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  1. 1. PakistanBy: Izayah Silva
  2. 2. Climate
  3. 3. The temperature in southern pakistan is about45 degrees Celsius even more in the summer.
  4. 4. It is normally hot and dry in pakistan but in thenorth it is very cold and snow capped.
  5. 5. Pakistan has are four seasons: a cool, drywinter from December through February; a hot,dry spring from March.
  6. 6. The difference in temperature between day andnight is immensely substantial. Thetemperature in the southern part goes up to 45°C or even more in the summers.
  7. 7. So the climate of Pakistan can be called to beextreme. The average rainfall during monsoonis about 255 millimeters.
  8. 8. Pakistan’s largest city Karachi, which is alsothe countrys industrial center, is more humidthan Islamabad but gets less rain.
  9. 9. The climate is generally arid, characterized byhot summers and cool or cold winters, and widevariations between extremes of temperature atgiven locations.
  10. 10. Most areas in Punjab experience fairly coolwinters, often accompanied by rain.
  11. 11. Government
  12. 12. Pakistan is governed under the constitution of1973 as amended, which provides for a federalparliamentary form of government.
  13. 13. The president, who is head of state, is electedto a five-year term.
  14. 14. The 100 members of the Senate are indirectlyelected by provincial assemblies and theterritories representatives in the NationalAssembly; they serve six-year terms.
  15. 15. The National Assembly has 342 members, 272of them elected by popular vote, with 60 seatsreserved for women and 10 for non-Muslims; allserve five-year terms.
  16. 16. Each province has its own legislative assemblywhose members are elected by direct popularvote, a provincial governor appointed by thepresident, and a chief minister elected by thelegislative assembly. There is an independentjudicial branch of government.
  17. 17. Military rule was instituted in Oct. 1999; anominal democracy was declared in June 2001by the ruling military leader, Pervez Musharraf.
  18. 18. Pakistan has a republic that means that theyvote for their president.
  19. 19. The President of Pakistan name is Asif AliZardari.
  20. 20. Geography
  21. 21. The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldestin the world and dating back at least 5,000years, spread over much of what is presentlyPakistan.
  22. 22. A third war between these countries in 1971 - inwhich India capitalized on Islamabadsmarginalization of Bengalis in Pakistani politics- resulted in East Pakistan becoming theseparate nation of Bangladesh.
  23. 23. The area underwent successive invasions insubsequent centuries from the Persians,Greeks, Scythians, Arabs (who brought Islam),Afghans, and Turks. The Mughal Empireflourished in the 16th and 17th centuries; theBritish came to dominate the region in the 18thcentury.
  24. 24. The Mughal Empire flourished in the 16th and17th centuries; the British came to dominatethe region in the 18th century.
  25. 25. The separation in 1947 of British India into theMuslim state of Pakistan (with two sectionsWest and East) and largely Hindu India wasnever satisfactorily resolved, and India andPakistan have fought two wars.
  26. 26. In response to Indian nuclear weapons testing,Pakistan conducted its own tests in 1998.
  27. 27. Due to lack of rainfall the temperature shootsup to 45°C or even more during the summer.
  28. 28. The topography of the region helps in keepingthe climate hot and dry.
  29. 29. Economy
  30. 30. Agriculture is the mainstay of Pakistanseconomy, employing more than 40% of thepopulation. Cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane,fruits, vegetables, and tobacco are the chiefcrops, and cattle, sheep, and poultry are raised.
  31. 31. There is also a fishing industry. Most of theagricultural output comes from the indus basin.
  32. 32. The country is now self-sufficient in food,asvast irrigation schemes have extended farminginto arid areas, and fertilizers and new varietiesof crops have increased yields.
  33. 33. Pakistans industrial base is able to supplymany of the countrys needs in consumergoods and other products.
  34. 34. The country major manufactures textiles (thebiggest earner of foreign exchange), processedfoods, pharmaceuticals, construction materials,paper products, and fertilizer.
  35. 35. The chief imports are petroleum, machinery,plastics, transportation equipment, edible oils,paper, iron and steel, and tea
  36. 36. Since the mid-1950s electric power output hasgreatly increased, mainly because of thedevelopment of hydroelectric power potentialand the use of thermal power plants.
  37. 37. The annual cost of Pakistans imports usuallyexceeds its earnings from exports.
  38. 38. Womens Rights
  39. 39. Pakistan is an Islamic state, where people, notonly take pride in strictly adhering to the Islamicvalues but are ready to sacrifice their lovedbelongings for the glory and sanctity of Islam.
  40. 40. However the Pakistani society usually adopts ahostile attitude towards the women.
  41. 41. There is a 13% increase of violence on womenin Pakistan.
  42. 42. There was a girl named Karo-Kari waskidnapped by the Taliban and Raped and wasnever to be seen.
  43. 43. Sharia dictates that a woman is not to leave thehouse without permission from her husband orfather.
  44. 44. Families of rape victims dont report the crimeto the police to avoid further shame anddisgrace.
  45. 45. Vicious incidents of acid attacks on women inPakistan have been a cause of great concernand recent data shows that this heartless crimeagainst women is reaching an all-time high inthe country, where little help is found for acidvictims from the law enforcing entities.
  46. 46. Malala was the one who wanted to go to schoolbut she was shot in the temple then she moveto england to get educated.