Civil Wars and Empires
               By Jake Flores
                    History 141
   Intro - Death in September
    1. Sept 17, 1862, 6,300 to 6,500 lives were lost
    near Sharpsburg, Maryland        ...
CH. 4 Showdown at Sharpsburg
 1. The Richmond Enquirer wrote
   propagandistically of the South’s deliverance of
   Maryla...
   The Haitian Revolution
    1791–1804
   “the only successful slave revolt in history.”
    historian C.L.R. James
  ...
   The US-Mexican War 1846-1848
   Was a result of the 1845 U.S.
    annexation of Texas
   Mexico claimed ownership of...
   Indian Rebellion of 1857
   Began as a mutiny of Indian born soldiers
    (sepoys) working for the British East India...
   The Crimean War: Oct 1853 - Feb 1856
   Fought between the Russian Empire
    and an alliance of the British Empire
...
   The French Intervention in Mexico
   It followed President Benito Juarez's
    suspension of interest payments to for...
   The War of the Triple Alliance
    1864 -1870
   Fought between Paraguay and
    the allied countries of Argentina,
 ...
   French Intervention in
    Cochinchina 1858–1862
   Fought between the French and the
    Spanish on the one side and...
 Scramble for Africa
 The New Imperialism period
  between the 1880s and WWI in
  1914
    ◦   Belgium
    ◦   France
  ...
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Civil War (In Place of Final Essay)

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Civil War (In Place of Final Essay)

  1. 1. Civil Wars and Empires By Jake Flores History 141
  2. 2.  Intro - Death in September  1. Sept 17, 1862, 6,300 to 6,500 lives were lost near Sharpsburg, Maryland CH. 3 – The Federals got a Very  - More than twice the number of deaths Complete Smashing: Aug-Sept 1862  than 9/11/2001 1. Union war effort was not going  CH. 1 – The Pendulum of War: 1861 – 1862 well especially in the eastern theater  1. With the seizure of Ft. Sumter, the 2. Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson were outshining their  South only needed to defend its Northern counterparts  possession to win the war. 3. The South triumphed at Second  2. James Mason vs. Charles Francis Adams Manassas and in the Shenandoah  a. Mason of Virginia lobbied Britain to Valley recognize the Confederacy 4. Managed to turn back McClellan's  b. Adams (son of John Quincy) lobbied to prevent British recognition of Confederacy invasion of Virginia  CH. 2 – Taking Off the Kid Gloves: June-July 1862  1. 1862, support for Confederates’  views among European leaders and citizens  2. Lack of Federal success triggers a wider and deeper commitment in the Union to wage a different sort of war. Crossroads of Freedom: Antietam (part 1)
  3. 3. CH. 4 Showdown at Sharpsburg 1. The Richmond Enquirer wrote propagandistically of the South’s deliverance of Maryland from Northern tyranny, and the optimism of Southern victory 2. The reality was quite different. Maryland did not welcome the Southern invaders. 3. Weak strategic victory at Antietam diminished any successes Lee may have had in winning the hearts and minds of the people of Maryland CH. 5 The Beginning of the End 1. The Northern Army of Virginia was badly hurt. 2. The battle deeply affected the moral of Southern troops 3. The Emancipation Proclamation grew from a need to re-ignite Northern enthusiasm by radicalizing the war 4. British skepticism to the Proclamation was evident early on as they assumed that it was intended to ignite slave insurrection Crossroads of Freedom: Antietam (part 2)
  4. 4.  The Haitian Revolution 1791–1804  “the only successful slave revolt in history.” historian C.L.R. James  Haiti was the first republic in modern history led by people of African descent  Riches of the Caribbean depended on the Europeans' increasing taste for sugar.  Plantation owners traded for provisions from North America and manufactured goods from Europe  1789 - racial tension between whites, free people of color, and enslaved blacks, the country was polarized by regional rivalries between the North, South, East, and West  August 22, 1791 - Slaves of Saint Domingue rose in revolt and plunged the colony into civil war  By 1792, slaves controlled a third of the island  On January 1, 1804, Dessalines, the new leader under the dictatorial 1801 constitution, declared Haiti a free republic  Haiti was the first independent nation in Latin America, the first post-colonial independent black-led nation in the world, and the only nation whose independence was gained as part of a successful slave rebellion The Haitian Revolution
  5. 5.  The US-Mexican War 1846-1848  Was a result of the 1845 U.S. annexation of Texas  Mexico claimed ownership of Texas as a breakaway province and refused to recognize the secession and subsequent military victory by Texas in 1836  The most important consequences of the war for the United States were the Mexican terms of surrender under the Treaty of Guapalupe Hidalgo  The Mexican territories of Alta California and Santa Fe de Nuevo Mexico were ceded to the United States The US-Mexican War
  6. 6.  Indian Rebellion of 1857  Began as a mutiny of Indian born soldiers (sepoys) working for the British East India Company's army on in May of 1857  Cause: many sepoys were disquieted both from losing their perquisites, as landed gentry, in the Oudh courts and from the anticipation of any increased land-revenue payments that the annexation might augur  Much of the resistance to the Company came from the old aristocracy, who were seeing their power steadily eroded  Mutinies and civilian rebellions occurred in:  a. The upper Gangetic plain  b. Central India  Major hostilities confined to:  a. present-day Uttar Pradesh  b. Bihar  c. northern Madhya Pradesh  d. the Delhi region  The rebellion posed a considerable threat to Company power in that region  It was contained only with the fall of Gwalior on 20 June 1858 The Indian Rebellion of 1857
  7. 7.  The Crimean War: Oct 1853 - Feb 1856  Fought between the Russian Empire and an alliance of the British Empire  British alliance:  1. France  2. Ottoman Empire  3. Kingdom of Sardinia  The war was part of a long-running contest between the major European powers for influence over territories of the declining Ottoman Empire  Is notorious for the logistical and tactical mistakes that plagued both sides  Introduced technical changes which affected the future course of warfare:  1. First tactical use of railways and  telegraph  First war to be extensively documented in Photographs The Crimean War
  8. 8.  The French Intervention in Mexico  It followed President Benito Juarez's suspension of interest payments to foreign countries in July 1861  The French bombarded Veracruz on January 15, 1863  April 31st the Battle of Camaron  Capitaine and his battalion were forced to make a defense in Hacienda Camarón  They fought to nearly the last man, with three survivors  'Camerone Day' is still the most important day of celebration for Legionnaires. The French Intervention in Mexico
  9. 9.  The War of the Triple Alliance 1864 -1870  Fought between Paraguay and the allied countries of Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil  After-effect of colonialism in Latin America  Struggle for physical power over the strategic Rio Del Plat region  The outcome of the war was the utter defeat of Paraguay The War of the Triple Alliance
  10. 10.  French Intervention in Cochinchina 1858–1862  Fought between the French and the Spanish on the one side and the Vietnamese on the other  Concluded with the establishment of the French colony  1864 the three southern provinces ceded to France were formally constituted as the French colony of Cochinchina  Within three years, France's new colony doubled in size  Inaugurated nearly a century of French colonial dominance in Vietnam French Intervention in Cochinchina
  11. 11.  Scramble for Africa  The New Imperialism period between the 1880s and WWI in 1914 ◦ Belgium ◦ France ◦ Germany ◦ Italy ◦ Portugal ◦ Spain ◦ United Kingdom Attractive to Europe's ruling elites for economic and racial reasons The ideas of Charles Darwin, the eugenics movement and racism, all helped to foster European expansionist policy Scramble for Africa

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