DefinitionAyurveda is a holistic approach to health that isdesigned to help people live long, healthy, andwell-balanced lives. The term Ayurveda is takenfrom the ancient Indian language, Sanskritwords Ayus, meaning life or lifespan, and Vedameaning knowledge literally means "Knowledgeof Life".
EvolutionAyurvedic medicine (also called Ayurveda) is oneof the world’s oldest medical systems. It originatedin India and has evolved there over thousands ofyears. The "contemporary" form of Ayurvedicmedicine is mostly derived from several sacredIndian texts which were written in Sanskritbetween 1500 BC and 400 AD.
ObjectiveSupreme Scholars of Ayurveda- Charka andSushruta have told that- Objective of Ayurveda is"Swasthsya Swaasthyarakshanam" i.e. to maintainthe positive health of a healthy person and"Aaturasya Vikar Prashanam" i.e. to cure thedisease of the patient.
Dosha, Dhatu and MalaThe concept of ‘Dosha Dhatu Mala’ theory is the basicphilosophy of Ayurveda, which deals about ‘Tridoshas’. Doshas Functions Vatta (wind) Mobility Pitta (fire) Transformation Kapha (water) Consistency/Stability
Characteristics of DoshasVata Pitta KaphaDry Oily OilyCold Hot ColdLight Light HeavyIrregular Intense StableMobile Fluid ViscousRarified Mal odorous DenseRough Liquid Smoth
Five Fundamentals Elements of Ayurveda (Panchmahabhuta)Panchmahabhuta Sensory Organs/work Properties and actions in the bodySpace (Aakash) Ears/Hearing Sound Akash forms vacuumed organs of the body. All body channels, working for the movement of the nutrients and all other fluids. It produces softness, lightness and porosityAir (Vayu or Pavan) Skin/Touch Governs inhalation, exhalation, opening and closing of eyelids, locomotion and other motor functions. Air creates dryness, lightness and emaciation.Fire (Agni or Teja) Eyes/Visual (Sight) Fire controls temperature and luster of body colour. It helps in digestion and assimilation of food, maturation and improves eye sight.Water (Aap or Jala) Tongue/Taste Jal is the connecting force and fluid part of the body and slimy, fat and sweat by nature. It makes things supple and smooth, Imparts glossiness and Enhances fluid content. It acts as nutrient, emollient and purgative.Earth (Prithvi or Bhoomi) Nose/Smell Prithvi controls organs as teeth, nails, flesh, skin, tendons and muscles. It is heavy, immobile, compact and rough and increases firmness & strength of the body. It acts as nutrient, emollient and purgative.
Types of Treatment in Ayurveda:There are two aspects of treatment in Ayurveda:1. Shamana Chikitsa (Curing of diseases - Alleviating Therapy)2. Shodhana Chikitsa (Prevention of diseases - Purification Therapy)
Shodhana Chikitsa (Prevention of diseases)The main aim of Shodhana treatment is to eliminate the internalcausative factors of the disease. It is one the most important techniquesin Ayurveda and is an internal purification process. Panchakarmatherapeutic procedures are used to facilitate the elimination of harmfulfactors through following processes: Vaman Emesis For Kapha dosha Virechan Purgation For Pitta dosha Basti Enema For Vatta dosha Administrating medicines Nasya For Kapha dosha from head especially through noseRaktamokshan Blood letting For Rakta and Pitta dosha
Shamana Chikitsa (Curing of diseases)Shamana is specially done after the Shodhana therapy and in less vitiation.Ayurvedic medicines are used internally and externally to manage thesymptoms and cause of the disease through the balancing the equilibriumof Dosha, Dhatu, Mala and Agni and also to increase the Immunity. InAyurveda there are thousands of medicines consisting of herbs, mineralsand biological products, which are used alone or in compound form tosuppress and cure diseases, particularly when the disease is at an earlystage.