkeley International Human Rights Law Clinic <ul><li>Hearing before Organization of American States – March 2006 </li...
One third of city homes  using electricity 15% of public schools open Katrina Index – February 2006
April 2006
Ninth Ward – April 2006
FEMA Trailers & Health Report  - April 2006
FEMA Trailers are 240 square feet
Impact on Children?
Nearly half of the parents surveyed reported that at least one of their children had  emotional or behavioral difficulties...
More than  half the women caregivers  showed evidence of clinically-diagnosed psychiatric problems, such as depression or ...
Households have  moved average of 3.5 times  since the hurricane, some as many as nine times, often across state lines
More than  one-fifth of the school-age children who were either not in school , or had  missed 10 days of school  in the  ...
Unloading Ambulances <ul><li>Nationally, average of 20 minutes to take a patient from an ambulance waiting in front of a h...
No criminal or civil jury trials yet – April 2006 6000 awaiting criminal trials
Vietnamese Community  Fights Landfill
 
May 2006
25,000 students in 53 schools 6 traditional  17 state 34 charter
<ul><li>Pre-K  - 56,000 students in over 100 public schools Katrina hits  </li></ul><ul><li>public schools put in receiver...
6000 criminal case backlog  – May 2006 <ul><li>Judges only in courtrooms part-time </li></ul><ul><li>Insufficient #s Publi...
June 2006
Pre-Katrina, 5000 families lived in public housing
June 2006 -  1040 families allowed to return to public housing <ul><li>HUD Announces </li></ul><ul><li>Demolition of </li>...
 
Class Action USDC Filed on behalf of 4500 families displaced from public housing
June 2006, Black evacuees nearly 5 times more likely to be unemployed than white evacs,  -  U.S. Department of Labor.
Suicide Rate Triples <ul><li>Lost Half Psychiatrists </li></ul><ul><li>Lost Half Psychologists </li></ul><ul><li>Lost Half...
 
Pre-Katrina 450 Psych Beds in Metro Area – Now 80
First Criminal Jury Trial!
Migrant Workers Abuse June 7, 2006 – UCAL Berkeley & Tulane Report on Migrant Workers.  Half the reconstruction workers in...
 
UN Human Rights Committee <ul><li>142 human rights organizations present 22 shadow reports to UN on Katrina violations  </...
July 2006
Migrant Workers Abuse (cont) INJUSTICE  FOR ALL Report by Advancement Project
Migrant Workers <ul><li>Tens of thousands of migrant workers to Gulf Coast to work in the recovery.  </li></ul><ul><li>Man...
We do not want “thugs” and “trash” from New Orleans public housing projects. Everyone with dreadlocks or che-wee hairstyle...
Noose Around New Orleans for African-American and Moderate Income Renters
UN Human Rights Committee Issues Report “ Poor People and African Americans Disadvantaged under USA Rescue, Evacuation & R...
August 2006 1 Year
August 2006 – Ninth Ward
Lower 9 th  Ward  No Drinkable Water For One Full Year
Half Homes in NO Still  Not Hooked Up to  Electricity
Dramatic Reduction in Public Transportation – 83%
Population of New Orleans – 1 Year Later <ul><li>Pre-Katrina population was 454,000.  </li></ul><ul><li>One year later 187...
Women Louisiana lost 180,000 workers after Katrina, 103,000 were women.  In New Orleans after Katrina, men’s median annual...
On Gulf Coast 298,000 people living in FEMA trailers  August 2006
Blue Cross: “3/4 of physicians in New Orleans gone.”  One Year After Katrina
Half the Hospitals  in New Orleans  Remain Closed – 1 Year After
People Have Lost Jobs, Health Insurance, Hospital, Doctor, Dentist, Pharmacy, Records
250,000 Displaced in Texas
Texas, summer 06, hosting  over 250,000 displaced;  41% income less than $500 per month.  81% black,  59% still jobless,  ...
150,000 in Houston Alone
100,000 Displaced in Georgia 80,000 in Atlanta Most need Long-term Housing  and Mental Health Services
Half the Groceries in NOLA  still closed
Dramatic Reduction in Day Care
Dramatic Reduction in Public Education, Healthcare, Housing,  Transportation, & Childcare  Equals  Reduction in African Am...
Where did the money go?
Where did $ go? – 1 year report <ul><li>$100 billion total </li></ul><ul><li>$50 billion temporary and long-term housing. ...
Who Got the Disaster Contracts?
Afghanistan, Iraq, Katrina? <ul><li>Halliburton </li></ul><ul><li>CH2M Hill </li></ul><ul><li>Bechtel </li></ul>
2% Rule of Gulf Coast <ul><li>98% of the money distributed in a disaster ends up enriching corporations  </li></ul><ul><li...
Example #1 – Blue Tarps on Roof
Example #1 : Blue Tarps – 2% <ul><li>SHAW GROUP 1 st  got $175 a square to put on the tarps.  </li></ul><ul><li>Shaw subco...
Shaw Group got contract for $175 a square (100 sq ft) -subcontracts for $75/square  earns $100 each square- average roof i...
A1 Construction gets $75/square  subcontracts out for $30/square X 15 Per roof!
Roofers get $2 per square  (of original $175)
Example #2: Ashbritt Inc of Florida <ul><li>Received no-bid contract for $579 million to pick up trash in Mississippi </li...
Example # 3: Circle B Enterprises - Georgia <ul><li>Awarded $287 million no-bid contract to build FEMA trailers </li></ul>...
If government works for corporations before the disaster, why different after?  After disaster is a hyper  corporate frien...
Example #4: Biloxi Moved Casinos Ashore Evicting Low-Income People  From Homes
 
Congress allocated $10 billion in Community Development Block Grants, Louisiana has not yet distributed dollar number one.
Dan Farber & Jim Chen  publish DISASTERS and the LAW
September 2006
Superdome is Opened  - $180 Million Public Hospitals? Public Schools? Public Housing?
Privatization of New Orleans  <ul><li>Public Schools to Charter Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Public Housing to Private Develo...
School Starts <ul><li>Disaster in RSD public schools </li></ul><ul><li>Charters looking good </li></ul>
October 2006
9 th  Ward Gets Drinkable Water
Water system problems <ul><li>New Orleans loses more water through faulty pipes and joints in the delivery system than it ...
November 2006
November 1, 2006, 18 received CDBG money to fix homes,  77,000 homeowners applied
Example # 5 – Disaster Capitalism <ul><li>$200 million in CDBG $ to bail out a private utility corporation, Entergy New Or...
High School Entrance
Non-Charter Public Schools Failing <ul><li>John McDonogh, a public high school November 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>775 student...
December 2006
Tiny % CDBG Going to Renters <ul><li>84,000 rental units were destroyed or suffered major damage (41% of the total housing...
New Hurricane Problem “ DEADLINE SET FOR  REMOVING  FEMA TRAILERS”  December 14, 2006
Homicides Soar <ul><li>New Orleans had 63.5 slayings per 100,000 residents in 2006  </li></ul><ul><li>57 homicides per 100...
Seven Police Officers Charged with Murder
January 2007
Federal suits filed to open public schools & stop wait list
RSD = Rest of the School District <ul><li>“ We wanted charter schools to open and take the majority of the students.  That...
February 2007
Problems in Public Schools <ul><li>February 2007 – 300+ no room in schools </li></ul><ul><li>Long delays in textbooks </li...
March 2007
Housing Protests Continue
April 2007
57.5% of Landlords  in Metro Area Discriminate Against  African- Americans April 2007 Greater N.O. Fair Housing Action Cen...
Over 70,000 Families in Gulf in 240 sq ft. Trailers – April 07
Homeowners in New Orleans Oppose Rebuilding Section 8 Apartments
USDC Class Action v FEMA Termination and Recoupment
May 2007
 
 
 
June 2007
24,910 approved for Federal Housing Rehab $  out of 142,000 applicants –  June 07
In-state voting rejected <ul><li>In June 2007, the Louisiana Senate rejected a filed bill by an African American Senator t...
July 2007
Fight for Public Housing Continues
Fight for Public Health continues
Environmental Struggle Continues
 
Fight for public schools continues
August 2007
Some People Making Big Money,  Not Victims
Federal Class Action filed To prevent mistaken and no notice demolition of homes  in New Orleans
 
National Guard Still Patrols  New Orleans
Katrina Human Rights Tribunal
20,000 purged from voter rolls <ul><li>The Louisiana Secretary of State announced in August 2007 that he had deleted 20,00...
 
Voter Purge Challenged in USDC
LA looks to lose 1 of 7 congressional seats <ul><li>Louisiana is likely to lose one of its seven congressional seats due t...
September 2007
U Cal Berkeley Pledges to  Rebuild Gulf Coast
Signs of Hope
 
 
“ This is why we joined the service  – to help people!”
Our Hearts Must Be Totally Open to Injustice and Pain and  Totally Open to Hope and Love
Community Organizations Push e.g. ACORN
Church Groups Organize  e.g. Jeremiah Group
People Keep Fighting  to Come Home
Authorities Listen to the People (just kidding)
Guest Workers Organize and Protest  Passport Confiscations
Our Friends = Solidarity
International Connections Human Rights Analysis The Right  to Return
Five Weeks After Katrina Southeast Asia Earthquake - 73,000 People Died Millions Homeless October 5, 2005 – Kashmir  Respo...
Increased attention to environment
Those Left Behind  When Katrina Hit  Are Being Left Behind Again
Justice Challenge?  Never Again!
www.loyno.edu/~quigley/
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Katrina Law & Social Justice

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Human rights lawyer and law professor Bill Quigley's presentation on social justice and Katrina.

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Katrina Law & Social Justice

  1. 1. Katrina: Law and Social Justice
  2. 2. Today on Gulf Coast <ul><li>One-Third of New Orleans not yet receiving mail – not back; </li></ul><ul><li>60% of children not back in public school in New Orleans; </li></ul><ul><li>50,000 families received federal rebuilding funds – out of 184,000 applicants; </li></ul>
  3. 3. First! Thank you to all who did so very very much Without you…?
  4. 9. Self Reliance
  5. 12. Build and Re-Build Community
  6. 15. Advancement Project
  7. 20. August 29, 2005
  8. 23. Officials already knew that: 27% of people in NOLA did not have access to a car 100,000 people 27% of NOLA lived below poverty line
  9. 24. 25% of New Orleans Do Not Own Car
  10. 28. Hyatt Hotel
  11. 29. August 30, 2005
  12. 30. More than 100 reported dead in Mississippi
  13. 32. Slabbed
  14. 35. Lower Ninth Ward Before Katrina
  15. 36. Lower Ninth After Levee Failure
  16. 37. Sand deposits Warrington Drive – London Canal
  17. 38. flood inundation source: USGS
  18. 43. Who was left behind?
  19. 55. 8300 Prisoners Left in Cells
  20. 56. ACLU Report Abandoned & Abused
  21. 63. Congress later estimated that at least 78,000 people were left behind
  22. 64. Many Never Made It Out 1,700 direct deaths
  23. 70. Thousands More “Aftershock” Deaths
  24. 71. One Million Displaced
  25. 72. City of New Orleans Closed Indefinitely
  26. 74. Race & Katrina Gender & Katrina Class & Katrina (Property Ownership) Cannot understand Katrina Without Analysis
  27. 77. Surviving or Looting?
  28. 82. 3 Days After Katrina
  29. 83. “ As we approached the bridge, armed Gretna sheriffs formed a line across the foot of the bridge.
  30. 84. “ Before we were close enough to speak, they began firing their weapons over our heads.”
  31. 85. Jefferson Parish Council Unanimously Supported Action
  32. 87. Ronald Madison – Shot 7 times, 5 times in the Back
  33. 88. Lance Madison – Filing Civil Rights Action
  34. 89. Immediate Federal Response
  35. 93. Federal Emergency Management Agency “Heck of a job, Brownie!”
  36. 94. Brown prior job? Horse Association
  37. 95. How can you respond to a disaster in a country that does not believe in universal health care?
  38. 96. September 8, 2005 President Suspends Davis-Bacon Prevailing Wage Law
  39. 97. September 8, 2005 President Suspends Affirmative Action Requirement of contractors
  40. 98. September 16, 2005 – “From Tragedy to Triumph: Principled Solutions for Rebuilding Lives and Communities” Have Private Sector Respond – Not Government Vouchers & Choice in Public Education Eliminate Capital Tax on Investments Repeal Clean Air Act to speed re-building oil & gas Reduce EPA rules for refineries Open Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Rebuild schools, bridges, water & sanitation with private sector Repeal Estate Tax
  41. 99. Who ended up in shelters?
  42. 101. September 10, 2005 in Shelters <ul><li>64% Renters </li></ul><ul><li>55% Did Not Have a Car </li></ul><ul><li>93% African-American </li></ul><ul><li>67% Employed </li></ul><ul><li>76% Had Children under 18 In Shelter Too </li></ul><ul><li>57% incomes of Less than $20,000/year </li></ul>
  43. 102. In Long Beach, MS, Shelter
  44. 103. US Marshalls & Mississippi Law Enforcement
  45. 104. Pulled Out 60 “Latino-looking” People
  46. 105. Given Hours to Leave For Atlanta, Houston, or Mexico
  47. 106. Some Red Cross Shelters Flatly Denied Assistance to Foreign Born
  48. 107. Scope of Damage Mississippi Louisiana Alabama Florida
  49. 109. Katrina Damaged 90,000 Square Miles Area from Boston to Baltimore Inland hundreds of miles
  50. 110. 300,000 homes uninhabitable
  51. 112. Feet of Water Black – over 10 Dark red – 8 to 10 f Red – 6 to 8 Yellow – 4 to 6 Blue - 2 to 4 Green 0-2
  52. 113. Black & Poor Neighborhoods Suffered Disproportionate Flood Damages – Lower Elevation
  53. 115. Early Warnings Not Everyone Welcome Back NOT WANTED
  54. 116. “ We finally cleaned up public housing in New Orleans. We couldn’t do it, but God did.” Richard Baker, U.S. Congressman (R-La) Days after Katrina
  55. 117. “ The new city must be something very different… with better services and fewer poor people. &quot;Those who want to see this city rebuilt want to see it done in a completely different way: demographically , geographically and politically ,&quot; WSJ September 8, 2005
  56. 118. “ New Orleans is not going to be as black as it was for a long time, if ever again,&quot; Alphonso Jackson, Sec. of HUD.
  57. 119. St. Bernard Parish: September 2005 Rent Only to Blood Relatives Ordinance
  58. 122. 204,000 People Lost Their Jobs September 2005
  59. 123. Environmental Impact?
  60. 125. Major Water Problems New Orleans Losing More Water Than Using
  61. 126. Lawyers Volunteer 24/7 to Identify Unknown Prisoners <ul><li>Phyllis Mann – interviewed over 2400 prisoners herself by September 13, 2005. </li></ul>
  62. 127. USDC Civil Rights Action for Release of Misdemeanor Women <ul><li>Sep 20, 2005 federal civil rights action filed for misdemeanor women sent to Angola state prison – Paula Cobb, Nick Trenticosta, Carol Sobel </li></ul>
  63. 128. 110 Public Schools Destroyed or Severely Damaged
  64. 130. September 15, 2005 School Board Converts First Schools to Charters – Meeting in Baton Rouge
  65. 131. September 30, 2005 <ul><li>U.S. Department of </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Gives $20.9m to Louisiana </li></ul><ul><li>Charter Schools Only </li></ul>
  66. 132. October 2005
  67. 133. One-third New Orleans Opens Up: French Quarter, CBD, Uptown, Algiers
  68. 134. October 2, 2005 Water still being pumped out of 9 th Ward
  69. 135. First (highest land) back? Least black.
  70. 136. Governor Issues Executive Order Waiving Charter School Start-up Rules – October 2005 School Board then converts all 13 schools on dry side of river into charter schools
  71. 137. NOT WANTED &quot;As a practical matter, these poor folks don't have the resources to go back to our city just like they didn't have the resources to get out of our city. So we won't get all those folks back. That's just a fact.&quot; Canizaro – October 2005
  72. 139. October 25, 2005 Governor Lifts Stay of Evictions
  73. 140. Waves of Evictions Hit New Orleans
  74. 143. Civil Courthouse Closed <ul><li>Eviction hearings scheduled 60 miles away from New Orleans </li></ul>
  75. 144. Injunction granted against court by court
  76. 145. Federal challenge to LA eviction laws – tacking 3 day notice
  77. 147. Criminal Courthouse Closed No Jury Trials No Witnesses No Victims Accused Still Lost in System
  78. 148. Criminal Evidence Room: Chest-deep Water
  79. 149. UN Human Rights Special Raporteur Visits
  80. 150. “ Shocking” “Gross violation of Human Rights.” “If USA, richest country in history of world, can rebuild Afghanistan and Iraq, why not New Orleans?”
  81. 151. Right to Return
  82. 152. International Human Rights Law
  83. 153. UN High Commission on Human Rights <ul><li>Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement </li></ul><ul><li>Every human being shall have the right to be protected against being arbitrarily displaced from his or her home or place of habitual residence </li></ul>
  84. 155. Jefferson Parish Council Passes Resolution Opposing Tax Credits for Housing. Member Chris Roberts: &quot;With the number of jobs out there, nobody should be on public housing unless you're ignorant or lazy.&quot; October 2005
  85. 157. October 30, 2005 Lower 9 th Ward – Still Not Drained – No residents allowed in
  86. 158. November 2005
  87. 159. 54 members of Congress, including ALL the members of the Congressional Black Caucus co-sponsor HR 4197, Hurricane Katrina Recovery Act Goes Nowhere
  88. 160. Refusal to Reopen Public Hospital –that saw 350,000 a year
  89. 161. Los Angeles Times: low income African Americans more likely to land farther away from the city when displaced –
  90. 162. St. Bernard? 193 Miles Away
  91. 163. Lower 9 th Ward? 349 Miles Away
  92. 164. NAACP LDF & Civil Rights Advocates file Voting Rights Action
  93. 165. LA Secretary of State: “299,000 voters in N.O. not back”
  94. 166. This is New (better) Normal & “Let’s move on.” versus The Right to Return
  95. 167. LA Legislature Strips NO School Board of 102 Schools
  96. 168. Largest Union in Louisiana United Teachers of New Orleans DECERTIFIED after 35 years 7500 people lose jobs
  97. 169. FEMA - November 15, 2005 Quit paying for housing for nearly 60,000 homeless Katrina families residing in government paid hotel and motel rooms.
  98. 170. X 60,000
  99. 172. McWaters v FEMA to halt FEMA evictions <ul><li>*4500 hours of pro bono legal work by 20 lawyers private firm </li></ul><ul><li>Lawyers Committee Civil Rights & Public Interest Law Project </li></ul>
  100. 173. Who is coming back? November 2005 Urban Land Institute announces division of New Orleans into three zones – including one – return to nature
  101. 175. 1878 New Orleans 200,000 people
  102. 176. city of history source: Campanella 2002, ULI Analysis 2000 1949 1920 1880 1722 Legend
  103. 177. December 2005
  104. 179. Protests & Litigation
  105. 180. 9 th Ward Opened to residents for “look see” only
  106. 183. December 2005 Governor postpones New Orleans elections Times-Picayune calls foul Need swift elections to show normalcy “They did it in Baghdad.”
  107. 184. Christmas Eve – 2005 City of New Orleans announces plans to bulldoze houses without notice
  108. 185. Federal constitutional case filed with Advancement Project
  109. 186. Report on Housing Discrimination against Katrina survivors released
  110. 187. January 2006
  111. 188. Demands for Change
  112. 189. Voting rights advocates lose battle for easier absentee & satellite voting
  113. 190. February 2006
  114. 191. New Orleans Elections Held
  115. 192. Voter turnout low - more than 10% below usual mayoral turnout and more than 40% below turnout November 2004 presidential election
  116. 193. Black neighborhoods lost 6-7 points of share in electorate, down from 63% in 2002 and 2004 to 57% in 2006.
  117. 194. In white undamaged areas like French quarter and garden district turnout was up
  118. 195. Results of Election “ reshape the political map of the city by suppressing the vote in the poorest and blackest neighborhoods.” John R. Logan, Brown University
  119. 196. Feb 2006- Louisiana law enforcement personnel were so concerned about evacuees that they convened interagency meetings with State Police and Local Police to plan evictions of 12,000 families from hotels .
  120. 197. Pre-Katrina 22 Hospitals Feb 2006 - 7
  121. 198. Pre-Katrina there were 53,000 hospital beds February 2006 there were 15,000 Waits of more than 8 hours in emergency not uncommon.
  122. 199. March 2006 6 months after Katrina
  123. 200. UC-Berkeley International Human Rights Law Clinic <ul><li>Hearing before Organization of American States – March 2006 </li></ul>
  124. 201. One third of city homes using electricity 15% of public schools open Katrina Index – February 2006
  125. 202. April 2006
  126. 203. Ninth Ward – April 2006
  127. 204. FEMA Trailers & Health Report - April 2006
  128. 205. FEMA Trailers are 240 square feet
  129. 206. Impact on Children?
  130. 207. Nearly half of the parents surveyed reported that at least one of their children had emotional or behavioral difficulties that the child didn't have before the hurricane
  131. 208. More than half the women caregivers showed evidence of clinically-diagnosed psychiatric problems, such as depression or anxiety disorders
  132. 209. Households have moved average of 3.5 times since the hurricane, some as many as nine times, often across state lines
  133. 210. More than one-fifth of the school-age children who were either not in school , or had missed 10 days of school in the past month
  134. 211. Unloading Ambulances <ul><li>Nationally, average of 20 minutes to take a patient from an ambulance waiting in front of a hospital to emergency room. </li></ul><ul><li>In the New Orleans area load times are usually 2 hours, but sometimes more. </li></ul><ul><li>Longest report is 6 hours, 40 minutes, of a patient waiting in ER driveway to receive care. </li></ul>
  135. 212. No criminal or civil jury trials yet – April 2006 6000 awaiting criminal trials
  136. 213. Vietnamese Community Fights Landfill
  137. 215. May 2006
  138. 216. 25,000 students in 53 schools 6 traditional 17 state 34 charter
  139. 217. <ul><li>Pre-K - 56,000 students in over 100 public schools Katrina hits </li></ul><ul><li>public schools put in receivership </li></ul><ul><li>Best schools converted into charters </li></ul><ul><li>2006-2007 </li></ul><ul><li>- 25,000 students - 69% in Charter Schools </li></ul>
  140. 218. 6000 criminal case backlog – May 2006 <ul><li>Judges only in courtrooms part-time </li></ul><ul><li>Insufficient #s Public Defenders </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with Jail Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Absent retired or quit NOPD officers </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence problems </li></ul><ul><li>District Attorney problems </li></ul><ul><li>Displaced victims, witnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Backlog cut to 3000 by October 06; </li></ul><ul><li>Backlog cut to 2000 by December 06; </li></ul>
  141. 219. June 2006
  142. 220. Pre-Katrina, 5000 families lived in public housing
  143. 221. June 2006 - 1040 families allowed to return to public housing <ul><li>HUD Announces </li></ul><ul><li>Demolition of </li></ul><ul><li>4500 Apartments </li></ul>
  144. 223. Class Action USDC Filed on behalf of 4500 families displaced from public housing
  145. 224. June 2006, Black evacuees nearly 5 times more likely to be unemployed than white evacs, - U.S. Department of Labor.
  146. 225. Suicide Rate Triples <ul><li>Lost Half Psychiatrists </li></ul><ul><li>Lost Half Psychologists </li></ul><ul><li>Lost Half Social Workers NYT June 2006 </li></ul>
  147. 227. Pre-Katrina 450 Psych Beds in Metro Area – Now 80
  148. 228. First Criminal Jury Trial!
  149. 229. Migrant Workers Abuse June 7, 2006 – UCAL Berkeley & Tulane Report on Migrant Workers. Half the reconstruction workers in NOLA is Latino; 54% of group is undocumented – 87% already living in us at time of Katrina Routinely mistreated.
  150. 231. UN Human Rights Committee <ul><li>142 human rights organizations present 22 shadow reports to UN on Katrina violations </li></ul><ul><li>UC Berkeley International Human Rights Clinic submits human rights report </li></ul><ul><li>New Orleans organizations and people present to UN Human Rights Committee in Geneva </li></ul>
  151. 232. July 2006
  152. 233. Migrant Workers Abuse (cont) INJUSTICE FOR ALL Report by Advancement Project
  153. 234. Migrant Workers <ul><li>Tens of thousands of migrant workers to Gulf Coast to work in the recovery. </li></ul><ul><li>Many were recruited, promised good wages and working conditions and plenty of work. </li></ul><ul><li>Some paid money up front for chance to come to work. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of these promises were broken. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Latino workers live in houses without electricity, other live out of cars. </li></ul><ul><li>Whole families are living in tents. </li></ul>
  154. 235. We do not want “thugs” and “trash” from New Orleans public housing projects. Everyone with dreadlocks or che-wee hairstyles will be stopped by law enforcement.” Sheriff Jack Strain St. Tammany Parish
  155. 236. Noose Around New Orleans for African-American and Moderate Income Renters
  156. 237. UN Human Rights Committee Issues Report “ Poor People and African Americans Disadvantaged under USA Rescue, Evacuation & Reconstruction” July 2006
  157. 238. August 2006 1 Year
  158. 239. August 2006 – Ninth Ward
  159. 240. Lower 9 th Ward No Drinkable Water For One Full Year
  160. 241. Half Homes in NO Still Not Hooked Up to Electricity
  161. 242. Dramatic Reduction in Public Transportation – 83%
  162. 243. Population of New Orleans – 1 Year Later <ul><li>Pre-Katrina population was 454,000. </li></ul><ul><li>One year later 187,000. </li></ul><ul><li>African-American dropped by 61 percent or 213,000 people. Pre-Katrina 302,000 down to 89,000. LRA </li></ul>
  163. 244. Women Louisiana lost 180,000 workers after Katrina, 103,000 were women. In New Orleans after Katrina, men’s median annual income rose to $43,055 while women’s fell to $28,932; Two-thirds of single mothers have not returned to New Orleans; In Mississippi only one of the state’s women crisis centers remained open – covering four counties in the disaster area.
  164. 245. On Gulf Coast 298,000 people living in FEMA trailers August 2006
  165. 246. Blue Cross: “3/4 of physicians in New Orleans gone.” One Year After Katrina
  166. 247. Half the Hospitals in New Orleans Remain Closed – 1 Year After
  167. 248. People Have Lost Jobs, Health Insurance, Hospital, Doctor, Dentist, Pharmacy, Records
  168. 249. 250,000 Displaced in Texas
  169. 250. Texas, summer 06, hosting over 250,000 displaced; 41% income less than $500 per month. 81% black, 59% still jobless, most one child at home.
  170. 251. 150,000 in Houston Alone
  171. 252. 100,000 Displaced in Georgia 80,000 in Atlanta Most need Long-term Housing and Mental Health Services
  172. 253. Half the Groceries in NOLA still closed
  173. 254. Dramatic Reduction in Day Care
  174. 255. Dramatic Reduction in Public Education, Healthcare, Housing, Transportation, & Childcare Equals Reduction in African American Women Workers in NO - From 51,000 to 17,000
  175. 256. Where did the money go?
  176. 257. Where did $ go? – 1 year report <ul><li>$100 billion total </li></ul><ul><li>$50 billion temporary and long-term housing. </li></ul><ul><li>$30 billion emergency response & Dept of Defense. </li></ul><ul><li>$18 billion was for State and local response and the rebuilding of infrastructure. </li></ul><ul><li>$3.6 billion was for health, social services and job training and $3.2 for non-housing cash assistance. </li></ul><ul><li>$1.9 billion was allocated for education and </li></ul><ul><li>$1.2 billion for agriculture. </li></ul>
  177. 258. Who Got the Disaster Contracts?
  178. 259. Afghanistan, Iraq, Katrina? <ul><li>Halliburton </li></ul><ul><li>CH2M Hill </li></ul><ul><li>Bechtel </li></ul>
  179. 260. 2% Rule of Gulf Coast <ul><li>98% of the money distributed in a disaster ends up enriching corporations </li></ul><ul><li>2% gets to the people. </li></ul>
  180. 261. Example #1 – Blue Tarps on Roof
  181. 262. Example #1 : Blue Tarps – 2% <ul><li>SHAW GROUP 1 st got $175 a square to put on the tarps. </li></ul><ul><li>Shaw subcontracted the work out to A1 CONSTRUCTION for $75 a square. </li></ul><ul><li>A1 subcontracted the work out to a WESCON corporation for $30 a square. </li></ul><ul><li>Who in turn subcontracted it out again to guys who did the work for $2 a square. </li></ul>
  182. 263. Shaw Group got contract for $175 a square (100 sq ft) -subcontracts for $75/square earns $100 each square- average roof is 1500 square feet – 15 squares X 15 Per roof!
  183. 264. A1 Construction gets $75/square subcontracts out for $30/square X 15 Per roof!
  184. 265. Roofers get $2 per square (of original $175)
  185. 266. Example #2: Ashbritt Inc of Florida <ul><li>Received no-bid contract for $579 million to pick up trash in Mississippi </li></ul><ul><li>Miami Herald reports company does not own a single dump truck! </li></ul><ul><li>MH also reported the company gave $40,000 in previous 12 months to GOP lobbying firm </li></ul>
  186. 267. Example # 3: Circle B Enterprises - Georgia <ul><li>Awarded $287 million no-bid contract to build FEMA trailers </li></ul><ul><li>Company filed for bankruptcy year before </li></ul><ul><li>Company does not have a website </li></ul><ul><li>Company had no license to manufacture trailers in GA. </li></ul>
  187. 268. If government works for corporations before the disaster, why different after? After disaster is a hyper corporate friendly environment.
  188. 269. Example #4: Biloxi Moved Casinos Ashore Evicting Low-Income People From Homes
  189. 271. Congress allocated $10 billion in Community Development Block Grants, Louisiana has not yet distributed dollar number one.
  190. 272. Dan Farber & Jim Chen publish DISASTERS and the LAW
  191. 273. September 2006
  192. 274. Superdome is Opened - $180 Million Public Hospitals? Public Schools? Public Housing?
  193. 275. Privatization of New Orleans <ul><li>Public Schools to Charter Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Public Housing to Private Developers </li></ul><ul><li>Public Healthcare to Private Providers </li></ul><ul><li>Public Oversight to </li></ul><ul><li>Private Oversight </li></ul>
  194. 276. School Starts <ul><li>Disaster in RSD public schools </li></ul><ul><li>Charters looking good </li></ul>
  195. 277. October 2006
  196. 278. 9 th Ward Gets Drinkable Water
  197. 279. Water system problems <ul><li>New Orleans loses more water through faulty pipes and joints in the delivery system than it is using. More than 135 million gallons are being pumped out daily but only 50 million gallons are being used, leaving 85 million gallons </li></ul><ul><li>The daily cost of the water leaking away in thousands of leaks is about $200,000 a day. </li></ul>
  198. 280. November 2006
  199. 281. November 1, 2006, 18 received CDBG money to fix homes, 77,000 homeowners applied
  200. 282. Example # 5 – Disaster Capitalism <ul><li>$200 million in CDBG $ to bail out a private utility corporation, Entergy New Orleans. </li></ul><ul><li>Parent Entergy Inc. reported a net cash flow of $777 million dollars for the third quarter of 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Louisiana is saying this $200 million in CDBG funds counts as low and moderate income people of New Orleans – most not even back. </li></ul>
  201. 283. High School Entrance
  202. 284. Non-Charter Public Schools Failing <ul><li>John McDonogh, a public high school November 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>775 students - teachers, textbooks and supplies remained in short order months after school opened. </li></ul><ul><li>Students described the school as having a “prison atmosphere.” </li></ul><ul><li>No hot lunches and </li></ul><ul><li>Few working water fountains. </li></ul><ul><li>Girls’ bathrooms did not have doors on them. </li></ul><ul><li>Library had no books at all, not even shelves for books. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Our school has 39 security guards and three cops on staff and only 27 teachers,” one McDonogh teacher reported in fall 2006. </li></ul>
  203. 285. December 2006
  204. 286. Tiny % CDBG Going to Renters <ul><li>84,000 rental units were destroyed or suffered major damage (41% of the total housing) only 15% of the $10 billion program is to be spent on rental units. That is going to landlords. </li></ul>
  205. 287. New Hurricane Problem “ DEADLINE SET FOR REMOVING FEMA TRAILERS” December 14, 2006
  206. 288. Homicides Soar <ul><li>New Orleans had 63.5 slayings per 100,000 residents in 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>57 homicides per 100,000 residents in 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>National homicide average is 1.85 per 100,000 </li></ul>
  207. 289. Seven Police Officers Charged with Murder
  208. 290. January 2007
  209. 291. Federal suits filed to open public schools & stop wait list
  210. 292. RSD = Rest of the School District <ul><li>“ We wanted charter schools to open and take the majority of the students.  That didn't happen, and now we have the responsibility of educating the 'leftover' children.&quot; </li></ul>
  211. 293. February 2007
  212. 294. Problems in Public Schools <ul><li>February 2007 – 300+ no room in schools </li></ul><ul><li>Long delays in textbooks </li></ul><ul><li>Unreliable transportation system </li></ul><ul><li>Vacant teaching jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Little IDEA education </li></ul>
  213. 295. March 2007
  214. 296. Housing Protests Continue
  215. 297. April 2007
  216. 298. 57.5% of Landlords in Metro Area Discriminate Against African- Americans April 2007 Greater N.O. Fair Housing Action Center
  217. 299. Over 70,000 Families in Gulf in 240 sq ft. Trailers – April 07
  218. 300. Homeowners in New Orleans Oppose Rebuilding Section 8 Apartments
  219. 301. USDC Class Action v FEMA Termination and Recoupment
  220. 302. May 2007
  221. 306. June 2007
  222. 307. 24,910 approved for Federal Housing Rehab $ out of 142,000 applicants – June 07
  223. 308. In-state voting rejected <ul><li>In June 2007, the Louisiana Senate rejected a filed bill by an African American Senator to allow in-state displaced voters to vote in the governor’s race in fall 2007 as they did for the mayoral election in 2006. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NOT! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  224. 309. July 2007
  225. 310. Fight for Public Housing Continues
  226. 311. Fight for Public Health continues
  227. 312. Environmental Struggle Continues
  228. 314. Fight for public schools continues
  229. 315. August 2007
  230. 316. Some People Making Big Money, Not Victims
  231. 317. Federal Class Action filed To prevent mistaken and no notice demolition of homes in New Orleans
  232. 319. National Guard Still Patrols New Orleans
  233. 320. Katrina Human Rights Tribunal
  234. 321. 20,000 purged from voter rolls <ul><li>The Louisiana Secretary of State announced in August 2007 that he had deleted 20,000 former Louisiana residents from voter rolls after a computer search matched people who were registered to vote in Louisiana with names of people registered in other states. Some of those registered in other states never knew they had registered to vote there – they had apparently registered when they signed up to get drivers licenses, according to Orleans Registrar of Voters Sandra Wilson. </li></ul>
  235. 323. Voter Purge Challenged in USDC
  236. 324. LA looks to lose 1 of 7 congressional seats <ul><li>Louisiana is likely to lose one of its seven congressional seats due to loss of population according to 2006 Census population estimates. </li></ul>
  237. 325. September 2007
  238. 326. U Cal Berkeley Pledges to Rebuild Gulf Coast
  239. 327. Signs of Hope
  240. 330. “ This is why we joined the service – to help people!”
  241. 331. Our Hearts Must Be Totally Open to Injustice and Pain and Totally Open to Hope and Love
  242. 332. Community Organizations Push e.g. ACORN
  243. 333. Church Groups Organize e.g. Jeremiah Group
  244. 334. People Keep Fighting to Come Home
  245. 335. Authorities Listen to the People (just kidding)
  246. 336. Guest Workers Organize and Protest Passport Confiscations
  247. 337. Our Friends = Solidarity
  248. 338. International Connections Human Rights Analysis The Right to Return
  249. 339. Five Weeks After Katrina Southeast Asia Earthquake - 73,000 People Died Millions Homeless October 5, 2005 – Kashmir Response?
  250. 340. Increased attention to environment
  251. 341. Those Left Behind When Katrina Hit Are Being Left Behind Again
  252. 342. Justice Challenge? Never Again!
  253. 343. www.loyno.edu/~quigley/

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