Thinking about MarkupLanguages in the Context ofComplex, Urgent ProblemsJack ParkExtreme Markup LanguagesAugust 2002http:/...
Abstract We look at markup languages in the context of  complex, urgent problems facing humanity. The talk  intends to dev...
Reality Check “Im only a child and I dont have all the solutions, but I want you to realise, neither do you!              ...
Plan   My Views (MV)   My Interpretation of Douglas Engelbart‟s   Views (MIE)   My Views (again) (MV)   The World Accordin...
Motivation   “…what we know and need today may   be insufficient to solve tomorrows   problems” –W3C[http://www.w3.org/Con...
MV: The Problem Space/Context            Personal                 Collective/Global 20020803              ©Jack Park 2002
MV: Collective/Global Context            Examples are legion              Climate               • global warming          ...
MV: Personal Context            Examples are legion              Individual               • Health               • Welfare...
MV: A Personal Example Part 1   January 1989        DX: Leukemia        “Current mindset”            • Bone marrow transpl...
MV: A Personal Example Part 2   August 2002        Outcomes            • Folks I know who then chose BMT are dead         ...
MV: A Personal Example Part 3   Analyzing those outcomes        Recall            • “what we know and need today may be   ...
MV: My Personal View   Observations        Connecting dots can be very rewarding        Finding dots to connect in the fir...
MV: Expanding on my Claim   My claim motivates the evolution of a   “Let‟s Find and Connect The Dots   Together” computati...
MIE: Engelbart’s CapabilityInfrastructure 20020803      ©Jack Park 2002
MIE: Engelbart’s A-B-C Context                           A Activity - serves                           the customer       ...
MIE: Community A-B-CActivities 20020803    ©Jack Park 2002
MIE: Networked ImprovementCommunity 20020803    ©Jack Park 2002
MV: My Views Again    “The only sustainable advantage an    organism can have is the ability to learn    faster than its c...
MV: Maturana & Verala    “What biology shows us is that the uniqueness of    being human lies exclusively in a social stru...
MV: Towards an Implementation    Capabilities Infrastructures            Depend on Individual Capabilities             • c...
MV: What is Knowledge?    Information relates to    description, definition,    or perspective (what,    who, when, where)...
MV: Personal KnowledgeContexts 20020803    ©Jack Park 2002
MV: Gowan’s Knowledge V            After: Joseph D. Novak.            “The Pursuit of a Dream: Education Can be Improved” ...
MV: The Individual Context isnot enough    Complex, urgent problems affect the    welfare of large populations    Complex,...
MV: Individual Processes After: William Clancey, in “Situated Cognition: How representations are created and given meaning...
MV: Collective KnowledgeContexts 20020803     ©Jack Park 2002
MV: “All social change beginswith a conversation”*    “From a casual conversation between    two friends, a medical relief...
TWAP: Towards a Manifesto The reason our society must create a new language for learning communities that transcends schoo...
TWAP: Edna St. Vincent Millay            Upon this gifted age, in its dark hour,            Rains from the sky a meteoric ...
TWAP: Towards a Point of View    From the manifesto:            “...only a living language can create living            pa...
TWAP: Augmented Story Tellingrocks!    Ta daa! A Point of View    But, that‟s a lie     (maybe)            We don‟t know t...
TWAP: Why Stories?    “…stories are a powerful means to    understand what happened (the    sequence of events) and why (t...
TWAP: Why Stories on the Web?    “With the proliferation of online interaction    and composing of various digital online ...
TWAP: Why Stories on the Web?    “... emphasizing the analyses of culture and    of meaning-making processes within such  ...
TWAP: Focus Question   If we wish to create an   augmented story space, a   software system with which   users will write ...
TWAP: IBIS View of a Question 20020803     ©Jack Park 2002
TWAP: Towards an ArchitectureUser Interface & Topic MapsKnowledge StructuresDocuments  20020803                ©Jack Park ...
TWAP: Markup Languages    Will Markup Languages be important in    this quest?            Markup Languages will be part of...
TWAP: Important MarkupLanguage Examples    Topic Maps       Weaving the fabric       http://www.topicmaps.org/    Human Ma...
Towards an Implementation 20020803     ©Jack Park 2002
NexistWiki Architecture 20020803      ©Jack Park 2002
NexistWiki Graph 20020803     ©Jack Park 2002
What’s on a NexistWiki Page?AddressableInformationResource   20020803   ©Jack Park 2002
Towards Augmented StoryTelling    The NexistWiki hypothesis            WikiWiki architecture for easy page            cons...
NexistWiki Story Architecture                                 IBIS                                 Discussion 20020803    ...
A Resource Homepage 20020803    ©Jack Park 2002
An IBIS Discussion 20020803     ©Jack Park 2002
NexistWiki and Publishing 20020803      ©Jack Park 2002
NexistWiki and Software Dev. 20020803      ©Jack Park 2002
Where to go from here?    More development along the lines of    the Open Hyperdocument System.    Let‟s Roll... 20020803 ...
References    [Alexander, 1977] Alexander, Christopher, Sara Ishikawa, and Murray Silverstein, 1977. A    Pattern Language...
References continued    [Mintzes, et al. 1998] Mintzes, Joel J., James H. Wandersee, and Joseph D. Novak, Editors,    1998...
Colophon    This presentation would not exist    without:            The XTM Authoring Group            Support from Adam ...
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Thinking About Markup Languages in the Context of Complex, Urgent Problems

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Keynote talk given at Extreme Markup Languages, Montreal, 2002

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  • In slide 18 you pose a question 'How do you deal with the realization that our competitor is us?'. What page of your presentation addresses this question? To me, positioning BC as the contextual meaning of your A frame activities( B as the organizational and C as the social as an example) from your personal view point which stands on top of C frame and the NIC to have your current C frame open to outside of you, seem to work.
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  • Yamada-san, we agree. That notion has been the basis for much of the work reported in my slides here. Let us continue to explore and exploit the brilliance of those ideas.
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  • Yes, and I believe Doug’s Networked Improvement Community that shares a mission statement works well to connect dots.
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Thinking About Markup Languages in the Context of Complex, Urgent Problems

  1. 1. Thinking about MarkupLanguages in the Context ofComplex, Urgent ProblemsJack ParkExtreme Markup LanguagesAugust 2002http://www.nexist.org/em2002/index.htm
  2. 2. Abstract We look at markup languages in the context of complex, urgent problems facing humanity. The talk intends to develop a context in which the evolution of markup languages is seen as crucial to the evolution of tools capable of supporting and augmenting what Douglas Engelbart calls the Capabilities Infrastructure of Networked Improvement Communities. If time permits, a demonstration of an engineering prototype of a system aimed in that direction will take place. 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  3. 3. Reality Check “Im only a child and I dont have all the solutions, but I want you to realise, neither do you! You dont know how to fix the holes in our ozone layer. You dont know how to bring salmon back up a dead stream. You dont know how to bring back an animal now extinct. And you cant bring back forests that once grew where there is now desert. If you dont know how to fix it, please stop breaking it!” – Severn Suzuki, age 12, in a talk presented to the Earth Summit in Brazil, 1992 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  4. 4. Plan My Views (MV) My Interpretation of Douglas Engelbart‟s Views (MIE) My Views (again) (MV) The World According to Park (TWAP) Towards an implementation 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  5. 5. Motivation “…what we know and need today may be insufficient to solve tomorrows problems” –W3C[http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Points/] “…We shall require a substantially new manner of thinking if mankind is to survive.” –Albert Einstein 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  6. 6. MV: The Problem Space/Context Personal Collective/Global 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  7. 7. MV: Collective/Global Context Examples are legion Climate • global warming Population • health • nutrition • clean water 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  8. 8. MV: Personal Context Examples are legion Individual • Health • Welfare Family • Health • Welfare 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  9. 9. MV: A Personal Example Part 1 January 1989 DX: Leukemia “Current mindset” • Bone marrow transplant “Emerging mindset” • Biotechnology 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  10. 10. MV: A Personal Example Part 2 August 2002 Outcomes • Folks I know who then chose BMT are dead • I chose biotechnology – I‟m not dead yet 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  11. 11. MV: A Personal Example Part 3 Analyzing those outcomes Recall • “what we know and need today may be insufficient to solve tomorrows problems” • BMT was (then) the therapy of choice • Interferon (Immune Response Enhancement) was an emerging therapy Realize • Research uncovered dots which got connected 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  12. 12. MV: My Personal View Observations Connecting dots can be very rewarding Finding dots to connect in the first place is an enormous chore Claim Evolving infrastructures which enhance human abilities in finding and connecting dots is a profoundly important goal. 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  13. 13. MV: Expanding on my Claim My claim motivates the evolution of a “Let‟s Find and Connect The Dots Together” computational infrastructure. I believe that my claim is, itself, an interpretation of Douglas Engelbart‟s Collective IQ and Capabilities Infrastructure 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  14. 14. MIE: Engelbart’s CapabilityInfrastructure 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  15. 15. MIE: Engelbart’s A-B-C Context A Activity - serves the customer B Activity - improves product cycle time and quality C Activity - improves improvement cycle time and quality 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  16. 16. MIE: Community A-B-CActivities 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  17. 17. MIE: Networked ImprovementCommunity 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  18. 18. MV: My Views Again “The only sustainable advantage an organism can have is the ability to learn faster than its competitors” – http://smile.jcon.org/soft/ba/gen2/TechnologyGrid.html How do you deal with the realization that our competitor is us ? 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  19. 19. MV: Maturana & Verala “What biology shows us is that the uniqueness of being human lies exclusively in a social structural coupling that occurs through languaging, generating the regularities proper to the human social dynamics, for example, individual identity and self- consciousness, and the recursive social human dynamics that entails a reflection enabling us to see that as human beings we have only the world which we create with others – whether we like them or not.” –[Maturana & Verala, 1987, p. 246] 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  20. 20. MV: Towards an Implementation Capabilities Infrastructures Depend on Individual Capabilities • can be augmented with collaboration tools Require Facilitation • can be augmented with collaboration tools Issues behind augmentation? • a look at the knowledge context 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  21. 21. MV: What is Knowledge? Information relates to description, definition, or perspective (what, who, when, where). Knowledge comprises strategy, practice, method, or approach (how). This page shamelessly copied (with kind permission) from: Wisdom embodies “Knowledge Management – Emerging Perspectives” principle, insight, moral, http://www.outsights.com/systems/kmgmt/kmgmt.htm By Gene Bellinger or archetype (why). 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  22. 22. MV: Personal KnowledgeContexts 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  23. 23. MV: Gowan’s Knowledge V After: Joseph D. Novak. “The Pursuit of a Dream: Education Can be Improved” In: [Mintzes, et al. 1998] 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  24. 24. MV: The Individual Context isnot enough Complex, urgent problems affect the welfare of large populations Complex, urgent problems call for enhanced capabilities Enhanced capabilities implies collective behaviors The Individual Context must be part of a Collective Context 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  25. 25. MV: Individual Processes After: William Clancey, in “Situated Cognition: How representations are created and given meaning” http://ic.arc.nasa.gov/ic/clancey-publications.html 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  26. 26. MV: Collective KnowledgeContexts 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  27. 27. MV: “All social change beginswith a conversation”* “From a casual conversation between two friends, a medical relief effort for Vietnamese children emerged. And it all began when „some friends and I started talking‟ ” Margaret J. Wheatley, “All Social Change begins with a conversation”, The Utne Reader: Society, found on the Web at http://www.utne.com, 28 July, 2002 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  28. 28. TWAP: Towards a Manifesto The reason our society must create a new language for learning communities that transcends school and classroom walls is that the dominance, attraction, and power of the current machine-based language of schooling is not capable of generating the organic patterns of the global learning community we now require. The very nature of the language, the potency of its field, and the meaning it constructs preempt its capacity to generate living patterns; only a living language can create living patterns and only living patterns can create living environments. –Stephanie Pace Marshal, “Creating Sustainable Learning Communities for the Twenty-First Century”, in F. Hesselbein, et al. (eds), 1997. The Organization of the Future. The Drucker Foundation. http://www.swaraj.org/shikshantar/resources_marshall.html 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  29. 29. TWAP: Edna St. Vincent Millay Upon this gifted age, in its dark hour, Rains from the sky a meteoric shower Of facts . . . they lie unquestioned, uncombined. Wisdom enough to leech us of our ill Is daily spun; but there exists no loom To weave it into fabric 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  30. 30. TWAP: Towards a Point of View From the manifesto: “...only a living language can create living patterns and only living patterns can create living environments” From Edna St. Vincent Millay: “...but there exists no loom to weave it into fabric” The skill of writing is to create a context in which other people can think. –Edwin Schlossberg 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  31. 31. TWAP: Augmented Story Tellingrocks! Ta daa! A Point of View But, that‟s a lie (maybe) We don‟t know that yet… We must get busy and prove it… Ok. Call it a working hypothesis and move on! 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  32. 32. TWAP: Why Stories? “…stories are a powerful means to understand what happened (the sequence of events) and why (the causes and effects of those events).” – John Seely Brown[Brown, 2000] page 106 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  33. 33. TWAP: Why Stories on the Web? “With the proliferation of online interaction and composing of various digital online spaces for intercultural and global communication, computer-mediated communication and digital technologies have come to play a significant role in the process of globalization.” –Jilliana Enteen and Radhika Gajjala, 2002.”Teaching Globalization & Intercultural Communication: A Virtual Exchange Project,” KAIROS: 7.2, available on the Web at http://129.118.38.138/kairos/7.2/binder.html?sectiontwo/enteen 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  34. 34. TWAP: Why Stories on the Web? “... emphasizing the analyses of culture and of meaning-making processes within such global technological environments allows the student to understand the contextual and situated nature of communication processes. This sensitizes the student to such encounters and, we hope, instills both sensitivity and confidence. –Jilliana Enteen and Radhika Gajjala, 2002.”Teaching Globalization & Intercultural Communication: A Virtual Exchange Project,” KAIROS: 7.2, available on the Web at http://129.118.38.138/kairos/7.2/binder.html?sectiontwo/enteen 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  35. 35. TWAP: Focus Question If we wish to create an augmented story space, a software system with which users will write stories… Then, how do we structure that story space to serve as a context in which other people can think? 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  36. 36. TWAP: IBIS View of a Question 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  37. 37. TWAP: Towards an ArchitectureUser Interface & Topic MapsKnowledge StructuresDocuments 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  38. 38. TWAP: Markup Languages Will Markup Languages be important in this quest? Markup Languages will be part of that loom to weave…into fabric. Without a doubt: Yes! 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  39. 39. TWAP: Important MarkupLanguage Examples Topic Maps Weaving the fabric http://www.topicmaps.org/ Human Markup Language Enhance fidelity of human communications http://www.humanmarkup.org/ Philanthropic Markup Language Move from transactions to transformations http://www.givingspace.org/ 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  40. 40. Towards an Implementation 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  41. 41. NexistWiki Architecture 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  42. 42. NexistWiki Graph 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  43. 43. What’s on a NexistWiki Page?AddressableInformationResource 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  44. 44. Towards Augmented StoryTelling The NexistWiki hypothesis WikiWiki architecture for easy page construction Chunk stories into AddressableInformationResources Seamless integration of IBIS Discussion for each AddressableInformationResource 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  45. 45. NexistWiki Story Architecture IBIS Discussion 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  46. 46. A Resource Homepage 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  47. 47. An IBIS Discussion 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  48. 48. NexistWiki and Publishing 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  49. 49. NexistWiki and Software Dev. 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  50. 50. Where to go from here? More development along the lines of the Open Hyperdocument System. Let‟s Roll... 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  51. 51. References [Alexander, 1977] Alexander, Christopher, Sara Ishikawa, and Murray Silverstein, 1977. A Pattern Language, New York, NY: Oxford University Press. [Brown, 2000] Brown, John Seely, and Paul Duguid, 2000. The Social Life of Information. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press [Clancey, 1997] Clancey, William J. 1997. Situated Cognition: On Human Knowledge and Computer Representations. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press [Engelbart, 1992] Engelbart, Douglas C. 1992. Toward High-Performance Organizations: A Strategic Role for Groupware”. Available on the Web at http://www.bootstrap.org/augment/AUGMENT/132811.html [Engelbart, 2000] Engelbart, Doug, 2000. “Draft OHS-Project Plan”. Available on the Web at http://www.bootstrap.org/augment/BI/2120.html [Lakoff, 1999] Lakoff, George and Mark Johnson, 1999. Philosophy In The Flesh: The Embodied Mind And Its Challenge To Western Thought. New York, NW: Basic Books [Leuf & Cunningham, 2001] Leuf, Bo, and Ward Cunningham, 2001. The Wiki Way, Boston, MA: Addison-Wesley [Maturana & Verala, 1987] Maturana, Humberto R. and Francisco J. Verala, 1987. The Tree of Knowledge: The Biological Roots of Human Understanding, Boston, MA: New Science Library. 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  52. 52. References continued [Mintzes, et al. 1998] Mintzes, Joel J., James H. Wandersee, and Joseph D. Novak, Editors, 1998, Teaching Science for Understanding: A Human Constructivist View. Boston, MA: Academic Press. [Ryan, 2001] Ryan, Marie-Laure, 2001. Narrative as Virtual Reality. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press [Park, 2001] Park, Jack, 2001. “Bringing Knowledge Technologies to the Classroom,” Paper presented at Knowledge Technologies 2001, Austin Texas, March 4-2. Available on the web at http://www.thinkalong.com/JP/ParkKT2001.pdf [Park, 2002] Park, Jack [Editor] and Sam Hunting [Technical Editor], 2002. XML Topic Maps. Boston, MA: Addison-Wesley. 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002
  53. 53. Colophon This presentation would not exist without: The XTM Authoring Group Support from Adam Cheyer and Hugo Daley at VerticalNet Valuable comments from Henry Van Eyken, Mei Lin Fung, Sam Hunting, Tom Munnecke, and Bill Leikam Massive inspiration from Douglas Engelbart 20020803 ©Jack Park 2002

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