Militarization

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Militarization

  1. 1. Militarization The Human Cost of Arms
  2. 2. The Right to Life <ul><li>More than 500,000 people are estimated to die each year from misuse of arms. </li></ul><ul><li>That’s 1 person every minute. </li></ul><ul><li>War, crime, genocide, death squads, organized crime. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Violations of Civil and Political Rights <ul><li>Torture and Arbitrary Arrest </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual violence </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological Trauma </li></ul><ul><li>Refugees, Asylum Seekers, and Internally Displaced Persons (IDP’s) </li></ul><ul><li>Abduction, Hostage-Taking, Disappearances. </li></ul><ul><li>Silencing Opposition </li></ul>
  4. 4. Violations of Social and Economic Rights <ul><li>Denial of aid </li></ul><ul><li>Denial of Livelihoods </li></ul><ul><li>Denial of Health Care </li></ul><ul><li>Denial of Education </li></ul>
  5. 5. Human Development Costs <ul><li>(Please see handouts) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Arms Exports (biggest exporters by value) <ul><li>USA - $14 billion </li></ul><ul><li>UK - $4.6 billion </li></ul><ul><li>France - $3.4 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Russia - $3.4 billion </li></ul><ul><li>China - $.5 billion </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>These five countries are the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council! </li></ul>
  8. 8. Arms Imports <ul><li>Latin America - $.7 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Africa - $ .9 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Asia - $ 8 billion </li></ul><ul><li>North Africa/Middle East - $12 billion </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>In other words, arms flow from the first world to the third world that allow them to sustain conflicts! (see map) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Trivia <ul><li>Only one country listed by the UNDP as “high human development” was experiencing conflict in 2005: </li></ul><ul><li>Israel </li></ul>
  11. 11. Beyond De-escalation of Armed Conflicts <ul><li>Countering the culture of violence: </li></ul><ul><li>“re-sensitization” to violence (media) </li></ul><ul><li>Refusal to patronize war toys </li></ul><ul><li>Internal disarmament (Dalai Lama) speech, attitude, behavior, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging “dialogue” as a way of life </li></ul>
  12. 12. “ Be the change you wish to see in the world.” - Gandhi

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