P4C India

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P4C slides used by James Nottingham in Bangalore on the 18th September 2012

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P4C India

  1. 1. The AISNSW Indian conference is supported by the NSW GovernmentPhilosophy for Children (P4C) www.p4c.com www.facebook.com/ChallengingLearning @JamesNottinghm
  2. 2. P4C and thinking skills “No programme I am aware of is more likely to teach durable and transferable thinking skills than Philosophy for Children” Robert Sternberg President of the American Psychological Association© The Association of Independent Schools of NSW
  3. 3. P4C – Created by Matthew Lipman The aim of a thinking skills programme such as P4C is not to turn children into philosophers but to help them become more thoughtful, more reflective, more considerate and more reason-able individuals© The Association of Independent Schools of NSW
  4. 4. "The child does not become social by learning. He must be social in order to learn." (George Herbert Mead)
  5. 5. Collaborative CommunityCaring ofCritical InquiryCreative
  6. 6. The AISNSW Indian conference issupported by the NSW Government
  7. 7. One way to summarise P4C … Not all of our questions answered … … but all of our answers questioned© The Association of Independent Schools of NSW
  8. 8. Typical format for P4C 1. Sit in a circle 2. Warm-up game 3. Story (or other stimulus) 4. Identify the concepts 5. Create (philosophical) questions 6. Vote for the best (or favourite) question 7. Share first thoughts 8. Ask for reasons 9. Check for understanding 10. Create cognitive conflict around the concept 11. Compare the concept with other concepts 12. Draw conclusions© The Association of Independent Schools of NSW
  9. 9. Creating a Community of Inquiry From www.p4c.com  Standing up P4C Craft game  Repeat what someone else said  Paraphrase what someone else said  Add to what someone else said© The Association of Independent Schools of NSW
  10. 10. The GruffaloBy Donaldson & Scheffler
  11. 11. Children are natural philosophers However … this doesn’t mean adults are able to spot when they are being philosophical and when they’re just being cute!© The Association of Independent Schools of NSW
  12. 12. Example question startersWhat is …How do we know what is … Who decides what is …What if …Always or neverWhen would …What is the difference between …Is it possible to …Should we …
  13. 13. Cognitive conflict is key to critical thinking I’m not Bob if If I wear I just have a this hat, I name badge am Bob© The Association of Independent Schools of NSW
  14. 14. Wobblers (If A = B) Friend Play with If A = B then Does B = A? Play with Friend For example …© The Association of Independent Schools of NSW
  15. 15. Kriticos = able to make judgments Critical Thinking Comes from Greek, Kriticos Meaning: able to make judgments Source: www.etymonline.com© The Association of Independent Schools of NSW
  16. 16. Quotes from Socrates (469 – 399 BC) 1. The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing 2. The unexamined life is not worth living 3. Wisdom begins in wonder 4. It is not living that matters, but living rightly 5. True wisdom comes to each of us when we realize how little we understand about life, ourselves, and the world around us 6. By all means, marry. If you get a good wife, youll become happy; if you get a bad one, youll become a philosopher© The Association of Independent Schools of NSW
  17. 17. Next Steps? ChallengingLearning.com james@p4c.com @JamesNottinghm Facebook.com/ChallengingLearning

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