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14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 1LAW OF TRUSTS INMALAYSIA.Federal ConstitutionLocal LegislationState Enactments
14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 2 Section 3 of the Civil Law Act No legislation that define the word trust The ...
14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 3Parameshiri Devi & Anor v Pure LifeSociety [1971] 1 MLJ 142 Quoted the definitio...
14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 4Statutes. Divided to three sources. 1) Federal Constitution 2) Local Legislati...
14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 5Federal Constitution List 1 of the Federal List, Schedule 9, s4(e)(i) “Civil an...
14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 6List II Except with respect to Federal Territory ofKL and Labuan, Islamic law an...
14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 7List IIIA of Schedule 9 15- charities and charitable trusts andinstitutions in t...
14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 8Local legislation Trust Companies Act 1949 The Trust (State Legislatures Compet...
14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 9Local legislation The Labuan Trust Companies Act 1990 The Employees Provident A...
14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 10Local legislation Income Tax Act 1967 (Act 53) Section 134 of the Local Govern...
14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 11State Enactments The State Heritage Trust Enactment 1990(Trengganu State Enactm...
14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 12State Enactments Charitable Trust Ordinance 1994, Laws ofSarawak Tun Fuad Foun...
14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 13Iskandar Gayo v Datuk Joseph PairinKitingan [1996] 3 CLJ 713 Dato’ Sulaiman Has...
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Application of Trusts in Malaysia

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Application of Trusts in Malaysia

  1. 1. 14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 1LAW OF TRUSTS INMALAYSIA.Federal ConstitutionLocal LegislationState Enactments
  2. 2. 14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 2 Section 3 of the Civil Law Act No legislation that define the word trust The word ‘trust’ and ‘trust fund’ can be foundin several statutes. Definition can be found in case law insteadbased on English interpretation.
  3. 3. 14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 3Parameshiri Devi & Anor v Pure LifeSociety [1971] 1 MLJ 142 Quoted the definition below; “Trust can be defined as an equitable obligationbinding a person who is called a trustee to deal withproperty which he has control which is called trustproperty for the benefit of a person who are calledbeneficiary of whom he be the one and anyone ofwhom may be enforce the obligation.”
  4. 4. 14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 4Statutes. Divided to three sources. 1) Federal Constitution 2) Local Legislation 3) State Legislation.
  5. 5. 14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 5Federal Constitution List 1 of the Federal List, Schedule 9, s4(e)(i) “Civil and criminal law and procedure and theadministration of justice including . . . equity andtrusts…” Item 15 (c) “Labour and social security including – charities andcharitable institutions, charitable trusts and trusteesexcluding wakafs, Hindu endownment.”
  6. 6. 14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 6List II Except with respect to Federal Territory ofKL and Labuan, Islamic law and personal andfamily law of persons professing the religionof Islam including the Islamic Law relating to… non charitable trusts, wakafs and thedefinition and regulation of charitable trustsof persons in respect of Islamic religious andcharitable endownment, institutions, trust,charities and charitable institutions operatingwholly within the state…”
  7. 7. 14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 7List IIIA of Schedule 9 15- charities and charitable trusts andinstitutions in the state (that is to say,operating wholly within or created andoperating in the state) and their trustees,including the incorporation thereof and theregulation and winding up of incorporatedcharities and charitable institutions in thestate.
  8. 8. 14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 8Local legislation Trust Companies Act 1949 The Trust (State Legislatures Competency)Act 1949 The Public Trustees Act 1950 The Housing Trust Act 1950 The Trustees (Incorporation) Act 1952 The National Trust Fund Act 1950
  9. 9. 14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 9Local legislation The Labuan Trust Companies Act 1990 The Employees Provident Act 1991 The Pensions Fund Act 1991 The Public Trust Corporation Act 1995 The Malaysian Railway Provident Fund(Dissolution Act 1995) The Tabung Haji Act 1995
  10. 10. 14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 10Local legislation Income Tax Act 1967 (Act 53) Section 134 of the Local Government Act1976
  11. 11. 14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 11State Enactments The State Heritage Trust Enactment 1990(Trengganu State Enactment No 2/1990) The State Heritage Trust Enactment 1991 (TheJohor State Enactment No 4/ 1991) The Tok Kenali Trust Fund Enactment 1992(Kelantan State Enactment No.8/1992) The Tabung Warisan (Amendemnt) Enactment1993(Selangor State Enactment No 3/1992)
  12. 12. 14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 12State Enactments Charitable Trust Ordinance 1994, Laws ofSarawak Tun Fuad Foundation Enactment 1976 –Sabah Sabah Foundation Enactment 1966 The Malacca Trust Fund Enactment 1994 The Perak Foundation Enactment 1994.
  13. 13. 14/06/13 LAW OF TRUST (DR ZURAIDAH ALI) 13Iskandar Gayo v Datuk Joseph PairinKitingan [1996] 3 CLJ 713 Dato’ Sulaiman Hashim J : A distinction mustbe drawn between; A) trust like government duties or obligationsconferred by parliament B) Obligations arising out of private trust.

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