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Ecuador History and Culture


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Ecuador History and Culture

  1. 1. Ecuador: History and Culture<br />By: Jade Dykstra<br />
  2. 2. Ecuador <br />
  3. 3. History in Ecuador<br />Inca Empire<br />Colonization<br />Independence<br />Liberal Revolution<br />War with Peru<br />Military Governments<br />Return to Democracy<br />
  4. 4. Inca Empire<br />Ecuador became a part of Inca Empire in 1463.<br />The empire was ruled by Huayna Capac.<br />When Capac died empire was divided between his two sons Atahualpa and Huascar.<br />In 1530 Atahualpa defeated his brother and controlled the entire empire.<br />Atahualpa was captured by the Spanish and put to death for the death of his brother.<br />
  5. 5. Inca Empire<br />
  6. 6. Colonization<br />Disease killed many indigenous people during the first decades of Spanish rule.<br />Quinto became the administrative district in 1563.<br />In 1809 Quinto had the first call for independence from Spain.<br />The call for independence in Ecuador inspired the rest of Spanish America to follow.<br />
  7. 7. Quinto, Ecuador<br />
  8. 8. Independence<br />In 1820 Guayaquil is the first city to gain independence from Spain.<br />Antonio Jose de Surce defeats Spanish Royal forces and the rest of Ecuador becomes independent.<br />First president of Ecuador Juan Jose Flores.<br />In late 19th century there began a demand for cocoa and so Ecuador was tied to the agricultural frontier.<br />
  9. 9. Juan Jose Flores<br />
  10. 10. Liberal Revolution<br />Reduced power of the clergy and conservation land owners of the highlands.<br />During the 1930’s and 1940’s the populist politicians marked instability and emergence.<br />
  11. 11. War with Peru<br />Who had control over the Amazon basin.<br />Peru launched an invasion into the Ecuadorian province of El Oro.<br />After the pressure of the U.S. and other Latin American nations all fighting came to a stop.<br />In 1972 the Andean pipeline was created.<br />Ecuador and Peru reached an agreement in October 1998.<br />Final border demarcation was effected on May 13, 1999.<br />
  12. 12. Amazon Basin <br />
  13. 13. Military Governments<br />In 1972 the military junta overthrew the government.<br />The president was exiled to Argentina.<br />The civil society called for democratic elections.<br />Government Minister proposed a plan to return to the constitutional system.<br />The elected president was able to assume the duties of the executive office.<br />
  14. 14. Return to Democracy<br />Government was committed to improving human rights.<br />Deliver land reform, lower unemployment, and provision of social services.<br />Military is in charge of public order and suspended civil liberty.<br />
  15. 15. Cocoa Leaves<br />
  16. 16. Culture in Ecuador<br />Cuisine<br />Literature<br />Art<br />Sport<br />
  17. 17. Cuisine<br />Three course; soup, rice and protein, dessert.<br />Dinner is light consisting of coffee/tea with bread.<br />Coastal regions are more popular to serve seafood.<br />The Amazon region many fruits are available.<br />
  18. 18. Civiche<br />
  19. 19. Literature<br />Influenced by the Spanish Golden Age.<br />Jacinto Collahuazzo, an indigenous, was a writer born in the late 1600’s <br />During Colonial times Eugenio Espejo was the main author of the fist newspaper in Ecuador.<br />Many novelists and poets also emerged from Ecuador. <br />
  20. 20. Eugenio Espejo<br />
  21. 21. Art<br />Art tendencies such as Ecuador Quitena developed from the 16th to 18th centuries.<br />The indigenous people of Tigua, Ecuador are also known for their tradicional paintings.<br />
  22. 22. Ecuador Art<br />
  23. 23. Sport<br /> Football is the most popular sport in Ecuador.<br />The upper classes enjoy tennis and several Ecuadorian players have earned fame from tennis.<br />
  24. 24. Ecuador Football<br />