Distributing power

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Distributing power

  1. 1. Distributing Power: Philosophical Issues in a Cratological Evaluation of Technologies Jorge Camacho, PhD University of East London
  2. 5. “ ...clean, reliable and affordable electricity at the customer site.” (Bloom Energy)
  3. 6. Distributed Generation (DG) Distributed Energy Resources (DER)
  4. 8. “ shifts control to the consumer” (Bloom Energy)
  5. 10. “ generate electricity everywhere”
  6. 11. “ think negawatts, not megawatts”
  7. 12. “ store power in superbatteries”
  8. 13. Grid 2.0 Energy Web
  9. 15. Assessment of energy systems [technologies]...
  10. 16. Technical (or 'internal') values: A system is... Effective Efficient Reliable
  11. 17. Some 'external' values:
  12. 18. (Economic) (Ecological) A system is... Cost effective Sustainable
  13. 19. Cratological -> ( kratus = power)
  14. 20. Objective #1: Technologies Social Power ->
  15. 21. Framework: * Ontological * Normative (Evaluative) * Theoretical (Explanatory) Framework: * Ontological * Normative (Evaluative) * Theoretical (Explanatory)
  16. 22. Objective #2: Electricity Supply Systems
  17. 24. Systems Ontology> Mario Bunge
  18. 25. <(Social) Systems Ontology James S. Coleman
  19. 26. Systems Ontology of Technology > Miguel A. Quintanilla
  20. 27. System = Composite object (Components bonded by interactions)
  21. 28. System: C > Composition E > Environment S > Structure M > Mechanism (characteristic process)
  22. 29. Technological System: C > actors and artifacts E > other systems (inc. social) S > relations... M > “technological realization” (Quintanilla)
  23. 30. A sequence of “ actions intentionally oriented to the transformation of things in order to achieve a valuable result.” Technological realization: (Quintanilla)
  24. 31. Social ontology... < social power
  25. 32. Coleman's 'social algebra'...
  26. 33. Social System: C > actors and resources E > ////////////////// S > control and interest M > ...............................
  27. 34. Social System: C > actors and resources E > ////////////////// S > control and interest M > social exchange
  28. 35. The most interesting resources... … are the most valuable .
  29. 36. Power (of a social actor) = measure of the value of the resources under her/his control.
  30. 37. Power (of a social actor) = Capacity to act / decide about the system as a whole.
  31. 38. Normative / Evaluative dimension> < What is the fair or just distribution of power in society?
  32. 39. < Distributive Justice Ronald Dworkin James S. Coleman
  33. 40. Equality... ...of what? (Amartya Sen)
  34. 41. Equality of resources (R. Dworkin) >
  35. 42. Equivalence of resources =
  36. 43. Equality... ...of Power
  37. 44. Theoretical / Explanatory dimension> < How can technological development be causally related to distribution of power?
  38. 45. Economic power> < Markets and industries
  39. 47. <Affordance > >Social affordance < (J.J. Gibson, Don Norman, Manuel Delanda)
  40. 48. Objective #2: Electricity Supply Systems
  41. 58. Reduction of scale> <competition, re-distribution of power?
  42. 59. * Vertical re-integration * Horizontal concentration * Barriers to entry * High prices
  43. 60. < affordances not realized
  44. 61. < affordances not realized > political challenge
  45. 62. New Paradigm: DER Distributed Energy Resources
  46. 63. Promise: transfer of power> * prosumers * independent producers * local communities
  47. 64. Egalitarian affordances >
  48. 65. Egalitarian affordances > <philosophers of technology
  49. 66. < thank you >

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