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By Mr. Jack
 299-303
 Why study Western Europe?
 The USA is a
country of
immigrants.
 37.8 Percent of
Americans have
European heritage.
African
Am.
European
Am.
Hispani...
 Western Europe and the USA are important
trade partners.
 Las Vegas is a favorite destination for
Europeans. Western Europe, the city’s second
biggest international market — up 8...
 Locate the countries and cities on your maps.
 Western Europe's population patterns have
been shaped by physical geography,
migration, and world events.
 Although small, Western Europe has a big
population (400 million)
 The distance from the Pyrenees to the
German/Polish boarder is only 800-1000 miles.
 1016 miles, distance Los Angles to Denver via Las Vegas
 Switzerland is a blended European cultures.
It has 3 official languages German, French,
and Italian.
 Geneva is the capital, famous for banking.
 Geneva is the capital, famous for banking.
 The Alps mark the boarder of 4 seasons in
Western Europe
 The Alps mark the boarder of 4 seasons in
Western Europe
 Western Europe is not
as ethnically diverse
as the USA or South
America.
Pie Chart
 Western Europe is not
as ethnically diverse
as the USA or South
America.
Ethnic composition, language, religion
Ethnic g...
 Western Europe is not
as ethnically diverse
as the USA or South
America.
Pie Chart
 A pie chart is a circle divided into color parts to
show proportions.
African
Am.
European
Am.
Hispanic
Am.
Americans
Asian Am.
 5 percent of France’s
population came from
North Africa, which
used to be a part of
France during the Age
of Empires
 5 percent of France’s
population came from
North Africa, which
used to be a part of
France during the Age
of Empires
 5 percent of France’s
population came from
North Africa, which
used to be a part of
France during the Age
of Empires
 Starting in the 1950’s,
Germany encouraged
immigration to help
its economy.
 It has a guest worker program, people from
other countries work in a different country for
a temporary time.
 Yet, Germanys
population is not as
diverse as that of
the USA.
 Which Western
European country
has the most
ethnic mix?
 A. France
 B. Germany
 C. Netherlands
 D. Switzerland
 In Western Europe, most of the population is
urban.
 Germany has the most people in Europe (82
million).
 Monaco is the smallest only 0.78 sq mi , with a
population of 36,371.
 Monaco is the smallest only 0.78 sq mi , with a
population of 36,371.
 Casino Royale
 Most people in France live in
Paris, or along the Southern
Coast.
 The Netherlands has the highest
population density.
 Like South American and Mexico, most people
migrate to cities in Western Europe.
 Some people work in the cities, but live
outside the city called suburbanization.
 Suburbanization is the growth of areas on the
edge of cities
 Western Europe has some of the world’s most
famous cities.
 Vienna
 Vienna Austria on the Danube River.
 Vienna Austria on the Danube River.
 Vienna Austria on the Danube River.
 Vienna Austria
 Lipizzaner Stallions
 Lipizzaner Stallions
 Berlin
 Berlin
 Brussels
 Brussels the capital of the EU
 Brussels the capital of the EU
 Brussels tulip festival.
 Amsterdam
 Amsterdam the northern trade city on the
Rhine River.
 Amsterdam the northern trade city on the
Rhine River.
 Paris
 Paris a ______ city. Check 1-3 Activity 12-2
 Check 1-3 Activity 12-2
 700’s BCE-476 Classical Greece, Alexander, Rome
 500-800 Dark Ages, Vikings
 800-1500 Middle Ages, Crusades, Reformati...
 Middle Ages and Reformation created many of
the religions still practiced today and in the
USA.
 The Crusades (Wars of ...
 Page 301-302
 Early Peoples
 Celts, Frisians and Basque prehistoric people
settled Western Europe thousands of years ago.
Frisians
 The Roman Empire conquered and ruled
Western Europe from 47BC to 476 CE.
 Germanic Tribes overran the Roman Empire ,
ending the Classic Age (476) beginning the
Middle Ages (500-1500).
 Urban life , education, trade all disappeared.
 Law and Order broke down.
 Schools, trade, roads, building tech, even
money disappeared in western Europe.
Life degraded to brutality not seen since the Neolithic Age
 Local strongmen built castles, people who could
not fight looked to them for protection.
 The Rise of Western Europe
 The Franks (a Germanic tribe) conquered western
Europe.
 The Franks accepted Christianity and
protected the Roman Catholic Church.
 Charlemagne (768-814) expanded the Frankish
Kingdom.
 Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne Holy
Roman Emperor on Christmas day 800.
 Charlemagne's system of land distribution
became the basis of feudalism.
Serfs
 In 843, Charlemagne’s
Empire was divided
among his sons.
 The Western part
became France,
 The Eastern part called
the...
 Strong French Kings unified France and made
Paris a center for education and culture.
 The Holy Roman Empire (962-1806) remained
divided.
 The German emperor, nobles and popes all
fought for control
 The Netherlands became a center for trade,
merchants usually ran the city governments.
 The powers of Western Europe came into contact
with other regions.
 From 1089 - 1291, the Christian Europeans fought
Crusades to take Jerusalem from Muslim rule.
Pope Urban II calls for
Th...
 The Crusades were military campaigns started
by the Roman Catholic Church to take land
around Jerusalem from the Muslims.
 The Christian Crusaders took Jerusalem in the first
Crusade, but eventually the Muslim leader Saladin
drove them out.
 Page 301-302
 The Crusades failed, but brought Europeans into
trade with the eastern Mediterranean.
 Medieval paintings
 By the 1400’s, educated Europeans developed a new
interest in Classical Greece and Rome, called the
Renaissance.
Sandro ...
Perspective
 By the 1400’s, educated Europeans developed a
new interest in Classical Greece and Rome, called
the Renaissance.
Leonard...
 By the 1400’s, educated Europeans developed a
new interest in Classical Greece and Rome, called
the Renaissance.
Michela...
Fede Galizia, Plautilla Nelli,
 Merchants from Italy spread these ideas which
became popular throughout Europe.
 Italian cities like Venice and Florence become
super rich.
 Many people and kings resented the Pope and Roman
Catholic Church, who had become super powerful.
 New Christian religions appeared called the Protestant
Reformation, especially in Germany, England, the Netherlands,
and...
 Protestant Reformation, [a] a movement against
what the Protestants considered to be errors in
the Roman Catholic Church...
 Martin Luther rejected the RCC and started the
Lutheran Church in Germany.
 John Calvin and the Calvin Church became
popular in the Netherlands and Switzerland.
 From 1524 to 1648, they fought religious wars
Protestants vs. Catholics.
 Winds of Change
 After the 30’s year War (1618-1648), your king
became more important than religion in these wars.
 What class did this benefit?
 A New Class not Nobles and not
Peasants….the middle class.
 The Queens and Kings of Europe benefited the most.
 Winds of Change
 France became a major world power
Louis 14th of France builds the Palace of Versailles
Hall of Mirrors
Louis XVI Bedroom
Drawing Room
 Winds of Change
 Society had not changed much since the times of Charlemagne.
The Nobles and Church still dominated soc...
 Winds of Change
 In 1789, the merchants (middle class) united with the
working class and overthrew the French monarchy
...
 Winds of Change
 But in 1789, the French Revolution overthrew the
French monarchy. and made a Republic.
 republic; plural noun: republics
 a state in which supreme power is held by the
people and their elected representative...
The Estates General Convenes in
May, 1789
Last time it was called into session was 1614!
Storming theBastille, July 14, 1789
Celebrated today as France’s day of independence.
March of the Women,
October 5-6, 1789
We want the baker, the baker’s wife
and the baker’s boy!
A spontaneous demonstration...
 Winds of Change
 During the French Revolution, nationalism
became the most important factor.
 Nationalism: loyalty and devotion to a country.
TheDeclarationoftheRightsofManandof
theCitizen
August 26,
1789
V Liberty!
V Life!
V Equality under the Law!
V Property!
V ...
Olympe deGouges(1745-1793)
Declaration of the
Rights of Woman
and of the Citizen
(1791)
V Women played a vital
role in the...
The Tricolor (1789)
The WHITE of the
Bourbons + the RED &
BLUE of Paris.
Citizen!
The “Liberty Cap”: BonneRouge
Revolutionary Symbols
Cockade
Revolutionary
Clock
La Republic
Liberté
TheRoyal FamilyAttempts
to Flee
June, 1791
Helped by the Swedish Count Hans Axel von
Fusen [Marie Antoinette’s lover].
The Death of “Citizen” Louis Capet
Matter for reflection
for the crowned
jugglers.
So impure blood
doesn’t soil our land!
Marie Antoinette as a Serpent
The “Widow Capet”
Marie Antoinette
in Prison remembering Bastille Dayon her way to the guillotin
Marie Antoinette Died in October,
1793
The First Coalition &
The Brunswick Manifesto
(August 3, 1792)
FRANCE 1792-
1797
AUSTRIA
PRUSSIA
BRITAIN
SPAIN
PIEDMONT
Du...
 Winds of Change
 Napoleon Bonaparte spread the ideas of the
French Revolution and created an Empire.
 E:History Course...
 Winds of Change
 He ended the Holy Roman Empire by defeating
the German Emperor at the battle of Austrialitz.
Napoleon’s Defeat at Waterloo
(June 18,1815)
Duke
of
Wellington
Prussian
General
Blücher
Battle of Waterloo Napoleon commi...
 Winds of Change
 Prussia (a German state) unified Germany under a
new emperor the czar.
 Winds of Change
 Germany prospered and built up its military.
 Winds of Change
 Rivalries between the Central Powers (Imperial
Germany, Austria, Russia) and Allies (France,
England, ...
 Winds of Change
 Western Europe suffered enormous casualties.
 Winds of Change
 The Germans were found guilty of starting the
war and France and England made it pay
reparations for d...
 Winds of Change
 German aggression led to World War II (1939-
1945) . Nazi leader Hitler planned and carried out
the Ho...
 A New Era
 During the 1950’s, Germany was divided into
democratic Wes Germany and Communist East
Germany.
 A New Era
 This division remained until the end of the
Cold War and fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.
 A New Era
 In the 1990’s, the countries of Western Europe
united economically called the European Union
(EU).
 The Arts
 France has been world leaders in literature,
architecture, music and visual arts.
 The Arts
 Realism was poplar in the mid 1800’s
 The Arts
 Impressionism in the late 1800’s
 The Arts
 postimpressionism
 The Arts
 Miro
 Language and Religions
 Most western Europeans speak Indo European
languages, like French and German. Many
countries ha...
 Language and Religions
 Christianity is the main religion of Western
Europe.
 Catholic Protestants
 Education and Health Care
 All children are educated. 98-100 percent can
read.
 Everyone has health care. Germany fund...
 They love soccer.
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19.western europe

The cultural history of Western Europe from Charlemagne to the formation of the EU

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19.western europe

  1. 1. By Mr. Jack
  2. 2.  299-303
  3. 3.  Why study Western Europe?
  4. 4.  The USA is a country of immigrants.  37.8 Percent of Americans have European heritage. African Am. European Am. Hispanic Am. Americans Asian Am.
  5. 5.  Western Europe and the USA are important trade partners.
  6. 6.  Las Vegas is a favorite destination for Europeans. Western Europe, the city’s second biggest international market — up 81.7 percent since 2003.
  7. 7.  Locate the countries and cities on your maps.
  8. 8.  Western Europe's population patterns have been shaped by physical geography, migration, and world events.
  9. 9.  Although small, Western Europe has a big population (400 million)
  10. 10.  The distance from the Pyrenees to the German/Polish boarder is only 800-1000 miles.
  11. 11.  1016 miles, distance Los Angles to Denver via Las Vegas
  12. 12.  Switzerland is a blended European cultures. It has 3 official languages German, French, and Italian.
  13. 13.  Geneva is the capital, famous for banking.
  14. 14.  Geneva is the capital, famous for banking.
  15. 15.  The Alps mark the boarder of 4 seasons in Western Europe
  16. 16.  The Alps mark the boarder of 4 seasons in Western Europe
  17. 17.  Western Europe is not as ethnically diverse as the USA or South America. Pie Chart
  18. 18.  Western Europe is not as ethnically diverse as the USA or South America. Ethnic composition, language, religion Ethnic groups: Arab/North African 5%; Breton 1%; Catalan .5% Fleming 1.5 French 76.9 German 1.4 Portugues1.5 Vietnamese 1.0
  19. 19.  Western Europe is not as ethnically diverse as the USA or South America. Pie Chart
  20. 20.  A pie chart is a circle divided into color parts to show proportions.
  21. 21. African Am. European Am. Hispanic Am. Americans Asian Am.
  22. 22.  5 percent of France’s population came from North Africa, which used to be a part of France during the Age of Empires
  23. 23.  5 percent of France’s population came from North Africa, which used to be a part of France during the Age of Empires
  24. 24.  5 percent of France’s population came from North Africa, which used to be a part of France during the Age of Empires
  25. 25.  Starting in the 1950’s, Germany encouraged immigration to help its economy.
  26. 26.  It has a guest worker program, people from other countries work in a different country for a temporary time.
  27. 27.  Yet, Germanys population is not as diverse as that of the USA.
  28. 28.  Which Western European country has the most ethnic mix?  A. France  B. Germany  C. Netherlands  D. Switzerland
  29. 29.  In Western Europe, most of the population is urban.
  30. 30.  Germany has the most people in Europe (82 million).
  31. 31.  Monaco is the smallest only 0.78 sq mi , with a population of 36,371.
  32. 32.  Monaco is the smallest only 0.78 sq mi , with a population of 36,371.
  33. 33.  Casino Royale
  34. 34.  Most people in France live in Paris, or along the Southern Coast.
  35. 35.  The Netherlands has the highest population density.
  36. 36.  Like South American and Mexico, most people migrate to cities in Western Europe.
  37. 37.  Some people work in the cities, but live outside the city called suburbanization.
  38. 38.  Suburbanization is the growth of areas on the edge of cities
  39. 39.  Western Europe has some of the world’s most famous cities.
  40. 40.  Vienna
  41. 41.  Vienna Austria on the Danube River.
  42. 42.  Vienna Austria on the Danube River.
  43. 43.  Vienna Austria on the Danube River.
  44. 44.  Vienna Austria
  45. 45.  Lipizzaner Stallions
  46. 46.  Lipizzaner Stallions
  47. 47.  Berlin
  48. 48.  Berlin
  49. 49.  Brussels
  50. 50.  Brussels the capital of the EU
  51. 51.  Brussels the capital of the EU
  52. 52.  Brussels tulip festival.
  53. 53.  Amsterdam
  54. 54.  Amsterdam the northern trade city on the Rhine River.
  55. 55.  Amsterdam the northern trade city on the Rhine River.
  56. 56.  Paris
  57. 57.  Paris a ______ city. Check 1-3 Activity 12-2
  58. 58.  Check 1-3 Activity 12-2
  59. 59.  700’s BCE-476 Classical Greece, Alexander, Rome  500-800 Dark Ages, Vikings  800-1500 Middle Ages, Crusades, Reformation  1400-1600’s Renaissance, Age of Exploration  1700-1900 Age of Empires, Industrial Revolution  1900’s World Wars, Cold War
  60. 60.  Middle Ages and Reformation created many of the religions still practiced today and in the USA.  The Crusades (Wars of Christians vs. Muslims) a conflict that many in the middle east see as continuing up to today.
  61. 61.  Page 301-302
  62. 62.  Early Peoples  Celts, Frisians and Basque prehistoric people settled Western Europe thousands of years ago. Frisians
  63. 63.  The Roman Empire conquered and ruled Western Europe from 47BC to 476 CE.
  64. 64.  Germanic Tribes overran the Roman Empire , ending the Classic Age (476) beginning the Middle Ages (500-1500).
  65. 65.  Urban life , education, trade all disappeared.
  66. 66.  Law and Order broke down.  Schools, trade, roads, building tech, even money disappeared in western Europe.
  67. 67. Life degraded to brutality not seen since the Neolithic Age
  68. 68.  Local strongmen built castles, people who could not fight looked to them for protection.
  69. 69.  The Rise of Western Europe  The Franks (a Germanic tribe) conquered western Europe.
  70. 70.  The Franks accepted Christianity and protected the Roman Catholic Church.
  71. 71.  Charlemagne (768-814) expanded the Frankish Kingdom.
  72. 72.  Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor on Christmas day 800.
  73. 73.  Charlemagne's system of land distribution became the basis of feudalism. Serfs
  74. 74.  In 843, Charlemagne’s Empire was divided among his sons.  The Western part became France,  The Eastern part called the German States or Holy Roman Empire .  The middle fought over as the neither lands.
  75. 75.  Strong French Kings unified France and made Paris a center for education and culture.
  76. 76.  The Holy Roman Empire (962-1806) remained divided.
  77. 77.  The German emperor, nobles and popes all fought for control
  78. 78.  The Netherlands became a center for trade, merchants usually ran the city governments.
  79. 79.  The powers of Western Europe came into contact with other regions.
  80. 80.  From 1089 - 1291, the Christian Europeans fought Crusades to take Jerusalem from Muslim rule. Pope Urban II calls for The First Crusade.
  81. 81.  The Crusades were military campaigns started by the Roman Catholic Church to take land around Jerusalem from the Muslims.
  82. 82.  The Christian Crusaders took Jerusalem in the first Crusade, but eventually the Muslim leader Saladin drove them out.
  83. 83.  Page 301-302
  84. 84.  The Crusades failed, but brought Europeans into trade with the eastern Mediterranean.
  85. 85.  Medieval paintings
  86. 86.  By the 1400’s, educated Europeans developed a new interest in Classical Greece and Rome, called the Renaissance. Sandro Botticelli La Prima Verra, or Birth of Venus
  87. 87. Perspective
  88. 88.  By the 1400’s, educated Europeans developed a new interest in Classical Greece and Rome, called the Renaissance. Leonardo da Vinci, started in Florence Italy, but moved to Paris France
  89. 89.  By the 1400’s, educated Europeans developed a new interest in Classical Greece and Rome, called the Renaissance. Michelangelo’s David (Florence) and Pieta (Vatican City)
  90. 90. Fede Galizia, Plautilla Nelli,
  91. 91.  Merchants from Italy spread these ideas which became popular throughout Europe.
  92. 92.  Italian cities like Venice and Florence become super rich.
  93. 93.  Many people and kings resented the Pope and Roman Catholic Church, who had become super powerful.
  94. 94.  New Christian religions appeared called the Protestant Reformation, especially in Germany, England, the Netherlands, and Switzerland.
  95. 95.  Protestant Reformation, [a] a movement against what the Protestants considered to be errors in the Roman Catholic Church. It is one of the major divisions of Christianity.
  96. 96.  Martin Luther rejected the RCC and started the Lutheran Church in Germany.
  97. 97.  John Calvin and the Calvin Church became popular in the Netherlands and Switzerland.
  98. 98.  From 1524 to 1648, they fought religious wars Protestants vs. Catholics.
  99. 99.  Winds of Change  After the 30’s year War (1618-1648), your king became more important than religion in these wars.
  100. 100.  What class did this benefit?
  101. 101.  A New Class not Nobles and not Peasants….the middle class.
  102. 102.  The Queens and Kings of Europe benefited the most.
  103. 103.  Winds of Change  France became a major world power Louis 14th of France builds the Palace of Versailles
  104. 104. Hall of Mirrors
  105. 105. Louis XVI Bedroom
  106. 106. Drawing Room
  107. 107.  Winds of Change  Society had not changed much since the times of Charlemagne. The Nobles and Church still dominated society, while merchants had little influence in national politics and peasants lived poor
  108. 108.  Winds of Change  In 1789, the merchants (middle class) united with the working class and overthrew the French monarchy and nobles in the French Revolution.
  109. 109.  Winds of Change  But in 1789, the French Revolution overthrew the French monarchy. and made a Republic.
  110. 110.  republic; plural noun: republics  a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.
  111. 111. The Estates General Convenes in May, 1789 Last time it was called into session was 1614!
  112. 112. Storming theBastille, July 14, 1789 Celebrated today as France’s day of independence.
  113. 113. March of the Women, October 5-6, 1789 We want the baker, the baker’s wife and the baker’s boy! A spontaneous demonstration of Parisian women for bread.
  114. 114.  Winds of Change  During the French Revolution, nationalism became the most important factor.
  115. 115.  Nationalism: loyalty and devotion to a country.
  116. 116. TheDeclarationoftheRightsofManandof theCitizen August 26, 1789 V Liberty! V Life! V Equality under the Law! V Property! V Resistance to oppression! V Thomas Jefferson was in Paris at this time.
  117. 117. Olympe deGouges(1745-1793) Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Citizen (1791) V Women played a vital role in the Revolution. V But, The Declaration of the Rights of Man did NOT extend the rights and protections of citizenship to women.
  118. 118. The Tricolor (1789) The WHITE of the Bourbons + the RED & BLUE of Paris. Citizen!
  119. 119. The “Liberty Cap”: BonneRouge
  120. 120. Revolutionary Symbols Cockade Revolutionary Clock La Republic Liberté
  121. 121. TheRoyal FamilyAttempts to Flee June, 1791 Helped by the Swedish Count Hans Axel von Fusen [Marie Antoinette’s lover].
  122. 122. The Death of “Citizen” Louis Capet Matter for reflection for the crowned jugglers. So impure blood doesn’t soil our land!
  123. 123. Marie Antoinette as a Serpent The “Widow Capet”
  124. 124. Marie Antoinette in Prison remembering Bastille Dayon her way to the guillotin
  125. 125. Marie Antoinette Died in October, 1793
  126. 126. The First Coalition & The Brunswick Manifesto (August 3, 1792) FRANCE 1792- 1797 AUSTRIA PRUSSIA BRITAIN SPAIN PIEDMONT Duke of Brunswick if the Royal Family is harmed, Paris will be leveled!!
  127. 127.  Winds of Change  Napoleon Bonaparte spread the ideas of the French Revolution and created an Empire.  E:History CourseSocial Studiesgrade 12Topic 2 Age of Napoleon1.Napoleon_Iabridge.pptx
  128. 128.  Winds of Change  He ended the Holy Roman Empire by defeating the German Emperor at the battle of Austrialitz.
  129. 129. Napoleon’s Defeat at Waterloo (June 18,1815) Duke of Wellington Prussian General Blücher Battle of Waterloo Napoleon commits the Guard.flv
  130. 130.  Winds of Change  Prussia (a German state) unified Germany under a new emperor the czar.
  131. 131.  Winds of Change  Germany prospered and built up its military.
  132. 132.  Winds of Change  Rivalries between the Central Powers (Imperial Germany, Austria, Russia) and Allies (France, England, Italy)led Europe into World War I (1914-1918) .
  133. 133.  Winds of Change  Western Europe suffered enormous casualties.
  134. 134.  Winds of Change  The Germans were found guilty of starting the war and France and England made it pay reparations for damages.
  135. 135.  Winds of Change  German aggression led to World War II (1939- 1945) . Nazi leader Hitler planned and carried out the Holocaust the mass murder of Jews, Slavs, gypsies, gays, and alcoholics.
  136. 136.  A New Era  During the 1950’s, Germany was divided into democratic Wes Germany and Communist East Germany.
  137. 137.  A New Era  This division remained until the end of the Cold War and fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.
  138. 138.  A New Era  In the 1990’s, the countries of Western Europe united economically called the European Union (EU).
  139. 139.  The Arts  France has been world leaders in literature, architecture, music and visual arts.
  140. 140.  The Arts  Realism was poplar in the mid 1800’s
  141. 141.  The Arts  Impressionism in the late 1800’s
  142. 142.  The Arts  postimpressionism
  143. 143.  The Arts  Miro
  144. 144.  Language and Religions  Most western Europeans speak Indo European languages, like French and German. Many countries have one or more official languages.
  145. 145.  Language and Religions  Christianity is the main religion of Western Europe.  Catholic Protestants
  146. 146.  Education and Health Care  All children are educated. 98-100 percent can read.  Everyone has health care. Germany funds heath, education, unemployment .
  147. 147.  They love soccer.

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