Hydrokinetic energy is an emerging class of renewable energy that harnesses the kinetic energy of moving water. Distinct from conventional hydroelectric technology, which requires large dams or reservoirs to create significantly high water head to drive the turbine; hydrokinetic technology can be deployed in rivers, streams, or constructed waterways with very low hydraulic head. This characteristic significantly increases the number of potential installation sites and applications possible with hydrokinetic technology. On the other hand, hydrokinetic energy has the advantages of high energy density, very good predictability over other types of renewable energy. This paper reviews the current state of hydrokinetic technology for riverine applications. The hydrokinetic energy theory is reviewed first, with practical examples to illustrate real-world physical meaning of mathematical formulae. Next, maximum power point tracking, turbine’s duct effect are reviewed. Finally, the two most popular categories of hydrokinetic turbines are discussed in detail with focus on advantages, drawbacks and preferable applications.
This slide is final presentation of my paper: https://www.academia.edu/6494988/A_Review_of_Hydrokinetic_Technology