Poland (Polish: Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska),
is a country in Central Europe. Poland is bordered by Germany to the west;
the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania
to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast,
a Russian exclave, to the north. The total area of Poland is 312,679 square
kilometres (120,726 sq mi), argest in Europe. Poland has a population of over
38 million people, which makes it the 33rd most populous country in the world.
Anthem: Mazurek Dąbrowskiego (Dąbrowski's Mazurka or quot;Poland Is Not Yet
Capital (and largest city): Warsaw
Official language: Polish
Government: Parliamentary republic
President: Lech Kaczyński
Prime Minister Donald Tusk
Currency Złoty (PLN)
Old Town Market
It was the capital of Poland from
1038 to 1596, the capital of the
Grand Duchy of Kraków from 1846
to 1918, and the capital of Kraków
Voivodeship from the 14th century
to 1999. It is now the capital of the
Lesser Poland Voivodeship.
Top: Main Market Square
Middle left: Wawel Castle
Middle right: Barbican
Bottom left: St. Mary's Basilica
Church of SS. Peter and Paul
Bottom right: Collegium Maius
Silesia is a historical region of Central Europe located mostly in present-day Poland.
Silesia is rich in mineral and natural resources, and includes several important industrial areas.
Zabrze (German: Hindenburg O.S.) is a city in southern Poland. Zabrze is
part of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union, the largest legally-
recognized urban entity in Poland with a population
of 2.2 million. The population of the urban area is 3,487,000. Zabrze is
situated in the Silesian Voivodship (since 1999; previously,
it was in Katowice Vioivodship (1975 - 1998).