IE Application: Express Yourself - Sofia Merizalde
ERGONOMIC RISK ASSESSMENT (ERA).pptx
1. ERGONOMIC RISK ASSESSMENT (ERA)
MOHAMMAD NAZERIN SHAH BIN MOHD ABDUL HALLIM
AMIR RIDWAN BIN ABDUL RAZAK
EIZLAN HAQIMIE BIN HISHAMUDDIN
MUHAMMAD HAZIQ DANISH BIN MOHD FADIL
2. ERGONOMIC RISK ASSESSMENT (ERA)
Ergonomic risk assessment involves evaluating workplace conditions to
identify factors that may impact employees' physical well-being and
productivity. It aims to minimize discomfort and prevent musculoskeletal
issues by addressing issues such as improper seating, repetitive tasks,
and poor workstation design. This proactive approach enhances
employee health, safety, and overall job satisfaction.
3. ERGONOMICS RISK ASSESTMENT (ERA)
Ergonomic risk assessment (or ergonomics analysis) is an objective measure of the risk
factors in your work environment that may lead to workforce musculoskeletal disorders or
injuries. When your employees are suffering, their work suffers. And when their work
suffers, your business suffers.
The implementation of ERA should be based on the following considerations:
a) Align with objectives of ERA, including determination of risk level, assessment for claim
compensation, improvement of work units, and so forth as required by the organization.
b) Communicate and coordinate with the person-in-charge
• Concerning the employee to be assessed;
• Adjustment of work schedule. The trained person needs to arrange time for assessment so that it
does not interfere with the work process;
• Retrieval of documents such as accidents and injuries reports, critical incidents, medical records,
standard operation procedure and company work process. If documents are unavailable during
the assessment, trained person should retrieve the related documents after the assessment.
C) Conduct walkthrough inspection by trained person to obtain information such as:
• Work posture and work activities
• Work environment
• Existing ergonomics control measures
4. PRINCIPLES PERTAINING TO SEATING IN THE
• The design of the workstation, including seating should be based on a careful-
assessment of all aspects on the job, and any special needs of the individual
worker. The aim should be to ensure that each task can be carried out safely.
comfortably and asefficiently as possible. Such an approach help in the selection
approprite seating and also ensures that the layout of workstation , the method
of working and the order in which tasks are carried out are properly matched.
• In a well designed workstation , a worker should be at a comfortable height and
position in relation to the work. All equipment in frequent use, and the work
itself, should be kept within easy reach (see figure 1). Its is important to eliminate
the need for workers to make repeated twisting or stretching movements, as
these are a common cause of of injury. Linghting should be adequate for the task
and correctly positioned, so that workers do not strain or take up an
uncomfortable position in order to see properly. A seated worker will normally
prefer to work with both hands at roughly elbow level or lower as raising of the
forearms above the horizontal for any length of time is tiring. Lifting load while
seated can cause strain on the back, and lifting should be kept close to the body.
6. SEATING AND WORKSTATION LAYOUT
Seating and workstation layout are crucial for productivity and comfort
in any workspace. Factors like ergonomics, workflow, and collaboration
should be considered.
1.Ergonomics setup Ensure chair provide proper support,
desk are at appropriate heights and
screens are at eye level to reduce strain.
2.Natural light Position workstations to make the best
use of natural light, which can enhance
productivity and mood.
3.Cable management Keep cable organized to prevent clutter
and potential hazard.
• ergonomic risk assessment (ERA) is a vital process in promoting
employee well-being and productivity. By identifying and addressing
factors that could lead to discomfort or musculoskeletal issues,
organizations can create work environments that support the health
and performance of their workforce. Implementing ergonomic
solutions not only enhances safety but also contributes to job
satisfaction, ultimately fostering a more positive and sustainable work