DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH• Descriptive research is used to obtaininformation concerning the current status of thephenomena to describe "what exists" withrespect to variables or conditions in a situation.• The methods involved range from the surveywhich describes the status quo, the correlationstudy which investigates the relationshipbetween variables, to developmental studieswhich seek to determine changes over time.
DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH• Descriptive research can be either quantitative orqualitative.• It can involve collections of quantitative information thatcan be tabulated along a continuum in numerical form,such as scores on a test or the number of times a personchooses to use a-certain feature of a multimediaprogram,• or it can describe categories of information such asgender or patterns of interaction when using technologyin a group situation.• Descriptive research involves gathering data thatdescribe events and then organizes, tabulates, depicts,and describes the data collection
DESCRIPTIVE STUDIES• Descriptive studies, primarily concerned withfinding out "what is," might be applied toinvestigate the following questions:– Do teachers hold favorable attitudes toward usingcomputers in schools?– What kinds of activities that involve technology occurin sixth-grade classrooms and how frequently do theyoccur?– What have been the reactions of schooladministrators to technological innovations in teachingthe social sciences?– How have high school computing courses changedover the last 10 years?
Developmental StuDieS• Trend Studies - Used to make predictions fromsocial trends, economic conditions,technological advances, etc. to future status• The purpose of developmental studies is toassess changes over an extended period oftime.– For example, developmental research would be anideal choice to assess the differences in academicand social development in low-income versus high-income neighborhoods.– It is most common when working with children assubjects for obvious reasons and can be undertakenusing several methods
trenD analySiS• The term "trend analysis" refers to theconcept of collecting information andattempting to spot a pattern, or trend, inthe information• Although trend analysis is often used topredict future events, it could be used toestimate uncertain events in the past,such as how many ancient kings probablyruled between two dates, based on datasuch as the average years which otherknown kings reigned.
InterrelatIonshIpstudIes• Correlation Studies - Determine the extent ofthe relationship between two or more variables• "Correlational research involves collecting datain order to determine whether, and to whatdegree, a relationship exists between two ormore variables."• Usually examine a complex, major idea byseeing how lesser variables relate to it– If variable doesnt relate, can drop from furtheranalysis– If variable relates, can do a more expensive causal-correlational or experimental study
hIstorIcal research• Historical research - mean gathering data fromsituations that have already occurred and performingstatistical analysis on this data just as we would in atraditional experiment.• Since historical research relies on data from the past,there is no way to manipulate it.• Studying the grades of older students, for example, andyounger students may provide some insight into thedifferences between these two groups, but manipulatingthe work experience is impossible.• Therefore, historical research can often lead to presentday experiments that attempt to further explore what hasoccurred in the past.