The Yuan Dynasty

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The Yuan Dynasty

  1. 1. The Yuan Dynasty The Mongols Rule China
  2. 2. The Song Dynasty ends and the Yuan Dynasty begins• Song Dynasty = 960-1279• Yuan Dynasty = 1279-1368 The Yuan Dyansty = Part of the Mongol Empire
  3. 3. The Mongol Empire
  4. 4. The Mongol Empire
  5. 5. The Mongol Empire
  6. 6. The Yuan Dynasty - The Mongol control of China
  7. 7. The Backstory . . .Mongols were nomadic peoples from the northof China – originally lived as separate tribes→in 1206 a powerful leader (khan) united them ↓He was given a new title . . . “Universal Ruler” = Genghis Khan
  8. 8. Genghis Khan 1165-1227• illiterate• born to a noble family• 1207: set out to conquer an empire• The warrior: – an organizational & strategic genius – created one of the most highly disciplined & effective armies in history – Led brutal, bloody attacks on Asia & E. Europe – G.K. & his men killed all of the men, women & kids in countless cities & villages
  9. 9. Genghis Khan continued . . .• Within 20 years (after 1206) he ruled a large part of Asia• 1st led his armies into China in 1211• His empire was religiously tolerant• Conquered more land than any other conqueror• Est. the largest, contiguous empire in history• By his death in 1227, all of northern China was under Mongol control• G.K. died from internal injuries from a fall from his horse while hunting
  10. 10. Mongol Warrior – Genghis Khan
  11. 11. Mongol Warrior – Genghis Khan
  12. 12. Mongol Warrior – Genghis Khan (movie scene)
  13. 13. Even though Genghis Khan died,his sons & grandsons continued to raid lands all over Asia and E. Europe. ↓ They left behind death & destruction→→→→ Strenghths of the Mongols: 1) armed horsemen 2) fear of the Mongols 3) highly trained & highly disciplined 4) fearless 5) Genghis Khan
  14. 14. Mongol Warrior – Genghis Khan
  15. 15. Mongol Warrior Kublai Khan - Genghis’ grandson
  16. 16. Mongol Warrior Kublai Khan – Genghis’grandson

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