Chapter 17 section 1

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This is an overview of Chapter 17 Section 1 from The American Nation textbook.

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Chapter 17 section 1

  1. 1. Chapter 17 Section 1 The Conflict Takes Shape
  2. 2. A Nation Divided  Each side believed that their cause was just – Southerners believed that they had the right to leave the Union, calling it the War for Southern Independence – Northerners believed that they had to fight to save the Union
  3. 3. Whose Side Are You On?  Many northerners, guided by feelings of racism, approved of slavery  In April 1861, 8 slave states were still in the Union  They had to figure out whose side to join
  4. 4. Whose Side Are You On? cont’d  These 8 states had more than half of the South’s population and food crops  Four of the states (VA, NC, TN, AR) quickly joined the Confederacy  Four border states (KY, MO, MD, DE) decided to remain in the Union
  5. 5. Strengths and Weaknesses  The South – Strengths  White southerners felt they were fighting for independence  Confederate soldiers held an advantage because they knew the southern countryside better
  6. 6. Strengths and Weaknesses cont’d  The South – Disadvantages  Economy: few factories and few railroads  Political: Confederates favored states’ rights and had a limited central government  Population: Small (9 million, 1/3 of which was slaves) against the North’s 22 million
  7. 7. Strengths and Weaknesses cont’d  The North – Advantages  Population: Four times as many people as the South  Industry: Most of the factories in the US  Navy: Large fleet of sailing ships
  8. 8. Strengths and Weaknesses cont’d  North – Disadvantages  Land: Had to conquer a huge area to bring the South back into the Union; on unfamiliar territory  Supplies: Because of the large area of land to be covered, supply lines would be longer, and therefore more open to attack by the Confederates
  9. 9. The War’s Leaders  The South – President Jefferson Davis  Most people thought he was a stronger leader than Lincoln  Military education from West Point, served in the Mexican War, Secretary of War under President Franklin Pierce  Respected for his honesty and courage  Not big on the details of military planning
  10. 10. The War’s Leaders cont’d  The North – President Abraham Lincoln  Some northerners doubtful on Lincoln’s leadership skills  Little military and political experience  Strong leader, patient and an excellent planner
  11. 11. Military Leaders  North – Ulysses S. Grant – George McClellan – William Tecumseh Sherman – Philip Sheridan General George McClellan
  12. 12. Military Leaders cont’d  South – Robert E. Lee – Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson – George Pickett General Stonewall Jackson

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