Sustaining The Kaantabay sa Kauswagan Program

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Presentation of the University of British Columbia (UBC) Social Housing Group on June 7, 2007 at the Bicol Science and Technology Centrum, Naga City, in conjunction with their Naga Planning Studio Course.

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Sustaining The Kaantabay sa Kauswagan Program

  1. 1. Sustaining the Kaantabay sa Kauswagan Program in Naga City Strengths, Challenges and Recommendations Allison Jones & Lang Lang UBC School of Community and Regional Planning Naga Planning Studio Course June 7, 2007
  2. 2. Presentation Agenda • Kaantabay sa Kauswagan • Challenges to Sustainability • Research Findings • Case Studies • Recommendations
  3. 3. What is Kaantabay sa Kauswagan ? • Social housing progam • Initiated by Urban Poor Associations • Established in 1997 • Pro poor tenure security policy
  4. 4. The Strengths of Kaantabay • Avoids displacement • Pursues on site and resettlement land acquisitions • Negotiates with landowners • Prioritizes most vulnerable
  5. 5. Urban Poor Settlement Locations
  6. 6. Multisectoral Program • Partnerships •NGOs •National Housing Agencies •World Bank •NCUPF •Bgy Associations
  7. 7. The Challenges for Sustainability 1. Cost Recovery Figure 1: Rate of Partial, Full, and None Payment comparison between on site and off site 45% 41% 41% 40% 35% 28% 30% 26% rate 25% 20% 17% 20% 16% 12% 15% Rat e of Ful l , Par t i al , and None 10% Pai d Househol ds 5% 0% PARTIAL NONE FULL N.A. N. A. 22% O si t e n O f si t e f PARTI AL 37% FULL 17% NONE 24% PARTI AL NONE FULL N. A.
  8. 8. The Challenges for Sustainability 2. Reselling and Gentrification in Beneficiary Areas
  9. 9. The Challenges for Sustainability 3. Expansion of the social housing program • Growing population • Increasing land price • Limited government resources
  10. 10. The Challenges for Sustainability 4. Institutional Barriers • Administration of collection system • Housing Policy and Implementation Disconnect • Limited Funding Streams • Bayadnihan under- resourced
  11. 11. Findings from Interviews Many positive changes have taken place 1. in the lives of beneficiaries. 2. Livelihood difficulty is the key reason for delaying repayment and reselling.
  12. 12. Findings from Interviews 3. Multi-layered “social preparation” is needed. • Job training • Financial management • Ownership management
  13. 13. Findings from Interviews 4.Controversial views of possible changes in program management • Localization of repayment collection • USUFRUCT • Cooperative ownership • Using repayment as community development fund
  14. 14. Case Study 1: Community Contribution Ilo, Peru Resources for new resettlements • Similar context: rapid population growth, trust in government, social housing priority • Multisectoral partnerships: Community management committees, NGO’s and local gov’t • Homelot preparation is jointly finance and managed • Varied funding strategies • Beneficiaries pay cost of urban servicing • Community investment at the front end
  15. 15. Ilo, Peru: Shared Participation
  16. 16. Ilo, Peru Applicability to Naga • Strong barangay associations • Culture of Bayanihan • Precedent examples
  17. 17. Case Study 2: Woodward’s Redevelopment Vancouver, Canada New Resources for Social Housing Expansion • Revitalization catalyst • Private public partnership 200 social housing units 500 market rate units • Financially self sustaining • Provides employment opportunities for residents
  18. 18. Vancouver, Canada C Applicability to Naga • 20% set aside requirement • Local ordinance support • Land Use Plan
  19. 19. Case Study 3: Community Land Trust Voi, Kenya Preventing reselling Strengths • Community ownership prevents reselling land • Individual right to use, sell improvement and pass on to children • Collective accessibility of capital
  20. 20. Voi, Kenya Applicability to Naga • Similar social conditions • Strong community organization • Pro-poor policy • Experience of Community Mortgage
  21. 21. Case Study 4: Micro-financing, Payatas, Metro Manila Saving schemes to improve repayment rate Strengths • Saving schemes • Opportunity for the poor to access small-scale loan • NGO-initiated financing program, share responsibility with government • Self-financing, relieve financial burden of the government
  22. 22. Payatas, Metro Manila Applicability to Naga • Filipino context • Strong community organizations • Tradition of participation • Experience of Metro PESO micro-financing program
  23. 23. Recommendations • Improve implementation of “social preparation” programs Certification Leadership Development Ongoing Support Targets Information Transfer Comprehensive
  24. 24. Recommendations • Increase efficiency in Kaantabay program administration Bridge the Gap Revise Incentives Modify Devolve Collection Enforce Document Diversify Options Consult
  25. 25. Recommendations • Open conduits to new funding sources Private Sector Public Private Partnerships Barangay Contributions Microfinance National Funding
  26. 26. Recommendations • Adopt a comprehensive, integrated approach Livelihood Transportation Nutrition and Urban Agriculture Gender Equity Education Youth Development
  27. 27. Salamat…thank you, Naga!

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